TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Turkey (Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ), is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous and the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits). Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city while Ankara is the capital.


LebaneseLebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon
Lebanon hosted the 2009 Jeux de la Francophonie from 27 September to 6 October, and have participated in every Olympic Games since its independence, winning a total of four medals. Prominent Lebanese bodybuilders include Samir Bannout, Mohammad Bannout and Ahmad Haidar. Water sports have also shown to be very active in the past years, in Lebanon. Since 2012 and with the emergence of the Lebanon Water Festival NGO, more emphasis has been placed on those sports, and Lebanon has been pushed forward as a water sport destination internationally. They host different contests and water show sports that encourage their fans to participate and win big.


DanishKingdom of DenmarkConstituent country
Denmark (Danmark, ), officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country. Denmark proper, which is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also includes two autonomous territories in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa ) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country has two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands. It has a total land area of 268000 km2. New Zealand is about 2000 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life.

International Olympic Committee

IOCOlympic MovementOlympic Committee
Detailed frameworks for environmental sustainability have been released for the 2018 Winter Olympics, and 2020 Summer Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea, and Tokyo, Japan, respectively. The IOC has four major approaches to addressing environmental health concerns during the construction and competitions of the Olympic Games. First, the IOC Sustainability and Legacy Commission focuses on how the IOC can improve the strategies and policies associated with environmental health throughout the process of cities hosting the Olympic Games. Secondly, every candidate city must provide information to the IOC on environmental health issues like air quality and environmental impact assessments.

African Games

All-Africa GamesAll Africa GamesAll African Games
The African Games, formally known as the All-Africa Games or the Pan African Games, are a continental multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the African Union (AU) with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) and the Association of African Sports Confederations (AASC).

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates, is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south and west, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north. The sovereign constitutional monarchy is a federation of seven emirates consisting of Abu Dhabi (which serves as the capital), Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. Their boundaries are complex, with numerous enclaves within the various emirates.

Pan American Games

Pan-American GamesPan Am GamesPan American
Olympic Games. Parapan American Games. World Games. Commonwealth Games. Poster Images from the Pan American Games from 1951 to 1999. Guadalajara 2011 Games. Toronto 2015 Games. History of Pan American Games on ISHOF Website, 2013.


MongolRepublic of MongoliaMongolian
Several Mongolian women have excelled in pistol shooting: Otryadyn Gündegmaa is a silver medalist of the 2008 Olympic Games, Munkhbayar Dorjsuren is a double world champion and Olympic bronze medal winner (now representing Germany), while Tsogbadrakhyn Mönkhzul is, as of May 2007, ranked third in the world in the 25-metre pistol event. Mongolian sumo wrestler Dolgorsürengiin Dagvadorj won 25 top division tournament championships, placing him fourth on the all-time list. In January 2015, Mönkhbatyn Davaajargal took his 33rd top division championship, giving him the most in the history of sumo.

2012 Summer Olympics

20122012 London Olympics2012 Olympic Games
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Brunei entered female athletes for the first time, so that every currently eligible country has sent a female competitor to at least one Olympic Games. Women's boxing was included for the first time, thus the Games became the first at which every sport had female competitors. These were the final Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of Belgian Jacques Rogge, who was succeeded by German Thomas Bach next year. The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China and host Great Britain. Several world and Olympic records were set at the games.

Weight class

weight classescatchweightweight divisions
Taekwondo weight classes. Wrestling weight classes.


TaekkyonTaekyonTae Kyun
In the twentieth century, Taekkyon has come to be seen as a living link to Korea's past. As such, it has provided historical references for modern Korean martial arts and is often considered as the oldest martial discipline of Korea. Taekkyon is the first martial art recognised as a National treasure of South Korea (1983) and a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage (2011). Historical records regarding Taekkyon are scant and ambiguous. The term is described as a Martial art -probably descended from earlier dynasties' Subak- or as a folk game.

Republic of Korea Armed Forces

South Korean militaryMilitary of South KoreaSouth Korean Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Military Guide (globalsecurity.org).

2020 Summer Paralympics

Paralympic Games2020 TokyoTokyo 2020
In January 2014, the IPC began accepting bids for new sports to be added to the Paralympic programme; they included amputee football, badminton, electric wheelchair hockey, powerchair football, and taekwondo. New disciplines were also proposed in existing events, including visually impaired match racing and one-person multi-hull in sailing, and 3-on-3 basketball in intellectually disabled (ID) and wheelchair classifications. On 31 January 2015, the IPC officially announced that badminton and taekwondo had been added to the Paralympic programme for 2020, which will replace 7-a-side football and sailing (both dropped due to an insufficient international reach).

2000 Summer Olympics

20002000 Sydney Olympics2000 Olympic Games
The ceremony featured a unified entrance by the athletes of North and South Korea, using a specially designed unification flag: a white background flag with a blue map of the Korean Peninsula. Four athletes from East Timor also marched in the parade of nations as Individual Olympic Athletes and marched directly before the Host country. Although the country-to-be had no National Olympic Committee then, they were allowed to compete under the Olympic Flag with country code IOA. The Governor-General, Sir William Deane, opened the games.


A modified version of McCune–Reischauer was the official romanization system in South Korea until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer is still used as the official system in North Korea. The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer. With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer fails to distinguish between voiced and voiceless consonants when the apostrophe is removed.

