supermarketssupermarket chainGrocery Store
Supermarkets proliferated across Canada and the United States with the growth of automobile ownership and suburban development after World War II. Most North American supermarkets are located in suburban strip shopping centers as an anchor store along. They are generally regional rather than national in their company branding. Kroger is perhaps the most nationally oriented supermarket chain in the United States but it has preserved most of its regional brands, including Ralphs, City Market, King Soopers, Fry's, Smith's, and QFC.

Grocery store

List of hypermarkets. List of online grocers. List of supermarket chains. List of superstores. Self-service. Vegetable box scheme.

Department store

department storesdepartment-storedepartment
It was the largest suburban shopping center in the world, and quickly became the main shopping destination for northern and western Detroit, and for much of the suburbs. By 1961 the downtown skyscraper accounted for only half of Hudson's sales; it closed in 1983. The Northland Center Hudson's, rebranded Macy's in 2006 following acquisition by Federated Department Stores, was closed along with the remaining stores in the center in March 2015 due to the center's high storefront vacancy, decaying infrastructure, and financial mismanagement. In 1969 Hudson's merged with the Dayton's to create Dayton-Hudson Corporation headquartered in Minneapolis.

Shopping mall

shopping centreshopping centermall
The suburban shopping center concept evolved further in the United States after World War II. Bellevue Shopping Square (now known as Bellevue Square) opened in 1946 in Bellevue, Washington, a suburb of Seattle. Town & Country Village also opened in 1946 in Sacramento, California. Then came the Broadway-Crenshaw Center (known today as the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza), which was dedicated, in the Crenshaw district of Los Angeles on November 10, 1947 as the first major shopping mall on the West Coast. Three more suburban shopping centers were completed in 1949.

College Town, Berkshire

College Town
College Town is a village in Berkshire, England, and a suburb of Sandhurst. The settlement lies north of the A321 road and is approximately 0.5 mi west of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. College Town is home to a large and well-known out-of-town mercantile development, "The Meadows", which was built in 1988. It comprises a large Tesco Extra hypermarket and a Marks & Spencer, two of the largest in the country. There is also a branch of Waitrose at 390-398 Yorktown Road. It has a sales area of 18,795 sq ft and opened in 2007. The store occupies the premises of a former Safeway store, which was originally opened in 1985.

Shun Fat Supermarket

Its first store was opened in the Chinese American suburban community of Monterey Park, California. Despite some amusement in the English-speaking press, the name "Shun Fat" actually means "prosperity" in Chinese. The Asian supermarket chain that sells imported grocery items from Asia - particularly Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam - and also a few mainstream American brands as well. Its locations tend to be in newer suburban Chinatowns as well as in developing ethnic Vietnamese American commercial districts. Selection at each location may differ depending on the community.

SuperValu (United States)

SuperValuSuperValu Inc.flavorite
The company, headquartered in the Minneapolis suburb of Eden Prairie, Minnesota, has been in business for nearly a century. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Providence, Rhode Island based United Natural Foods. It is the fifth-largest food retailing company in the United States (after Kroger and Albertsons), and ranks in the top 200 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list. Supermarket News ranked SuperValu #1 in the 2008 "Top Wholesalers for 2008". On March 14, 2018 Supervalu announced it would be closing 21 of its 38 Farm Fresh locations, selling 18 to Kroger and 3 to Food Lion. On June 2, 2006, Boise, Idaho-based Albertsons, Inc. sold 1,124 of its stores to SuperValu.

Azbuka Vkusa

In 2014, after lengthy negotiations, the company acquired a suburban estate sales network, operating under the brand "Spar" This compromised 5 hypermarkets and 3 supermarkets a total storage surface area of about 10 000 m ² and production area of about 6 000 m ². The value of the acquired network is estimated at $85–105 million, and the size of the transaction was about half the amount. Azbuka Vkusa has expanded steadily since 1997, balancing external acquisitions and internal growth.

