Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.7 million people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 km2. Pakistan has a 1,046 km coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Hansowala

Hansowala, is a village in the Narowal district of Pakistan; it is located at 32°16'0N 75°10'0E and is situated at the west bank of the Ravi River. The total area of Hansowala is approximately 12 square kilometres. According to the 1998 census, Narowal District's population was 1,256,097 of which only 12.11% were urban It is an agricultural Village, wheat, and rice being its main crops. The literacy rate in Shakargarh is 85%. Hanswowala is a village of tehsil Shakargarh ( District. Narowal Punjab, Pakistan). Before the independence of Pakistan it was the part of Tehsil Gurdas pur, but now it is located in tehsil Shakargarh. Ehsaan ul Haq. Q. A. Ansari (Nadaan Poet).

Punjab, Pakistan

PunjabPunjab ProvincePunjab (Pakistan)
From west to east, the rivers are: the Indus, Jhelum, Beas, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. It is the nation's only province that touches every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. In the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the P is for Punjab. Punjab's landscape consists mostly consists of fertile alluvial plains of the Indus River and its four major tributaries in Pakistan, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers which traverse Punjab north to south – the fifth of the "five waters" of Punjab, the Beas River, lies exclusively in the Indian state of Punjab.

Gurdaspur district

GurdaspurGurdaspur tehsilDhariwal, Pakistan
Radcliffe Award of the boundary gave only the Shakargarh tehsil of the district to Pakistan, and the rest to India. The Muslim population of the eastern tehsils migrated to Pakistan as refugees, and the Hindus and Sikhs of Shakargarh migrated to Gurdaspur after crossing the Ravi Bridge. They settled and spread in the Gurdaspur district. On 27 July 2011 a part of district is carved out to form a new Pathankot district, which was earlier part of Gurdaspur. The Pathankot district comprises two sub-divisions of Pathankot and Dharkalan along with two sub-tehsils namely Narot Jaimal Singh and Bamial. The Gurdaspur district is in the north of Punjab state.

Narowal District

NarowalSialkot DistrictShakargarh (pre-partition Gurdaspur district)
Prior to the creation of Zafarwal Tehsil in July 2009, Narowal Tehsil occupied 1,065 square kilometres while the remaining area (1,272 square kilometres) fell in Shakargarh Tehsil. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, Narowal District's population was 1,256,097, of which only 12.11% were urbans. According to the 1998 census, the district has a population of, % of which is urban. The predominant language is Punjabi, which was the first language of 98% of the population, while Urdu accounted for 1.2%. * University of Narowal Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Pakistani revolutionary poet. Ahsan Iqbal, Interior Minister of Pakistan.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
The Punjab—the region of the five rivers east of Indus: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej—consists of interfluvial doabs, or tracts of land lying between two confluent rivers. These are the Sind-Sagar doab (between Indus and Jhelum), the Jech doab (Jhelum/Chenab), the Rechna doab (Chenab/Ravi), the Bari doab (Ravi/Beas), and the Bist doab (Beas/Sutlej) (see map on the right). In early 1947, in the months leading up to the deliberations of the Punjab Boundary Commission, the main disputed areas appeared to be in the Bari and Bist doabs, although some areas in the Rechna doab were claimed by the Congress and Sikhs.

Dudhu Chak

Dudhu Chak (Punjabi, undefined) is the largest town in Shakargarh Tehsil, North-East of Narowal District, Punjab, Pakistan. The town is situated at the west bank of the River Ravi. Sultan Memorial Public Model School and College, Dudhu Chak. Tabinda Public Model School and College, Dudhu Chak. Govt. Primary School, Dudhu Chak. Govt. Islamia High Schools for Boys, Dudhu Chak. Govt. Islamia High Schools for Girls, Dudhu Chak. Atique Academy Dudhuchak. Pacific Academy Dudhuchak. Sultan Memorial Public Model School, Dudhu Chak. Tabinda Public Model School, Dudhu Chak. Al-Aziz Public High School, Dudhu Chak. Al-Fatima Academy, Dudhu Chak. Al-Raza Science Academy.

