Queen's Own Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Light Cavalry Regiment). Queen's Royal Hussars (British Army). Regulares (Spanish Morocco). Royal Dragoon Guards (British Army). Royal Lancers (British Army). Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers & Greys) (British Army). Royal Wessex Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Armoured Regiment). Royal Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Light Cavalry Regiment). Savage Division. Savari (Italian North African). Savoia Cavalry. Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry (a British Army Reserve Light Cavalry Regiment). Sipahi (Ottoman). South Alberta Light Horse (Canadian Army). Spahi (French North African). Tagmata (Byzantine). Uhlans. United States Cavalry.

British Armed Forces

Forcesarmed forcesBritish
British Army official website ( Royal Air Force official website (

Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

Territorial ArmyArmy ReserveTerritorial
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army. It should not be confused with the Regular Reserve whose members have formerly served full-time. The Army Reserve was previously known as the Territorial Force from 1908 to 1921, the Territorial Army (TA) from 1921 to 1967, the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1967 to 1979, and again the Territorial Army (TA) from 1979 to 2014.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur Wellesley
The delay allowed the French to withdraw, but Cuesta sent his army headlong after Victor, and found himself faced by almost the entire French army in New Castile—Victor had been reinforced by the Toledo and Madrid garrisons. The Spanish retreated precipitously, necessitating the advance of two British divisions to cover their retreat. The next day, 27 July, at the Battle of Talavera the French advanced in three columns and were repulsed several times throughout the day by Wellesley, but at a heavy cost to the British force. In the aftermath Marshal Soult's army was discovered to be advancing south, threatening to cut Wellesley off from Portugal.

John Erskine, Earl of Mar (1675–1732)

Earl of MarThe Earl of MarJohn Erskine, Earl of Mar
John Erskine, Earl of Mar, KT (1675May 1732) was a Scottish Jacobite who was the eldest son of Charles, Earl of Mar (who died in 1689), from whom he inherited estates that were heavily loaded with debt. He was the 23rd Earl of Mar in the [[Earl of Mar#Earls of Mar, first creation (1404) (as deemed by Act of Parliament in 1885)|first creation]] of the earldom. He was also the sixth earl in the [[Earl of Mar#Earls of Mar, seventh creation (1565) (as so deemed by the House of Lords in 1875)|seventh creation]] (of 1565). Other sources count him as 22nd earl, still others number him 11th earl (See notes).

County Armagh

ArmaghSouth ArmaghCo. Armagh
South Armagh is predominantly nationalist, with most of the population being opposed to any form of British presence, especially that of a military nature. The most prominent opposition to British rule was the Provisional IRA South Armagh Brigade. On 10 March 2009, the CIRA claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting of a PSNI officer in Craigavon, County Armagh—the first police fatality in Northern Ireland since 1998. The officer was fatally shot by a sniper as he and a colleague investigated "suspicious activity" at a house nearby when a window was smashed by youths causing the occupant to phone the police.

British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
This in turn began the Hundred Days Offensive, which led to the eventual defeat of the German Army on the western front, after the First and Third armies broke through the Hindenburg Line at the Battle of the Canal du Nord. This led to the final battle of the war in November 1918, the Battle of the Sambre by the First, Third and Fourth Armies and to the capture of Mons, 11 November 1918, by the First Army. The British Empire responded to the British call for troops for the Western Front and major formations of the British Indian Army, Canadian Army, Australian Army, New Zealand Army and the South African Army all served in France.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
The British and French opened overseas fronts with the Gallipoli (1915) and Mesopotamian campaigns (1914). In Gallipoli, the Ottoman Empire successfully repelled the British, French, and Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs). In Mesopotamia, by contrast, after the defeat of the British defenders in the Siege of Kut by the Ottomans (1915–16), British Imperial forces reorganised and captured Baghdad in March 1917. The British were aided in Mesopotamia by local Arab and Assyrian tribesmen, while the Ottomans employed local Kurdish and Turcoman tribes.

British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down. Military forces in Britain were under Home Forces command. During the 1930s, the British government planned to deter war by rearming from the very low level of readiness of the early 30s and abolished the Ten Year Rule. The bulk of the extra money went to the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force but plans were made to re-equip a small number of Army and Territorial Army divisions for service overseas.

