Scots Army

Royal ScotsScottish Armiesformer Scottish armies
The standing army was mainly employed in the suppression of Covenanter rebellions and the guerrilla war undertaken by the Cameronians in the East. In addition a "Foote Company of Highland Men" was raised and three troops of Scots Dragoons in 1678. Another three were added to make The Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons in 1681, by which point they were already mounted on grey horses that would give them their name of the Royal Scots Greys. On the eve of the Glorious Revolution the standing army in Scotland was about 3,000 men in various regiments and another 268 veterans in the major garrison towns, at an annual cost of about £80,000.

92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot

92nd Regiment of Foot92nd Highlanders92nd Foot
The 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a British Army infantry regiment, raised in 1794. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 75th (Stirlingshire) Regiment of Foot to form the Gordon Highlanders in 1881. The regiment was raised in Aberdeenshire by General George Gordon, 5th Duke of Gordon, as the 100th (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot, in response to the threat posed by the French Revolution, on 10 February 1794. It embarked for Gibraltar in September 1794 and then moved on to Corsica in June 1795. From Corsica a detachment was sent to Elba in August 1796 and the whole regiment returned to Gibraltar in September 1796.

Royal Military College, Sandhurst

Royal Military CollegeSandhurstRMC Sandhurst
Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar (1879–1880), Governor-General of Australia. Field Marshal Viscount Allenby (1881–1882). Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet (1882–1883), Governor-General of New Zealand. Field Marshal Earl Haig (1884–1885). Sir Winston Churchill (1894). Prince Alexander of Teck (1894), later the Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Governor General of Canada. Field Marshal Earl Wavell (1900–1901), Viceroy of India. Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (1907–1908). Sir Oswald Mosley (1914). Field Marshal Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1919), Governor General of Australia. Ayub Khan (1926–1927), President of Pakistan.

Edward VII

King Edward VIIPrince of WalesAlbert Edward
As the eldest son of the British sovereign, he was automatically Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay at birth. As a son of Prince Albert, he also held the titles of Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Saxony. He was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 8 December 1841, Earl of Dublin on 10 September 1849 or 17 January 1850, a Knight of the Garter on 9 November 1858, and a Knight of the Thistle on 24 May 1867. In 1863, he renounced his succession rights to the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in favour of his younger brother, Prince Alfred.

James Hamilton (British Army officer, born 1777)

James Inglis HamiltonJames Hamilton
Lieutenant colonel James Inglis Hamilton (born Jamie Anderson, 4 July 1777 – 18 June 1815) was a Colonel in the British Army killed at the Battle of Waterloo. He was born as Jamie Anderson on 4 July 1777 at a camp of the Saratoga Campaign in New York. He was the second son of William Anderson, a Sergeant-Major of the 21st Foot. Hamilton was baptized on 28 August 1777. General James Inglis Hamilton adopted him following the Battle of Bemis Heights, and funded his education at Glasgow Grammar School and the University of Glasgow. Hamilton's adopted father opened a spot in the British Army and Hamilton became a cornet in the Royal Scots Greys in 1792.

List of British Army regiments

RegimentsBritish Army regiments
The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys). The Royal Dragoon Guards. The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish). The Royal Lancers (Queen Elizabeth's Own). The King's Royal Hussars. The Light Dragoons. The Royal Yeomanry. The Royal Wessex Yeomanry. The Queen's Own Yeomanry. The Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry. Grenadier Guards - 1 + 0 battalion. Coldstream Guards - 1 + 0 battalion. Scots Guards - 1 + 0 battalion. Irish Guards - 1 + 0 battalion. Welsh Guards - 1 + 0 battalion. London Regiment - 0 + 1 battalion. The Royal Regiment of Scotland - 4 + 2 battalions. The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires) - 2 + 2 battalions.

John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes

John, Earl of RothesThe Earl of RothesJohn Leslie
General John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes KT (1698 – 10 December 1767) was a senior British Army officer who became Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Army between 1758 and 1767. Born the son of the 9th Earl, Leslie was commissioned into the 9th Regiment of Dragoons in 1715. In 1717 he transferred to the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards. He became Commanding Officer of the 21st Regiment of Foot in 1721 and inherited his father's title the following year. He became a Scottish representative peer in 1723. In 1732 he took over command of the 25th Regiment of Foot.

