List of SS personnel. Racial policy of Nazi Germany. List of Himmler speeches This list of Himmler speeches includes online sources and material in the US National Archives. Die Schutzstaffel als antibolschewistische Kampforganisation: An essay by Himmler (in German). Heinrich Himmler at the Holocaust Research Project. Register of the Heinrich Himmler Papers, 1914–1944 at the Hoover Institution Archives. Footage of Himmler's corpse and the cyanide capsule he used to kill himself.
HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH Himmler
bodyguardHitler's bodyguardSS bodyguards
RSD Commander: *Johann Rattenhuber (1933–1945) SS-Begleitkommando (later known as: FBK) Commanders: * Adolf Hitler's bodyguard Bodo Gelzenleuchter. Willy Herzberger. Kurt Gildisch. Bruno Gesche. Franz Schädle. Erich Kempka. August Körber. Adolf Dirr. Bodo Gelzenleuchter: March 1932 to later that same year. Willy Herzberger: Later part of 1932 to 11 April 1933. Kurt Gildisch: 11 April 1933 to 15 June 1934. Bruno Gesche: 15 June 1934 to April 1942 and December 1942 to December 1944. Franz Schädle: January to April 1945. Ewald Lindloff. Fritz Darges. Hans Hermann Junge. Heinz Linge. Karl Wilhelm Krause. Max Wünsche. Otto Günsche. Richard Schulze-Kossens. Rochus Misch.
List of SS personnel. Uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel.
Josef "Sepp" DietrichJosef DietrichDietrich
He joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1928, got a job at Eher Verlag, the NSDAP publisher, and became commander of Hitler's Schutzstaffel (SS) bodyguard. His NSDAP number was 89,015 and his SS number was 1,117. Dietrich had been introduced to Nazism by Christian Weber, who was his employer at the Tankstelle-Blau-Bock filling station in Munich. He accompanied Hitler on his tours around Germany. Later Hitler arranged other jobs, including various SS posts, and let him live in the Reich Chancellery. On 5 January 1930 Dietrich was elected to the Reichstag as a delegate for Lower Bavaria. By 1931 he had become SS-Gruppenführer.
Between 1939 and 1945, the Schutzstaffel (SS), assisted by collaborationist governments and recruits from occupied countries, was responsible for the deaths of at least eleven million non-combatants, including 5.5 to 6 million Jews (representing two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe), and between 200,000 and 1,500,000 Romani people. Deaths took place in concentration and extermination camps, ghettos, and through mass executions. Many victims of the Holocaust were gassed to death, while others died of starvation or disease or while working as slave labourers.
Initially a small bodyguard unit under the auspices of the SA, the Schutzstaffel (SS; Protection Squadron) grew to become one of the largest and most powerful groups in Nazi Germany. Led by Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler from 1929, the SS overall had over a quarter million members by 1938. Himmler initially envisioned the SS as being an elite group of guards, Hitler's last line of defence. The Waffen-SS, the military branch of the SS, became arguably a de facto fourth branch of the Wehrmacht, however, it was never a "serious rival" to the German Army. It never obtained total "independence of command" and was dependent on the army for heavy weaponry and equipment.
Reichsführer-SS (, "Reich Leader-SS") was a special title and rank that existed between the years of 1925 and 1945 for the commander of the Schutzstaffel (SS). Reichsführer-SS was a title from 1925 to 1933, and from 1934 to 1945 it was the highest rank of the SS. The longest serving and most noteworthy Reichsführer-SS was Heinrich Himmler. Reichsführer-SS was both a title and a rank. The title of Reichsführer was first created in 1926 by the second commander of the SS, Joseph Berchtold. Julius Schreck, founder of the SS and Berchtold's predecessor, never referred to himself as Reichsführer. Yet, the title was retroactively applied to him in later years.
In Offenberg, he joined the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT), the predecessor to the Waffen-SS, instead of the German Army as the SS-VT did not require Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labour Service) time. Along with eleven others, he was selected for Hitler's personal bodyguard unit, the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH). In August 1939, he was promoted to the rank of SS-Rottenführer. For the invasion of Poland in September 1939, his regiment was attached to the XIII Army Corps, a part of the 8th Army.
Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
Munich (München ; Minga Monachium) is the capital and most populous city of the second most populous German federal state of Bavaria, and, with a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city of Germany after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people. Straddling the banks of the River Isar (a tributary of the Danube) north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany (4,500 people per km²).
New Reich ChancelleryChancelleryReichskanzlei
The Reich Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) was the traditional name of the office of the Chancellor of Germany (then called Reichskanzler) in the period of the German Reich from 1878 to 1945. The Chancellery's seat, selected and prepared since 1875, was the former city palace of Prince Antoni Radziwiłł (1775–1833) on Wilhelmstraße in Berlin. Both the palace and a new Reich Chancellery building (completed in early 1939) were seriously damaged during World War II and subsequently demolished.
