In 1941 during World War II, Sewart Air Force Base was established here and served as a B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 advanced training facility. During the 1950s and 1960s, the military personnel and dependents totaled more than 10,000 persons stationed at the base. The base was scheduled for closing in 1971. Most of the property was divided among the State of Tennessee, Rutherford County, and the Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority. On its portion, the state opened and operates a Tennessee Army National Guard base and the Tennessee Rehabilitation Center. Much of the additional land was developed as the Smyrna/Rutherford County Airport Authority in 1990.
SmyrnaSmyrna, TNNissan North America, Inc. Smyrna
The first batch of C-130A production aircraft were delivered beginning in 1956 to the 463d Troop Carrier Wing at Ardmore AFB, Oklahoma and the 314th Troop Carrier Wing at Sewart AFB, Tennessee. Six additional squadrons were assigned to the 322d Air Division in Europe and the 315th Air Division in the Far East. Additional aircraft were modified for electronics intelligence work and assigned to Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany while modified RC-130As were assigned to the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) photo-mapping division. The C-130A entered service with the U.S. Air Force in December 1956.
Kung Kuan Air BaseCCK Air Force Base
Tactical Air Command reassigned the 314th Troop Carrier Wing, with Fairchild C-123 Providers and Lockheed C-130 Hercules to CCK on 22 January 1966 from Sewart AFB, Tennessee. Known squadrons were: These aircraft remained deployed to the base to provide passenger and cargo airlift throughout the Far East and combat airlift in Southeast Asia. The 314th TAW returned to Little Rock AFB, Arkansas in 1971. The 314th was replaced by the Pacific Air Forces 374th Tactical Airlift Wing on 31 May 1971, being reassigned from Naha AB, Okinawa with CCK becoming a major depot support facility in Asia for theater-based tactical airlift aircraft.
Wings Squadrons * Sewart Air Force Base, Tennessee, 8 October 1957 - 31 December 1974 * (Link is to Google Books preview) Established as the 839 Air Division on 26 September 1957. Activated on 8 October 1957. Inactivated on 31 December 1974. Ninth Air Force, 8 October 1957. Twelfth Air Force, 1 July 1963. Ninth Air Force, 9 November 1964. Twenty-First Air Force, 1 – 31 December 1974. 64th Troop Carrier Wing (later 64 Tactical Airlift Wing): 1 July 1966 – 9 March 1970. 313th Troop Carrier Wing: 1 October - 9 November 1964.
64th Troop Carrier Wing64th Troop Carrier Group64th Tactical Airlift Wing
Sewart Air Force Base, Tennessee, 1 July 1966. Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas, 9 March 1970 – 31 May 1971.
18th Troop Carrier Squadron18th Squadron18th
Sewart Air Force Base, Tennessee, 1 July 1963. Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, 1 April 1965 – 25 June 1967. Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, 15 October 1969 – 31 August 1972. McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas, 1 October 1995 – present. Douglas C-47 Skytrain (1941–1945). Douglas C-54 Skymaster (1948–1949). Fairchild C-82 Packet (1951–1953). Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar (1953–1954). Lockheed C-130 Hercules (1962–1967). De Haviland Canada C-7 Caribou (1969–1972). Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker (1995 – present).
TACAir Defense, Tactical Air CommandAir Defense – Tactical Air Command (ADTAC)
AFB, TN. 507th Tactical Control Group (O-2) Shaw AFB, SC. 552nd Airborne Early Warning & Control Wing (EC-121D) McClellan AFB, CA. 553rd Reconnaissance Wing (EC-121R) Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. 29th Troop Carrier Squadron (C-130B) Forbes AFB, KS. 41st Troop Carrier Squadron (C-130A) Lockbourne AFB, OH. 50th Troop Carrier Squadron (C-130E) Sewart AFB, TN. 345th Troop Carrier Squadron (C-130E) Dyess AFB, TX. 776th Troop Carrier Squadron (C-130E) Pope AFB, NC. 4th Tactical Fighter Squadron/388 TFW (F-16C/D) Hill AFB, UT. 41st Electronic Combat Squadron /28th Air Division (EC-130H Compass Call) Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ. 17th Tactical Fighter Squadron/363 TFW (F-16C/D) Shaw AFB, SC.
