1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die

1001 Films You Must See Before You Die101 Horror Films You Must See Before You Die
1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die is a film reference book edited by Steven Jay Schneider with original essays on each film contributed by over 70 film critics. It is a part of a series designed and produced by Quintessence Editions, a London-based company, and published in English-language versions by Cassell Illustrated (UK), ABC Books (the publishing division of Australian Broadcasting Corporation), and Barron's (US). The first edition was published in 2003; the most recent edition was published in 2018. Contributors include Adrian Martin, Jonathan Rosenbaum, Richard Peña, David Stratton, and Margaret Pomeranz.

W. S. Van Dyke

W.S. Van DykeWoody Van DykeW. S. "Woody" Van Dyke
In 1915, Van Dyke found work as an assistant director to D. W. Griffith on the film The Birth of a Nation. The following year, he was Griffith's assistant director on Intolerance. That same year he worked as an assistant director to James Young on Unprotected (1916), The Lash (1916), and the lost film Oliver Twist, in which he also played the role of Charles Dickens. In 1917, Van Dyke directed his first film, The Land of Long Shadows, for Essanay Studios. That same year he directed five other films: The Range Boss, Open Places, Men of the Desert, Gift O' Gab, and Sadie Goes to Heaven. In 1927, he traveled to Tacoma to direct two silent films for the new H.C.

The Lamb (1915 film)

The Lamb1915The Lamb'' (1915 film)
The Lamb is a 1915 American silent adventure comedy/Western film featuring Douglas Fairbanks in his first starring role. Directed by W. Christy Cabanne, the film is based on the popular 1913 Broadway play The New Henrietta, in which Fairbanks co-starred with William H. Crane, Amelia Bingham and a very young Patricia Collinge. D. W. Griffith, writing under the pseudonym Granville Barker, along with director Christy Cabanne, essentially expanded the play beyond the plush nouveau riche apartment setting of the play, and provided a western element to the story.

Mary Wynn

At the time of her death at 99, she was the last living cast member of The Birth of a Nation.

Jean Renoir

RenoirJeanJean Renoir’s
His leg injury left him with a permanent limp, but allowed him to discover the cinema, since he recuperated by watching films with his leg elevated, including the works of Charlie Chaplin, D. W. Griffith and others. After the war, Renoir followed his father's suggestion and tried his hand at making ceramics, but he soon set that aside to make films. He was particularly inspired by Erich von Stroheim's work. In 1924, Renoir directed Une Vie Sans Joie or Catherine, the first of his nine silent films, most of which starred his first wife, Catherine Hessling. She was also his father's last model. At this stage, his films did not produce a return.

Library of Congress

United States Library of CongressU.S. Library of CongressLOC
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The Library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia. The Library's functions are overseen by the Librarian of Congress, and its buildings are maintained by the Architect of the Capitol. The Library of Congress has claims to be the largest library in the world.

Double Trouble (1915 film)

Double Troublea 1915 silent filmDouble Trouble'' (1915 film)
Double Trouble is a 1915 American silent romantic comedy film written and directed by Christy Cabanne, produced by D.W. Griffith, and starring Douglas Fairbanks in one of his earliest motion pictures. The film is based on the novel of the same name by Herbert Quick. The plot, a variant on the theme of Jekyll and Hyde, revolves around a very shy, "effeminate" banker who acquires a second, rakish and flirtatious personality after receiving a blow on the head. The film was a popular and critical success. A print of the film is held by the Cohen Media Group. * still photograph, imagery from the film(archived) Douglas Fairbanks - Florian Amidon/Eugene Brassfield.

List of rediscovered films

rediscoveredformerly lostrediscovered film
Many films of the silent era have been lost. Bezhin Meadow, directed by Sergei Eisenstein, the production was halted in 1937 by the Soviet government; it was thought lost in World War II, but cuttings and partial prints were found and used to make a 35-minute "silent film slide show". List of lost films. List of incomplete or partially lost films. List of lost silent films at www.silentera.com. Lost Films database.

Show People

Show People is a 1928 American silent comedy film directed by King Vidor. The film was a starring vehicle for actress Marion Davies and actor William Haines and included notable cameo appearances by many of the film personalities of the day, including stars Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, William S. Hart and John Gilbert, and writer Elinor Glyn. Vidor also appears in a cameo as himself, as does Davies (to a decidedly unimpressed reaction by herself in character as Peggy Pepper). The film is a lighthearted look at Hollywood at the end of the silent film era (it was released the year after breakthrough talking picture The Jazz Singer), and is considered Davies' best role.

