John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll

John CampbellThe Duke of Argyll4th Duke of Argyll
He rose quickly up the ranks, becoming a brigadier general in 1743, major general in 1744, and lieutenant general in 1747; he became colonel of the North British Dragoons in 1752, a position he held until his death. Upon inheriting the dukedom and other titles upon the death of his cousin Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, he left the House of Commons and became Governor of Limerick and a Scottish representative peer. He became a Privy Councillor in 1762, a general in 1765, and a Knight of the Order of the Thistle in that same year. The Duke died on 9 November 1770 and is buried at Kilmun Parish Church. He was succeeded in the dukedom and other titles by his elder son John.

John Wilfred Stanier

John StanierSir John Stanier
Promoted to major on 6 October 1959, he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in the New Year Honours 1961. He attended the Joint Services Staff College and, from 1962, commanded the tanks in "C" Squadron of his regiment in Germany, before returning to Camberley as Director of Studies in 1963. Stainer was not selected to command the Queen's Own Hussars. Disappointed, he considered leaving the Army, but was pleasantly surprised, having transferred to the Royal Scots Greys on 1 January 1966, to be promoted to lieutenant colonel on 2 May 1966 and made Commanding Officer of the Royal Scots Greys.

Norman Arthur

John Norman Stewart ArthurSir Norman Arthur
Educated at Eton College and the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, Arthur was commissioned into the Royal Scots Greys in 1951. At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome he was part of the British equestrian team for the three-day event; he withdrew after the cross-country phase. He was appointed Commanding Officer of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards in 1972 and mentioned in despatches for service in Northern Ireland in 1974 during The Troubles. He became Commander of 7th Armoured Brigade in 1976. He went on to be General Officer Commanding 3rd Armoured Division in 1980 and Director of Personal Services (Army) in 1983.

Redford Barracks

The three-storey Cavalry Barracks (55.9127°N, -3.2419°W), with its tall domed clock-tower, was originally built to house a cavalry regiment, most notably the Royal Scots Greys, with a large annexe of stables and associated outbuildings. With the permanent stationing of armoured units such as the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards in Germany as part of the British Army of the Rhine, the Cavalry Barracks became a home to D squadron, Royal Scots Dragoon Guards stationed there from 1971 until disbanded in 1976. The cavalry barracks have been the home for Balaclava Company, 5th Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) since 2014.

Scots Guards

3rd Foot Guards3rd Regiment of Foot GuardsScots Fusilier Guards
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of England and Scotland. Its lineage can be traced back to 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment (thus becoming part of what is now the British Army) in 1686. The Regiment is the oldest formed Regiment in the Regular Army in service today. The regiment now known as the Scots Guards traces its origins to the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment, a unit raised in 1642 by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll in response to the 1641 Irish Rebellion.

3rd Dragoon Guards

3rd (Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guards3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's)4th Horse
Some items are also held by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum at Edinburgh Castle. The regiment was awarded the following battle honours: The colonels of the regiment were as follows: * 1748 Sir Charles Howard K B —Sir Charles Howard's Horse * 1751 Sir Charles Howard * 1922: regiment amalgamated with the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers) to form the 3rd/6th Dragoon Guards *British cavalry during the First World War Early Wars: Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Warburg, Beaumont, Willems, Talavera, Albuhera, Vittoria, Peninsula, Abyssinia, South Africa 1901–02. The Great War: Ypres 1914, 1915, Nonne Bosschen, Frezenberg, Loos, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Somme 1918, St.


The Northern Ireland government requested the British Army to aid the police and protect the Irish Nationalist population. In 1969, the paramilitary Provisional IRA, which favoured the creation of a united Ireland, emerged from a split in the Irish Republican Army and began a campaign against what it called the "British occupation of the six counties". Other groups, on both the unionist side and the nationalist side, participated in violence and a period known as the Troubles began. Over 3,600 deaths resulted over the subsequent three decades of conflict. Owing to the civil unrest during the Troubles, the British government suspended home rule in 1972 and imposed direct rule.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
In addition to the honour of a state funeral, Churchill received a wide range of awards and other honours, including the following, chronologically: Churchill held substantive ranks in the British Army and in the Territorial Army since he was commissioned as a Cornet in the 4th Queen's Own Hussars until his retirement from the Territorial Army in 1924 with the rank of Major, having held the temporary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel during the Great War. In addition he held many honorary military appointments. In 1939, he was appointed as an Honorary Air Commodore in the Auxiliary Air Force and was awarded honorary wings in 1943.

Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards)

6th Dragoon Guards6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)6th Dragoon Guards (The Carabiniers)
Some items are also held by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum at Edinburgh Castle. The regiment's battle honours were as follows: The regiment's colonels were as follows: The original uniform of the Queen Dowager's Regiment of Horse is recorded as including a red coat lined with green. In common with other regiments of Horse, cuirasses were worn until 1699. In 1715 the regimental facing colour was changed to pale yellow. In 1768 white lapels were adopted by Royal Warrant. Silver epaulettes were worn by the officers. In 1812 a new model of leather helmet was issued, carrying the title of "6th Dragoon Guards or Carabiniers".

Pipe band

pipes and drumspipe bandspipe and drum
Unlike musicians, who belong to the Corps of Army Music, the pipers and drummers belong to the regiment in which they serve and are soldiers first and foremost. The British Army runs its own pipes and drums training facility, the Army School of Bagpipe Music and Highland Drumming, in Edinburgh, Scotland. To be qualified as a pipe major or drum major in the pipes and drums of a regiment of the British Army, candidates must successfully pass a series of courses at the school.

John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes

John, Earl of RothesJohn LeslieThe Earl of Rothes
General John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes KT (1698 – 10 December 1767) was a senior British Army officer who became Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Army between 1758 and 1767. Born the son of the 9th Earl, Leslie was commissioned into the 9th Regiment of Dragoons in 1715. In 1717 he transferred to the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards. He became Commanding Officer of the 21st Regiment of Foot in 1721 and inherited his father's title the following year. He became a Scottish representative peer in 1723. In 1732 he took over command of the 25th Regiment of Foot.


dragoonscavalryIndependence Dragoons
In the present-day British Army regular army, four regiments are designated as dragoons: the 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards, the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, the Royal Dragoon Guards, and the Light Dragoons. In the Territorial Army, one of the five squadrons of the Royal Yeomanry—the Westminster Dragoons— also has the title of dragoons. The 1st and 2nd Battalion, 48th Infantry were mechanized infantry units assigned to the 3rd Armored Division (3AD) in West Germany during the Cold War. The unit crest of the 48th Infantry designated the unit as Dragoons. The 1st Dragoons was reformed in the Vietnam War era as the 1st Squadron, 1st U.S. Cavalry.

Edward VIII

Prince of WalesKing Edward VIIIEdward, Prince of Wales
(First World War, Flanders and Italy). 10 March 1916: Captain, British Army. 1918: Temporary Major, British Army. 15 April 1919: Colonel, British Army. 8 July 1919: Captain, Royal Navy. 5 December 1922: Group Captain, Royal Air Force. 1 September 1930: Vice-Admiral, Royal Navy; Lieutenant-General, British Army; Air Marshal, Royal Air Force. 1 January 1935: Admiral, Royal Navy; General, British Army; Air Chief Marshal, Royal Air Force. 21 January 1936: Admiral of the Fleet, Royal Navy; Field Marshal, British Army; Marshal of the Royal Air Force. 3 September 1939: Major-General, British Army. KG: Knight of the Garter, 1910. ISO: Companion of the Imperial Service Order, 1910.

Loyal toast

Royal Toasttoast to the Queentoasted
In the British Army several units have special privileges and are exempted from the usual practice of standing up for the toast. For example, the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards are allowed to remain seated while the Queen's Royal Hussars do not drink the toast at all. The Loyal Toast was the catalyst for international friction in 1948, when the Taoiseach (prime minister) of Ireland, then John A. Costello, made an official visit to Canada. There, at a formal function, Governor-General of Canada The Earl Alexander of Tunis steadfastly refused the directions of Irish officials to toast the President of Ireland, Seán T.

David Colyear, 1st Earl of Portmore

Earl of PortmoreThe Earl of PortmoreDavid Colyear
In 1712, he served under the Duke of Ormonde in Flanders, and the same year he was named a member of the privy council and made a Knight of the Thistle. In August 1713, he was constituted Governor of Gibraltar, and in October of the same year he was chosen one of the sixteen representative peers of Scotland. When Gibraltar was besieged by the Spaniards in 1727, he embarked for that place to assume command, but on the approach of Admiral Wager with eleven ships the siege was raised. He died 2 January 1730. He married Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester, daughter of Sir Charles Sedley of Southfleet, Kent, and former mistress of James II.


