Griffith was in debt to Howey, who had helped him to get both The Birth of a Nation and Intolerance through the Chicago censorship board. ""I was being sent to Hollywood - not because anybody out there thought I was any good, but simply to pay off a favor"." The contract to Griffith's Triangle-Fine Arts was conditional on passing a film test to ensure that her heterochromia (she had one brown eye, one blue eye) would not be a distraction in close-up shots. Her eyes passed the test, so she left for Hollywood with her grandmother and her mother as chaperones.
Colleen Moore DollhouseColleen Moore Fairy CastleColleen Moore's dollhouse
Kentucky Pride is a 1925 American silent drama film from Fox Film about the life of a horse breeder and racer, directed by the famed film director John Ford and starring Henry B. Walthall (who had previously played the Little Colonel in D. W. Griffith's controversial 1915 film The Birth of a Nation). It is among Ford's lesser-known works, but has been praised for sweetness and charm and its beautiful depiction of the life of horses and the relationship between the protagonist and his daughter. Several well-known thoroughbred racehorses appear in the film, including the legendary Man o' War. A print of Kentucky Pride is in the Museum of Modern Art film archive.
John Emerson (born Clifton Paden on May 29, 1874 – March 7, 1956) was an American stage actor, playwright, producer, and director of silent films (many featuring Douglas Fairbanks). Emerson was married to Anita Loos from June 15, 1919 until his death; prior to that they had functioned as a writing team for motion pictures and would continue to be credited jointly, even as Loos pursued independent projects. Born and educated in Ohio, Emerson's earliest documented acting credits date from 1904, however like D. W. Griffith he probably played in regional stock companies before then.
An example of this includes The Birth of a Nation, which promoted white supremacy, amongst other things. Over time as race relations have improved, parodies and documentaries of racism have begun to be included into film. The film industry of the United States grew slowly at first. Over time, plots began to develop and movies became better produced. In 1915, the film The Birth of a Nation by D.W. Griffith was released. The plot of the film basically showed that Ku Klux Klansmen were the saviors to the nation and that they would help to bring back a stable government. The movie also included the use of actors in blackface. Over time, racism became embedded into the film of Hollywood.
other events of 19151915.
February 8 – The controversial film, The Birth of a Nation, directed by D. W. Griffith, premieres in Los Angeles. It will be the highest-grossing film for around 25 years. February 18 – WWI: Germany regards the waters around the British Isles to be a war zone from this date, as part of its U-boat campaign. February 20 – In San Francisco, the Panama–Pacific International Exposition is opened. March – The 1915 Palestine locust infestation breaks out in Palestine; it continues until October. March 3 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the predecessor of NASA, is founded in the United States.
A decade later Sweet acted with Barrymore's son Lionel in a D. W. Griffith directed film. In 1909, she started work at Biograph Studios under contract to director D. W. Griffith. By 1910 she had become a rival to Mary Pickford, who had also started for Griffith the year before. Sweet was known for her energetic, independent roles, at variance with the 'ideal' Griffith type of vulnerable, often fragile, femininity. After many starring roles, her first real landmark film was the 1911 Griffith thriller The Lonedale Operator. In 1913 she starred in Griffith's first feature-length film, Judith of Bethulia.
The Cameraman, 1928 silent comedy directed by Edward Sedgwick and an uncredited Buster Keaton. The Birth of a Nation, 1915 silent film directed by D. W. Griffith. Death's Marathon, 1913 silent film directed by D. W. Griffith. Cabiria, 1914 Italian silent film directed by Giovanni Pastrone. Intolerance, 1916 silent film directed by D. W. Griffith. The Ten Commandments (1923), 1923 silent film directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Samson and Delilah, 1949, directed by Cecil B. DeMille. The Ten Commandments (1956), 1956, directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans, 1927 silent film directed by F. W. Murnau. Seventh Heaven, 1927 silent film directed by Frank Borzage.
The LegendThe Legend'' (opera)
Although primarily known as a composer of silent film scores including those for D. W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916), Joseph Carl Breil had also written several short operas prior to The Legend. His Orlando of Milan was composed when he was 17 and given an amateur performance in Pittsburgh. Three comic operas were to follow later, Love Laughs at Locksmiths (performed in Portland, Maine, 1910); Professor Tattle (performed in New York City, 1913); and The Seventh Chord (performed in Chicago, 1913). He began composing The Legend, his first attempt at a serious opera, in 1916 and finished it a year later.
Lillian is cast in Birth of a Nation, while Mary decides to leave Griffith in order to work for Adolph Zukor at a substantially higher salary. Eventually she finds herself forced to suppress her growing sophistication in order to maintain the image of innocence her fans have embraced. Shocked by the negative public and industry reaction to Birth of a Nation, Griffith vows to make an epic film advocating peace and tolerance. Intolerance proves to be an artistic success but a commercial flop. Griffith's financial woes threaten to end his career until Mary joins him, Charles Chaplin, and Douglas Fairbanks to form United Artists.
shortshort subjectshort films
Comedy short films were produced in large numbers compared to lengthy features such as D.W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation. By the 1920s, a ticket purchased a varied program including a feature and several supporting works from categories such as second feature, short comedy, 5–10 minute cartoon, travelogue, and newsreel. Short comedies were especially popular, and typically came in a serial or series (such as the Our Gang movies, or the many outings of Charlie Chaplin's Little Tramp character). Animated cartoons came principally as short subjects.
