Robert Harron

Bobby HarronRobert "Bobby" Harron
Robert Emmett "Bobby" Harron (April 12, 1893 – September 5, 1920) was an American motion picture actor of the early silent film era. Although he acted in over 200 films, he is known for his roles in the D.W. Griffith directed films The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916). Harron was the older brother of film actors John Harron and Mary Harron. Born in New York City, Harron was second oldest child of nine siblings in a poor, working-class Irish Catholic family. Harron's younger siblings John (nicknamed "Johnnie"), Mary and Charles also became actors while one of his younger sisters, Tessie, was an extra in silent films. Charles was killed in a car accident in December 1915.

Ralph Lewis (actor)

Ralph Lewis Ralph LewisRalph Lewis
Ralph Percy Lewis (October 8, 1872 – December 4, 1937) was an American actor of the silent film era. Born in 1872 in Englewood, Illinois, Lewis appeared in 160 films between 1912 and 1938. The character actor remains perhaps best-remembered for his role as abolitionist U.S. Representative Austin Stoneman in D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915). Lewis also starred in one of the early Hollywood sound shorts, Gaunt, in 1931. He was married to actress Vera Lewis. He died in Los Angeles, California after being hit by a limousine driven by a chauffeur working for Jack L. Warner. The Great Leap: Until Death Do Us Part (1914). Home, Sweet Home (1914).

Walter Long (actor)

Walter Long
He appeared in many D. W. Griffith films, notably The Birth of a Nation (1915), where he appeared as Gus, an African American, in blackface make-up, and Intolerance (1916). Long also supported Rudolph Valentino in the films The Sheik, Moran of the Lady Letty, and Blood and Sand. He later appeared as a comic villain in four Laurel and Hardy films during the early 1930s. In 1908, Long married Luray Roble, a stenographer from Wisconsin who later became an actress at Triangle/Fine Arts. They had a son named John. She died in 1918 at age 28, due to the Spanish influenza epidemic. Long never remarried.

Josephine Crowell

Josephine Boneparte Crowell (January 11, 1859 – July 27, 1932) was a Nova Scotian film actress of the silent film era. She appeared in 94 films between 1912 and 1929. Crowell was born in Nova Scotia, British North America and began her film acting career in the 1912 film The School Teacher and the Waif. By 1919 she had appeared in 50 films, many of which were film shorts. Her most notable film appearance during that period was in the early film classic The Birth of a Nation, starring Lillian Gish and directed by D. W. Griffith. In 1920 she appeared with Gladys Brockwell in Flames of the Flesh, which was followed by another six film appearances that year.

Monte Blue

He played football and worked as a fireman, railroad worker, coal miner, cowpuncher, ranch hand, circus rider, lumberjack, and day laborer at the studios of D. W. Griffith. Blue had no theatrical experience when he came to the screen. His first movie was The Birth of a Nation (1915), in which he was a stuntman and an extra. Next, he played another small part in Intolerance (1916). He also was a stuntman or stand-in for Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree during the making of Macbeth (1916). Gradually moving to supporting roles for both D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille, Blue earned his breakthrough role as Danton in Orphans of the Storm, starring sisters Lillian and Dorothy Gish.

Joseph Henabery

Henabery appeared in the D. W. Griffith silent film Birth of a Nation (1915) as Abraham Lincoln. From 1914 to 1917 he appeared in seventeen films. Henabery also worked as a second-unit director on Griffith's Intolerance (1916), and supervised the filming of at least one extended sequence that appeared in the film. Throughout the rest of his career, he worked as a director. From the mid-1920s, and after professional disagreements with both Louis B. Mayer at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Adolph Zukor at Paramount Pictures, Henabery found employment as a director for smaller Hollywood studios. His career as a director of feature films ended by the late 1930s.

Wallace Reid

Wally Reid
He was featured in Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916), both directed by D.W. Griffith, and starred opposite leading ladies such as Florence Turner, Gloria Swanson, Lillian Gish, Elsie Ferguson, and Geraldine Farrar en route to becoming one of Hollywood's major heartthrobs. Already involved with the creation of more than 100 motion picture shorts, Reid was signed by producer Jesse L. Lasky and starred in another 60 plus films for Lasky's Famous Players film company, later Paramount Pictures.

1929 in film

The Iron Mask, starring Douglas Fairbanks. The Kiss, starring Greta Garbo and Conrad Nagel. Kitty, directed by Victor Saville (Britain). A Knight in London, starring Lilian Harvey – (GB/Germany). The Lady Lies, starring Walter Huston and Claudette Colbert. Lady of the Pavements, directed by D. W. Griffith, starring Lupe Vélez and William Boyd. Land Without Women, starring Conrad Veidt – (Germany). The Letter. The Locked Door, starring Rod LaRocque and Barbara Stanwyck. The Love Parade, starring Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald. Lucky Star, directed by Frank Borzage, starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell.

