The term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭 (pronounced "Wa" by the Japanese), which has been used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period. Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭 (which has been associated in China with concepts like "dwarf" or "pygmy"), and it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony". The English word Japan possibly derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本.


These include the Asiatic lion, the Bengal tiger, the snow leopard and the Indian white-rumped vulture, which, by ingesting the carrion of diclofenac-laced cattle, nearly became extinct. The pervasive and ecologically devastating human encroachment of recent decades has critically endangered Indian wildlife. In response, the system of national parks and protected areas, first established in 1935, was substantially expanded. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard crucial wilderness; the Forest Conservation Act was enacted in 1980 and amendments added in 1988.


Australia is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization, and has pursued several major bilateral free trade agreements, most recently the Australia–United States Free Trade Agreement and Closer Economic Relations with New Zealand, with another free trade agreement being negotiated with China—the Australia–China Free Trade Agreement—and Japan, South Korea in 2011, Australia–Chile Free Trade Agreement, and has put the Trans-Pacific Partnership before parliament for ratification.

United States

Measured by only land area, the United States is third in size behind Russia and China, just ahead of Canada. The United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest nation by total area (land and water), ranking behind Russia and Canada and just above or below China. The ranking varies depending on how two territories disputed by China and India are counted, and how the total size of the United States is measured. The Encyclopædia Britannica, for instance, lists the size of the United States as 3677649 sqmi, as they do not count the country's coastal or territorial waters. The World Factbook, which includes those waters, gives 3796742 sqmi.

Scarborough Shoal standoff

2012 Scarborough Shoal standoffdiplomatic standoff over the shoalScarborough Shoal
The Filipino inspection team claimed that they discovered illegally collected corals, giant clams and live sharks inside the first vessel boarded by the team. BRP Gregorio del Pilar reported that they attempted to arrest the Chinese fishermen but were blocked by Chinese maritime surveillance ships, China Marine Surveillance 75 (Zhongguo Haijian 75) and China Marine Surveillance 84 (Zhongguo Haijian 84). Since then, tensions have continued between the two countries. Hackers suspected to be from China, defaced the website of the University of the Philippines on April 20, 2012. The hackers left a message claiming, "We come from China! Huangyan Island is Ours".


Fujian ProvinceFukien Fujian Province
People from the Song dynasty of China, like Zhao Zhong and Xu Zongdao, fled to the Trân dynasty after the Mongol invasion of China. The Daoist cleric Xu Zongdaowho, who recorded the Mongol invasion and called them "Northern bandits", also came from Fujian. Fujian was the origin of the ethnic Chinese Tran who migrated to Vietnam along with a large number of other Chinese, during the Vietnamese Ly dynasty, where they served as officials. Distinctly Chinese last names are found in the Tran and Ly dynasty Imperial exam records. Ethnic Chinese are recorded in Tran and Ly dynasty records of officials.


subtropicalsub-tropicalsubtropical climate
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.

International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCNInternational Union for the Conservation of NatureInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
At the national and regional level, IUCN also works with Marriott International in Thailand, the Zambezi Valley Development Agency (ADPP) in Mozambique, Minh Phu – the largest shrimp exporter in Vietnam, Xingzhitianxia Media Company in China, the Secretariat of the Southern Agriculture Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT), Tata Steel in India, Engro Elengy Terminal (Pvt) Ltd in Pakistan, to name a few. On the national level, IUCN helps governments prepare national biodiversity policies. Internationally, IUCN provides advice to environmental conventions such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, CITES and the Framework Convention on Climate Change. It advises UNESCO on natural world heritage.


🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India. History of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with Chinese dynasties and Indian kingdoms. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished.

