CalcuttaCalcutta, IndiaKolkata, India
The city is recognised for its appreciation of Rabindra sangeet (songs written by Rabindranath Tagore) and Indian classical music, with important concerts and recitals, such as Dover Lane Music Conference, being held throughout the year; Bengali popular music, including baul folk ballads, kirtans, and Gajan festival music; and modern music, including Bengali-language adhunik songs. Since the early 1990s, new genres have emerged, including one comprising alternative folk–rock Bengali bands. Another new style, jibonmukhi gaan ("songs about life"), is based on realism.


Established regional cinematic traditions exist in the Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi, Odia, Tamil, and Telugu languages. South Indian cinema attracts more than 75% of national film revenue. Television broadcasting began in India in 1959 as a state-run medium of communication and had slow expansion for more than two decades. The state monopoly on television broadcast ended in the 1990s and, since then, satellite channels have increasingly shaped the popular culture of Indian society.


576i is a standard-definition video mode originally used for broadcast television in most countries of the world where the utility frequency for electric power distribution is 50 Hz. Because of its close association with the color encoding system, it is often referred to as simply PAL, PAL/SECAM or SECAM when compared to its 60 Hz (typically, see PAL-M) NTSC-color-encoded counterpart, 480i. In digital applications it is usually referred to as "576i"; in analogue contexts it is often called "625 lines", and the aspect ratio is usually 4:3 in analogue transmission and 16:9 in digital transmission.

Standard-definition television

SDTVstandard definitionSD
Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high or enhanced definition. The two common SDTV signal types are 576i, with 576 interlaced lines of resolution, derived from the European-developed PAL and SECAM systems; 480i based on the American NTSC system. SDTV and high-definition television (HDTV) are the two categories of display formats for digital television (DTV) transmissions.


1080i (also known as Full HD or BT.709) is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television (HDTV) and high-definition video. The number "1080" refers to the number of horizontal lines on the screen. The "i" is an abbreviation for "interlaced"; this indicates that only the odd lines, then the even lines of each frame (each image called a video field) are drawn alternately, so that only half the number of actual image frames are used to produce video.

High-definition television

HDTVhigh definitionHD
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television. This can be either analog or digital. HDTV is the current standard video format used in most broadcasts: terrestrial broadcast television, cable television, satellite television, Blu-rays, and streaming video.

Shree Venkatesh Films

SVF MusicSVF EntertainmentSVF Entertainment Pvt Ltd
In the television space, SVF has co-promoted Media Worldwide Limited and its four leading channels: Music India, Sangeet Bangla, Sangeet Bhojpuri and Music India UK. The company has also produced prime-time shows for Star Jalsha, ETV Bangla, Rupashi Bangla, Zee Bangla, Mahua Bangla, Sanada TV including shows like Bojhena Se Bojhena, Maa (both the highest TRP shows in West Bengal), Behula, Durga, Bandhan, I Love You, Sindoorkhela, Janmantar, Mrs Singha Roy, Bisharjan, Sangsar Sukher Hoy Ramanir Guney and Bodhu Kon Alo Laglo Chokhe.. * Shree Venkatesh Films at IMDb

Laboni Sarkar

Laboni Sarkar (born 1962) is an Indian actress who works in Bengali films and television. She set a record by winning Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards in three years consecutively from 1993–1996. Hiralal (2018). Maati (2018). Boxer (2018). Shreshtha Bangali (2017). Amazon Obhijaan (2017) ... Shankar's mother. Chaamp (2017) ... Shibaji's Mother. Tomake Chai (2017). Haripad Bandwala (2016) ... Nandala's Wife. Jomer Raja Dilo Bor (2015). Obhishopto Nighty (2014). Bangali Babu English Mem (2014). Chander Pahar (2013) ... Shankar's mother. Khiladi (2013). Rangbaaz (2013) ... Raj's Mother. Khoka 420 (2013) ... Krrish's Mother. Chupi Chupi (2013). Dekha, Na-Dekhay (2013).

Shankar Chakraborty

Shankar Chakroborty
Shankar Chakraborty is a Bengali film and television actor who has done several tele serials and has appeared in pivotal roles in numerous Bengali films. Chitra (unreleased). Bhroon (Unreleased). Karnel (Unreleased). Maati (2018). Total Dadagiri (2018). Ki Kore Toke Bolbo (2016). Naxal (2015). Game (2014). Final Mission (2013). Dutta Vs Dutta (2012). Teen Kanya (2012). Darling (2012). Ullas (film) (2012). Astra (2012). Palatak (2012). Bhorer Pakhi (2011). Gosai Baganer Bhoot (2011). Keloda in Kashmir (2011). Ek Poloke Ektu Dekha (2011). Janala (2009). Satyameba Jayate (2008). Khela (2008). Janmadata (2008). Kalishankar (2007). Hungama (2006). Dosar (2006). Chore Chore Mastuto Bhai (2005).