Scots Guards

3rd Regiment of Foot GuardsScots Fusilier Guards3rd Foot Guards
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of England and Scotland. Its lineage can be traced back to 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment (thus becoming part of what is now the British Army) in 1686. The Regiment is the oldest formed Regiment in the Regular Army in service today. The regiment now known as the Scots Guards traces its origins to the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment, a unit raised in 1642 by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll in response to the 1641 Irish Rebellion.

3rd Dragoon Guards

3rd (Prince Of Wales's) Dragoon Guards3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's)Earl of Plymouth's Regiment of Horse
Some items are also held by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum at Edinburgh Castle. The regiment was awarded the following battle honours: The colonels of the regiment were as follows: * 1748 Sir Charles Howard K B —Sir Charles Howard's Horse * 1751 Sir Charles Howard * 1922: regiment amalgamated with the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers) to form the 3rd/6th Dragoon Guards *British cavalry during the First World War Early Wars: Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Warburg, Beaumont, Willems, Talavera, Albuhera, Vittoria, Peninsula, Abyssinia, South Africa 1901–02. The Great War: Ypres 1914, 1915, Nonne Bosschen, Frezenberg, Loos, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Somme 1918, St.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishUlster
As early as 1969, armed campaigns of paramilitary groups began, including the Provisional IRA campaign of 1969–1997 which was aimed at the end of British rule in Northern Ireland and the creation of a United Ireland, and the Ulster Volunteer Force, formed in 1966 in response to the perceived erosion of both the British character and unionist domination of Northern Ireland. The state security forces – the British Army and the police (the Royal Ulster Constabulary) – were also involved in the violence.

Jackal (vehicle)

JackalSupacat "Jackal" MWMIKJackal (MWMIK)
The Jackal or MWMIK (pronounced EmWimmick) or Mobility Weapon-Mounted Installation Kit is a family of vehicles designed and developed by Supacat Ltd at their factory in Honiton, Devon (UK) for use by the British Army and Royal Air Force Regiment. Supacat re-branded to SC Group in September 2015, the Supacat brand retained for the group's core defence business. The primary role of the vehicle in the British Army is deep battlespace reconnaissance, rapid assault and fire support - roles where mobility, endurance and manoeuvrability are important - and it has also been used for convoy protection.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
In addition to the honour of a state funeral, Churchill received a wide range of awards and other honours, including the following, chronologically: Churchill held substantive ranks in the British Army and in the Territorial Army since he was commissioned as a Cornet in the 4th Queen's Own Hussars until his retirement from the Territorial Army in 1924 with the rank of Major, having held the temporary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel during the Great War. In addition he held many honorary military appointments. In 1939, he was appointed as an Honorary Air Commodore in the Auxiliary Air Force and was awarded honorary wings in 1943. In 1941, he was made a Regimental Colonel of the 4th Hussars.

Italian Campaign (World War II)

Italian CampaignItalyItalian Front
Seventh Army, under Lieutenant General George S. Patton, and the British Eighth Army, under General Bernard Montgomery. The original plan contemplated a strong advance by the British northwards along the east coast to Messina, with the Americans in a supporting role along their left flank. When the Eighth Army were held up by stubborn defences in the rugged hills south of Mount Etna, Patton amplified the American role by a wide advance northwest toward Palermo and then directly north to cut the northern coastal road.

Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards)

6th Dragoon Guards6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)6th Dragoon Guards (The Carabiniers)
Some items are also held by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum at Edinburgh Castle. The regiment's battle honours were as follows: The regiment's colonels were as follows: The original uniform of the Queen Dowager's Regiment of Horse is recorded as including a red coat lined with green. In common with other regiments of Horse, cuirasses were worn until 1699. In 1715 the regimental facing colour was changed to pale yellow. In 1768 white lapels were adopted by Royal Warrant. Silver epaulettes were worn by the officers. In 1812 a new model of leather helmet was issued, carrying the title of "6th Dragoon Guards or Carabiniers".


The Northern Ireland government requested the British Army to aid the police and protect the Irish Nationalist population. In 1969, the paramilitary Provisional IRA, which favoured the creation of a united Ireland, emerged from a split in the Irish Republican Army and began a campaign against what it called the "British occupation of the six counties". Other groups, on both the unionist side and the nationalist side, participated in violence and a period known as the Troubles began. Over 3,600 deaths resulted over the subsequent three decades of conflict. Owing to the civil unrest during the Troubles, the British government suspended home rule in 1972 and imposed direct rule.