Brown rat

ratRattus norvegicusrats
Though the assumptions surrounding this species' origins were not yet the same as modern ones, by the 20th century, it was believed among naturalists that the brown rat did not originate in Norway, rather the species came from central Asia and (likely) China. The fur is coarse and usually brown or dark grey, while the underparts are lighter grey or brown. The brown rat is a rather large murid and can weigh twice as much as a black rat (Rattus rattus) and many times more than a house mouse (Mus musculus). The head and body length ranges from 15 to 28 cm while the tail ranges in length from 10.5 to 24 cm, therefore being shorter than the head and body. Adult weight ranges from 140 to 500 g.

Blacktip reef shark

Blacktip ReefCarcharhinus melanopterusreef shark
Blacktip reef sharks, particularly small individuals, fall prey to larger fishes, including groupers, grey reef sharks, tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier), and members of their own species. At Palmyra Atoll, adults avoid patrolling tiger sharks by staying out of the central, deeper lagoon. Their known parasites include the tapeworms Anthobothrium lesteri, Nybelinia queenslandensis, Otobothrium alexanderi, and Platybothrium jondoeorum, a myxosporidian in the genus Unicapsula, and the monogenean Dermophthirius melanopteri.

Whitetip reef shark

white tip reef sharksTriaenodon obesusWhitetip reef
An individual shark may rest inside the same cave for months to years. The daytime home range of a whitetip reef shark is limited to approximately 0.05 km2; at night this range increases to 1 km2. These sharks are not territorial and share their home ranges with others of their species; they do not perform threat displays. Important predators of the whitetip reef shark include tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier), Galapagos sharks (Carcharhinus galapagensis), and possibly also silvertip sharks (Carcharhinus albimarginatus), though they usually occur at depths greater than those favored by whitetip reef sharks.


touristtouriststourism industry
In ancient China, nobles sometimes made a point of visiting Mount Tai and, on occasion, all five Sacred Mountains. By the Middle Ages, Christianity and Buddhism had traditions of pilgrimage. Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Wu Cheng'en's Journey to the West remain classics of English and Chinese literature. The 10th- to 13th-century Song dynasty also saw secular travel writers such as Su Shi (11th century) and Fan Chengda (12th century) become popular in China. Under the Ming, Xu Xiake continued the practice.

Sea turtle

sea turtlesmarine turtlemarine turtles
Ancient Chinese texts dating to the fifth century B.C.E. describe sea turtles as exotic delicacies. Many coastal communities around the world depend on sea turtles as a source of protein, often harvesting several sea turtles at once and keeping them alive on their backs until needed. Coastal peoples gather sea turtle eggs for consumption. To a much lesser extent, specific species of marine sea turtles are targeted not for their flesh, but for their shells. Tortoiseshell, a traditional decorative ornamental material used in Japan and China, comes from the carapace scutes of the hawksbill sea turtle.


🇷🇪Île BourbonReunion
Between 2010 and 2017, 23 shark attacks occurred in the waters of Réunion, of which nine were fatal. In July 2013, the Prefect of Réunion Michel Lalande announced a ban on swimming, surfing, and bodyboarding off more than half of the coast. Lalande also said 45 bull sharks and 45 tiger sharks would be culled, in addition to the 20 already killed as part of scientific research into the illness ciguatera. Migrations of humpback whales contributed to a boom of whale watching industries on Réunion, and watching rules have been governed by the OMAR (Observatoire Marin de la Réunion) and Globice (Groupe local d'observation et d'identification des cétacés).

2011 in science

China activates its Compass satellite navigation system, a rival to the American Global Positioning System (GPS), offering navigation services on the Chinese mainland. The system, also known as Beidou-2, is expected to offer global coverage by 2020. (BBC). China unveils a prototype high-speed train capable of reaching speeds of over 310 mi/h, the first ultra-high-speed train developed by China without the aid of international partnerships. (Financial Times). 29 December. South Korean researchers begin the development of microscopic robots capable of entering human blood vessels to treat illnesses.

