Hugh Trefusis Brassey

Sir Hugh Trefusis Brassey
In the New Year Honours 1959 Brassey was awarded an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. He was appointed aide-de-camp to Queen Elizabeth II in 1964, a post he held for five years. In 1974, Brassey was appointed colonel of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. He entered the Yeomen of the Guard as exon in 1964 and became its ensign in 1970. Brassey was promoted to adjutant and clerk of the cheque the year thereafter and finally to lieutenant in 1979. Following his retirement in 1985, he was made as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. He was High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1959 and represented the county also as Justice of the Peace.

List of titles and honours of Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth IIa unique Barbadian titleAwards of Queen Elizabeth
Scots Dragoon Guards. 1971 – 1999: Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's Own Yeomanry. 1973 – 1992: Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's Own Mercian Yeomanry. 1977 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Corps of Royal Military Police. 1992 – : Patron of the Royal Army Chaplains' Department. 1992 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Adjutant General's Corps. 1993 – : Affiliated Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's Gurkha Engineers. 1993 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's Royal Lancers. 1994 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomanry. 2006 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Welsh. 2006 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Regiment of Scotland. 2006 – : Colonel-in-Chief of the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. 2006

Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum is a regimental museum displaying the collections of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards and its predecessor regiments. It is based in the New Barracks (built between 1796 and 1799) at Edinburgh Castle in Scotland. The museum brings together the collections of the 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) (themselves the product of the amalgamation in 1922 of 3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's) and 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)), and The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons). The museum, which was originally located in the basement of the New Barracks, was opened by the Queen in 1995.

2003 invasion of Iraq

invasion of IraqIraq War2003 Iraq War
The Iraqi port city of Umm Qasr was the first British obstacle. A joint Polish-British-American force ran into unexpectedly stiff resistance, and it took several days to clear the Iraqi forces out. Farther north, the British 7 Armoured Brigade ("The Desert Rats"), fought their way into Iraq's second-largest city, Basra, on 6 April, coming under constant attack by regulars and Fedayeen, while 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment cleared the 'old quarter' of the city that was inaccessible to vehicles. Entering Basra was achieved after two weeks of fierce fighting, including a tank battle when the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards destroyed 14 Iraqi tanks on 27 March.

Future of the British Army (Army 2020 Refine)

Army 2020Army 2020 RefineMulti-Role Brigade
List of equipment of the British Army. Future Force 2020 Brochure. Army 2020 July 2013 update. Regular British Army basing plan March 2013. Major British Army sites. Structure of regular British Army as given by AFF. Army Reserve changes and future basing. Partial Information on Army 2020 Refine Units. Army Information Sub-Strategy (2015 – 2018).

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas IITsar Nicholas IITsar
He was Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Scots Greys from 1894 until his death. On becoming Colonel-in-Chief he presented the Regiment with a white bearskin, now worn by the bass drummer of the Pipes and Drums of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. The Imperial Russian anthem is still played at dinner nights in the Officers' Mess, where there remains a portrait of the Tsar in Scots Greys uniform. Since his death, the Regiment has worn a black backing behind its cap badge as a symbol of mourning. Estimates of Nicholas II's personal wealth have been vastly exaggerated. As Emperor of All The Russias, and an autocrat, the resources under his command were virtually incalculable.

British Armed Forces

Forcesarmed forcesBritish
British Army official website ( Royal Air Force official website (

Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

Territorial ArmyArmy ReserveTerritorial
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army. It should not be confused with the Regular Reserve whose members have formerly served full-time. The Army Reserve was previously known as the Territorial Force from 1908 to 1921, the Territorial Army (TA) from 1921 to 1967, the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1967 to 1979, and again the Territorial Army (TA) from 1979 to 2014.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur Wellesley
The delay allowed the French to withdraw, but Cuesta sent his army headlong after Victor, and found himself faced by almost the entire French army in New Castile—Victor had been reinforced by the Toledo and Madrid garrisons. The Spanish retreated precipitously, necessitating the advance of two British divisions to cover their retreat. The next day, 27 July, at the Battle of Talavera the French advanced in three columns and were repulsed several times throughout the day by Wellesley, but at a heavy cost to the British force. In the aftermath Marshal Soult's army was discovered to be advancing south, threatening to cut Wellesley off from Portugal.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
The British and French opened overseas fronts with the Gallipoli (1915) and Mesopotamian campaigns (1914). In Gallipoli, the Ottoman Empire successfully repelled the British, French, and Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs). In Mesopotamia, by contrast, after the defeat of the British defenders in the Siege of Kut by the Ottomans (1915–16), British Imperial forces reorganised and captured Baghdad in March 1917. The British were aided in Mesopotamia by local Arab and Assyrian tribesmen, while the Ottomans employed local Kurdish and Turcoman tribes.