Max Linder

The film is a satire of swashbuckling films made by Douglas Fairbanks and is loosely based on the plot of Alexander Dumas' The Three Musketeers. The film was praised by Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin, but again failed at the box office. At the films premiere, Linder had said to director Robert Florey "You see, Bob, I sense that I'm no longer funny; I have so many preoccupations that I can no longer concentrate on my film character ... The public is mildly amused by my situations, but this evening where were the explosions of laughter that we hear when Charlie's on the screen?...Make people laugh, its easy to say make people laugh, but I don't feel funny anymore."

Academy Honorary Award

Honorary Academy AwardHonorary AwardHonorary Oscar
The Academy Honorary Award – instituted in 1948 for the 21st Academy Awards (previously called the Special Award, which was first presented in early 1929) – is given annually by the [[Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences#Current administration of the Academy|Board of Governors]] of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards, although prior winners of competitive Academy Awards are not excluded from receiving the Honorary Award.

Within Our Gates

Often regarded in the context of D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation, which had appeared five years earlier, Micheaux's project has been considered by critics as a response to Griffith. The film's portrayal of lynching shows "what Blacks knew and Northern Whites refused to believe", turning the "accusation of 'primitivism'... back onto White Southern culture". Also in this period was the Chicago Race Riot of 1919, in which ethnic white mobs killed numerous blacks, and burned residential districts, leaving thousands of blacks homeless. Micheaux took the film's name from a line in Griffith's film.

The Good Bad Man

On May 31, 2014, a restored print of the 1923 version was shown at the San Francisco Silent Film Festival at the Castro Theatre. This print has an original title at the beginning: "Supervised by D. W. Griffith". Fairbanks biographer Jeffrey Vance finds The Good Bad Man fascinating for what it reveals about Fairbanks the man. Vance writes: "Passin' Through's unresolved relationship with an absent father and concerns of illegitimacy were also central to the identity of the offscreen Fairbanks, born Douglas Ulman. His mother, Ella Fairbanks (née Marsh), had been twice married before meeting attorney H. Charles Ulman, the son of German-Jewish immigrants.

Rudolph Valentino

Valentino Rudolph Valentino Rodolfo Valentino
During the filming of Monsieur Beaucaire, both Charlie Chaplin and Douglas Fairbanks approached Valentino privately, due to his contract with Ritz-Carlton, about joining with United Artists. Valentino's contract with United Artists provided $10,000 a week for only three pictures a year, plus a percentage of his films. The contract excluded Rambova from production of his films and the film set. Valentino's acceptance of the terms caused a major rift in his marriage to Rambova. George Ullman, who had negotiated the contract with United Artists, offered Rambova $30,000 to finance a film of her own. It became her only film, titled What Price Beauty? and starred Myrna Loy.

The Habit of Happiness

Habit of Happiness
The Habit of Happiness is a 1916 American silent comedy film directed by Allan Dwan and filmed by cinematographer Victor Fleming. The film was written by Allan Dwan and Shannon Fife from a suggestion by D. W. Griffith and stars Douglas Fairbanks. A 16mm print of the film is preserved in a private collection. The Habit of Happiness was produced by The Fine Arts Film Company and distributed by Triangle Film Corporation. It was shot at the Riverdale Studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey.

Hollywood (1923 film)

HollywoodHollywood'' (1923 film)
Charles Chaplin. Edythe Chapman. Betty Compson. Ricardo Cortez. Bebe Daniels. Cecil B. DeMille. William C. deMille. Charles de Rochefort. Douglas Fairbanks Sr. James Finlayson. Sid Grauman. Alan Hale Sr. Hope Hampton. William S. Hart. Jack Holt. Leatrice Joy. J. Warren Kerrigan. Lila Lee. Jacqueline Logan. Jeanie Macpherson. May McAvoy. Robert McKim. Thomas Meighan. Bull Montana. Owen Moore. Nita Naldi. Pola Negri. Anna Q. Nilsson. Charles Ogle. Guy Oliver. Jack Pickford. Mary Pickford. ZaSu Pitts. Wallace Reid. Charles Reisner. Fritzi Ridgeway. Dean Riesner. Will Rogers. Ford Sterling. Anita Stewart. Gloria Swanson. Estelle Taylor. Ben Turpin. Bryant Washburn. Laurence Wheat. Lois Wilson.

The Nut (1921 film)

The NutThe Nut'' (1921 film)
Frank Campeau, Jeanne Carpenter, Charles Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Charles Stevens appear uncredited. Fairbanks biographer Jeffrey Vance disputes the claims of many film historians that Charlie Chaplin appears in the film. "It is clearly as Chaplin imitator, not Chaplin himself, who appears briefly in the party sequence wearing the Tramp costume." * The Nut at Virtual History Douglas Fairbanks as Charlie Jackson. Marguerite De La Motte as Estrell Wynn. William Lowery as Philip Feeney. Gerald Pring as Gentleman George. Morris Hughes as Pernelius Vanderbrook Jr. Barbara La Marr as Claudine Dupree. Sidney De Gray (credited as Sydney dé Grey).

AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)

100 greatest American filmsAFI's 100 Years...100 Movies100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)
The oldest film to be dropped was D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915), from #44. The oldest film to be added was Griffith's Intolerance (1916) (#49). The newest film removed is Fargo (1996), the newest added The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), which is also the only film on the list released after 1999. The highest-ranked addition was The General at #18. The highest-ranked removal was Doctor Zhivago (#39). The Searchers rose the most, going from #96 to #12. The greatest drop without complete removal was suffered by The African Queen, which went from #17 to #65. Duck Soup, featuring the Marx Brothers, moved up 25 positions to #60.

War film

warwar dramawar films
One of the earliest films using the Civil War as its subject was D.W. Griffith's 1910 silent picture, The Fugitive. Films that have the war as its main subject, or about a certain aspect of the war include the 1989 film, Glory, about the first formal unit of the Union Army during the American Civil War to be made up entirely of black men. Some films such as Gettysburg focused on a single battle during the war, or even on a single incident, like the French short film, La Rivière du Hibou (An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge). Others like the 1993 miniseries North and South spanned the entire breadth of the war.

AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies

100 Years...100 Movies100 Years... 100 Movies100 Years ... 100 Movies
The Birth of a Nation (1915). From Here to Eternity (1953). Amadeus (1984). All Quiet on the Western Front (1930). The Third Man (1949). Fantasia (1940). Rebel Without a Cause (1955). Stagecoach (1939). Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)''. The Manchurian Candidate (1962). An American in Paris (1951). Wuthering Heights (1939). Dances with Wolves (1990). Giant (1956). Fargo (1996). Mutiny on the Bounty (1935). Frankenstein (1931). Patton (1970). The Jazz Singer (1927). My Fair Lady (1964). A Place in the Sun (1951). Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967). Doctor Zhivago (1965). The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001). Saving Private Ryan (1998). Titanic (1997).

Triumph of the Will

Triumph des WillensNazi propaganda filmLe Triomphe de la volonté
Like American filmmaker D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation, Triumph of the Will has been criticized as a use of spectacular filmmaking to promote a profoundly unethical system. In her defense, Riefenstahl claimed that she was naïve about the Nazis when she made it and had no knowledge of Hitler's genocidal or anti-semitic policies. She also pointed out that Triumph of the Will contains "not one single anti-semitic word", although it does contain a veiled comment by Julius Streicher, the notorious Jew-baiter (who was hanged after the Nuremberg trials), that "a people that does not protect its racial purity will perish".


reelsfilm reelmeters of film
In silent film terminology, two films on one reel. As digital cinema catches on, the physical reel is being replaced by a virtual format called Digital Cinema Package, which can be distributed using any storage medium (such as hard drives) or data transfer medium (such as the Internet or satellite links) and projected using a digital projector instead of a conventional movie projector. Actors may submit a demo reel of their work to prospective employers, often in physical reel format. * Spindle (tool) Mechanical strength of the core (especially with large reels).

Feature length

During the silent era a one-reel short ran for an average of 10 minutes, and a two-reeler (usually a comedy) for 20 minutes, thus a feature was around 50 minutes or more. Possibly due to competition from television, the average length of feature film increased from around 90 minutes in 1931 to almost 120 minutes in 1960. List of motion picture terminology. Featurette. Short film.

35 mm film

35 mm35mm35mm film
Early film pioneers, like D. W. Griffith, color tinted or toned portions of their movies for dramatic impact, and by 1920, 80 to 90 percent of all films were tinted. The first successful natural color process was Britain's Kinemacolor (1908–1914), a two-color additive process that used a rotating disk with red and green filters in front of the camera lens and the projector lens. But any process that photographed and projected the colors sequentially was subject to color "fringing" around moving objects, and a general color flickering. In 1916, William Van Doren Kelley began developing Prizma, the first commercially viable American color process using 35 mm film.

Box-office bomb

box office bombbox office disappointmentbox office flop
This was one of the reasons for the commercial failure of Intolerance, D. W. Griffith's follow-up to The Birth of a Nation. Owing to production delays, the film was not released until late 1916, a time when the widespread anti-war sentiment it reflected had started to shift in favor of U.S. entry into World War I. Another example of external events sinking a film is the 2015 docudrama about FIFA entitled United Passions. It was released in theaters in the United States at the same time FIFA's leaders were under investigation for fraud and corruption, and the film grossed only $918 at the U.S. box office in its opening weekend.