Aden Emergency

Adenwithdrawal from AdenOperation Magister
A Troop (Sep 1967 - Nov 1967). 60 Field Squadron Royal Engineers (Nov 1964 - Nov 1965, Mar 1967 - Oct 1967). 73 Field Squadron Royal Engineers (1965 - 1966). 131 Parachute Engineer Regiment (Territorial Army). Royal Corps of Signals. 15 Signal Regiment Royal Corps of Signals (1965 - 1967). 222 (AF) Squadron Air Formation Signals (1959 - 1967). Royal Military Police. Royal Corps of Transport. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Royal Army Medical Corps. 24 Field Ambulance. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Royal Army Pay Corps. Army Air Corps (United Kingdom). Naumkin, Vitaly, Red Wolves of Yemen: The Struggle for Independence, 2004. Oleander Press. ISBN: 978-0-906672-70-9.


Following the outbreak of the First World War and the decision of the Ottoman Empire to join the war on the side of the Central Powers, on 5 November 1914 the British Empire formally annexed Cyprus and declared the Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan a Sultanate and British protectorate. In 1915, Britain offered Cyprus to Greece, ruled by King Constantine I of Greece, on condition that Greece join the war on the side of the British. The offer was declined. In 1923, under the Treaty of Lausanne, the nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus, and in 1925 it was declared a British crown colony. Many Greek and Turkish Cypriots fought in the British Army during both world wars.

Gulf War

Persian Gulf WarOperation Desert ShieldOperation Desert Storm
In spite of Iraqi saber rattling, Kuwait did not mobilize its force; the army had been stood down on 19 July, and at the time of the Iraqi invasion many Kuwaiti military personnel were on leave. By 1988, at the Iran–Iraq war's end, the Iraqi Army was the world's fourth largest army; it consisted of 955,000 standing soldiers and 650,000 paramilitary forces in the Popular Army. According to John Childs and André Corvisier, a low estimate shows the Iraqi Army capable of fielding 4,500 tanks, 484 combat aircraft and 232 combat helicopters.

Charles Ewart

His grave was paved over and forgotten for many years, being uncovered in the 1930s, and he was reburied by the Royal Scots Greys (as they were then titled) on the esplanade of Edinburgh Castle in 1938. Today, he is best known to the general populace by a pub in Edinburgh which bears his name, the Ensign Ewart; it is located next to the Castle esplanade, where a monument marks his burial place. Royal Scots Greys at Waterloo, from the Napoleonic Alliance Gazette. Charles Ewart. Obituary and notes in The Times, 8 April 1846, p. 8. The Ensign Ewart in Edinburgh. Manchester's Military & Civilian heroes.

Crimean War

CrimeaCrimeanCrimean campaign
Public opinion in the UK was outraged at the logistical and command failures of the war; the newspapers demanded drastic reforms, and parliamentary investigations demonstrated the multiple failures of the Army. The reform campaign was not well organised, and the traditional aristocratic leadership of the Army pulled itself together, and blocked all serious reforms. No one was punished. The outbreak of the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857 shifted attention to the heroic defence of British interest by the army, and further talk of reform went nowhere.

Western Front (World War I)

Western FrontFranceWestern
'That Contemptible Little Army' by E. Alexander Powell. The British Army Seen by an American Journalist in 1916. Watch clips from the Australian War Memorial's collection of films made on the Western Front 1917–1918 on the National Film and Sound Archive's australianscreen online.

Pipe band

pipes and drumspipe bandspipe and drum
Unlike musicians, who belong to the Corps of Army Music, the pipers and drummers belong to the regiment in which they serve and are soldiers first and foremost. The British Army runs its own pipes and drums training facility, the Army School of Bagpipe Music and Highland Drumming, in Edinburgh, Scotland. To be qualified as a pipe major or drum major in the pipes and drums of a regiment of the British Army, candidates must successfully pass a series of courses at the school.

Australian Army

Army Reserve numbers are 14,301, which does not include Standby Reserves. This gives the Army a combined strength of 43,667 active personnel for the year 2014–15. The ranks of the Australian Army are based on the ranks of the British Army, and carry mostly the same actual insignia. For officers the ranks are identical except for the shoulder title "Australia". The Non-Commissioned Officer insignia are the same up until Warrant Officer, where they are stylised for Australia (for example, using the Australian, rather than the British coat of arms). The ranks of the Australian Army are as follows: The Army's operational headquarters, Forces Command, is located at Victoria Barracks in Sydney.