George Calvert Clarke

He was appointed Regimental Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards (The Carabiniers) on 4 October 1880, but changed back to his old regiment as Regimental Colonel of the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys) in 1891. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1873. Clarke died at Church-house, Uckfield, on 9 February 1900.

Patrick Ferguson

PatrickMajor Patrick FergusonFerguson
In 1780, the British Army sent General Lord Cornwallis to invade South Carolina and North Carolina. His mission was to defeat all American forces in the Carolinas and keep the two colonies within the British Empire. A key part of Cornwallis's plan was to recruit soldiers from local Loyalists. To achieve this goal, General Clinton appointed Major Ferguson as Inspector of Militia in South Carolina. Ferguson's mission was to recruit Loyalist militia in the Carolinas and Georgia and to intimidate any colonists who favoured American independence. Major Patrick Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on 22 May 1780.

William Ponsonby (British Army officer)

William PonsonbySir William PonsonbyPonsonby
Major-General Sir William Ponsonby (13 October 177218 June 1815), styled The Honourable from 1806, was an Irish politician and British Army officer who served in the Peninsula War and was killed at the Battle of Waterloo. He was the second son of William Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Imokilly and Hon. Louisa Molesworth. Educated at Kilkenny and Eton, he married Hon. Georgiana FitzRoy, youngest daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton. Between 1796 and 1798, Ponsonby sat as a Member of Parliament (MP) in the Irish House of Commons and represented Bandonbridge. Subsequently, he stood for Fethard (County Tipperary) and held this seat until the Act of Union in 1801.

English Army

EnglishEnglish forcessmall Royalist army
At that time, there was only one English regiment of dragoons, so after some delay the Scots Greys obtained the rank of 2nd Dragoons in the British Army. Attribution Battle of Ethandun. Wars of Scottish Independence. Hundred Years' War. Anglo-Scottish Wars. Military of England.

Prince of Wales's feathers

three ostrich feathersICH DIENthree feathers
The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) (as arm badge). Royal Marines Band Service Commando Training Centre Lympstone (part of cap badge). 9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires) (part of cap badge). The Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (part of cap badge). 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles). The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry (Prince of Wales's Own) (part of cap badge). The Cheshire Yeomanry (Earl of Chester's). 2 Squadron Honourable Artillery Company (Squadron Badge). 4th Battalion 8 Punjab Regiment. 4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment.

Uniforms of the British Army

British Armyfull dressDress
British Armed Forces uniforms. Combat uniform. DPM Parachute Smock. Military uniform. Modern equipment of the British Army. Smock Windproof DPM.

Geoffrey Keyes (VC)

Geoffrey KeyesGeoffrey Keyes VC
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the posthumous award of the VICTORIA CROSS to the undermentioned officer: — Major (temporary Lieutenant-Colonel) Geoffrey Charles Tasker Keyes, M.C. (71081), The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons), Royal Armoured Corps (Buckingham). Lieutenant-Colonel Keyes commanded a detachment of a force which landed some 250 miles behind the enemy lines to attack Headquarters, Base Installations and Communications.

Henry Ramage

Henry Ramage VC (1827 – 29 December 1859) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Ramage was about 27 years old, and a sergeant in the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys), British Army during the Crimean War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. On 25 October 1854 at Balaclava, Crimea, Sergeant Ramage galloped out to the assistance of a private who was surrounded by seven Russians. The sergeant dispersed them and saved his comrade's life.

James Campbell (British Army officer, died 1745)

James CampbellSir James Campbell of LawersSir James Campbell
They had two children: He was commissioned a Captain in the 21st Regiment of Foot in 1702, then was Lieutenant-Colonel in the 2nd Dragoons (later Royal Scots Greys) in 1706. He served under Marlborough in the War of the Spanish Succession and fought in the Battle of Blenheim. After the war, he was Colonel of the 9th Regiment of Foot 1715-17, and of the 2nd Dragoons (later Royal Scots Greys) from 1717 until his death. In the meantime he was promoted Brigadier-General in 1735, Major-General in 1739, and Lieutenant-General in 1742. Campbell was Member of Parliament for Ayrshire from 1727 until defeated at the General Election of 1741.

