Lee Seung-min

In 2006, she taught taekwondo in Maryland. * World Taekwondo Federation *

Philippine Taekwondo Association

The Philippine Taekwondo Association (PTA) is the national governing body for taekwondo in the Philippines. The sports body is a member of the World Taekwondo Federation and Philippine Olympic Committee. It was established in the mid-1970s. * Taekwondo in the Philippines * Official website. Philippine Taekwondo Association profile at the Philippine Olympic Committee website. Philippine Taekwondo Association profile at the World Taekwondo Federation website.

Yang Shu-chun

In December 2010, Yang was banned by the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) from participating any international Taekwondo competitions for three months, her coach Liu Tsung-ta was suspended for 20 months and the Chinese Taipei Taekwondo Federation was fined $50,000. The Sports Affairs Council of Taiwan filed an appeal with the Court of Arbitration for Sports based in Lausanne. After her suspension, in May 2011, Yang competed at the 2011 World Taekwondo Championships held in Gyeongju, South Korea, and won a silver medal in the –49 kg category losing to China's Wu Jingyu 6–2 in the final. In July 2011, Yang withdrew the appeal over her disqualification.

Taekwondo Life Magazine

Taekwondo Life Magazine is a magazine devoted to the martial art of taekwondo, and is published in the United States of America. It was founded in 2016 by US Olympic Taekwondo coach and Grandmaster Yeon Hwan Park. The magazine appears in print and digital in 144 countries around the world. It features stories, largely from the world of Taekwondo, and receives written contributions from the Kukkiwon, World Taekwondo Headquarters, USA Taekwondo, and World Taekwondo. In 2019 the magazine added a weekly interview podcast hosted by Marc Zirogiannis, the author of The Suffering of Innocents, and the Chief Editor and contributor to Taekwondo Life's print magazine. *

Sports in Somalia

SomaliaSport in Somalia
In the martial arts, the national taekwondo team is controlled by the Somali Karate and Taekwondo Federation. The governing body has been affiliated with the World Taekwondo Federation since 1997, and is based in Mogadishu. The squad takes part in international, Africa and Arab world taekwondo competitions. At the 2013 Open World Taekwondo Challenge Cup in Tongeren, Belgium, team members Faisal Jeylani Aweys and Mohamed Deq Abdulle took home a silver medal and fourth place, respectively. The Somali Olympic Committee has devised a special support program to ensure continued success in future tournaments.


The chest protector is mandatory in World Taekwondo- or Olympic-style competition; however, it is not used in International Taekwon-Do Federation-style sparring. Bogu-Protective armor worn in Kendo. ko:호구


and hapkidoHap Ki Dohapki-do
Originally a member of the Korea Kido Association, the organization sent Kim to teach hapkido in the United States in 1969. Upon returning to Korea in 1970, Kim looked to Ji Han-Jae's move to set up his own organization and with the encouragement of his students followed suit and founded the Korean Hapkido Association in 1971. Later he combined this organization with the groups led by Ji Han-Jae and Myung Jae-Nam to form the Republic of Korea Hapkido Association. Kim Jung-Soo was born and raised in the Taegu area, Korea, and started training Hapkido directly under Choi Yong-Sool in 1957.

North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRK
After the division of the country into North and South Korea, the two sides used different terms to refer to Korea: Chosun or Joseon in North Korea, and Hanguk in South Korea. In 1948, North Korea adopted Democratic People's Republic of Korea (조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; ) as its new legal name. In the wider world, because the government controls the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, it is commonly called North Korea to distinguish it from South Korea, which is officially called the Republic of Korea in English. Both governments consider themselves to be the legitimate government of the whole of Korea.

Revised Romanization of Korean

RRRevised RomanizationRomanized
The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No. 2000-8. The new system corrected problems in the McCune–Reischauer system, such as phenomena where different consonants and vowels became indistinguishable in the absence of special symbols.

Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese KoreaJapanese occupation
Objection to Japanese rule over Korea continued, and the 1 March Movement was a catalyst for the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea by Korean émigrés in Shanghai on 13 April 1919. The modern South Korean government considers this Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea the de jure representation of the Korean people throughout the period of Japanese rule. The Japanese occupation of Korea after annexation was largely uncontested militarily by the smaller, poorly armed, and poorly trained Korean army. Many former soldiers and other volunteers left the Korean Peninsula for Manchuria and Primorsky Krai in Russia.

Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanRhee
Rhee was highly influential in creating the policy stating that the president of South Korea had to be elected by the National Assembly. The 1948 Constitution of the Republic of Korea was adopted on July 17, 1948. On July 20, 1948, Rhee was elected president of the Republic of Korea in the 1948 South Korean presidential election with 92.3% of the vote; the second candidate, Kim Gu, received 6.7% of the vote. On August 15, the Republic of Korea was formally established in South Korea and Rhee was inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Korea. The next month, on September 9, the north also proclaimed statehood as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

History of Korea

Korean historyKoreaancient Korea
Thereafter the resistance movements, coordinated by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in exile, became largely active in neighboring Manchuria, China, and Siberia, influenced by Korea's peaceful demonstrations. Figures from these exile organizations would become important in post-WWII Korea. After the end of World War II in 1945, the Allies divided the country into a northern area (protected by the Soviets) and a southern area (protected primarily by the United States). In 1948, when the powers failed to agree on the formation of a single government, this partition became the modern states of North and South Korea.


Silla DynastySilla KingdomShilla
One etymological hypothesis suggests that the name Seorabeol might have been the origin of the word Seoul, meaning "capital city", and also the name of the present capital of South Korea, which was previously known as Hansung or Hanyang . The name of the Silla capital may have changed into its Late Middle Korean form Syeobeul, meaning "royal capital city," which might have changed to Syeoul soon after, and finally resulted in Seoul in the Modern Korean language.

