In the United States, urban/structural rope rescue performed by professional rescue agencies such as EMS, fire departments and Volunteer groups, such as Sheriff Department Rescue Teams, etc., have organizations such as National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 1670, ANSI, and others, along with governmental agencies like OSHA, NIOSH, MSAH, etc. help provide guidelines, suggestions, and regulations. The Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) addresses a number of situations, include confined space rescue, 29 CFR 1910.146 and 29 CFR 1910.147.
High Angle Rescuehigh-angle rescuerope rescues
extricationemergency extrication proceduresextricate
NFPA regulation 1006 and 1670 states that all "rescuers", whether they are part of an EMS department, fire department, or police department, must have a minimum of basic life support medical training to perform any technical rescue operation, since it is a comprehensive patient-centered process. After the vehicle has been secured and access gained to the patient, the EMS team then enters to perform more detailed medical care. Continued protection of the patient from extrication itself, using hard and soft protection, should be done at all times.
The National Fire Protection Association has also published a design standard, NFPA 1917, which some administrations are considering switching to if KKK-A-1822F is withdrawn. . The Commission on Accreditation of Ambulance Services (CAAS) has published its Ground Vehicle Standard for Ambulances effective July 2016. This standard is similar to the KKK-A-1822F and NFPA 1917-2016 specifications. The move towards standardisation is now reaching countries without a history of prescriptive codes, such as India, which approved its first national standard for ambulance construction in 2013.
confined spaceConfined Space Rescuersconfined spaces, posing hazards to rescuers
Agencies that oversee workplace safety require that persons qualified for confined space rescue operations complete rescue training and exercises annually, at the least, and recommend more frequent training. Numerous agencies in the United States have facilities for technical rescue training and often have a confined space training area. In the USA, confined space rescue is covered under the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1670, and under 29 CFR 1910.146 and 29 CFR 1910.147, and must follow Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards or heavy fines will be levied upon the company that violates their regulation and injury occurs in the workplace.
SARsearch-and-rescueCombat Search and Rescue
Search and Rescue is divided into 4 primary elements, while assigning a federal agency with the lead role for each of the 4 elements. In the U.S., SAR standards are developed primarily by ASTM International and the U.S. NFPA which are then used by organizations such as the Mountain Rescue Association (MRA), the U.S. National Association of Search and Rescue (NASAR), and the NFPA to develop training that will meet or exceed those standards. Within ASTM International, most standards of relevance to SAR are developed by Committee F32 on Search and Rescue. Formed in 1988, the committee had 85 current members and jurisdiction of 38 approved standards.
advanced technical RescueRescue TechniciansTechnical Rescue Unit
NFPA standards 1006 and 1670 state that all rescuers must have a minimum of first aid (infection control, bleeding control, shock management) and CPR training to perform any technical rescue operation, including cutting the vehicle itself during an extrication. Rescue squad. 911th Engineer Company.
breathing apparatusindustrial breathing setself contained breathing apparatus
In the United States and Canada, SCBAs used in firefighting must meet guidelines established by the National Fire Protection Association, NFPA Standard 1981. If an SCBA is labeled as "1981 NFPA compliant", it is designed for firefighting. The current version of the standard was published in 2013. These standards are revised every five years. Similarly, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has a certification program for SCBA that are intended to be used in chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) environments. See NIOSH Approved SCBAs.
Personal Alert Safety System
On a fireground, the sound of an activated PASS device indicates a true emergency and results in an immediate response to rescue the firefighter(s) in distress. In the United States, the National Fire Protection Association sets standards for PASS devices in NFPA 1982. The PASS device is normally used in conjunction with breathing apparatus; it is a small, battery powered device attached to the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) harness which enables the firefighter to summon help by activating a loud, piercing electronic bleeper.
Rural/MetroRural/Metro CorporationRural Metro Fire Department
The division maintains membership in the following organizations: National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC); Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Working Group (ARFF WG); American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE); AAAE-Great Lakes Chapter; Louisiana Airport Managers and Associates (LAMA), and ISNetworld. Fire Department. Emergency medical services. Rescue.
