Rufim Njeguš

Ruvim IIBishop Rufim
He is sometimes numbered Rufim II (Руфим II), to disambiguate from previous Rufim I (1561–1568), who was also from Njeguši (sometimes named Rufim Veljekrajski, after a village Velji Kraj in Njeguši tribe) and Rufim Boljević (Rufim III), the later metropolitan. *

Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral

Metropolitan of Montenegro and the LittoralEparchy of ZetaMetropolitanate of Zeta
The Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral is the largest eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church in modern Montenegro. Founded in 1219 by Saint Sava, as the Eparchy of Zeta, it continued to exist, without interruption, up to the present time, and remained one of the most prominent dioceses of the Serbian Orthodox Church. The current Metropolitan bishop is Amfilohije Radović (since 1990). His official title is "Archbishop of Cetinje and Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral" .

Bay of Kotor

Boka KotorskaBocche di CattaroBoka
The Bay of Kotor (Serbian and Montenegrin: Бока Которска / Boka Kotorska;, Bocche di Cattaro), also known simply as Boka ("the Bay"), is the winding bay of the Adriatic Sea in southwestern Montenegro and the region of Montenegro concentrated around the bay.


Hilandar MonasteryChilandarChilandar Monastery
The Hilandar Monastery is one of the twenty Eastern Orthodox monasteries in Mount Athos in Greece. It was founded in 1198 by Stefan Nemanja, former Grand Prince of Serbia (1166-1196), who upon relinquishing his throne took monastic vows to become the ordinary monk Symeon, soon joining in Mount Athos his son Saint Sava, who later became Archbishop of Serbia. Upon foundation, monastery became a focal point of Serbian religious and cultural life, as well as "the first Serbian university". It is ranked fourth in the Athonite hierarchy of 20 sovereign monasteries. The Mother of God through her Icon of the Three Hands (Trojeručica), is considered the monastery's abbess.

List of Metropolitans of Montenegro

Metropolitan of CetinjeDanilo II, Metropolitan of MontenegroMetropolitan of Montenegro
Kornečanin (1637–1659) • Rufim Boljević (1673–1685) • Vasilije Veljekrajski (1685) • Visarion Borilović (1685–1692) • Sava Očinić (1694–1697) * * Official site of the Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral.


LjubotinjOld Royal Capital CetinjeCetinje municipality
Cetinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Цетиње []), is a city and Old Royal Capital ([Serbian language|Montenegrin]]: Prijestonica / Приjестоница) of Montenegro. It is also the historic and the secondary capital of Montenegro, where the official residence of the President of Montenegro is located. According to the 2011 census, the town had a population of 14,093 while the Cetinje municipality had 16,657 residents.


Montenegro ( / Crna Gora ) is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest; Serbia and Kosovo to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the west. Montenegro has an area of 13,812 square kilometres and a population of 620,079 (2011 census). Its capital Podgorica is one of the twenty-three municipalities in the country. Cetinje is designated as the Old Royal Capital.

List of rulers of Montenegro

King of MontenegroPrince of MontenegroPrince-Bishop of Montenegro
Mardarije I (1639–1649). Visarion I (1649–1659). Mardarije II (1659–1673). Ruvim III (1673–1685). Vasilije II (1685). Visarion II (1685–1692). Sava I (1694 – July 1696). Nikola I Petrović-Njegoš (26 November 1918 – 1 March 1921). Danilo Petrović-Njegoš (1 March 1921 – 7 March 1921). Mihajlo Petrović-Njegoš (7 March 1921 – 24 March 1986). Nikola Petrović-Njegoš (24 March 1986 – present). List of heads of state of Montenegro, for a comprehensive list of Montenegrin heads of state since 1696. List of rulers of Duklja. List of rulers of Zeta.

Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro

Mardarije I (1639–1649). Visarion I (1649–1659). Mardarije II (1659–1673). Ruvim III (1673–1685). Vasilije II (1685). Visarion II (1685–1692). Sava I (1694 – July 1696). Petrović-Njegoš Metropolitans of Cetinje. Danilo I (1696–1735); by himself (1696–1719) and with Sava II (1719–1735). Sava II (1735–1782); by himself (1735–1750) and with Vasilije III (1750–1766). Prince. Šćepan Mali (1767–1773). Metropolitan of Cetinje (not Petrović-Njegoš). Arsenije Plamenac (1781–1784). Petrović-Njegoš Metropolitans of Cetinje. Petar I (1784–1830). Petar II (1830–1851). Danilo II (1851–1852). List of Metropolitans of Montenegro. Old Montenegro. Brda.

Lješanska nahija

Mardarije Kornečanin, Metropolitan of Cetinje (1637–59). Pavle Đurišić, leader of Montenegrin Chetniks in WW2. Dejan Stojanović, Serbian poet, writer and essayist. Stevan Raičković, Serbian poet, writer and academic. Gojko Čelebić, Montenegrin writer and diplomat. Vojislav Vukčević, Serbian politician and former minister of diaspora. Sergej Ćetković, Montenegrin singer. Simon Vukčević, Montenegrin footballer. Marina Vukčević, Montenegrin handball player. Dušan Vukčević, retired Serbian basketball player. Dragiša Burzan, Montenegrin politician and diplomat. Igor Burzanović, Montenegrin footballer. Dragoljub Brnović, former Montenegrin footballer.

