The Force

ForceMay the Force be with youJedi mind trick
Lucas and screenwriter Leigh Brackett decided that the Force and the Emperor would be the main concerns in The Empire Strikes Back (1980). The focus on the Emperor was later shifted to the third film, Return of the Jedi (1983), and the dark side of the Force was treated as The Empire Strikes Backs main villain. The Phantom Menace (1999) introduces midi-chlorians (or midichlorians), microscopic creatures that connect characters to the Force, although Lucas had conceived the idea as early as August 1977. Lucas based the concept on symbiogenesis, calling midi-chlorians a "loose depiction" of mitochondria.


See Threepio (C-3PO)C3POSee-Threepio (C-3PO)
Daniels has reprised his role of C-3PO for the upcoming Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker. In part of the film, the character appears with red eyes. C-3PO makes a brief appearance alongside R2-D2 in Rogue One, accompanying Rebel Alliance troops to Scarif alongside Princess Leia. C-3PO appears in Marvel's Star Wars comic series and accompanies Han Solo on a raid on an Imperial outpost in the miniseries Shattered Empire. After the events of Return of the Jedi, he continues to serve Leia Organa in several novels including Bloodline. The circumstances that caused C-3PO's left arm to be replaced with a red one is told in Marvel's one-shot Star Wars Special: C-3PO: The Phantom Limb.

David Prowse

Dave Prowse
However, this was shortly after the release of Star Wars and nearly two years before The Empire Strikes Back (which he considers to be his favourite of the trilogy) was released, and the script had not even been written at the time. Gary Kurtz, the producer of The Empire Strikes Back, said in the 2015 documentary I Am Your Father that Prowse's apparent plot spoiler was simply "a good guess." Prowse claims his contract for Return of the Jedi included a share of profits on the film, and although it grossed $475 million on a $32 million budget, Prowse explained in an interview in 2009 that he has never received residuals for his performance.

Denis Lawson

Lawson played X-wing pilot Wedge Antilles in all three films of the original Star Wars trilogy. In 2001, he reprised the role, in voiceover form, for the Nintendo GameCube game Star Wars Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader. He has appeared often on the West End stage, notably in the musical Mr. Cinders at the Fortune Theatre from 1983–84. In 1999, Lawson directed a production of Little Malcolm & His Struggle Against the Eunuchs which was first staged at the Hampstead Theatre before transferring to the Comedy Theatre in London's West End starring his nephew Ewan McGregor in the lead role of Malcolm Scrawdyke.


Mos EspaTosche StationJabba the Hutt’s palace
. * List of Star Wars planets and moons * * Humans – Settlers. Hutts – Wormlike crime lords. Jawas – Humanoid rodent scavengers and traders, and one of the native life forms of Tatooine. Tusken Raiders (or Sand People) – Fierce, nomadic humanoids and one of the native life forms of Tatooine. Star Wars (1977). The Empire Strikes Back (1980) (mentioned only). Return of the Jedi (1983). Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999). Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002). Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005). Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008). Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) (mentioned only). Solo: A Star Wars Story (2018) (mentioned only).


KashyyykWookieesLet the Wookiee win
George Lucas has said that he originally planned Yavin IV, home of the rebel base in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, to be the Wookiee home planet, but subsequent rewrites changed this to Kashyyyk instead, and it was ultimately shown on screen as the setting for a battle in Episode III. In the video game Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic, Kashyyyk is one of the planets which may be traveled to. It shows the Wookiees' homes in the treetops while the ground level is filled with deadly creatures and mysteries. Kashyyyk first appeared onscreen in Star Wars Holiday Special, with the backdrop of the planet being taken directly from concept art by Ralph Mcquarrie.


Artoo Detoo (R2-D2)R2D2Artoo Detoo
Several R2-D2 models were built for the original Star Wars films; one that was remote controlled and rolled on three wheeled legs, and others which were worn by English actor Kenny Baker and walked on two legs. Deep Roy (who also doubled Yoda in several scenes), served as Baker's double, in both Episodes V and VI; providing stunts and filling in when Baker was unavailable. The original props for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope were designed by John Stears and built by Stears' team and Peteric Engineering. The revised fibreglass droids used in The Empire Strikes Back were built by Tony Dyson and the White Horse Toy Company.

