Entrepreneurship. List of business incubators. Science park. Startup. Venture capital. Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India. RapidRadio Solutions Pvt.Ltd.

Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley, CaliforniaSan JoseValley
The word "silicon" in the name originally referred to the large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers in the region, but the area is now the home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of 39 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies. Silicon Valley also accounts for one-third of all of the venture capital investment in the United States, which has helped it to become a leading hub and startup ecosystem for high-tech innovation and scientific development. It was in the Valley that the silicon-based integrated circuit, the microprocessor, and the microcomputer, among other key technologies, were developed.

Capital (economics)

capitalcapital flowsinvestment capital
Venture capital. Wealth (economics). 1) Capital is man made it is not free gift of nature. 2) Capital is productive. 3) Capital is an elastic factor of production. 4) Capital is compulsory factor of production. 5) All wealth is not capital but all capital is wealth.

Valuation (finance)

valuationinvestment analysisvaluations
These adjustments would consider The financial statements here are similarly recast, including adjustments to working capital, deferred capital expenditures, cost of goods sold, Non-recurring professional fees and costs, and certain non-operating income/expense items Startup companies such as Uber, which was valued at $50 billion in early 2015, are assigned post-money valuations based on the price at which their most recent investor put money into the company. The price reflects what investors, for the most part venture capital firms, are willing to pay for a share of the firm.

Venture round

Series BSeries Cseries B round
A venture round is a type of funding round used for venture capital financing, by which startup companies obtain investment, generally from venture capitalists and other institutional investors. The availability of venture funding is among the primary stimuli for the development of new companies and technologies. Venture investors obtain special privileges that are not granted to holders of common stock. These are embodied in the various transaction documents. Common rights include: Venture capital financing rounds typically have names relating to the class of stock being sold: Founders or stakeholders. Introduce companies to investors.

Deep tech

Deep tech is sometimes contrasted with "shallow tech", a term that refers to tech startups that are built mainly upon business model innovation or transferring a business model based on existing technology from a non-digital one to a digital one, which tend to be easier for competitors to replicate. Examples include basic mobile apps, websites, and e-commerce services. The term deep tech was coined in 2014 by Swati Chaturvedi, founder of Propel(x), the first deep tech angel investing platform. Deep tech startups and funding have grown rapidly in the 2010s, particularly in Europe, where funding in 2017 reached around €3 billion across 600 deals. * Venture capital


Didi ChuxingDidi TaxiDidi Kuaidi
Cheng Wei, one of the founders of Didi Dache, has been the CEO of Didi Chuxing since the 2015 merge between Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache. Cheng Wei worked in Alibaba Group for eight years before he set foot in entrepreneurship. In Alibaba, he spent his first six years in the sales of B2B business line and two years in Alipay service. After the acquisition of Uber China, he joined Uber's board of directors. Cheng Wei holds a BA from Beijing University of Chemical Technology. Jean Liu(柳青) is the current president of Didi Chuxing. Jean joined in DiDi in July 2014 from her previous position as managing director in Goldman Sachs Asia for 12 years.

Lean startup

leanpivoteffectively develop and validate
After Ries later co-founded IMVU Inc., IMVU investor Steve Blank insisted that IMVU executives audit Blank's class on entrepreneurship at UC Berkeley. Ries applied Blank's customer development methodology and integrated it with ideas from lean software development and elsewhere to form the lean startup methodology. Ben Horowitz, the co-founder of venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz, wrote an article in 2010 criticizing the lean startup method for over-emphasizing "running lean" (constantly cutting and reducing non-essential parts of the company to save time and money).

Series A round

Series ASeries A fundingSeries A financing
A series A round is the name typically given to a company's first significant round of venture capital financing. The name refers to the class of preferred stock sold to investors in exchange for their investment. It is usually the first series of stock after the common stock and common stock options issued to company founders, employees, friends and family and angel investors. In America, Series A preferred stock is the first round of stock offered during the seed or early stage round by a portfolio company to the venture capital investor. Series A preferred stock is often convertible into common stock in certain cases such as an Initial public offering (IPO) or the sale of the company.

Dot-com bubble

dot-com boomdot-com bustdot-com crash
Webvan – An online grocer that promised delivery within 30 minutes; it went bankrupt in 2001 after $396 million of venture capital funding and an IPO that raised $375 million and was folded into Yahoo! – A company that, under the leadership of Timothy Koogle, Jerry Yang, and David Filo acquired several companies for billions of dollars in stock, only to shut them down a few years later.

Initial public offering

IPOwent publicpublic
Venture capital. Hu, Bei and Vannucci, Cecile. Published 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2011-09-21. Published 2006-09-29. Accessed 2011-09-21.

Revenue-based financing

Most banks will therefore require a guarantee from the founders of a business that, in the event of default, the bank can pursue their personal assets.

Platform cooperative

platform cooperativism
Shortly thereafter, journalist Nathan Schneider published an article, "Owning Is the New Sharing", which documented a variety of projects using cooperative models for digitally mediated commerce, as well as online, distributed funding-models which hoped to replace the venture-capital model predominant in the technology sector.

Credit card

credit cardscreditcredit-card
The concept of customers paying different merchants using the same card was expanded in 1950 by Ralph Schneider and Frank McNamara, founders of Diners Club, to consolidate multiple cards. The Diners Club, which was created partially through a merger with Dine and Sign, produced the first "general purpose" charge card and required the entire bill to be paid with each statement. That was followed by Carte Blanche and in 1958 by American Express which created a worldwide credit card network (although these were initially charge cards that later acquired credit card features).