Urban area

Urbanurban agglomerationagglomeration
Many Americans live in agglomerations of cities, suburbs, and towns that are adjacent to a metropolitan area's largest city. The concept of Urbanized Areas as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau is often used as a more accurate gauge of the size of a city, since in different cities and states the lines between city borders and the urbanized area of that city are often not the same.

Te Aro

Te Aro School
Mount Victoria, the suburb on the western slope of the hill of the same name, is divided from Te Aro by the twin roads of Kent Terrace and Cambridge Terrace. The land for these roads was initially planned to be a channel into an inner harbour at the Basin Reserve. The plans were dropped when the 1855 earthquake lifted the land by several metres. Oriental Bay is the capital's inner-city beach suburb, accessible from Te Aro via Oriental Parade to the northeast.

Ultimo, New South Wales

UltimoUltimo, Sydney
Central railway station is at the southern border of the suburb, on the opposite side of Broadway. The Dulwich Hill Line of Sydney's light rail network has stations at the eastern edge of the suburb, where Ultimo borders Darling Harbour. Many buses travel along Broadway. A distinctive landmark in Ultimo is the former railway viaduct that now carries the light rail through Wentworth Park. The viaduct was built in 1922 and consists primarily of twenty-three brick arches. It is considered "an outstanding example of engineering brickwork" and is listed on the Register of the National Estate.


citiesUrbanCivil (City)
The prospect of expanding, communicating, and increasingly interdependent world cities has given rise to images such as Nylonkong (NY, London, Hong Kong) and visions of a single world-encompassing ecumenopolis. • Bibliography of suburbs • Ekistics • Ghost town • List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities • Lists of cities • Lost city • Nation • Principles of intelligent urbanism • Primate city • Urban sociology • Free city (antiquity) Bibliography * Grava, Sigurd (2003). Urban Transportation Systems: Choices for Communities. McGraw Hill, e-book.


Carrefour S.A.Carrefour MarketCarrefour Group S.A.
;Jordan Carrefour is very popular in Jordan, with tens of locations dotting the capital and the suburbs; the largest and most frequented would be Carrefour: City Mall in the suburb of Dabuk. Another multi-story complex is about to open near the Sixth Circle. Carrefour Express are smaller sized stores that operate inside smaller shopping areas, best known is Carrefour Express: Swéfiéh Avenue, inside the Avenue Mall in ''Swéfiéh. '' ;Kuwait In March 2007, Carrefour opened a store in Kuwait in the Avenues mall. ;Lebanon On 4 April 2013, Majid al Futtaim inaugurated a Carrefour hypermarket at their City Centre Beirut mall, in the Hazmiyeh suburb of Beirut.


Suburbs. Unincorporated community.


MetrolandsuburbsJohn Betjeman
No wonder, when war came, that so many of these suburban prisoners felt a sense of release." By the end of the Second World War architects in general were turning their backs on suburbia; the very word tended to be used pejoratively, even contemptuously. In 1951 Michael Young, one of the architects of the Labour Party's electoral victory in 1945, observed that "one suburb is much like another in an atomised society. Rarely does community flourish", while the American Lewis Mumford, wrote in the New Yorker in 1953 that "monotony and suburbanism" were the result of the "unimaginative" design of Britain's post-war New Towns. When the editor of the Architectural Review, J. M.

Hampstead Garden Suburb

Hampstead GardensHampstead Gardengarden suburb
However, with no industry, no public houses and few shops or services, the suburb, unlike the garden cities, made no attempt to be self-contained. In the 1930s the "Suburb" (as it is known by locals) expanded to the north of the A1. While more characterful than most other suburban housing, some of the housing to the north is considered, overall, of less architectural value. On Central Square, laid out by Sir Edwin Lutyens, there are two large churches, St. Jude's Church and The Free Church, as well as a Quaker Meeting House. There are two mixed state primary schools in the Suburb, Garden Suburb and Brookland. There is also a state girls' grammar school, Henrietta Barnett School.

Streetcar suburb

streetcar suburbsrailroad suburbtrolley car suburb
Horsecar suburbs emanated from the city center towards the more distant railroad suburbs. For the first time, transportation began to separate social and economic classes in cities, as the working and middle class continued to live in areas closer to the city center, while the rich could afford to live further out. The introduction of the electrical streetcar in Richmond, Virginia in 1887 by Frank J. Sprague marked the start of a new era of transportation-influenced suburbanization through the birth of the "streetcar suburb".