Madame Sul-Te-Wan

After moving to California, Madame Sul-Te-Wan began her film career in uncredited roles in director D. W. Griffith's controversial 1915 drama Birth of a Nation and the colossal 1916 epic Intolerance. Sul-Te-Wan had allegedly written Griffith a letter of introduction after hearing that Griffith was shooting a film in her Kentucky hometown. In the early 1900s, Sul-Te-Wan married Robert Reed Conley. They had three sons, but Conley abandoned his family when the third boy was only three weeks old. Two of her sons, Odel and Onest Conley, became actors and appeared in several films. Some of these film featured their mother.

Jennie Lee (American actress)

Jennie LeeJennie Lee’s
Mary Jane Lee (September 4, 1848 – August 5, 1925), known as Jennie Lee, was an American stage actress and actress of the silent film era. Jennie Lee appeared in 58 films between 1912 and 1924, working especially in character parts under the directors John Ford and D. W. Griffith. She began her stage career at age nine and went on to support such actors as John Edward McCullough, Joseph Jefferson, Edwin Booth, and Helena Modjeska. She and her husband, actor William Courtright, appeared together in Griffith's Intolerance (1916). Incontestably, Lee's most famous portrayal was that of servant Mammy in The Birth of a Nation (1915), a role she played in blackface.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 sqmi, New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area.

Charles Stevens (actor)

Charles Stevens
A close friend of actor Douglas Fairbanks, Stevens appeared in nearly all of the Fairbanks' films. Born in Solomonville, Arizona, Stevens began his career during the silent era, playing mostly Native Americans and Mexicans in Westerns. During the 1930s and 1940s, he had roles in the film serials Wild West Days and Overland Mail. In the 1950s, Stevens guest-starred on several television series, including The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, The Adventures of Kit Carson, Sky King, The Lone Ranger, Zorro, and The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin. In two of those appearances in The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin, in 1954 and 1958, he played his grandfather Geronimo.

Olga Grey

Olga Zacsek
Olga Grey (born Anna Zacsek, November 10, 1896 – April 25, 1973 ) was an American silent film actress, sometimes billed with the alternate spelling of her last name, Olga Gray. Born in Budapest, Grey immigrated to the United States, and by her late teens was pursuing an acting career in Hollywood. Her first film appearance was in the 1915 film His Lesson, in which she had the lead role. She would have twelve film roles that year, including a role (as the actress Laura Keene) in the now classic film The Birth of a Nation, starring Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh, and directed by D. W. Griffith. In 1916 she appeared in seven films, including the role of "Lady Agnes" in Macbeth.

Motion Picture & Television Fund

Motion Picture Relief FundMotion Picture and Television FundMotion Picture and Television Fund Foundation
The MPTF was created by such industry luminaries as Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Conrad Nagel, Milton Sills, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., and D. W. Griffith. In 1921, the Motion Picture Relief Fund (MPRF) was incorporated with Joseph M. Schenck as first president, Pickford was vice president and the Reverend Neal Dodd (who portrayed ministers in more than 300 films) as administrator, each with a benevolent spirit intent on providing assistance to those in the motion picture industry who were in need. The original Board of Trustees included prominent names in Hollywood such as Charles Christie, Cecil B. DeMille, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., William S. Hart, Jesse L.

Tom Wilson (actor)

Tom WilsonThomas Wilson
Appearing in 254 films between 1915 and 1963, Wilson had notable supporting roles in the silent film era, like "The Kindly Officer" in D. W. Griffith's epic Intolerance (1916), the angry policeman in Charlie Chaplin's The Kid (1921), and a boxing coach in Buster Keaton's comedy Battling Butler (1926). After the rise of sound film, he was reduced to small roles for the rest of his long film career. Wilson died in 1965 in Los Angeles, California. Little Marie (1915). The Highbinders (1915). The Lucky Transfer (1915). The Birth of a Nation (1915) (playing an African-American in blackface). Martyrs of the Alamo (1915). The Half-Breed (1916). The Children Pay (1916). Intolerance (1916).

Blake Edwards

Blake Edwards ("Sam O. Brown")
Having grown up in Hollywood, the stepson of a studio production manager and stepgrandson of a silent-film director, Edwards had watched the films of the great silent-era comedians, including Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Harold Lloyd, and Laurel and Hardy. Both Sellers and he appreciated and understood the comedy styles in silent films and tried to recreate them in their work together. After their immense success with the first two Pink Panther films, The Pink Panther (1963) and A Shot in the Dark (1964), which adapted many silent-film aspects, including slapstick, they attempted to go even further in The Party (1968).