Social entrepreneurship

social entrepreneursocial entrepreneursAshoka Fellow
Another notable British social entrepreneur is Andrew Mawson OBE, who was given a peerage in 2007 because of his urban regeneration work including the Bromley by Bow Centre in East London. Although the terms are relatively new, social entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurship may be found throughout history. A list of a few noteworthy people whose work exemplifies the modern definition of "social entrepreneurship" includes Florence Nightingale, founder of the first nursing school and developer of modern nursing practices; Robert Owen, founder of the cooperative movement; and Vinoba Bhave, founder of India's Land Gift Movement.

Disruptive innovation

disruptive technologydisruptive technologiesdisruption
Disruptive innovations tend to be produced by outsiders and entrepreneurs in startups, rather than existing market-leading companies. The business environment of market leaders does not allow them to pursue disruptive innovations when they first arise, because they are not profitable enough at first and because their development can take scarce resources away from sustaining innovations (which are needed to compete against current competition).


Sources of funding include credit, venture capital, donations, grants, savings, subsidies, and taxes. Fundings such as donations, subsidies, and grants that have no direct requirement for return of investment are described as "soft funding" or "crowdfunding". Funding that facilitates the exchange of equity ownership in a company for capital investment via an online funding portal as per the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (alternately, the "JOBS Act of 2012") (U.S.) is known as equity crowdfunding. Funds can be allocated for either short-term or long-term purposes. In economics funds are injected into the market as capital by lenders and taken as loans by borrowers.

Sequoia Capital

SequoiaSequoia Capital ChinaSequoia China
In 2006, Sequoia Capital acquired Westbridge Capital Partners, an Indian venture capital firm. It later was renamed Sequoia Capital India. CB Insights recognized Sequoia Capital as the number one venture capital firm in 2013. The U.S. firm had 11 partners as of 2016. In 2015, Sequoia drew criticism after Moritz responded to questions about why the U.S. firm had never had a female investing partner by saying Sequoia was looking for women to hire, but "[w]hat we’re not prepared to do is to lower our standards."


Tech CrunchCrunchBaseTechCrunch 50
TechCrunch Disrupt hosts an event called Startup Battlefield at its conferences where startups sign up to pitch their business ideas on a stage in front of venture capital investors, media and other interested parties for prize money and publicity. Past participants include Dropbox, Beam, Vurb, Trello, Mint, Yammer, and From 2007 to 2015, TechCrunch operated Crunchbase, a database of the startup ecosystem, consisting of investors, incubators, start-ups, key people, funds, funding rounds and events. The company claims to have more than 50,000 active contributors on its platform.

Venture debt

As a complement to equity financing, venture debt provides growth capital to extend the cash runway of a startup company to achieve the next milestone while minimizing equity dilution for both employees and investors. Venture debt is typically structured as one of three types: Venture lenders frequently piggyback on the due diligence done by the venture capital firm. While there are over 100 active venture debt providers, they are typically classified into two categories: 1. Commercial banks with venture-lending arms. These banks typically accept deposits from the startup companies, and offer venture debt to complement their overall service offerings.

Female entrepreneurs

female entrepreneurwomen entrepreneurswomen entrepreneur
by schools, colleges and universities; and financing (e.g., bank loans, venture capital financing, angel investing, and government and private foundation grants).


Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
For several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of business founders. In 2015 Berlin generated the most venture capital for young startup companies in Europe. Among the 10 largest employers in Berlin are the City-State of Berlin, Deutsche Bahn, the hospital provider Charité and Vivantes, the Federal Government of Germany, the local public transport provider BVG, Siemens and Deutsche Telekom. The two largest banks headquartered in the capital are Investitionsbank Berlin and Landesbank Berlin. Daimler manufactures cars, and BMW builds motorcycles in Berlin. Bayer Health Care and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city.

Dragons' Den

Die Höhle der LöwenDragons DenCanadian version of ''Dragons' Den
Ivan Pilny - former GM of Microsoft in Czech Republic, Chairman of the Board of Czech Telecom and entrepreneur (1st & 3rd series). Marta Novakova - founder and CEO of U&SLUNO software company (1st, 2nd & 3rd series). Ondrej Bartos - serial entrepreneur, consultant and venture capitalist, Partner with Credo Ventures (1st & 2nd series). Dana Berova - former minister of informatics, entrepreneur and Business Development Director of Gartner (1st, 2nd & 3rd series). Tomio Okamura - Czech-Japanese entrepreneur in travel and retail, he brings Japanese tourists to the Czech Republic and sells Japanese products to Czechs (1st, 2nd & 3rd series).

Swiss Founders Fund

Swiss Founders Fund (SFF) is a Swiss venture capital firm, headquartered in St. Gallen. The firm invests in seed & early stage ventures globally and incubates own startups. The portfolio of Swiss Founders Fund includes ventures in Asia and Europe. The fund was established by Christian Mischler and Patrick Degen in October 2013 and incorporated as Aktiengesellschaft in Switzerland. Both founding partners still serve on the board of Swiss Founders Fund and are managing its investments. Christian Mischler is co-founder of HotelQuickly and was previously co-founder of Rocket Internet's Foodpanda; Patrick Degen is co-founder and CEO of Swiss publishing house Mindprep Verlag AG.

Venture resources

venture resource
This can be more advantageous since it typically does not require the champion to relinquish too much control or ownership and may leave more ownership for the entrepreneur in later rounds of funding.