British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
This in turn began the Hundred Days Offensive, which led to the eventual defeat of the German Army on the western front, after the First and Third armies broke through the Hindenburg Line at the Battle of the Canal du Nord. This led to the final battle of the war in November 1918, the Battle of the Sambre by the First, Third and Fourth Armies and to the capture of Mons, 11 November 1918, by the First Army. The British Empire responded to the British call for troops for the Western Front and major formations of the British Indian Army, Canadian Army, Australian Army, New Zealand Army and the South African Army all served in France.

County Armagh

ArmaghSouth ArmaghCo. Armagh
South Armagh is predominantly nationalist, with most of the population being opposed to any form of British presence, especially that of a military nature. The most prominent opposition to British rule was the Provisional IRA South Armagh Brigade. On 10 March 2009, the CIRA claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting of a PSNI officer in Craigavon, County Armagh—the first police fatality in Northern Ireland since 1998. The officer was fatally shot by a sniper as he and a colleague investigated "suspicious activity" at a house nearby when a window was smashed by youths causing the occupant to phone the police.

John Erskine, Earl of Mar (1675–1732)

the Earl of MarJohn Erskine, Earl of MarEarl of Mar
John Erskine, Earl of Mar, KT (1675May 1732) was a Scottish Jacobite who was the eldest son of Charles, Earl of Mar (who died in 1689), from whom he inherited estates that were heavily loaded with debt. He was the 23rd Earl of Mar in the [[Earl of Mar#Earls of Mar, first creation (1404) (as deemed by Act of Parliament in 1885)|first creation]] of the earldom. He was also the sixth earl in the [[Earl of Mar#Earls of Mar, seventh creation (1565) (as so deemed by the House of Lords in 1875)|seventh creation]] (of 1565). . He was nicknamed "Bobbing John", for his tendency to shift back and forth from faction to faction, whether from Tory to Whig or Hanoverian to Jacobite.

British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down. Military forces in Britain were under Home Forces command. During the 1930s, the British government planned to deter war by rearming from the very low level of readiness of the early 30s and abolished the Ten Year Rule. The bulk of the extra money went to the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force but plans were made to re-equip a small number of Army and Territorial Army divisions for service overseas.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishUlster
As early as 1969, armed campaigns of paramilitary groups began, including the Provisional IRA campaign of 1969–1997 which was aimed at the end of British rule in Northern Ireland and the creation of a United Ireland, and the Ulster Volunteer Force, formed in 1966 in response to the perceived erosion of both the British character and unionist domination of Northern Ireland. The state security forces – the British Army and the police (the Royal Ulster Constabulary) – were also involved in the violence.

Crimean War

CrimeaCrimeanCrimean campaign
Public opinion in the UK was outraged at the logistical and command failures of the war; the newspapers demanded drastic reforms, and parliamentary investigations demonstrated the multiple failures of the Army. The reform campaign was not well organised, and the traditional aristocratic leadership of the Army pulled itself together, and blocked all serious reforms. No one was punished. The outbreak of the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857 shifted attention to the heroic defence of British interest by the army, and further talk of reform went nowhere.

Italian Campaign (World War II)

Italian CampaignItalyItalian Front
Seventh Army, under Lieutenant General George S. Patton, and the British Eighth Army, under General Bernard Montgomery. The original plan contemplated a strong advance by the British northwards along the east coast to Messina, with the Americans in a supporting role along their left flank. When the Eighth Army were held up by stubborn defences in the rugged hills south of Mount Etna, Patton amplified the American role by a wide advance northwest toward Palermo and then directly north to cut the northern coastal road.

