ItalianItalian peopleItalian descent
Segrè (1905–89) (who discovered the elements technetium and astatine, and the antiproton), and Bruno Rossi (1905–93), a pioneer in Cosmic Rays and X-ray astronomy.

Northeast Airlines

NortheastBoston-Maine AirwaysBoston-Maine Central Vermont Airways
Northeast Airlines was a U.S. airline based in Boston, Massachusetts that chiefly operated in the northeastern United States, and later to Canada, Florida, the Bahamas, Los Angeles and other cities. It was acquired by and merged into Delta Air Lines in August 1972.

Currency overlay

Currency overlay is a financial trading strategy or method conducted by specialist firms who manage the currency exposures of large clients, typically institutions such as pension funds, endowments and corporate entities. Typically the institution will have a pre-existing exposure to foreign currencies, and will be seeking to: * limit the risk from adverse movements in exchange-rates, i.e. hedge; and * attempt to profit from tactical foreign-exchange views, i.e. speculate.

Alpha (finance)

alphaexcess returnoutperform market averages
Alpha is a measure of the active return on an investment, the performance of that investment compared with a suitable market index. An alpha of 1% means the investment's return on investment over a selected period of time was 1% better than the market during that same period; a negative alpha means the investment underperformed the market. Alpha, along with beta, is one of two key coefficients in the capital asset pricing model used in modern portfolio theory and is closely related to other important quantities such as standard deviation, R-squared and the Sharpe ratio.

Beta (finance)

betabeta coefficient beta coefficient
In finance, the beta (β or beta coefficient) of an investment is a measure of the risk arising from exposure to general market movements as opposed to idiosyncratic factors.

Absolute return

absolute-returnAbsolute investment performanceabsolute level of return
The absolute return or simply return is a measure of the gain or loss on an investment portfolio expressed as a percentage of invested capital. The adjective "absolute" is used to stress the distinction with the relative return measures often used by long-only stock funds that are not allowed to take part in short selling.

Master of Business Administration

MBAM.B.A.Masters of Business Administration
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) degree originated in the United States in the early 20th century when the country industrialized and companies sought scientific management. The core courses in an MBA program cover various areas of business administration such as accounting, applied statistics, business communication, business ethics, business law, finance, managerial economics, management, entrepreneurship, marketing, supply-chain management, and operations management in a manner most relevant to management analysis and strategy.

Financial News

eFinancial NewseFinancialNews.comFinancial News Online
Financial News is a financial newspaper and news website published in London. It is a weekly newspaper, published by eFinancial News Limited, covering the financial services sector through news, views and extensive people coverage. Financial News was founded in 1996.


Manhattan, New YorkManhattan, New York CityNew York
Manhattan, often referred to as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City, and coextensive with the County of New York, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. Manhattan serves as the city's economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, that was connected using landfill to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River.


currenciesforeign currencycoinage
A currency (from, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific sense is money in any form when in use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins. A more general definition is that a currency is a system of money (monetary units) in common use, especially for people in a nation. Under this definition, U.S. dollars (US$), euros, Japanese yen, and pounds sterling are examples of currencies. These various currencies are recognized as stores of value and are traded between nations in foreign exchange markets, which determine the relative values of the different currencies.

New York Stock Exchange

NYSENew YorkThe New York Stock Exchange
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE, nicknamed "The Big Board") is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York. It is by far the world's largest stock exchange by market capitalization of its listed companies at US$30.1 trillion as of February 2018. The average daily trading value was approximately US$169 billion in 2013. The NYSE trading floor is located at 11 Wall Street and is composed of 21 rooms used for the facilitation of trading. A fifth trading room, located at 30 Broad Street, was closed in February 2007. The main building and the 11 Wall Street building were designated National Historic Landmarks in 1978.

Interest rate

interest ratesdiscount rateinterest
An interest rate is the amount of interest due per period, as a proportion of the amount lent, deposited or borrowed (called the principal sum). The total interest on an amount lent or borrowed depends on the principal sum, the interest rate, the compounding frequency, and the length of time over which it is lent, deposited or borrowed.


National Biscuit CompanyNabisco BrandsNabisco Brands, Inc.
Nabisco (, abbreviated from the earlier name National Biscuit Company) is an American manufacturer of cookies and snacks headquartered in East Hanover, New Jersey. The company is a subsidiary of Illinois-based Mondelēz International. Nabisco's plant in Chicago, a 1800000 sqft production facility at 7300 S. Kedzie Avenue, is the largest bakery in the world, employing more than 1,200 workers and producing around 320 million pounds of snack foods annually.