Roundhouse kick

Buzzsaw KickFlying ChuckChick Kick
A standard karate or taekwondo roundhouse kick has one snap the instep at the objective, but a Muay Thai roundhouse uses the combined momentum generated by the leg and hip for more power. The taekwondo roundhouse kick, known as dollyŏ chagi, is performed by first drawing the knee straight up in a "chamber" position. This chamber, identical to the chamber of many taekwondo kicks (front kick, side kick, etc.) is utilized so that the opponent cannot guess which kick will be thrown. This differentiates it from muay Thai and other roundhouse kicks, which tend to incorporate rotation before or during the rising of the knee.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Korea, formerly under Japanese rule, was divided and occupied by the Soviet Union in the North and the United States in the South between 1945 and 1948. Separate republics emerged on both sides of the 38th parallel in 1948, each claiming to be the legitimate government for all of Korea, which led ultimately to the Korean War. In China, nationalist and communist forces resumed the civil war in June 1946. Communist forces were victorious and established the People's Republic of China on the mainland, while nationalist forces retreated to Taiwan in 1949.


The Japanese consumer electronics industry, once considered the strongest in the world, is currently in a state of decline as competition arises in countries like South Korea, the United States and China. However, despite also facing similar competition from South Korea and China, the Japanese shipbuilding industry is expected to remain strong due to an increased focus on specialized, high-tech designs. Japan's service sector accounts for about three-quarters of its total economic output.


Mexico City hosted the XIX Olympic Games in 1968, making it the first Latin American city to do so. The country has also hosted the FIFA World Cup twice, in 1970 and 1986. In 2013, Mexico's basketball team won the Americas Basketball Championship and qualified for the 2014 Basketball World Cup where it reached the playoffs. Because of these achievements the country earned the hosting rights for the 2015 FIBA Americas Championship. Bullfighting (Spanish: corrida de toros) came to Mexico 500 years ago with the arrival of the Spanish. Despite efforts by animal rights activists to outlaw it, bullfighting remains a popular sport in the country, and almost all large cities have bullrings.

Korean language

Neither South Korea or North Korea opposes the learning of Hanja, though they are not officially used in North Korea anymore, and their usage in South Korea is mainly reserved for specific circumstances, such as newspapers, scholarly papers, and disambiguation. Since the Korean War, through 70 years of separation, the North–South differences have developed in standard Korean, including variations in pronunciation and vocabulary chosen, but these minor differences can be found in any of the Korean dialects and still largely mutually intelligible. The Korean names for the language are based on the names for Korea used in both North Korea and South Korea.

President of South Korea

PresidentSouth Korean PresidentPresident of the Republic of Korea
Transportation of the President of South Korea. List of official vehicles of the president of South Korea. Code One. Presidential Helicopter of South Korea. Presidential state car of South Korea. Air transports of heads of state and government. Official state car. List of Presidents of South Korea. List of Presidents of South Korea by time in office. Politics of South Korea. Elections in South Korea. National Unification Advisory Council. Prime Minister of South Korea. List of monarchs of Korea. Governor-General of Korea. First Lady of South Korea. Second Lady of South Korea. Vice President of South Korea. List of leaders of North Korea.


HanchahanmunChinese characters
List of Korea-related topics.


SwissSwiss ConfederationSWI
With Mexico and the Republic of Korea it forms the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG). The country is heavily active in recycling and anti-littering regulations and is one of the top recyclers in the world, with 66% to 96% of recyclable materials being recycled, depending on the area of the country. The 2014 Global Green Economy Index ranked Switzerland among the top 10 green economies in the world. Switzerland developed an efficient system to recycle most recyclable materials.


Joseon DynastyJoseon (Korea)Korea
"Click into the Hermit Kingdom" (Written by Yang Sung-jin and published by Dongbang Media in Seoul, South Korea) – 100 articles in English on the Joseon Dynasty. Korean royal family website – currently available only in Korean. Choson dynasty. "Japanese Document Sheds New Light on Korean Queen's Murder" – Ohmynews.com's uncovered document about murder of Queen Minbi. "E-Annals Bring Chosun History to Everyman", The Chosun Ilbo, January 27, 2006. "Korean Lee (Yi) Dynasty Granite Sculptures.


PaekcheBaekje KingdomBaekjae
Index of Korea-related articles. List of Baekje researchers. List of Baekje monarchs. List of monarchies. Baekje Government. Baekje History & Culture Hall maintained by South Chungcheong Province of South Korea. Buyeo National Museum. Gongju National Museum.

Korean Empire

KoreaEmpire of KoreaGreat Korean Empire
One week after the forced "treaty" the State Department withdrew its U.S. legation from Korea even before Korea notified the U.S. of their new "protectorate" status. The empire began with the law and perception of the international system at the time stacked against what was a slowly modernizing country. In the end, a weak military, and the remaining legacy of Korea's tributary relationship with Qing held Korea back from fending off foreign encroachment.


kickingaxe kickSide kick
In Taekwon-Do, three types of multiple kick are distinguished: One such Multiple Kick commonly seen in Taekwon-Do, is a slightly complex Side Kick where a High Side Kick is followed by a Low Side Kick which is in turn followed by a more powerful Side Kick. This combination is done rapidly and is meant not for multiple targets but for a single one. The Multiple Kick usually targets the face, thighand chest, but in turn can be a multiple chest attack which is useful for knocking the breath out of an attacker.