Mesa, Arizona

MesaMesa, AZArizona (Mesa)
It is a suburb located about 20 mi east of Phoenix. Mesa is the central city of the East Valley section of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. It is bordered by Tempe on the west, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler and Gilbert on the south along with Queen Creek, and Apache Junction on the east. Mesa is the third-largest city in Arizona, after Phoenix and Tucson, and the 36th-largest city in the US. The city is home to 439,041 people as of 2010 according to the Census Bureau. Mesa is home to numerous higher education facilities including the Polytechnic campus of Arizona State University.

Suburbs and localities (Australia)

localitysuburbbounded rural locality
Sometimes, both localities and suburbs are referred to collectively as "address localities". The Australian Bureau of Statistics formerly used statistical divisions which it called "urban centres and localities", but these were different from address localities. Since 2016, it has only used "state suburbs", which correspond with the official localities and suburbs.

Levittown, New York

LevittownLong IslandNew York
Levittown was the first truly mass-produced suburb and is widely regarded as the archetype for postwar suburbs throughout the country. William Levitt, who assumed control of Levitt & Sons in 1954, is considered the father of modern suburbia in the United States. February 12, 1664. Jerusalem Purchase between John Seaman and Takapausha of the Massapequan Indians whereupon the English were granted rights to settle in on lands that now comprise southern and easternmost Levittown (south of Hempstead Tpke.), northern and eastern Wantagh, and most of Seaford.

Green belt

greenbeltgreen spacegreen wedge
By a big project, the green belt of Tehran increased from 29 square kilometres in 1979 to 530 square kilometres in 2017 and the number of parks also increased from 75 in 1979 to 2,211 in 2017 in total urban and suburb areas. Such actions and afforestation increased the humidity level and precipitation chance in the city which cools the summer's temperatures down by up to 4 °C.


suburbanisationthe growth of the suburbssuburban
Throughout the years, the desire to separate work life and home life has increased, causing an increase in suburban populations. Suburbs are built for particular groups of people and around certain industries like restaurants, shopping, and entertainment which allows suburban residents to travel less and interact more in the suburban area. Suburbs in the United States have also evolved by increases in technology, which allows residents to work from home rather than commute.

United States

Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments. In 1959 Hawaii became the 50th and last U.S. state added to the country. The growing Civil Rights Movement used nonviolence to confront segregation and discrimination, with Martin Luther King Jr. becoming a prominent leader and figurehead. A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of 1968, sought to end racial discrimination. Meanwhile, a counterculture movement grew which was fueled by opposition to the Vietnam war, black nationalism, and the sexual revolution.

Fred Meyer

Fred Meyer, Inc.Fred Meyer Stores
., is a chain of hypermarket superstores founded in 1922 in Portland, Oregon, by Fred G. Meyer. The stores are located in the western U.S. states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska. The company merged with Kroger in 1999, though the stores are still branded Fred Meyer. The chain was one of first in the United States to promote one-stop shopping, eventually combining a complete grocery supermarket with a drugstore, bank, clothing, fine jewelry, home decor, home improvement, garden, electronics, restaurant, shoes, sporting goods, and toys.


The Kroger CompanyKroger CompanyThe Kroger Co.
Two more stores opened in the Cincinnati area, in the Northern Kentucky suburbs of Hebron and Walton which were completed in November 2008. Three Kroger Marketplace stores in Kentucky opened in 2009, two in Lexington and one in Newport. Another Marketplace opened in Beavercreek, Ohio. A Mount Orab, Ohio, store opened in the spring of 2010. Kroger opened a new 60,000 sqft store in North Augusta, South Carolina. In 2015, a 145,000 square foot Marketplace was opened in the Cincinnati suburb of Oakley. The first Kroger Marketplace store in Texas opened on October 9, 2009, in the Waterside Marketplace in Richmond, Texas.