United States

Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States (2028 Summer Olympics will mark the ninth time)., the United States has won 2,522 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other country, and 305 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second most behind Norway. While most major U.S. sports such as baseball and American football have evolved out of European practices, basketball, volleyball, skateboarding, and snowboarding are American inventions, some of which have become popular worldwide. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact. The most watched individual sports are golf and auto racing, particularly NASCAR.


Seoul, South KoreaSeoul, KoreaHanseong
Taekwondo is South Korea's national sport and Seoul is the location of the Kukkiwon, the world headquarters of taekwondo, as well as the World Taekwondo Federation. Seoul's most well-known football club is FC Seoul. *Doosan Handball Club, SK Sugar Gliders and Seoul City Seoul has a well developed transportation network. Its system dates back to the era of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed. Seoul's most important streetcar line ran along Jongno until it was replaced by Line 1 of the subway system in the early 1970s.

Martial arts

martial artistmartial artmartial artists
Competitions held by World Taekwondo requires the use of Headgear and padded vest, but are full contact in the sense that full force is applied to strikes to the head and body, and win by knockout is possible. Martial arts have crossed over into sports when forms of sparring become competitive, becoming a sport in its own right that is dissociated from the original combative origin, such as with western fencing. The Summer Olympic Games includes judo, taekwondo, western archery, boxing, javelin, wrestling and fencing as events, while Chinese wushu recently failed in its bid to be included, but is still actively performed in tournaments across the world.

International Taekwon-Do Federation

ITFInternational Taekwondo FederationEui-Am
However, this does not mean a student cannot defend themselves against aggression directed towards themselves as that would defeat some of the purpose of Taekwondo, an art of unarmed self-defence. There are five tenets defined in the ITF. After the South Korean Government abandoned the ITF, the government established the World Taekwondo Federation to continue the mission of taekwondo's globalization. Once General Choi Hong Hi was exiled out of South Korea, he established the new headquarters of the ITF in Vienna, Austria and the organization settled there.


KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
The two major Taekwon-Do federations were founded in Korea. The two are the International Taekwon-Do Federation and the World Taekwondo Federation. Hapkido is a modern Korean martial art with a grappling focus that employs joint locks, throws, kicks, punches and other striking attacks like attacks against pressure points. Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, non-resisting movements and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to employ leverage, avoiding the pure use of strength against strength.


World Taekwondo Headquarters
Kukkiwon, also known as World Taekwondo Headquarters, and home of the World Taekwondo Academy, is where the official taekwondo governing organisation was established by the South Korean government. It is supervised by the International Sports Division of the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism. Kukkiwon is based at 635 Yeoksam-dong in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. Construction of the main building commenced on 19 November 1971, and was completed on 30 November 1972, with the organization being officially named on 6 February 1973. The main building accommodates up to 3,000 people for events.


List of Korea-related topics. Kata. Karate kata. Taeguk (Taekwondo).

Summer Olympic Games

Summer OlympicsOlympicOlympic Games
The other countries that have hosted the Summer Olympics are Belgium, Brazil, China, Canada, Finland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Soviet Union, and Sweden; each of these countries has hosted the Summer Games on just one occasion. Asia has hosted the Summer Olympics three times, in Tokyo, Japan (1964), Seoul, South Korea (1988), and Beijing, China (2008); Asia will host the Games for the fourth time in 2020 when Tokyo again becomes host city. Historically, the Summer Olympics has been held predominantly in English-speaking countries and European nations.

Kyongwon Ahn

Ahn, KyongwonGrand Master Kyongwon Ahn
National Team at the 1st Taekwondo Demonstration at the Olympic Games in Seoul, South Korea. 1989 to 1992 – Chairman of the Law & Legislation Committee of the World Taekwondo Federation. 1990 – Certified as an International Referee by the World Taekwondo Federation. 1990 – Promoted to 9th Dan by the World Taekwondo Federation / Kukkiwon. 1992 – Team Leader for the U.S.

