The most famous of these were the films of Douglas Fairbanks, which defined the genre. The stories came from romantic costume novels, particularly those of Alexandre Dumas and Rafael Sabatini, and included triumphant, thrilling music. There were three great cycles of swashbuckler films: the Douglas Fairbanks period from 1920 to 1929; the Errol Flynn period from 1935 to 1941; and a period in the 1950s heralded by films, including Ivanhoe (1952) and The Master of Ballantrae (1953), and the popularity of the British television series The Adventures of Robin Hood (1955–1959).
The director D.W. Griffith displayed a constant interest and concern about color, and used tinting to a unique effect in many of his films. His 1915 epic, The Birth of a Nation, utilized a number of colors, including amber, blue, lavender, and a striking red tint for scenes such as the "burning of Atlanta" and the ride of the Ku Klux Klan at the climax of the picture. Griffith later invented a color system in which colored lights flashed on areas of the screen to achieve a color effect. In 1921, Kodak introduced pre-tinted stocks, with stained cellulose base, rather than a dyed emulsion upon the base.
epichistorical epicBiblical epic
The epic is among the oldest of film genres, with one early notable example being Giovanni Pastrone's Cabiria, a three-hour silent film, about the Punic Wars, that laid the groundwork for the subsequent silent epics of D. W. Griffith. The genre reached a peak of popularity in the early 1960s, when Hollywood frequently collaborated with foreign film studios (such as Rome's Cinecittà) to use relatively exotic locations in Spain, Morocco, and elsewhere for the production of epic films such as El Cid (1961) or Lawrence of Arabia (1962).
In December 1913 he joined the staff of D. W. Griffith and became a director for the Mutual Film Corporation. Noble also worked for studios including the B. A. Rolfe Company (1914–16), Biograph Studios, Universal Pictures, Metro Pictures and Goldwyn Pictures. Called and later credited as Jack Noble, he was known as Fernley Kutz at the time of his death September 10, 1946, at his home in Pottstown.
filmyear in film
Strangelove, Woman in the Dunes, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, Goldfinger, Up series begins. 1965 – The Sound of Music, Doctor Zhivago, For a Few Dollars More, Thunderball, The Great Race, Cat Ballou, Repulsion. 1966 – Persona, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Kino InternationalKino LorberKino
Their non-theatrical arm has more of a focus on classic cinema, providing silent film classics which are otherwise difficult to find. They are the largest video distributor of silent films, including a great many from the earliest days of cinema (before 1914). These include important early landmark films by Thomas Edison, Georges Méliès, the Lumière brothers and D.W. Griffith. Many of those were restored by David Shepard's Film Preservation Associates. In 2009, Kino International merged with Lorber HT Digital to form Kino Lorber.
Eisenstein and his entourage spent considerable time with Charlie Chaplin, who recommended that Eisenstein meet with a sympathetic benefactor in the person of American socialist author Upton Sinclair. Sinclair's works had been accepted by and were widely read in the USSR, and were known to Eisenstein. The two had mutual admiration and between the end of October 1930 and Thanksgiving of that year, Sinclair had secured an extension of Eisenstein's absences from the USSR, and permission for him to travel to Mexico.
Confederate States of AmericaCSA: Confederate States of America
The hunt for the now-deposed President Lincoln (on the run and disguised in blackface) and abolitionist Harriet Tubman is undertaken, and both are eventually captured, becoming the prime subject of D. W. Griffith's fictional 1915 silent film The Hunt for Dishonest Abe. Lincoln is quickly tried for war crimes against the Confederacy and is imprisoned in Fortress Monroe, Virginia, where he watches the execution of Tubman from his cell. In 1866, Lincoln—frail and gaunt from his two-year sentence—is fully pardoned by President Davis and exiled to Canada, where he remains until his death in June 1905 at the age of 96, almost entirely forgotten in history.