James Earl Jones

As a voice actor, Jones is known for his role as Darth Vader in the 1977 film Star Wars: A New Hope and its sequels The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983). Darth Vader was portrayed in costume by David Prowse in the film trilogy, with Jones dubbing Vader's dialogue in postproduction because Prowse's strong West Country accent was deemed unsuitable for the role by George Lucas. At his own request, Jones was uncredited for the original releases of the first two Star Wars films, though he later would be credited for the first film in its 1997 "Special Edition" re-release.

Changes in Star Wars re-releases

Special EditionSpecial EditionsStar Wars Special Edition
Changes in Star Wars re-releases vary from minor differences in color timing, audio mixing, and take choices to major insertions of new visual effects, additions of characters and dialogue, scene expansions, and replacement of original cast members with newer ones. Though changes were also made to the prequel trilogy, the original trilogy saw the most alteration. Dissatisfied with the original theatrical cuts of the original Star Wars film, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi, creator George Lucas altered the films in an attempt to achieve the ideal versions that he could not initially due to limitations of time, budget, and technology.


Sith LordDark Lord of the SithSith Empire
Star Wars Rebels (Sidious and Vader, both train inquisitors as Shadow Hands. The Inquisitors are killed. Maul lives but no longer considers himself a Sith and in the episode Twin Suns he is killed by Kenobi) - [Animated Series]. Star Wars: Episode IVA New Hope (Vader. Sidious lives, although he is not in the film, he is mentioned as “The Emperor”)-[Film]. Star Wars: Episode VThe Empire Strikes Back (Sidious and Vader)-[Film]. Star Wars: Episode VIReturn of the Jedi (Sidious and Vader, until Sidious is killed by Vader before he died.)-[Film]. Star Wars: Episode VII – The Force Awakens (Vader, mentioned). Star Wars: Episode VIII – The Last Jedi (Sidious and Vader, both mentioned).

Empire of Dreams

Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars TrilogyEmpire of Dreams: The Making of the Star Wars TrilogyStar Wars: Empire of Dreams
Richard Marquand (director of Return of the Jedi).

Elstree Studios (Shenley Road)

Elstree StudiosElstreeABPC Elstree Studios
The Empire Strikes Back (1980). Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984). The Great Muppet Caper (1981). Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes (1984). The Hasty Heart (1948). Ice Cold in Alex (1958). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984). Kick-Ass (2010). The King's Speech (2010). Labyrinth (1986). The Last Days on Mars (2013). Lolita (1962). Moby Dick (1956). Monty Python's The Meaning of Life (1983). Murder on the Orient Express (1974). Never Say Never Again (1983). One Million Years B.C. (1966). The Other Boleyn Girl (2006). Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Return of the Jedi (1983). Return to Oz (1985).


Lucasfilm Ltd.Lucasfilm, Ltd.Lucasfilms
Star Wars Holiday Special (1978) (as The Star Wars Corporation). Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure (1984). Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985). The Great Heep (1986). Defenders of Dynatron City (1992) (produced by DIC Entertainment in association with LucasArts). Robot Chicken: Star Wars (2007). Robot Chicken: Star Wars Episode II (2008). Robot Chicken: Star Wars Episode III (2010). Filmmaker (1968). The Making of Star Wars (1977) (produced in association with 20th Century Fox Television). SP FX: The Empire Strikes Back (1980) (produced in association with 20th Century Fox Television). The Making of "Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981). Return of the Ewok (1982).

John Williams

Johnny WilliamsJohn T. WilliamsWilliams
In 1980 Williams returned to score The Empire Strikes Back, introducing "The Imperial March" as the theme for Darth Vader and the Galactic Empire, "Yoda's Theme", and "Han Solo and the Princess". The original Star Wars trilogy concluded with the 1983 film Return of the Jedi, for which Williams's score provided most notably the "Emperor's Theme", "Parade of the Ewoks", and "Luke and Leia". Both scores earned him Academy Award nominations. Williams scored the 1976 Alfred Hitchcock film Family Plot. Williams did not much like the film, but did not want to turn down the chance to work for Hitchcock. Hitchcock merely told him to remember one thing, "Murder can be fun."

Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith

Revenge of the SithEpisode III: Revenge of the SithEpisode III – Revenge of the Sith
Lucas has directed", and equal to The Empire Strikes Back as "the richest and most challenging movie in the cycle". In a 2007 summary of the 100 Best Science-Fiction Films on Rotten Tomatoes, Revenge of the Sith was placed 51 out of 100, making it the only Star Wars prequel film to earn a rank on that list. Jonathan Rosenbaum, a critic who disliked A New Hope and The Empire Strikes Back, gave the film a positive review, saying that it had a "relatively thoughtful story".

Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation

Best Dramatic PresentationBest Dramatic Presentation, Short FormHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form
The Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation is given each year for theatrical films, television episodes, or other dramatized works related to science fiction or fantasy released in the previous calendar year. Originally the award covered both works of film and of television but since 2003, it has been split into two categories: "Best Dramatic Presentation (Long Form)" and "Best Dramatic Presentation (Short Form)". The Dramatic Presentation Awards are part of the broader Hugo Awards, which are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year.

Academy Award for Best Visual Effects

Best Visual EffectsBest Special EffectsVisual Effects
The Academy Award for Best Visual Effects is an Academy Award given for the best achievement in visual effects.

Stuart Freeborn

Star Wars. Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977, makeup supervisor and uncredited creature design supervisor). The Empire Strikes Back (1980, makeup and special creature designer). Return of the Jedi (1983, makeup designer and creature design). Superman. Superman (1978, creative supervisor of makeup & special visuals). Superman II (1980, makeup artist). Superman III (1983, makeup artist). Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987, makeup supervisor).

20th Century Fox

Twentieth Century Fox20th Century-FoxFox
George Lucas insisted the CinemaScope version be used in Star Wars (1977). John Williams composed the film's opening theme in the same key as the fanfare (B major), serving as an extension to it of sorts. In 1980, Williams conducted a new version of the extended fanfare for The Empire Strikes Back. On March 6, 1981, Longo repainted and updated the logo design. The Fox fanfare was also re-orchestrated in 1981.

Death Star

Starkiller Basesecond Death Stara new Death Star
The first Death Star's schematics are visible in the scenes on Geonosis in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones showcasing the early development of the Death Star prototype. The Death Star plans were designed by Geonosians led by Archduke Poggle the Lesser, a member of the Confederacy of Independent Systems, and is shown early in construction at the end of Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith. The Death Star plans are a central plot-point in the 2016 film Rogue One and the original 1977 film Star Wars: Episode IVA New Hope.

Billy Dee Williams

the actor
Williams portrayed Lando Calrissian in The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983). Between the latter two films, he starred alongside Sylvester Stallone as a cop in the thriller Nighthawks (1981). The charm of his role as Lando Calrissian proved to be popular with audiences. Williams has voiced the character in the 2002 video game Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast, the audio dramatization of Dark Empire, the National Public Radio adaptation of The Empire Strikes Back, two productions for the Star Wars: Battlefront series, The Lego Movie, and in two episodes of the animated TV series Star Wars Rebels.

Kenny Baker (English actor)

Kenny Baker Kenny Baker
While working with Purvis and the Minitones, Baker was selected by George Lucas to operate the robot ("droid") R2-D2 in the fantasy feature film Star Wars, released in 1977. Baker recalled that he initially turned down the role, concerned about breaking up the Minitones partnership when the duo had reached the final on the British television talent show Opportunity Knocks. Baker appears as R2-D2 in six of the episodic theatrical Star Wars films, and played an additional role in 1983's Return of the Jedi as Paploo, the Ewok who steals an Imperial speeder bike. He was originally due to play Wicket, but he fell ill and that role was handed over to Warwick Davis.

Star Wars prequel trilogy

prequel trilogyStar Wars'' prequel trilogyStar Wars'' prequels
The Star Wars film cycle features a similar Christian narrative involving Anakin Skywalker; he is the "Chosen One"—the individual prophesied to bring balance to the Force—who was conceived of a virgin birth. However, unlike Jesus, Anakin falls from grace and seemingly fails to fulfill his destiny (until the prophecy comes true in Return of the Jedi). The saga draws heavily from the hero's journey, an archetypical template developed by comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell. Political science has been an important element of Star Wars since the franchise launched in 1977, focusing on a struggle between democracy and dictatorship.

Vincent Canby

Canby, Vincent
On the other hand, Canby was also highly critical of some otherwise acclaimed films, such as Rocky, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi, Night of the Living Dead, After Hours, Blazing Saddles, A Christmas Story, Witness, Mask, The Natural, Rain Man, The Exorcist, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Deliverance, The Godfather Part II, Alien and The Thing. Among the best-known texts written by Canby was an extremely negative review of the movie Heaven's Gate by Michael Cimino. In the early 1990s, Canby switched his attention from film to theatre; he was named the chief theatre critic in 1994.