Nurkot

Later on, Maingri became a Zail of Shakargarh Tehsil. In 1853, Shakargarh Tehsil of Sialkot District was transferred to Gurdaspur District and it remained an administrative subdivision of Gurdaspur District until Partition in 1947. Under Radcliffe Award, three of the four tehsils of Gurdaspur district on the eastern bank of the Ujh river (which joined the Ravi a little further down) – the tahsils of Gurdaspur, Batala and Pathankot – were awarded to India and only one, Shakargarh, was assigned to Pakistan. After the creation of Pakistan, Shakargarh became a part of Sialkot District once again.

Pindi Mana

Pindi Mana (Urdu: پنڈی ماناں) is a village in the administrative Tehsil Shakargarh, District Narowal Pakistan. The village is located very close to Shakargarh city. The area of the village is approximately 150 square kilometers. The village has a Primary School for Girls and Boys separately organized by the Government of the Punjab. Pindi Mana has a railway station located 2 km from the village. *

Radcliffe Line

Radcliffe AwardRadcliffe Commissionnewly drawn borders
The district itself was administratively subdivided into four tehsils: Shakargarh and Pathankot tehsils to the north, and Gurdaspur and Batala tehsils to the south. Of the four, only the Shakargarh tehsil, which was separated from the rest of the district by the Ravi river, was awarded to Pakistan. (It was subsequently merged into the Narowal district of West Punjab. ) The Gurdaspur, Batala and Pathankot tehsils became part of India's East Punjab state. The division of the district was followed by a population transfer between the two nations, with Muslims leaving for Pakistan and Hindus and Sikhs leaving for India. The entire district of Gurdaspur had a bare majority of 50.2% Muslims.

Sialkot

SealkoteSialkot citySialkot Sector
Sialkot (Urdu and ) is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. Sialkot is Pakistan's 13th largest city and located 9 km from Ghuinke, and is located in north-east Punjab — one of Pakistan's most industrialised regions. Along with the nearby cities of Gujranwala and Gujrat, Sialkot forms part of the so-called Golden Triangle of industrial cities with export-oriented economies.

List of sovereign states

CountrySovereign statesovereign country
The following is a list providing an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

Administrative units of Pakistan

ProvinceRegionTerritory
The administrative units of Pakistan (undefined) consist of four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh), two autonomous territories (Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan) and one federal territory (Islamabad Capital Territory). Each province and territory is subdivided into divisions, which are further subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into tehsils, or taluka, which are further subdivided into union councils.

Districts of Pakistan

DistrictdistrictsDistricts of Azad Kashmir
The Districts of Pakistan (undefined; Sindhi: پاڪستان جا ضلعا ), are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but forming the first-tier of local government. In total, there are 154 districts in Pakistan including the Capital Territory and the districts of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. These districts are further divided into tehsils or talukas.

Pakistan Standard Time

PSTPKTlocal time
Pakistan Standard Time (undefined, abbreviated as PST or sometimes PKT) is UTC+05:00 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. The time zone is in use during standard time in Asia.

Gorsial

Gorsial is a village of Tehsil Shakargarh, Narowal District. Its population is about 5000. It is a Union council.[clarification needed]. It is located near badwal forest which surrounds the village from south side.Village has primary schools for boys and girls. Literacy rate is significantly high.[vague] Village has rich agriculture base. Rice, wheat, cane and, millet are important crops.A water tunnel surrounds the village on north to west sides, while open fields are present on the eastern side. Village lacks the basic facilities. No Primary Health Centre and High School are present.

List of dialling codes in Pakistan

Calling codeDialling codeDialing code
Country code: +92 International call prefix: 00 Trunk prefix: 0

Kartarpur, Pakistan

Kartarpur
The changing course of the Ravi River eventually washed away the mausoleums. But Guru Nanak's son saved the urn containing his ashes and reburied it on the left bank of the river, where a new habitation was formed, representing the present day Dera Baba Nanak. At the location Guru Nanak is believed to have died, the Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib was built. It is considered to be the second holiest site for the Sikh religion. During the 1947 partition of India, the region got divided across India and Pakistan. The Radcliffe Line awarded the Shakargarh tehsil on the right bank of the Ravi river, including Kartarpur, to Pakistan, and the Gurdaspur tehsil on the left bank of Ravi to India.

Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur

Gurdwara Darbar SahibGurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartar PurKartarpur Sahib
Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib is located in the Shakargarh Tehsil of the Narowal District in Punjab, Pakistan. It is a top tourist attraction for people visiting Pakistan. The shrine is located five kilometres from the Indo-Pakistani border. The gurdwara was built to commemorate the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, settled after his missionary work and did farming. Guru Nanak founded the Kartarpur town by Ravi River in 1515, plowing the fields and setting up a community kitchen, or Langar. He assembled a Sikh commune there, and lived for 18 years until his death on 22 September 1539. The gurdwara is built where Guru Nanak is said to have died.

Kartarpur Corridor

KartarpurShri Kartarpur Sahib Corridor
The Radcliffe Line awarded the Shakargarh tehsil on the right bank of the Ravi River, including Kartarpur, to Pakistan, and the Gurdaspur tehsil on the left bank of Ravi to India. In 1948, the Akali Dal demanded that India should acquire the land of the gurdwaras in Nankana Sahib and Kartarpur. The demands persisted till 1959, but the Punjab state government controlled by the Indian National Congress advised against any modification of the boundary fixed by the Radcliffe Award.

Ghanghran

Ghanghran is a small town in district Narowal District, under Shakargarh Tehsil. Hundreds of years ago on the bank of river Ravi there was a boat parking place which connected the people on both side of the river. A person who was riding that boat its on his name Ganra singh. The town is also known as saint village because of its saint's places from every corner. Slowly the Ravi changed its flow to the south side but the town is still there. Nowadays this village is facilitated by BHU (basic health unit), girls and boys high schools linked about eight more small and big towns.

Dev Anand

DevanandDev Anand,
Dev was born Dharam Dev Anand on 26 September 1923 in the Shakargarh tehsil of the Gurdaspur district in Punjab (British India). His father Pishori Lal Anand was a well-to-do advocate in Gurdaspur District Court. Dev was the third of four sons born to Anand. One of Dev's younger sisters is Sheel Kanta Kapur, who is the mother of film director Shekhar Kapur. His older brothers were Manmohan Anand (Advocate, Gurdaspur Dist. Court) and Chetan Anand and the younger one was Vijay Anand. He did his schooling till matriculation from Sacred Heart School, Dalhousie, (then in Punjab) and went to Government college Dharamshala before going to Lahore to study.

Baein

The Baein (also spelled Bein, undefined) is a large sandy torrent which rises in Jammu to the north of Shakargarh and running through the centre of the tahsil falls into the Ravi. It is formed by the combined waters of the Tarnah and Bhabban. It is joined by the Hodla at Khanna and by the Dehr at Saroch. The bed is in places over a mile wide and is composed of deep sand through which in the cold weather only a shallow narrow stream of water flows. But owing to its rapid slope it is liable in the rains to sudden and violent floods which cause frequent loss of life.

Indus Waters Treaty

Indus Water TreatyIndus Basin Development Fund (Supplemental) Agreement, 1964Indus Basin Development Fund Agreement
India is undertaking three projects to ensure India utilises its full share from the eastern rivers, (a) Shahpurkandi dam project on Ravi River (b) second Ravi-Beas link in Punjab and (c) the Ujh Dam project on Ujh River in Jammu and Kashmir. This water will be used by Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan and Delhi along with northern hill states. * * The Politics of Indo-Pak Water-Sharing. Young Bhartiya. Global and national topics. India–Pakistan relations. Indian Rivers Inter-link. Inland waterways of India. Irrigation in India. Rivers of Jammu and Kashmir. Sapta Sindhu Rigvedic rivers of Punjab. Effects of global warming. Water politics. Dams and hyrdoelectricity projects.

Punjab

Punjab regionPanjabPunjabi
Punjab thus means "[The Land of] Five Waters", referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas. All are tributaries of the Indus River, the Sutlej being the largest. The Greeks referred to the region as Pentapotamía, which has the same etymology as the original Persian word, but is otherwise known as Pantzáb —a transliteration of the original word. In the 16th century, during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar, the term "Punjab" was synonymous with the Lahore province. It covered a relatively smaller area lying between the Indus and the Sutlej rivers.