Aden Emergency

Adenwithdrawal from Aden1963 revolution
A Troop (Sep 1967 - Nov 1967). 60 Field Squadron Royal Engineers (Nov 1964 - Nov 1965, Mar 1967 - Oct 1967). 73 Field Squadron Royal Engineers (1965 - 1966). 131 Parachute Engineer Regiment (Territorial Army). Royal Corps of Signals. 15 Signal Regiment Royal Corps of Signals (1965 - 1967). 222 (AF) Squadron Air Formation Signals (1959 - 1967). Royal Military Police. Royal Corps of Transport. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Royal Army Medical Corps. 24 Field Ambulance. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Royal Army Pay Corps. Army Air Corps (United Kingdom). Naumkin, Vitaly, Red Wolves of Yemen: The Struggle for Independence, 2004. Oleander Press. ISBN: 978-0-906672-70-9.

Jackal (vehicle)

JackalCoyoteCoyote 6x6 TSV
The Jackal or MWMIK (pronounced EmWimmick) or Mobility Weapon-Mounted Installation Kit is a family of vehicles designed and developed by Supacat Ltd at their factory in Honiton, Devon (UK) for use by the British Army and Royal Air Force Regiment. Supacat re-branded to SC Group in September 2015, the Supacat brand retained for the group's core defence business. The primary role of the vehicle in the British Army is deep battlespace reconnaissance, rapid assault and fire support - roles where mobility, endurance and manoeuvrability are important - and it has also been used for convoy protection.

Gulf War

Persian Gulf WarOperation Desert ShieldOperation Desert Storm
In spite of Iraqi saber rattling, Kuwait did not mobilize its force; the army had been stood down on 19 July, and at the time of the Iraqi invasion many Kuwaiti military personnel were on leave. By 1988, at the Iran–Iraq war's end, the Iraqi Army was the world's fourth largest army; it consisted of 955,000 standing soldiers and 650,000 paramilitary forces in the Popular Army. According to John Childs and André Corvisier, a low estimate shows the Iraqi Army capable of fielding 4,500 tanks, 484 combat aircraft and 232 combat helicopters.

Western Front (World War I)

Western FrontFranceWestern
'That Contemptible Little Army' by E. Alexander Powell. The British Army Seen by an American Journalist in 1916. Watch clips from the Australian War Memorial's collection of films made on the Western Front 1917–1918 on the National Film and Sound Archive's australianscreen online.


Following the outbreak of the First World War and the decision of the Ottoman Empire to join the war on the side of the Central Powers, on 5 November 1914 the British Empire formally annexed Cyprus and declared the Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan a Sultanate and British protectorate. In 1915, Britain offered Cyprus to Greece, ruled by King Constantine I of Greece, on condition that Greece join the war on the side of the British. The offer was declined. In 1923, under the Treaty of Lausanne, the nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus, and in 1925 it was declared a British crown colony. Many Greek and Turkish Cypriots fought in the British Army during both world wars.

British Army of the Rhine

Army of OccupationBAORBritish Army of Occupation
Rinaldi : The British Army in Germany: An Organizational History 1947–2004, Tiger Lily Publications LLC 2005. Royal Engineers Museum Royal Engineers and the British Army of the Rhine. BAOR Locations British Army of the Rhine Locations. British Army Locations from 1945 British Army Locations from 1945.

Charles Ewart

His grave was paved over and forgotten for many years, being uncovered in the 1930s, and he was reburied by the Royal Scots Greys (as they were then titled) on the esplanade of Edinburgh Castle in 1938. Today, he is best known to the general populace by a pub in Edinburgh which bears his name, the Ensign Ewart; it is located next to the Castle esplanade, where a monument marks his burial place. Royal Scots Greys at Waterloo, from the Napoleonic Alliance Gazette. Charles Ewart. Obituary and notes in The Times, 8 April 1846, p. 8. The Ensign Ewart in Edinburgh. Manchester's Military & Civilian heroes.

Challenger 2

ChallengerChallenger IIChallenger Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (CRARRV)
The Challenger 2 entered service with the British Army in 1998 (with the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards), with the last delivered in 2002. It serves with the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment, each of which is the tank Regiment of an Armoured Infantry Brigade. Under Army 2020, only three Challenger 2 Tank Regiments will remain: the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment. A single Army Reserve regiment, The Royal Wessex Yeomanry, will provide reservist Challenger crews to the regular regiments. Deliveries of the Challenger 2 to Oman were completed in 2001.