Barun Biswas

In 2011 a teleserial named Proloy Asche was launched by Sananda TV loosely based on the life of Barun Biswas. In August 2013, a Bengali film called Proloy was made on the life of Biswas. Actor Parambrata Chatterjee portrayed the role of Barun Biswas. In the 2013 Durga Puja, Panchpota Avijan Sangha Durga Puja Committee used Biswas' life and struggle as their puja's festive theme. They also named their puja platform Barun Mancha (Barun platform). Manobendra Biswas, joint secretary of the puja committee told— Barun's mamabari (maternal house) was in Sutia Panchpota and he had spent his childhood here.


🇧🇩People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshi
The etymology of Bangladesh (Country of Bengal) can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term. The term Bangladesh was often written as two words, Bangla Desh, in the past. Starting in the 1950s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan. The term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengal region and the Bengali language. The earliest known usage of the term is the Nesari plate in 805 AD. The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th-century South Indian records.


Bengali or Bangla is the language native to the region of Bengal, which comprises present-day Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and southern Assam. It is written using the Bengali script. With about 250 million native and about 300 million total speakers worldwide, Bengali is one of the most spoken languages, ranked seventh in the world. The National Anthem of Bangladesh, National Anthem of India and the National Song of India were first composed in the Bengali language.

West Bengal

This is the native name of the state, literally meaning western Bengal in the native Bengali language. In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English, and "Bangla" in Bengali. Despite the Trinamool Congress government's efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Indian National Congress, the Left Front, and the Bharatiya Janata Party opposed the resolution.

Bengali literature

Bengali literature (বাংলা সাহিত্য, Bangla Sahityô) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language. The earliest extant work in Bengali literature is the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries. Thereafter, the timeline of Bengali literature is divided into two periods − medieval (1360-1800) and modern (after 1800). Medieval Bengali literature consists of various poetic genres, including Hindu religious scriptures (e.g.

History of Bengali literature

millennium-old historyShakta padavalis
While Charyapada shows us the most ancient example of Bengali language, Shreekrishna Kirtana depicts a new kind of speech style very clearly. Shreekrishna Kirtana have as many as 13 parts. It depicted the romantic relationship of Radha and Krishna. According to Suniti Kumar Chatterji, "The Grammar of the speech of the Shreekrishna Kirtana gives a clue to many of the forms of New Bengali". The padas of Vidyapati—written in an early Bengali dialect that draws from the first man the greates of all time PKB Maithili—deeply influenced the medieval Bengali poets.

Language Movement Day

Language Martyrs' Day21 February the International Mother language Day
Language Movement Day or Language Revolution Day or Bengali Language Movement Day (ভাষা আন্দোলন দিবস Bhasha Andolôn Dibôs), 21 February (Ekushey February), which is also referred to as Language Martyrs' Day or Martyrs' Day (শহীদ দিবস Shôhid Dibôs), is a national holiday of Bangladesh to commemorate protests and sacrifices to protect Bengali as a national language during the Bengali Language Movement of 1952. After the partition of India in 1947, Bengali-speaking people in East Bengal, the non-contiguous eastern part of the Dominion of Pakistan, made up 44 million of the newly formed Dominion of Pakistan's 69 million people.

Culture of Bengal

BengaliBengali culturecultural
Bangla Academy. Moviyana Film Society. Theatre Institute Chattagram. Bangladesh Film Development Corporation. Bangladesh Film Archive. Biswa Bangla. Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi. Paschim Banga Natya Akademi. Bangiya Sahitya Parishad. Ekushey Book Fair. Bishwa Ijtema. Ganga Sagar Mela. Rath Yatra. Ramadan. International Mother Language Day. Kolkata Film Festival. Dhaka Art Summit. Kolkata Book Fair. Culture of Bangladesh. Culture of West Bengal.

Bengali nationalism

Bengali nationalistBengali nationalistsBangladesh
Before his arrest on the night of 25 March 1971, Mujib issued a call for Bengalis to fight for their independence; the message was conveyed over Shadhin Bangla Betar Kendro by Major Ziaur Rahman on 27 March and the independent state of Bangladesh was officially declared by the Awami League's government-in-exile in Mujibnagar. Mujib's trademark "Joy Bangla" (Victory to Bengal) salute became the rallying cry of Bengali nationalists, who mobilised to form the Mukti Bahini guerrilla force, which received training and equipment from the Indian government.