United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks. This is a list of feature films originally produced or distributed by United Artists. All of United Artists' films released before 1923 are in the public domain in the United States. *List of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer films
19191919 filmfilmed in 1919
Films starring Roscoe Arbuckle, featuring Buster Keaton released in 1919: Charlie Chaplin wrote, produced, directed, and starred in 9 films for his own production company between 1918 and 1923. These films were distributed by First National. Below the movies filmed in 1919: Score composed for 1973 re-release Glasses character ("The Boy"): Koko the Clown was the first animated movie cartoon series. Below list of short films released in 1919: Below list of Felix the Cat'' short films released in 1919: *List of American films of 1919 February 5 - Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith launch United Artists.
directorial debutdebut filmfeature film directorial debut
Charlie Chaplin – Twenty Minutes of Love. Donald Crisp – Her Father's Silent Partner. Cecil B. DeMille – The Squaw Man. Allan Dwan – The Unwelcome Mrs. Hatch. William S. Hart – The Gringo. Rex Ingram – The Symphony of Souls. George Irving – The Jungle. Alexander Korda – Orhaz a Karpatokban. Robert Z. Leonard – The Master Key. Frank Lloyd – The Law of His Kind. John M. Stahl – A Boy and the Law. William Desmond Taylor – The Smouldering Spark. Roscoe Arbuckle – Mabel and Fatty Viewing the World's Fair at San Francisco. Richard Boleslavsky – Ty yeshcho ne umesh lyubit. Charles Brabin – Vanity Fair. Tod Browning – The Lucky Transfer. Lon Chaney – The Stool Pigeon.
On actor Tom Mix's recommendation that she "get into pictures", Love's mother sent her to Biograph Studios, where she met pioneering film director D.W. Griffith. Griffith, who introduced Bessie Love to films, also gave the actress her screen name. He gave her a small role in his film Intolerance (1916). Love dropped out of Los Angeles High School to pursue her film career, although she completed her diploma many years later. Her "first role of importance" was in The Flying Torpedo; she later appeared opposite William S. Hart in The Aryan and with Douglas Fairbanks in The Good Bad Man, Reggie Mixes In, and The Mystery of the Leaping Fish (all 1916).
Silent film had slapstick comedies that included the films starring Buster Keaton, Charlie Chaplin, the Keystone Cops and Harold Lloyd. These comedians often laced their slapstick with social commentary while comedians such as Abbott and Costello, Laurel and Hardy and The Three Stooges did not contain these social messages. There were fewer slapstick comedies produced at the advent of sound film. The genre resurfaced after the World War II in France with films by Jacques Tati and in the United States with films It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World and The Great Race as well as the films of comedians like Jerry Lewis.
Milton Berle ShowThe Milton Berle ShowBerle
Berle recalled, "There were even trips out to Hollywood—the studios paid—where I got parts in Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, with Mary Pickford; The Mark of Zorro, with Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., and Tillie's Punctured Romance, with Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand and Marie Dressler." However, Berle's claim to have appeared in Tillie's Punctured Romance has been disputed by film historians, among them Glenn Mitchell, who in his book The Chaplin Encyclopedia writes that Berle's alleged role was most likely played by child actor Gordon Griffith. In 1916, Berle enrolled in the Professional Children's School.
While he named D. W. Griffith, Eric von Stroheim, Charlie Chaplin, Max Linder, Carl Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc and Sergei Eisenstein's The General Line as early influences, he was also disappointed to have virtually no Portuguese filmmakers to emulate. The Portuguese film industry was also highly censored and restricted under the fascist Salazar regime that lasted from the early 1930s until the mid-1970s. His later films, such as The Cannibals and Belle Toujours (a sequel to Belle de Jour), suggest an affinity with Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel. He stated "I'm closer to Buñuel. He's a reverse Catholic and I was raised a Catholic.
Sports films have been made since the era of silent films, such as the 1915 film The Champion starring Charlie Chaplin. Films in this genre can range from serious (Raging Bull) to silly (Horse Feathers). A classic theme for sports films is the triumph of an individual or team who prevail despite the difficulties, standard elements of melodrama. NB: This list excludes films that feature illegally run street races unless legitimate races are integral to the storyline. Note: Films should not be listed here unless the sporting aspects of martial arts play a major part in the plot. Note: This category is for films about sports in general or films about athletes participating in multiple sports.
The Taming of the Shrew
The first sound adaptation of the play was in 1929; Sam Taylor's The Taming of the Shrew, starring Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks (the first sound adaptation of any Shakespeare play ). This version was simultaneously shot as a silent film, and, depending on whether a given theatre was equipped to screen sound films, was released both as a "talkie" and a silent. Using only 500 lines from the original play, and a few lines from David Garrick's 1754 adaptation of Shrew, Catharine and Petruchio, the film is primarily known for how Pickford delivers Katherina's last speech.