540 kick

Trouble in ParadiseFelinerJump inside kick
It is also called a Bolley Kick by some in TaeKwonDo, and was popularized in the mid-eighties by George Chung and Steven Ho in open martial art competitions. In TaeKwonDo, a tricking "540" kick refers to this 540 roundhouse, rather than the TaeKwonDo 540 hook kick. The take off of this is like a 1-over 360 kick. If back on your right foot, throw it forward counterclockwise, tuck it and push off with your right. Jump up and complete 360 with an outside, counterclockwise crescent kick and land on the same foot. Look at the reverse image of a 540 and you can see it. Also referred to as simply a Lazyboy, this version is identical to a typical 540 from a technical standpoint.

Dana Hee

National Championships in 1986, 1987 and 1988, a bronze medal at the Universiade in 1986, four silver and one bronze medals in national divisional tournaments, and finished fifth in her division at the 1987 World Taekwondo Championships. She received the "Female Competitor of the Year Award" and inducted into the U.S. Grandmasters Society Hall of Fame in 2007, and was inducted into the official Takewondo Hall of Fame in 2013.

Arlene Limas

. * 1986 - World University Championships, Gold Medalist (Berkeley, California). 1987 - National Championships Gold Medalist. 1988 - Olympic Team Member (Tae Kwon Do). 1988 - Olympic Gold Medalist - Welterweight Division, Seoul, Korea. 1990 - National Championships Gold Medalist. 1989,1990 - Olympic Sports Festival Captain (West Team) and Gold Medalist. 1990 - Pan-Am Tae Kwon Do Championships (Puerto Rico) Gold Medalist. 1990 - World University Games (Spain) Team Captain & Gold Medalist. 1990 - World Cup Gold Medalist (Spain). 1991 - National Championships Welterweight Gold Medalist. 1991 - Olympic Festival Gold Medalist. 1991 - World Championships Gold Medalist (Athens, Greece). 1989 - National

World Games

The World Games2017 International World GamesGreat Britain Sevens
A number of the sports that were on the programme of The World Games have been discontinued because they are now included in the programme of the Olympic Games, for example badminton, beach volleyball, trampolining, rugby sevens, taekwondo, triathlon, and women's weightlifting. Other sports have been Olympic sports in the past (like tug of war). Some of the sports that are held at The World Games are acrobatic gymnastics, ultimate, orienteering, karate, powerlifting, finswimming, squash, korfball, billiards, water skiing, and dance sport.

Lynnette Love

Lynette Love (born September 21, 1957) is a former United States Olympian in taekwondo. She achieved a Gold Medal in the 1988 Seoul Olympics and a Bronze Medal in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. She trained at Howard University. Nominated for the Sullivan Award in 1988 In the World Guinness Book of Records in 1993 for only American to win 9 national titles and 2 world titles *

International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability

INASINAS-FIDInternational Sports Federation for Persons with an Intellectual Disability
. * Main article : INAS World Championships Note : INAS do not organise events in Taekwondo but work in partnership with World Taekwondo World Para Taekwondo Championships. * Main article : INAS Global Games In 2004 INAS launched a new multi-sport competition INAS Global Games. The first event took place in Bollnas, Sweden and featured more than 1000 athletes. The second Global Games took place in Czech Republic in 2009. With the re-inclusion of athletes with an intellectual disability into Paralympic competition, it was decided to move the Global Games to the year preceding the Paralympics. The next Global Games therefore takes place in 2011.

Taekwondo at the 1992 Summer Olympics

Taekwondo19921992 Summer Olympics
Grandmaster Dong Keun Park was the winningest coach from any nation in any sport at the 1992 Barcelona games, with 13 of 16 USA Taekwondo athletes medaling. He is a ninth degree black belt Senior Red belt of the Jido Kwan lineage, and is still inactively teaching and coaching at his Jersey City, NJ dojang. * Official Olympic Report

Jimmy Kim

Jimmy Young Kim (born 1967) is an American taekwondo practitioner and instructor who won a gold medal in the heavyweight division at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. He earned a bachelor's degree in Biology with an emphasis on Human Physiology from UC Berkeley. After graduating from UC Berkeley, he earned a Doctor of Chiropractic Degree from the Los Angeles College of Chiropractic, now known as the Southern California University of Health Sciences. * https://patch.com/california/cerritos/jimmy-kim-grand-master-chan-yong-oriental-moo-do-taekf81f6d0595 Charlotte Craig, U.S. Olympian, Beijing 2008. Gina-Louise Williams, U.S. Collegiate National Team, Korea. Kira Cramer, U.S.

Arnold Atienza

Ali AtienzaArnold "Ali" AtienzaAli I. Atienza
Atienza first gained fame as a gold medalist for the Philippines taekwondo national team in the 1990s. On March 28, 2007, he formally filed his papers as candidate for Mayor of the City of Manila during the May 14, 2007 mid-term elections. In that election, Sen. Alfredo Lim won the 2007 mayoralty race, and had conceded to Lim. Atienza ran for Vice Mayor in 2016. 2016 Manila local elections Ali graduated from De La Salle University with the degree BS in Physics, with specialization in Computer Applications, (1989–1994), and earned from the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila his master’s degree in Government Management.