Global Association of International Sports Federations

SportAccordGeneral Association of International Sports FederationsGAISF
Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF; previously SportAccord) is the umbrella organisation for all (Olympic and non-Olympic) international sports federations as well as organisers of multi-sports games and sport-related international associations. GAISF is an international sport organisation with 95 full members (international sports federations governing specific sports worldwide) and 20 associate members (organisations which conduct activities closely related to the international sports federations).

Sang Kee Paik

Paik, Sang Kee
The World Taekwondo Federation. Taekwondo Hall of Fame. USA Taekwondo. Taekwondo Pioneers.

World Taekwondo Grand Prix

Grand Prix Series
The WTF World Taekwondo Grand Prix is a taekwondo competition introduced by the World Taekwondo Federation in 2013 to provide a homogeneous system for qualification to the Olympic taekwondo tournament. It comprises four competitions per year in each event. All-time medal count as 2018 World Taekwondo Grand Prix, Stage 3, Taoyuan The table shows those who have won at least three gold medals. As of Rome 2019 ;Men ;Women * Official website * World Taekwondo Federation World Taekwondo Championships. World Cup Taekwondo Team Championships.

World Taekwondo Championships

World ChampionshipsWorld ChampionshipTaekwondo World Championships
The World Taekwondo Championship is held every two years by World Taekwondo. All-time medal count as 2019 World Taekwondo Championships. The table shows those who have won at least three gold medals. ;Men ;Women * World Taekwondo Federation World Cup Taekwondo Team Championships. World Taekwondo Junior Championships.

Amateur Athletic Union

AAUAAU basketballAmateur Athletic Union (AAU)
Virgin Islands) The following people served as President of the Amateur Athletic Union. * AAU Junior Olympic Games. Aerobics. Athletics. Badminton. Baseball. Basketball. Baton twirling. Beach volleyball. Bowling. Cheerleading. Dance. Football. Futsal. Flag football. Freestyle judo. Golf. Gymnastics. Hockey. Jump rope. Lacrosse. Olympic weightlifting. Pickleball. Powerlifting. Soccer. Softball. Surfing. Swimming and Diving. Table tennis. Taekwondo. Track and field. Trampoline and Tumbling. Volleyball. Water polo. Wrestling.

Olympic Games

By 2016, the Olympic Games will have been hosted by 44 cities in 23 countries. Since the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, the Olympics have been held in Asia or Oceania four times, a sharp increase compared to the previous 92 years of modern Olympic history. The 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro were the first Olympics for a South American country. No bids from countries in Africa have succeeded. The United States hosted four Summer Games, more than any other nation. The British capital London holds the distinction of hosting three Olympic Games, all Summer, more than any other city. The other nations hosting the Summer Games at least twice are Germany, Australia, France and Greece.

Asian Games

South Korea renounced its plan to host the 1970 Asian Games on the grounds of a national security crisis; the main reason was due to a financial crisis. The previous host, Thailand, would host the Games in Bangkok using funds transferred from South Korea. Japan declined the opportunity to host was asked to host; they were already committed to Expo '70 in Osaka. This edition marked the Games' inaugural television broadcasting, world-wide. In Tehran, in 1974, the Games formally recognized the participation of China, North Korea and Mongolia.


World University GamesSummer UniversiadeWinter Universiade
At the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a "University Olympic Games". After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean was convinced not to use the word "Olympic" in the tournament's name. Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE), was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the 1923 International Universities Championships. This was followed by the renamed 1924 Summer Student World Championships a year later and two further editions were held in 1927 and 1928. Another name change resulted in the 1930 International University Games.

European Taekwondo Union

After being considered only a demonstration sports event twice - in Seoul 1988 and Barcelona 1992 - the WTF style (Olympic Style Taekwondo) - was incorporated as a full Olympic discipline in Sydney in 2000. Members of the European Taekwondo Union (WTF Style) uses the Hyung#Poomsae style of teaching Taekwondo. Advancing through the belts is done by a system of gradings. Gradings are typically held in 3 month cycles at regional training centres. Grading systems will typically consist of line work, patterns, theory, and sparring. Students can typically advance through the belts at a rate of 1 Kup every 3 months.

