Lithium-ion battery

Li-ionlithium-ion batterieslithium-ion
If Tesla were to have met its goal of shipping 40,000 Model S electric cars in 2014 and if the 85-kWh battery, which uses 7,104 of these cells, proved as popular overseas as it was in the U.S., a 2014 study projected that the Model S alone would use almost 40 percent of estimated global cylindrical battery production during 2014., production was gradually shifting to higher-capacity 3,000+ mAh cells. Annual flat polymer cell demand was expected to exceed 700 million in 2013. In 2015 cost estimates ranged from $300–500/kWh. In 2016 GM revealed they would be paying for the batteries in the Chevy Bolt EV.

List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles

Electric car use by country. List of electric cars currently available. Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles. List of hybrid vehicles. [[List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles available in the United States]]. List of production battery electric vehicles. Meet the Fleet by Plug-in Vehicle Tracker: What's Coming, When by Plug In America.

Plug-in electric vehicle

plug-in electric carnew energy vehicleplug-in electric
., the Chevrolet Volt plug-in hybrid continued as the all-time best selling plug-in electric car with 152,144 units (both generations), followed by the Tesla Model S all-electric car with an estimated 143,892 units, and the Tesla Model 3 with an estimated 141,546 cars., Japan had a stock of light-duty plug-in vehicles of about 207,200., the Japanese stock consisted of 86,390 all-electric cars (57.1%) and 64,860 plug-in hybrids (42.9%). Since December 2010, Nissan has sold over 100,000 Leafs through April 2018, making the Leaf the all-time best-selling plug-in car in the country. Plug-in sales totaled 24,660 units in 2015 and 24,851 units in 2016.

All-electric range

rangeelectric rangeall electric range
A plug-in hybrid's all-electric range is designated by PHEV-(miles) or PHEV(kilometers)km representing the distance the vehicle can travel on battery power alone. For example, a PHEV-20 can travel 20 miles without using its internal combustion engine, or about 32 kilometers, so it may also be designated as PHEV32km.

Tesla Roadster (2008)

Tesla RoadsterRoadster2008 Roadster
For Tesla's second sports car, see Tesla Roadster (2020). The Tesla Roadster is a battery electric vehicle (BEV) sports car, based on the Lotus Elise chassis, that was produced by the electric car firm Tesla Motors (now Tesla, Inc.) in California from 2008 to 2012. The Roadster was the first highway legal serial production all-electric car to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production all-electric car to travel more than 320 km per charge. It is also the first production car to be launched into orbit, carried by a Falcon Heavy rocket in a test flight on February 6, 2018.

Chevrolet Bolt

Chevrolet Bolt EVAmpera-eBolt
Until July 2017, the Bolt is the only plug-in electric car with a manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP) of less than capable of delivering an EPA-rated range of over 200 mi. All other electric cars below that price threshold and available for retail sales, except the Tesla Model 3, can only go 60 to 125 mi on a single charge. Among all-electric series production cars sold in the U.S., in addition to the Model 3, only the Tesla Model S sedan and Model X crossover can go more than 200 mi.

Fremont, California

Part of the plant was acquired in June 2010 by Tesla Motors as its primary production plant, known as the Tesla Factory. Solyndra, a solar panel manufacturer, was personally promoted in 2010 by President Barack Obama as a model for government investment in green technology after his administration approved a $535-million Department of Energy loan guarantee and the company built a $733 million state-of-the-art robotic facility, but in 2011 the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and laid-off 1,000 workers. Data storage company Seagate Technology, incorporated in the Republic of Ireland with executive offices in Cupertino, acquired the former Solyndra building.

Nissan Leaf

Leafe30Nissan Leaf (1st generation)
Total sales totaled 43,651 units worldwide in 2015, down 29% from 2014, and making the Leaf the world's second best-selling plug-in car in 2015 after the Tesla Model S. The leading market in 2015 was the United States with 17,269 units sold, down 42.8% from 2014, followed by the European market with 15,630 units. Global sales in 2016 climbed to 49,245 units, making the Leaf the world's second best-selling plug-in car after the Tesla Model S for the second year running. Sales in 2016 were led by Europe with 18,718 units, followed by Japan with 14,793, North America with 15,512. The rest of the world accounted for 222 units.