BavarianBayernFree State of Bavaria
Bavaria (German and Bavarian: Bayern ), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bavarian: Freistaat Bayern ), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi), Bavaria is the largest German state by land area. Its territory comprises roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's capital and largest city, Munich, is the third-largest city in Germany.
bunkerBerlin bunkerHitler's Bunker
On 28 April, Hitler learned that Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was trying to discuss surrender terms with the Western Allies through Count Folke Bernadotte, and Hitler considered this treason. Enraged, he had Himmler's SS representative in Berlin Hermann Fegelein shot and ordered Himmler's arrest. On the same day, General Hans Krebs made his last telephone call from the Führerbunker to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, Chief of German Armed Forces High Command (OKW) in Fürstenberg. Krebs told him that all would be lost if relief did not arrive within 48 hours.
Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,723,914 (2018) inhabitants make it the second most populous city proper of the European Union after London. The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which is, with 6,004,857 (2015) inhabitants and an area of 30,370 square km, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.
SS-BrigadeführerSS-Brigadeführe and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SSSS Brigadeführer
The insignia for Brigadeführer was at first two oak leaves and a silver pip, however was changed in April 1942 to a three oak leaf design after the creation of the rank SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer. Brigadeführer in the Waffen-SS or police also wore the shoulder insignia of a Generalmajor and were referred to as such after their SS rank (e.g. SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS und Polizei). Corps colours (Waffen-SS). List SS-Brigadeführer. Table of ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS.
MohnkeSS officers Wilhelm Mohnke
ISBN: 0-593-01709-9 26 December 1941: German Cross in Gold as SS-Sturmbannführer in the II./"Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler". 11 July 1944 Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross as SS-Obersturmbannführer and commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 26. Downfall (2004 film). List SS-Brigadeführer.
Since early ranks of the Schutzstaffel (SS) were identical to the ranks of SA, Oberscharführer was created as an SS rank at the same time the position was created within the SA. Initially, the rank of SS-Oberscharführer was equal to its SA counterpart; however, this changed in 1934 following the Night of the Long Knives. At that time, the SS rank system was reorganized and several new ranks established with older SA titles discontinued. The rank of SS-Oberscharführer was therefore "bumped up" and became equal to an SA-Truppführer.
GoebbelsPaul Joseph GoebbelsJoseph
Goebbels was given control over the local Sturmabteilung (SA) and Schutzstaffel (SS) and answered only to Hitler. The party membership numbered about 1,000 when Goebbels arrived, and he reduced it to a core of 600 of the most active and promising members. To raise money, he instituted membership fees and began charging admission to party meetings. Aware of the value of publicity (both positive and negative), he deliberately provoked beer-hall battles and street brawls, including violent attacks on the Communist Party of Germany. Goebbels adapted recent developments in commercial advertising to the political sphere, including the use of catchy slogans and subliminal cues.
Obersturmbannführer (, "senior assault unit leader") was a paramilitary German Nazi Party (NSDAP) rank used by both the SA and the SS. It was created in May 1933 to fill the need for an additional rank above Sturmbannführer as the SA expanded. It became an SS rank at the same time. Translated as "senior assault (or storm) unit leader", Obersturmbannführer was junior to Standartenführer and was the equivalent to Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel) in the German Army. The insignia for Obersturmbannführer was four silver pips and a stripe, centered on the left collar of an SS/SA uniform.
SSGerman SS-Allgemeine'' SS
List of SS personnel.
SSWaffen SSSS division
List of SS personnel. List of Waffen-SS units. Signal Corps of the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS. SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers. SS and Police Leader. Table of ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS. Uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel.
SSDeath's Head UnitsSS-Sonderkommando
List of SS personnel. Nazi gold. Postenpflicht.
Hanke joined the Nazi Party on 1 November 1928, with membership number 102606. Hanke began his National Socialist career at the somewhat low level of Amtswalter, a low ranking speaker and factory cell organizer in Berlin. He joined the Sturmabteilung (SA) Reserve in 1929; that same year he became a deputy street cell leader. In 1930 he was promoted to street cell leader (Strassenzellenleiter) and then a section leader (Sektionsführer) in Berlin. Hanke was fired from his teaching position at the vocational school in April 1931 for his political agitation for the Nazi Party. He went to work full-time for the party.
Higher SS and Police LeaderHSSPFHöherer SS- und Polizeiführer
List of SS personnel.
SDSecurity ServiceSicherheitsdienst (SD)
List of SS personnel.
Concentration Camps Inspectorcamp administrationInspector of Concentration Camps
Guard Command. the SS man or prisoner functionary who had filed the punishment report. the interrogation officer. the commandant. an SS doctor. an infirmary clerk. a unit of SS guards. prisoner functionaries, who had to carry out the sentence. the Inspector of the CCI. in some cases, Himmler himself. Extermination through labor. Glossary of Nazi Germany. List of Nazi Party leaders and officials. List of SS personnel. Kapo (concentration camp). Nazi concentration camp badges about the hierarchy and stigma of groups of prisoners, vis-à-vis guards.