19141914 film 1914
January 22 - Absinthe American silent drama film starring King Baggot and Leah Baird and directed by Herbert Brenon. February 2 - Making a Living the first film starring Charlie Chaplin. February 5 - O Mimi San, starring Sessue Hayakawa, Tsuru Aoki and Mildred Harris. February 7 - Kid Auto Races at Venice, starring Charlie Chaplin. February 8 - Gertie the Dinosaur, an animated film that incorporated many cinematic innovations. February 9 - Mabel's Strange Predicament, starring Mabel Normand and Charlie Chaplin. February 12 - The Squaw Man, directed by Oscar Apfel and Cecil B. DeMille, starring Dustin Farnum. March 5 - Child of the Big City. March 8 - Judith of Bethulia, directed by D. W.
Jewel Carmen (born Florence Lavina Quick; July 13, 1897 – March 4, 1984) was an American silent film actress. Raised in Portland, Oregon, she began acting in Hollywood at age 15, eventually performing with Keystone Studios. She garnered public notoriety for her involvement in a statutory rape case involving herself and a 35-year-old automobile dealer in Los Angeles, but the charges against him were ultimately dropped as she could not concretely prove her age. Carmen resumed her career, appearing in several films throughout the 1910s, including a small role in D. W.
Alice Howell (May 20, 1886 – April 11, 1961) was a silent film comedy actress from New York City. She was the mother of actress Yvonne Howell. Early reviews of her movies describe her as "the scream of the screen". One reviewer likened her to a "sort of Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., and Max Linder." All this was compressed into "one more or less diminutive package of femininity". Sometimes called "the girl Charlie Chaplin", she worked for Mack Sennett and later L-KO Kompany. Her early comedies were often produced by Universal Pictures.
Henry "Pathe" Lehrman
Lehrman was a very prominent figure of Hollywood's silent film era, working with such cinematic pioneers as D.W. Griffith and Mack Sennett. However, he is primarily remembered today not for his own achievements, but for three biographical facts: he had directed Charlie Chaplin's very first film, Making a Living (though Chaplin and he didn't get along); he was notoriously careless of the safety of the actors who worked for him; and he was the lover of the actress Virginia Rappe, for whose death Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, in a highly-publicized series of trials, was accused, and later acquitted, of manslaughter.
The following is a sortable list of cinema films which utilize music of Richard Wagner in their soundtracks (other than films of Wagner's operas themselves). Casual references (and use of the Bridal Chorus from Lohengrin) are not included.
true storyBased on actual eventsbased on true events
America (1924) – D.W. Griffith's film about the American Revolutionary War. Battleship Potemkin (1925) – Sergei Eisenstein's classic silent film based on a mutiny that occurred in 1905 during the Tsarist regime when the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin rebelled against their officers. The General (1926) – silent film chronicling the 1862 theft of a railroad locomotive and its recovery by an overlooked "little guy". The Johnstown Flood (1926) – American silent epic film depicting the Johnstown Flood of 1889 in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
The Mystery of the Leaping Fish, short directed by John Emerson, starring Douglas Fairbanks. Oliver Twist, starring Marie Doro. One A.M., directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. The Pawnshop, a Charles Chaplin short. Police, a Charles Chaplin short with Edna Purviance and Wesley Ruggles. The Return of Draw Egan, directed by and starring William S. Hart. The Rink, a Charles Chaplin short. Sally Bishop directed by George Pearson - (GB). Sally in Our Alley directed by Larry Trimble, starring Hilda Trevelyan, Mary Dibley, Reginald Owen - (GB). Sherlock Holmes, Starring William Gillette. Snow White, starring Marguerite Clark. Under Two Flags, starring Theda Bara.
Episode 1The Story of Film
D. W. Griffith. Way Down East (1920) dir. D. W. Griffith. Orphans of the Storm (1921) dir. D. W. Griffith. The Birth of a Nation (1915) dir. D. W. Griffith. Rebirth of a Nation (2007) dir. DJ Spooky. Cabiria (1914) dir. Giovanni Pastrone. Intolerance (1916) dir. D. W. Griffith. Souls on the Road (a.k.a. Rojo No Reikan) (1921) dir. Minoru Murata. Citizen Kane (1941) dir. Orson Welles. The Thief of Bagdad (1924) dir. Raoul Walsh. Desire (1936) dir. Frank Borzage. Gone with the Wind (1939) dir. Victor Fleming. Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933) dir. Mervyn LeRoy. Singin' in the Rain (1952) dir. Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen. The Maltese Falcon (1941) dir. John Huston. The Scarlet Empress (1934) dir.