List of production battery electric vehicles

electric vehicle makerlist of production battery-operated vehicles
Tesla Model S, deliveries of the 85-kWh premium limited edition model in the U.S. began in June 2012. Global cumulative sales totaled 158,159 units through December 2016. Tesla Model X, the first production cars were delivered on September 29, 2015. Cumulative sales totaled 25,524 units through December 2016. Tesla Model 3 – the first 30 production units were delivered on July 28, 2017. Volkswagen e-Up! – Retail sales began in Europe in October 2013. Volkswagen e-Golf – Sold in US, UK, Spain and Germany. Aixam e City & e Coupé, a European quadricycle. Buddy, successor to the Kewet.

List of electric cars currently available

all-electric cars available
This is a list of production electric cars, classified by type of vehicle according to its speed capabilities: highway-capable, urban or city car, low speed or neighborhood electric vehicle, and supercars. Road cars with a top speed between 80 km/h and 249 km/h City cars with a top speed between 50 km/h and 79 km/h ''Economy cars with a top speed of 49 km/h or less Supercars with a top speed above 200 km/h List of production battery electric vehicles. List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles.

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection AgencyEPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Although originally created as a reference point for fossil-fueled vehicles, driving cycles have been used for estimating how many miles an electric vehicle will get on a single charge. EPA's oil spill prevention program includes the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) and the Facility Response Plan (FRP) rules. The SPCC Rule applies to all facilities that store, handle, process, gather, transfer, refine, distribute, use or consume oil or oil products. Oil products includes petroleum and non-petroleum oils as well as: animal fats, oils and greases; fish and marine mammal oils; and vegetable oils.

Kilowatt hour

An electric heater consuming 1000 watts (1 kilowatt), and operating for one hour uses one kilowatt hour of energy. A television consuming 100 watts operating for 10 hours continuously uses one kilowatt hour. A 40-watt electric appliance operating continuously for 25 hours uses one kilowatt hour. In terms of human power, a healthy adult male manual laborer will perform work equal to about half a kilowatt hour over an eight-hour day. Electrical energy is typically sold to consumers in kilowatt hours. The cost of running an electric device is calculated by multiplying the device's power consumption in kilowatts by the running time in hours and then by the price per kilowatt hour.

Alternative fuel vehicle

alternative propulsionalternative fuelalternative fuel vehicles
, Nissan e-NV200, Volkswagen e-Golf, Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive, Kia Soul EV, BYD e5, and Tesla Model X. The world's all-time top selling highway legal electric car is the Nissan Leaf, released in December 2010, with global sales of more than 250,000 units through December 2016. The Tesla Model S, released in June 2012, ranks second with global sales of over 158,000 cars delivered. The Renault Kangoo Z.E. utility van is the leader of the light-duty all-electric segment with global sales of 25,205 units through December 2016. A solar car is an electric vehicle powered by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the car.

Luxury vehicle

luxury carluxuryluxury cars
Crossover SUVs became increasingly popular in the mid-2000s, and manufacturers also began to produce luxury versions of crossovers. The Lexus RX was the earliest luxury crossover on the market, and it has since been the best-selling luxury vehicle in the US. Some luxury crossovers are built on a platform shared with sedans or hatchbacks, for example the Infiniti FX is based upon the Nissan FM platform that also underpins other Infiniti cars. While early luxury crossovers released in the late 1990s have resembled traditional boxy SUVs, more recent crossovers, such as the Infiniti FX and BMW X6, have been designed with a sporting appearance.

Chevrolet Volt

VoltAmperaChevy Volt
., the Volt family of vehicles ranks as the world's all-time top-selling plug-in hybrid, and it is also the third best selling plug-in electric car in history after the Nissan Leaf (375,000) and the Tesla Model S (253,000)., Chevrolet Volt sales are led by the United States with 152,144 units delivered, followed by Canada with 16,653 units through September 2018, and the Netherlands with 1,062 Volts registered through December 2015. Out of the 9,989 Opel/Vauxhall Amperas sold in Europe through December 2015, 5,031 were registered in the Netherlands, 1,542 in Germany, and 1,279 in the UK by the end of September 2015, together representing 78% of Ampera sales.