Paleobiota of the Yixian Formation

The Yixian Formation is a geological formation in Jinzhou, Liaoning, People's Republic of China, that spans about 5 million years during the early Cretaceous period (early Aptian stage). It is known for its fossils, listed below. The Yixian Formation is divided into the following subunits: (ages from Chang et al., 2009 unless otherwise noted) The mammals listed below were compiled in a survey by Meng and colleagues in 2006, unless otherwise noted. The pterosaurs listed below were compiled in a survey by Wang and Zhou in 2006, unless otherwise noted. The dinosaurs listed below were compiled in a survey by Xu and Norell in 2006, unless otherwise noted.

2017 in aviation

201715 May 201717 January
Air China announces that it has banned shark fin cargo from its aircraft, becoming the first airline in the People's Republic of China to do so. Conservationists view it as major step toward reducing or ending the practice of shark finning and easing the commercial fishing pressure on many species of shark threatened with extinction. 7 January. Malaysia announces that the conducted operation in the southwestern Philippines, presumably like Basilan or Sulu provinces from Abu Sayyaf, an Islamic State-affiliated militant group.

2012 in fish paleontology

This list of fossil fish species is a list of taxa of fish that have been described during the year 2012. The list only includes taxa at the level of genus or species.

Tourism in Indonesia

tourismBalinese popularityhospitality industry in Indonesia
After toppled Japan two years ago, China as the world's biggest tourism spenders now toppled Australia to become number three with 30.42 percent increase year-on-year (y-o-y), while totally foreign tourists growth by 10.6 percent y-o-y set to more than 2.9 million. The top countries of origin Q1 2014 data is come from the Asia-Pacific region, with Singapore (15.7 percent), Malaysia (14.0), China (11.0), Australia, and Japan among the top countries of origin. The United Kingdom, France, and Germany are the largest sources of European visitors.

2013 in fish paleontology

This list of fossil fishes described in 2013 is a list of new taxa of placoderms, fossil cartilaginous fishes and bony fishess of every kind that have been described during the year 2013. The list only includes taxa at the level of genus or species.

Shock art

The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living (1992), a dead tiger shark preserved in a glass and steel tank of formaldehyde by Damien Hirst has been grouped in the category of shock art, but also criticised as an unoriginal product of "shock tactics" and not "real art". 12 Square Meters, a 1994 performance art display by Zhang Huan in Beijing wherein Huan "lathered his nude body in honey and fish oil" and exposed himself to "swarming flies and insects". In 1996 Gottfried Helnwein painted the Adoration of the Magi with Adolf Hitler as Baby Jesus, which was displayed at the State Russian Museum St.

Hero: 108

the series
Sharks - The Sharks once captured a boat load of people causing First Squad and Big Green's Navy to save them. The Shark King is an expert surfer. Though Lin Chung lost to him, the Shark King was impressed with Lin Chung's "accidental art" when he crashed into 9 out of 10 rocks they had to surf around turning them into Moai. Shark King joins Big Green (classified as Hero 031) where he takes the job of removing the barnacles off of Sammo the Whale. In "The Rise of Lin Chung", the spirit of Tien Kwan uses an illusion of Shark King to help with Lin Chung's training.

History of Chinese Americans

Chinese immigrationChineseChinese immigrants
Chinese immigration later increased with the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965, but was in fact set ten times lower. Until 1979, the United States recognized the Republic of China on Taiwan as the sole legitimate government of all of China, and the immigration from Taiwan was counted under the same quota as that for mainland China, which had little immigration to the United States from 1949 to 1977.

HaMerotz LaMillion 2

Season 22Israeli
Teams had to find four items that were invented in China, of which there were only five in the maze. They brought them to a Chinese sage in the center of the maze. If they guessed correctly, they would receive their next clue and a large plush of Mushi (Beijing's panda). At the Great Wall of China, teams rode a chairlift to a point on the wall, where they received a Hebrew-language word search containing words related to China.. They climbed hundreds of steps to the fifth tower, where they had to completed the word search. They then climbed more steps to the next guard tower, where they exchanged their completed word search and panda for the next clue.