Queen's Own Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Light Cavalry Regiment). Queen's Royal Hussars (British Army). Regulares (Spanish Morocco). Royal Dragoon Guards (British Army). Royal Lancers (British Army). Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers & Greys) (British Army). Royal Wessex Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Armoured Regiment). Royal Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Light Cavalry Regiment). Savage Division. Savari (Italian North African). Savoia Cavalry. Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Light Cavalry Regiment). Sipahi (Ottoman). South Alberta Light Horse (Canadian Army). Spahi (French North African). Tagmata (Byzantine). Uhlans. United States Cavalry.

List of British Regular Army regiments (1962)

The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons). amalgamated with 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) in 1971 to form the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys). The Queen's Own Hussars. formed by the amalgamation of 3rd The King's Own Hussars and 7th Queen's Own Hussars in 1958.

Military mascot

mascotregimental mascotMarine Corps' mascot
British army demotes mascot St. Petersburg Times Online. Military mascots (

List of alumni of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst

John Eliot, 6th Earl of St Germans (Royal Scots Greys). Francis Fane, 12th Earl of Westmorland. Bernard Fergusson, Baron Ballantrae. Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar (Grenadier Guards). Charles FitzRoy, 10th Duke of Grafton. Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Duke of Leinster (5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards). Arthur Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool. Nigel Forbes, 22nd Lord Forbes (Grenadier Guards). Ian Fraser, Baron Fraser of Lonsdale. David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdale. Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, 1st Baron Hesketh (Royal Horse Guards). Arthur French, 5th Baron de Freyne. Shane Gough, 5th Viscount Gough. Ralph Glyn, 1st Baron Glyn. Gerald Grosvenor, 4th Duke of Westminster.

History of the Scots Guards (1946–present)

2nd Battalion, The Scots Guards
Other events in 1992 for the regiment included the 2nd Battalion providing the Royal Guard at Balmoral Castle, participating in the Edinburgh Military Tattoo, in which the regiment has participated in many times. Also that year the regiment celebrated at Holyrood Palace, the 350th Anniversary of the regiment's creation. In 1993 the 2nd Battalion took part in 6-week exercises at BATUS in Canada but on 4 November, due to defence cuts, the battalion was placed in 'suspended animation' and a single company (F Company) was formed for public and other duties. In 1994 the 1st Battalion deployed on a tour of Ireland that lasted for 6-months.

Military service by British royalty

This is a list detailing military service by British royalty, namely formal military service. The honorary ranks and titles are included in a separate column. The "Rank whilst active" column, dictates the rank worn and held whilst the Royal was serving with the Armed Forces and the "Current rank worn" column denotes any rank worn currently (i.e. honorary rank, promotions etc) given to the members of the Royal Family. A few English monarchs came to the throne from other countries and served in the armies of their home country. A few served in other armies during their exile.

1971 in Scotland

Royal Scots Dragoon Guards formed as the senior Scottish regiment of the British Army at Holyrood, Edinburgh, by amalgamation of the Royal Scots Greys and 3rd Carabiniers. Erskine Bridge opened over the River Clyde. 30 July – Upper Clyde Shipbuilders workers begin to take control of the shipyards in a work-in under the leadership of Jimmy Reid. c.

Battle honour

battle honoursUbiquetheatre honour
Sphinx: Several British regiments have a sphinx on their regimental colour as well as cap badges and belt buckles to commemorate service in Egypt, specifically the Battle of Alexandria in 1801. Eagle: The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards have an eagle on their cap badge to commemorate the capture of a French Imperial Eagle at Waterloo by the Royal Scots Greys. The Blues and Royals similarly wear an eagle as a shoulder badge commemorating the Eagle captured at Waterloo by the Royal Dragoons. 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.

Queen's Guard

Changing of the GuardRoyal Guardchanging of the Queen's Guard
Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys). 2016: 1st Battalion, Scots Guards. 2017: Royal Navy/RAF Regiment.

List of titles and honours of George VI

his senior service rank
The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons). Colonel-in-Chief. 1939.06.08. Army Cadet Force. Colonel-in-Chief. 1942–1952. 4th/5th Bn, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Honorary Colonel. 1947–1952. The Royal Berkshire Regiment. Colonel-in-Chief. 1947–1952. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Colonel-in-Chief. 1947–1952. Royal Armoured Corps. Captain General. 1947–1952. Combined Cadet Force. Captain General. 1949–1952. University Training Corps. Colonel-in-Chief. 1949–1952. Commonwealth realms. 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 28 October 1919: London. 1924: Derry. 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 26 October 1926: Glasgow. 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 29 August 1928: Glasgow. 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 10 August 1935: Perth. Style of the British Sovereign.