Dominick & Dickerman

Dominick & DominickDominick & Dominick LLCDominick & Dominick Inc.
Dominick and Dickerman is an investment and merchant banking firm, located in New York City. From 1899 through 2015, the firm was known as Dominick and Dominick. Following the sale of the wealth management business, the firm reverted to its original name, Dominick and Dickerman.


McDonald’sMcDonald's CorporationMcDonald's Restaurants
"Ray & Joan: The Man Who Made the McDonald's Fortune and the Woman Who Gave It All Away" by Lisa Napoli, 2016 ISBN: 1101984953. "Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal" by Eric Schlosser, 2001 ISBN: 0395977894. "McDonald's : Behind The Arches" by John F. Love, paperback July 1, 1995. "Grinding It Out: The Making of McDonald's" by Ray Kroc, 1977 ISBN: 0809282593. "Ray & Joan: The Man Who Made the McDonald's Fortune and the Woman Who Gave It All Away" by Lisa Napoli, 2016 ISBN: 1101984953. "Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal" by Eric Schlosser, 2001 ISBN: 0395977894. Official Website. Corporate Website. McDonald's on Facebook. McDonald's on Instagram.

Chief investment officer

CIOChief Investment Officer (CIO)Senior Investment Officer
The chief investment officer (CIO) is a job title for the board level head of investments within an organization. The CIO's purpose is to understand, manage, and monitor their organization's portfolio of assets, devise strategies for growth, act as the liaison with investors, and recognize and avoid serious risks, including those never before encountered.


Shearson Lehman BrothersShearson Lehman HuttonShearson Lehman
Shearson was the name of a series of investment banking and retail brokerage firms from 1902 until 1994, named for Edward Shearson and the firm he founded, Shearson Hammill & Co. Among Shearson's most notable incarnations were Shearson / American Express, Shearson Lehman / American Express, Shearson Lehman Brothers, Shearson Lehman Hutton and finally Smith Barney Shearson.

Fixed income

fixed-incomefixed income securitiesfixed income instruments
Fixed income refers to any type of investment under which the borrower or issuer is obliged to make payments of a fixed amount on a fixed schedule. For example, the borrower may have to pay interest at a fixed rate once a year, and to repay the principal amount on maturity. Fixed-income securities can be contrasted with equity securities – often referred to as stocks and shares – that create no obligation to pay dividends or any other form of income.

Hilda Ochoa-Brillembourg

Hilda Margarita Ochoa-Brillembourg (born Caracas 1945) is a Venezuelan business woman and the current president and chief executive officer of Strategic Investment Group (SIG) which she founded in 1987. She is a former chief investment officer of the World Bank and a current member of several well known boards of directors.

New Canaan, Connecticut

New CanaanNew Canaan, CTNew Caanan, Connecticut
New Canaan is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 19,738 according to the 2010 census. New Canaan is one of the wealthiest communities in the U.S; in 2008 it had the highest median family income in the country and was listed at #1 on CNN's list of "top-earning towns" in the United States.

World Bank

The World BankIBRDWorld Bank Group
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans and grants to the governments of poorer countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects. It comprises two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the International Development Association (IDA). The World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group.

Institutional investor

institutional investorsinstitutionalForeign Institutional Investors
An institutional investor is an entity which pools money to purchase securities, real property, and other investment assets or originate loans. Institutional investors include banks, credit unions, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds. Operating companies which invest excess capital in these types of assets may also be included in the term. Activist institutional investors may also influence corporate governance by exercising voting rights in their investments.

Trader (finance)

A trader is a person or entity, in finance, who buys and sells financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, commodities, derivatives, and mutual funds in the capacity of agent, hedger, arbitrageur, or speculator.

Financial crisis of 2007–08

financial crisis of 2007–2008global financial crisis2008 financial crisis
The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the global financial crisis and the 2008 financial crisis, was a severe worldwide economic crisis considered by many economists to have been the most serious financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s, to which it is often compared.


Eastman KodakEastman Kodak CompanyEastman Kodak Co.
January 2005: Kodak acquired the Israel-based company OREX Computed Radiography, a provider of compact computed radiography systems that enable medical practitioners to acquire patient x-ray images digitally. January 2005: Kodak acquired the Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada-based company Creo. January 2006: Kodak unveiled the Kodak EasyShare V570 Dual Lens Digital Camera, the world's first dual-lens digital still camera and smallest ultra-wide-angle optical zoom digital camera, at the CES. Using proprietary Kodak Retina Dual Lens technology, the V570 wrapped an ultra-wide angle lens (23 mm) and a second optical zoom lens (39 – 117 mm) into a body less than 2.5 cm (an inch) thick.