Fire sprinkler application and installation guidelines, and overall fire sprinkler system design guidelines are provided by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 13, (NFPA) 13D, and (NFPA) 13R. California, Pennsylvania and Illinois require sprinklers in at least some new residential construction. Fire sprinklers can be automatic or open orifice. Automatic fire sprinklers operate at a predetermined temperature, utilizing a fusible element, a portion of which melts, or a frangible glass bulb containing liquid which breaks, allowing the plug in the orifice to be pushed out of the orifice by the water pressure in the fire sprinkler piping, resulting in water flow from the orifice.
NFPA 70B (Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance) is a standard of the National Fire Protection Association that addresses recommended electrical equipment maintenance. NFPA 70B is part of NFPA 70. This recommended practice applies to preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment and is not intended to duplicate or supersede instructions that manufacturers normally provide.
NSS Cave Rescue Forum. U.S. Cavers Forum - Cave Rescue.
The publication Life Safety Code, known as NFPA 101, is a consensus standard widely adopted in the United States. It is administered, trademarked, copyrighted, and published by the National Fire Protection Association and, like many NFPA documents, is systematically revised on a three-year cycle. Despite its title, the standard is not a legal code, is not published as an instrument of law, and has no statutory authority in its own right. However, it is deliberately crafted with language suitable for mandatory application to facilitate adoption into law by those empowered to do so.
fire diamondNFPA 704 rating
"NFPA 704: Standard System for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response" is a standard maintained by the U.S.-based National Fire Protection Association. First "tentatively adopted as a guide" in 1960, and revised several times since then, it defines the colloquial "fire diamond" or "safety square" used by emergency personnel to quickly and easily identify the risks posed by hazardous materials. This helps determine what, if any, special equipment should be used, procedures followed, or precautions taken during the initial stages of an emergency response.
The NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) is a standard published by the National Fire Protection Association. The NFPA 72 specifies "the application, installation, location, performance, inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm systems, fire warning equipment, and emergency warning equipment, and their components." [§ 1.1.1]. Federal, state, and local municipalities across the United States have adopted the NFPA 72 as a standard in the enforcement of fire code regulation. Municipalities often adopt revisions of the code after years of review and amendments, making many local fire codes specific to their governing authorities.
rescue servicesrescue responsesquad
A rescue squad is a term used in the United States to refer to an emergency service agency that provides emergency medical services and may also provide technical rescue. Rescue squads provide emergency medical services (EMS), operating from ambulances and fly-cars. They provide emergency medical care after trauma and to medical patients. Such rescue squads may provide either basic life support or advanced life support. The staff of such agencies possess any number of certifications including emergency medical responder, emergency medical technician, and paramedic. Rescue squads may also provide technical rescue, operating from light and heavy rescue vehicles and rescue boats.
NFPA 1001 (Standard for Firefighter Professional Qualifications) is a standard published by the National Fire Protection Association. NFPA 1001 identifies the minimum job performance requirements (JPRs) for career and volunteer firefighters whose duties are primarily structural in nature. The NFPA 1001 is sectioned as follows: * document information 1. Administration. 2. Referenced Publications. 3. Definitions. 4. Entrance Requirements. 5. Fire Fighter I. 6. Fire Fighter II. Annex A: Explanatory Material. Annex B: Explanation of the Standard and Concepts of JPRs. Annex C: Informational References.
Fire Prevention DayFire Prevention Week, 2001Fire Prevention Week, 2017
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) continues to be the international sponsor of the week. In Canada, Fire Prevention Week is proclaimed annually by the Governor General. The Saturday ending the week is also proclaimed as Fire Service Recognition Day to express appreciation for the many public services rendered by members of the Canadian fire service. While in Australia the Fire Prevention Week is usually held between April 28 to May 5. The Fire Prevention Week commemorates the Great Chicago Fire.