Lale Drekalov

Lale Drekalović
Raised Catholic, he converted to Serbian Orthodoxy following an agreement with Ruvim III, Metropolitan of Cetinje. Soon afterward, the majority of his clansmen in Kuči followed suit. He participated in the two councils of Serbian Patriarch Jovan II Kantul, in which the Serbian clan chiefs met and planned war on the Ottoman Empire; in the Morača monastery (1608), and in Kuči (1613). According to Mariano Bolizza (1614), he and Niko Raičkov held 490 houses of the Chuzzi Albanesi ("Albanian Kuči", a village of predominantly Roman Catholic religion), with 1,500 soldiers, described as "very war-like and courageous".


Rufim Boljević (fl. 1673 – 1685), member of Plamenac brotherhood and hence rarely referred to as Rufin Plamenac, Serbian Orthodox metropolitan of Cetinje. Turo Plamenac, Montenegrin Serdar (Count) and Senator.

Francesco Leonardi (missionary)

Francesco LeonardiFranjo Leonardi
In 1638, Leonardi met with Mardarius, the Orthodox Metropolitan of Cetinje, to discuss his potential conversion to Catholicism. The duo met once more in 1639 in Cetinje, discussing Mardarius' conversion to Catholicism and him visiting Rome. Mardarius expressed his readiness in accepting the offer, also demanding that the Roman Curia allot the same wages as the bishops under the Ottoman Empire. However, because of his closeness with the Curia, the Ottoman Turks imprisoned Mardarius. Upon his release from prison in early 1640, he met with Leonardi in Maine and converted to Catholicism, acknowledging submission to the Pope.

Pajsije of Janjevo

PajsijePajsije IPajsije I Janjevac
In 1640, the Vatican's Sacred Congregation for the Propaganda of the Faith (Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples) sought to gain Mardarije Kornečanin of Montenegro and Patriarch Pajsije, to the church union. Mardarije was also in favour of placing Montenegro under Venetian suzerainty. But Pajsije's policy was far more prudent, balancing his nation's best interests between the East and the West. With a conciliatory policy, Pajsije managed to alleviate the hardship of slavery and promote the Serbian spiritual and national revival, constantly reminding his people of their glorious past and Serbian statehood.

Eastern Orthodox Church

Eastern OrthodoxOrthodoxOrthodox Church
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 260 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods. Roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares ("first among equals") of the bishops.

Old Montenegro

MontenegroMontenegro properMontenegrin
Old Montenegro, also known as Montenegro proper, or True Montenegro, is a term used for the embryonic part of modern Montenegro. In historical context, the term designates the original territory of the Principality of Montenegro, before the territorial expansion, ratified by the Congress of Berlin in 1878, or even more precisely - the territory of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro prior to its unification wit the region of Brda in the first half of the 19th century.

Montenegrin Littoral

PrimorciCoast of Montenegrocoastal
The Coastline of Montenegro, also called the Montenegrin Littoral (Montenegrin and Serbian: Црногорско приморје / Crnogorsko primorje), historically the Littoral or the Maritime, is the littoral region in Montenegro which borders the Adriatic Sea. Prior to the Creation of Yugoslavia, the Montenegrin Littoral was not part of the Kingdom of Montenegro, but rather a bordering region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, latterly part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.


Floruit, abbreviated fl. (or occasionally flor.), Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active. In English, the word may also be used as a noun indicating the time when someone flourished.

Serbian Patriarchate of Peć

PatriarchatePatriarchate of PećSerbian Patriarchate
The Serbian Patriarchate of Peć (Српска патријаршија у Пећи, Srpska patrijaršija u Peći) or just Patriarchate of Peć (Пећка патријаршија, Pećka patrijaršija), was an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate that existed from 1346 to 1766 with its seat in the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć. It had ecclesiastical jurisdiction over Eastern Orthodox Christians in Serbian Lands and other western regions of Southeastern Europe. Primates of the Patriarchate were styled Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration is the Holy See.


Crmnica (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Црмница, ) is a historical region in southern Montenegro, lying within the municipality of Bar and is unofficially considered a division of that municipality. The capital of the region is Virpazar. The region consists of the following villages: Boljevići, Braćeni, Brijege, Bukovik, Donji Brčeli, Dupilo, Gluhi Do, Godinje, Gornji Brčeli, Komarno, Krnjice, Limljani, Mačuge, Mikovići, Orahovo, Ovtočići, Podgor, Popratnica, Seoca, Sotonići, Tomići, Trnovo, Utrg, Virpazar and Zabes. The population adheres to Orthodoxy; roughly, the majority of the population declares as Montenegrins, the rest as Serbs.


artificial lakereservoirsartificial
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is, most commonly, an enlarged natural or artificial lake, pond or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water.


A nāḥiyah (ناحية, plural nawāḥī نواحي ), or nahia, is a regional or local type of administrative division that usually consists of a number of villages or sometimes smaller towns. In Tajikistan, it is a second-level division while in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, Xinjiang, and the former Ottoman Empire, where it was also called a bucak, it is a third-level or lower division. It can constitute a division of a qadaa, mintaqah or other such district-type of division and is sometimes translated as "subdistrict".