Roscoe Arbuckle

Fatty ArbuckleRoscoe "Fatty" ArbuckleRoscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle
Roscoe Conkling "Fatty" Arbuckle (March 24, 1887 – June 29, 1933) was an American silent film actor, comedian, director, and screenwriter. Starting at the Selig Polyscope Company he eventually moved to Keystone Studios, where he worked with Mabel Normand and Harold Lloyd. He mentored Charlie Chaplin and discovered Buster Keaton and Bob Hope. Arbuckle was one of the most popular silent stars of the 1910s, and soon became one of the highest paid actors in Hollywood, signing a contract in 1920 with Paramount Pictures for US$1 million (equivalent to approximately $0 in dollars).

USC School of Cinematic Arts

School of Cinematic ArtsSchool of Cinema-Televisionfilm school
The school's founding faculty include Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, William C. DeMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, and Darryl Zanuck. Notable professors include Drew Casper, the Alma and Alfred Hitchcock Professor of American Film; Tomlinson Holman, inventor of THX; film critic and historian Leonard Maltin; and David Bondelevitch, President of the Motion Picture Sound Editors. In April 2006, the USC Board of Trustees voted to change the school's name to the USC School of Cinematic Arts. On September 19, 2006, USC announced that alumnus George Lucas had donated US$175 million to expand the film school with a new 137000 sqft facility.

Hedda Hopper

Mrs. De Wolf HopperElda FurryElda Milar
She chastised Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., the son of her old friend the late Douglas Fairbanks, because she thought the younger Fairbanks was shirking his duty to his country. Fairbanks Jr. recalled in his memoirs Salad Days that he was already in uniform serving in the United States Navy, and despised Hopper for her insinuations. Actor Kirk Douglas recounted an interaction between Hopper and Elizabeth Taylor. At the 1965 premiere of Taylor and husband Richard Burton's film The Sandpiper, Hopper began to complain when she saw screenwriter Dalton Trumbo's screen credit (she had led the charge in blacklisting Trumbo for his Communist party membership).

The Phantom of the Opera (1925 film)

The Phantom of the OperaPhantom of the Opera1925 film adaptation
Carl Briel, composer of music for Birth of a Nation". The exact quote from the opening day full-page ad in the Call-Bulletin read: "Universal Weekly claimed a 60-piece orchestra. Moving Picture World reported that "The music from Faust supplied the music [for the picture]." Due to poor reviews and reactions, the January release was canceled. On advice from Chaney and others, Universal told Julian to re-shoot most of the picture and change its style, as it was feared that a Gothic melodrama would not recoup the film's massive budget. Julian eventually walked out.

Photoplay music

musical accompaniment
These were often compiled scores with some original material, such as Joseph Carl Breil's score for The Birth of a Nation, the William Axt/David Mendoza scores for the 1925 film Ben Hur or the 1926 film The Big Parade. Even fewer were all-original scores, the most notable being Gottfried Huppertz's scores for Fritz Lang's Nibelungen films and Metropolis, and composer Mortimer Wilson's for Douglas Fairbanks's The Thief of Baghdad. With the little time available between the completion of the picture and when it was to be released, all-original scores were uneconomical and had themes that were generally written in advance.

Carl Davis

In the late 1970s, Davis was commissioned by documentarians Kevin Brownlow and David Gill to create music for Thames Television's Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film (1980). His association with them continued the same year with Abel Gance's epic silent film Napoléon (1927), which was restored and Davis' music was used in its cinematic re-release and television screenings. There was a similar treatment for D. W. Griffith's Intolerance: Love's Struggle Through The Ages (1916). This had orchestral music originally, but Davis's new score was used instead in 1989.


piedpie fightpie in the face
It was first seen in film in the 1909 Essanay Studios silent film Mr. Flip starring Ben Turpin. In the story, Turpin has a pie pushed into his face for taking liberties with a woman. Beginning in 1913 with That Ragtime Band and A Noise from the Deep, filmmaker Mack Sennett became known for using one or two thrown pies in many of his comedy shorts. Sennett had a personal rule about who received the pies: "A mother never gets hit with a custard pie ... Mothers-in-law, yes. But mothers? Never." At least a half dozen films have been made incorporating extended pie-throwing battles. The first was Charlie Chaplin's Behind the Screen released in 1916.

John Ford

FordArgosy ProductionsJack Ford
In addition to credited roles, he appeared uncredited as a Klansman in D. W. Griffith's 1915 The Birth of a Nation. He married Mary McBride Smith on July 3, 1920, and they had two children. His daughter Barbara was married to singer and actor Ken Curtis from 1952 to 1964. The marriage between Ford and Smith lasted for life despite various issues, one of which could have proved problematic from the start, this being that John Ford was Catholic while she was a non-Catholic divorcée. What difficulty was caused by the two marrying is unclear as the level of John Ford's commitment to the Catholic faith is disputed. A strain would have been Ford's many extramarital relationships.