76th Flying Training Wing
The 76th Flying Training Wing was a wing of the United States Army Air Forces. It was assigned to the Army Air Forces Flying Training Command, and was stationed from 1943-46 at Smyrna Army Airfield, Tennessee.
Was: Sewart AAF until 1947, then Sewart Air Force Base (1947-1971). Now: Smyrna Airport and Army Aviation Support Facility #1, Tennessee Army National Guard. William Northern Field, Tullahoma. Sub-base of Smyrna AAF. 343d Army Air Force Base Unit. Now: Tullahoma Regional Airport. Memphis AAF, Memphis. 4th Ferrying Group. Joint use USAAF/Civil Airport/US Navy. 346th Army Air Force Base Unit. Now: Memphis International Airport and Memphis Air National Guard Base. Berry Field/Nashville Municipal Airport, Nashville, Tennessee. 20th Ferrying Group. Joint use USAAF/Civil Airport. 508th Army Air Force Base Unit. Now Nashville International Airport and Berry Field Air National Guard Base.
774th Tactical Airlift Squadron774th Troop Carrier Squadron774th Bombardment Squadron
Sewart Air Force Base, Tennessee, 15 November 1958. Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, 5 July 1963 – 7 February 1966. Mactan Isle Airfield, Philippines, 12 February 1966. Clark Air Base, Philippines, 15 July 1968 – 15 June 1971. Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, 1 June 1972 – 1 October 1993 (deployed at: RAF Mildenhall, England, 5 September – 15 November 1974; Rhein Main Air Base, West Germany, 12 October – 15 December 1973; RAF Sculthorpe, England, 4 August – 13 October 1988). Ali Al Salem Air Base, Kuwait, 20 April 2002 – 18 March 2003. Bishkek Manas, Kyrgyzstan, 4 October 2004. Bagram Air Field, Afghanistan, 6 January 2006 – unknown. Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1943–1945.
Air ForceU.S. Air ForceUSAF
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. The USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee. The city is the county seat of Davidson County and is located on the Cumberland River. The city's population ranks 24th in the U.S. According to 2017 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, the total consolidated city-county population stood at 691,243. The "balance" population, which excludes semi-independent municipalities within Davidson County, was 667,560 in 2017.
War DepartmentDepartment of WarU.S. War Department
The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.
Second World WarwarWWII
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources.
USAAFArmy Air ForcesU.S. Army Air Forces
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services. The AAF was a component of the United States Army, which in 1942 was divided functionally by executive order into three autonomous forces: the Army Ground Forces, the Services of Supply (which in 1943 became the Army Service Forces), and the Army Air Forces.
B-17B-17 Flying FortressB-17s
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC). Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry (prototype Model 299/XB-17) outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing lost the contract (to the Douglas B-18 Bolo) because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation.
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California. It was known within the company as the Model 32, and some initial production aircraft were laid down as export models designated as various LB-30s, in the Land Bomber design category.
2nd Air Force2d Air ForceSecond
The Second Air Force (2 AF; 2d Air Force in 1942) is a USAF numbered air force responsible for conducting basic military and technical training for Air Force enlisted members and non-flying officers. In World War II the CONUS unit defended the Northwestern United States and Upper Great Plains regions and during the Cold War, was Strategic Air Command unit with strategic bombers and missiles. Elements of Second Air Force engaged in combat operations during the Korean War; Vietnam War, as well as Operation Desert Storm.
The title flight officer was a military rank used by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. It was also an air force rank in several Commonwealth nations where it was used for female officers and was equivalent to the rank of flight lieutenant. The term flight officer is sometimes used today to describe job title positions as aircrew members.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
The Piasecki H-21 Workhorse/Shawnee is an American helicopter, the fourth of a line of tandem rotor helicopters designed and built by Piasecki Helicopter (later Boeing Vertol). Commonly called "the flying banana", it was a multi-mission helicopter, utilizing wheels, skis, or floats.
NSFNational Science Foundation (NSF)U.S. National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. Its medical counterpart is the National Institutes of Health. With an annual budget of about US$7.0 billion (fiscal year 2012), the NSF funds approximately 24% of all federally supported basic research conducted by the United States' colleges and universities. In some fields, such as mathematics, computer science, economics, and the social sciences, the NSF is the major source of federal backing.