The Spirit of '76The Spirit of '76'' (1917 film)
Goldstein outfitted the cast of D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915), and was reportedly inspired by Griffith's film to produce a cinematic interpretation of the American Revolution. Griffith initially encouraged and cooperated with Goldstein, but later distanced himself from that project in favor of pursuing his own treatment of the subject, the 1924 film America. The Spirit of '76 depicted multiple atrocities committed by the British side during the war, including soldiers bayoneting babies and raping unarmed women, the Wyoming massacre, and the Cherry Valley massacre.
The EscapeThe Escape'' (1914 film)
Griffith's film version was begun first, finished second, but released third among the cycle of five films he made at Reliance-Majestic Studios between his ouster at Biograph Company and the advent of The Birth of a Nation (1915). Filming of The Escape began in New York City, but was completed in Los Angeles partly due to an illness in the cast. There was a long delay in getting it out; although Mutual Film finally released it on June 1, 1914, response to The Escape was of a mixed character and the film was dumped on the States' Rights market by the end of the year.
C.J. BullietC. J. BullietClarence J. Bulliet
Bulliet traveled in advance of the company throughout the United States and Canada during a period of nine years, except for one year when he was a regional "advance man" (publicist) for D. W. Griffith's silent film The Birth of a Nation (1915). After a brief return to newspaper journalism in Louisville, Kentucky, Bulliet moved to Chicago to edit Magazine of the Art World, a weekly periodical published by the Chicago Evening Post. Art criticism remained his primary occupation even after the Post was assimilated by the Chicago Daily News in 1932.
Vilified by those who wished to elevate the cultural status of film in France, the film was criticised for being "old-fashioned and inartistic", lacking the artistry of films such as The Birth of a Nation by D. W. Griffith, also first released in 1915. Feuillade, conscious of his film's lack of appeal to critics, once said "A film is not a sermon nor a conference, even less a rebus, but a means to entertain the eyes and the spirit." However, it did receive some underground praise, French poets André Breton and Louis Aragon calling it "the reality of this century. Beyond fashion. Beyond taste."
Walthall had starred in D. W. Griffith's seminal The Birth of a Nation four years earlier while Lon Chaney went on to become one of the world's most enduring cultural icons with performances in roles such as the Hunchback of Notre Dame four years later and the Phantom of the Opera in 1925. * The False Faces synopsis at allmovie.com Henry B. Walthall as Michael Lanyard, the "Lone Wolf". Mary Anderson as Cecilia Brooke. Lon Chaney as Karl Eckstrom. Milton Ross as Ralph Crane. Thornton Edwards as Lieutenant Thackery. William Bowman as Captain Osborne. Garry McGarry as Submarine Lieutenant. Ernest Pasque as Blensop.
In 1915, three events highlighted racial and social tensions: distribution of D.W. Griffith's film, The Birth of a Nation; the lynching of Leo Frank, a Jewish factory manager, in Atlanta, Georgia; and the revival of the Ku Klux Klan near Atlanta. D. W. Griffith's 1915 film, The Birth of a Nation, glorified the original Klan as protecting southern women during Reconstruction, which he portrayed as a time of violence and corruption, following the Dunning School interpretation of history. The film aroused great controversy.
D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (restoration). Charlie Chaplin's The Gold Rush (restoration). Harold Lloyd: The Third Genius (TV documentary 1989). Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (TV series, 1995, co-producer). D. W. Griffith: Father of Film (1993) (producer). American Masters (producer) (1 episode, 1989). Buster Keaton: A Hard Act to Follow (1987) (TV) (producer). The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg (1927) (producer) (1986 alternate version). Unknown Chaplin (1983 TV series, co-producer). Hollywood (TV series 1980, co-producer). The Wind (1928) (producer) (restored version). The Blot (1921) (producer) (restored version). David Gill, The Birth of a Nation. Orphan or Pariah?
Thomas DixonThomas Dixon, Jr.Thomas F. Dixon Jr.
Film director D. W. Griffith adapted The Clansman for the screen in The Birth of a Nation (1915), which stimulated the formation of the 20th-century version of the Klan. Dixon was born in Shelby, North Carolina, the son of Thomas Jeremiah Frederick Dixon II and Amanda Elvira McAfee. Dixon's father, Thomas J. F. Dixon Sr., was a slave-owner, landowner and Baptist minister of English and Scottish paternal descent and German maternal descent.
His film version
Way Down East is a 1920 American silent romantic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish. It is one of four film adaptations of the melodramatic 19th century play Way Down East by Lottie Blair Parker. There were two earlier silent versions and one sound version in 1935 starring Henry Fonda. Griffith's version is particularly remembered for its exciting climax in which Lillian Gish's character is rescued from doom on an icy river. Some sources, quoting newspaper ads of the time, say a sequence was filmed in an early color process, possibly Technicolor or Prizmacolor.