Royal Scots

1st Foot1st Regiment of FootThe Royal Scots
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland. The regiment existed continuously until 2006, when it amalgamated with the King's Own Scottish Borderers to become the Royal Scots Borderers, which merged with the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment), the Black Watch, the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

2nd Cavalry Division (United Kingdom)

2nd Cavalry Division2ndBritish 2nd Cavalry Division
List of British divisions in WWI. British Army during World War I. British Cavalry Corps order of battle 1914. British cavalry during the First World War.

Ralph Abercromby

Sir Ralph AbercrombyAbercrombyGeneral Sir Ralph Abercromby
In 1801, he was sent with an army to recover Egypt from France. His experience in the Netherlands and the West Indies particularly fitted him for this new command, as was proved when he carried his army in health, in spirits, and with the requisite supplies to the destined scene of action despite great difficulties. The debarkation of the troops at Abukir, in the face of strenuous opposition, is justly ranked among the most daring and brilliant exploits of the British army. In 1800 he commanded the expedition to the Mediterranean, and after some brilliant operations defeated the French in the Battle of Alexandria, March 21, 1801.

Monarchy of the United Kingdom

MonarchBritish monarchQueen
The mottoes are "In Defens" (an abbreviated form of the Scots "In My Defens God Me Defend") and the motto of the Order of the Thistle; "Nemo me impune lacessit". (Latin: "No-one provokes me with impunity"); the supporters are the unicorn and lion, who support both the escutcheon and lances, from which fly the flags of Scotland and England. The monarch's official flag in the United Kingdom is the Royal Standard, which depicts the Royal Arms in banner form. It is flown only from buildings, vessels and vehicles in which the sovereign is present.


colonels-in-chiefHonorary Colonelregimentschef
Royal New Zealand Army Logistic Regiment - The Duke of York. Royal New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps - The Queen. Royal New Zealand Electrical and Mechanical Engineers - The Duke of Edinburgh. Royal New Zealand Nursing Corps - The Princess Royal. Royal New Zealand Army Educational Corps - The Duchess of Gloucester. The Life Guards - The Queen. The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons) - The Queen. 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards - The Prince of Wales. The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) - The Queen. The Royal Dragoon Guards - The Prince of Wales. The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish) - The Duke of Edinburgh.

Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil

Colonel Duncan Carter-Campbell of PossilLt Col Duncan Carter-Campbell of PossilDuncan Maclachlan Carter-Campbell
As a Staff Officer, he was then posted to the British Middle East Land Forces to support operations in Palestine/Transjordan between 1945-1947. At the end of the second world war he served with the British Army of the Rhine from 1947 to 1948 under occupied Germany. In 1952 he went on to command the Cameronians 1st Battalion and, for services in Malaysia, was Mentioned in Despatches on 21 October 1952. He also served in Bahrain and Trucial Oman. In 1958 he became Secretary to the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Scottish command and Governor of Edinburgh Castle; Lieutenant-General Sir George Collingwood. He was the Director Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo before retiring in 1962.

Foot guards

The ascending number of buttons also indicates the order in which the regiments were formed, although the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, an ancestor of the Grenadier Guards, is younger than the regiment that now takes the name of the Coldstream Guards; the oldest continuously serving regiment in the regular British Army (there are older regiments in the Army Reserve). There are various other distinguishing features of the uniforms of the regiments, such as the colour of the plume, which side it is worn on the bearskin, the collar badge and the shoulder badge.

167th (1st London) Brigade

1st London Brigade167th (London) Infantry Brigade167th
Throughout the fighting the brigade, supported by A Squadron of the Royal Scots Greys, had suffered heavy casualties (roughly 360 per battalion) and, after being relieved by other units, secured the Salerno beachhead and later advanced up the spine of Italy, crossing the Volturno Line and later fought at Monte Camino and crossed the Garigliano river in January 1944. With the rest of the Allied Armies in Italy (AAI), however, the brigade, by now very tired and below strength, was held up by the formidable German defences known as the Gustav Line (also the Winter Line).