Asian Taekwondo Union

The Asian Taekwondo Union is the official governing body for Taekwondo in Asia as a regional organisation of World Taekwondo. *

Tang Soo Do

TangSooDoHwa Soo DoT'ang Soo Do
Because of the close historical relationship between Tang Soo Do and Taekwondo, many of the powerful rear leg and spinning kick techniques seen in both International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) and World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) Taekwondo matches are commonplace in traditional Tang Soo Do competitions. The main difference is that they are not delivered with full contact to the head in Tang Soo Do. Tang Soo Do sparring is a contact event. Though often billed as "light" or "no-contact," the typical level of contact is moderate, being controlled to both the body and head (in dan divisions).

Taekwondo at the 2000 Summer Olympics

Taekwondo20002000 Summer Olympics
Taekwondo was contested as an official sport at the Olympic Games for the first time at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. It had previously been a demonstration sport in 1988 and 1992. Medals were awarded in four weight classes each for men and women. Tran Hieu Ngan became the first Vietnamese Olympic medalist in this competition. ;Men ;Women A total of 103 taekwondo jins from 51 nations competed at the Sydney Games: * Bronze medalist Chi Shu-Ju, Hamide Bıkçın Tosun, Hadi Saei and Pascal Gentil complained to the media about what they perceived as biased refereeing which made them lose their possible gold medal.


FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The national martial art and sport of the country is Arnis, Eskrima or Kali in some regions The Philippines has participated in the Summer Olympic Games since 1924 and was the first country in Southeast Asia to compete and win a medal. The country had competed in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except when they participated in the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics. The Philippines is also the first tropical nation to compete at the Winter Olympic Games debuting in the 1972 edition. Traditional Philippine games such as luksung baka, patintero, piko, and tumbang preso are still played primarily as children's games among the youth.

Choi Hong Hi

General Choi Hong HiH. H. ChoiChoi Hong-hui
ITF taekwondo organizations credits Choi with starting the spread of taekwondo internationally by stationing Korean taekwondo instructors around the world, and have consistently claimed that ITF-style taekwondo is the only authentic style of taekwondo, most notably in early sections of its textbooks. He was also the author of the first English taekwondo syllabus book, Taekwon-Do, published by Daeha Publication Company in 1965. In 1972, Choi went into exile in Canada after the South Korean government objected to his introduction of the sport into North Korea, and the South Korea government formed the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) in 1973 (renamed to WT in 2018).

Rhee Taekwon-Do

Rhee Chong HyupChristopher Nasiłowski
Several Australian martial art school founders received their foundational taekwondo training in Rhee's school. Rhee Taekwon-Do is an independent martial art organisation. It was once affiliated to the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), but has had no relation to the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF). Chong Chul Rhee, 8th dan, is the founder and head of Rhee Taekwon-Do. He holds the title 'World Master' and claims the title 'Father of Australian Taekwondo.' Rhee is one of the twelve original masters of taekwondo selected from the South Korean military to develop taekwondo under Choi Hong Hi in the Korea Taekwon-Do Association (KTA).

Association of Summer Olympic International Federations

ASOIFInternational Summer Sport Federation
In 2015, the Organising Committee for the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 had proposed five new sports in response to the new flexibility provided by Olympic Agenda 2020, the IOC’s strategic roadmap for the future of the Olympic Movement. Olympic Agenda 2020 gives host cities the option of suggesting new sports and events for inclusion in their edition of the Games. Karate, skateboarding, sports climbing, surfing and baseball/softball will be added to the Olympic Programme in Tokyo 2020. ASOIF has amended its statutes to enable IFs “governing sports included within the events programme for a specific edition of the Summer Olympic Games” to become “Associate Members”.