Tesla Supercharger

superchargingbattery swap stationscharger
A Tesla Supercharger is a 480-volt DC fast-charging station built by American vehicle manufacturer Tesla Inc. for their all-electric cars. The Tesla Supercharger network of fast-charging stations was introduced beginning in 2012., the electric vehicle network consisted of 12,011 individual Supercharger stalls at 1,422 locations worldwide. Tesla Model S was the first car to be able to use the network, followed by the Tesla Model X and Tesla Model 3. Each Supercharger stall pair has a connector to supply electrical power at up to 135 kW via a direct current connection to the 400-volt car battery pack.

General Motors

GMGeneral Motors CorporationGMC
The second generation has an upgraded drivetrain and improved battery system that increased the all-electric range to 53 mi from 38 mi. In November 2018, GM announced it would cease Volt production in March 2019., global Volt/Ampera family sales totaled about 177,000 units since its inception in December 2010, including over 10,000 Opel/Vauxhall Amperas sold in Europe up to December 2015. The Volt family of vehicles ranked as the world's all-time top-selling plug-in hybrid, and it is also the third best selling plug-in electric car in history after the Nissan Leaf (375,000) and the Tesla Model S (253,000),.

Plug-in electric vehicles in the United States

cannot rely on third partyplug-in electric vehicles in the credit
California is the largest plug-in car regional market in the country, with over 500,000 plug-in electric vehicles sold by the end of November 2018., the Chevrolet Volt plug-in hybrid is the all-time best selling plug-in electric car with 152,144 units (both generations), followed by the Tesla Model S all-electric car with an estimated 143,892 units, and the Tesla Model 3 with an estimated 141,546 cars. The Model S was the best selling plug-in car in the U.S. for three consecutive years, from 2015 to 2017, and the Model 3 topped sales in 2018.

Jaguar I-Pace

The Jaguar I-Pace (stylised as "I-PACE") is a battery-electric crossover SUV produced by British automotive company Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) under their Jaguar marque. The I-Pace was announced in March 2018, and deliveries started in the second half of 2018. It is the first electric SUV from a premium European automaker. The Jaguar I-Pace was designed by Ian Callum. The concept version of the car, described as a five-seater sports car, was unveiled by JLR at the 2016 Los Angeles Motor Show and shown on-road in London in March 2017. Series production is handled by Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria, and the production version of the I-Pace was revealed in Graz on 1 March 2018.

Gigafactory 1

Gigafactorybattery factoryTesla Gigafactory
However, after the number of Model 3 reservations became known in April, Panasonic moved production plans forward and announced a bond sale for $3.86 billion, most of it to be invested in Gigafactory. Tesla held a grand opening on July 29, 2016 of the operational facility, having only three of the final 21 "blocks" of the gigafactory built out, or approximately 14 percent of the final factory size, which is expected to be completed by 2020. By September 2016 Tesla had spent $608 million on Gigafactory.

Plug-in electric vehicles in California

California White Clean Air Vehicle decalCalifornia's green stickerSee this for some more info
Sales of plug-in electric cars in the state passed the 200,000 unit milestone in March 2016. By November 2016, with about 250,000 plug-in cars sold in the state since 2010, China was the only country market that exceeds California in terms of cumulative plug-in electric car sales. The top selling models in 2017 were the Chevrolet Bolt (13,487), Tesla Model S (11,813), Tesla Model X (6,910), Fiat 500e (4,943), Nissan Leaf (4,418), and Volkswagen e-Golf (3,202). Tesla Inc. listed as the best selling plug-in manufacturer in 2017, with combined sales of its Model S and X totaling 18,723 units (Model 3 sales were not reported).

Battery electric vehicle

all-electricall-electric vehiclebattery electric
Cumulative global sales of highway-capable light-duty pure electric car vehicles passed the one million unit milestone in September 2016., the world's top selling highway legal all-electric car in history is the Nissan Leaf with global sales of over 300,000 units, followed by the Tesla Model S with more than 200,000 units delivered worldwide.

All-wheel drive

all wheel driveall-wheel-driveAWD
Tesla's vehicles (Model S and Model X) are so far the only ones to use such a system. Front-wheel drive. Rear-wheel drive. All-terrain vehicle. Two-wheel drive. H-drive. Four Wheel Drive or FWD, one of the first companies, from 1909, to build four-wheel drive vehicles.

Elon Musk

ElonMuskas early as 2021
Tesla Motors first built an electric sports car, the Tesla Roadster in 2008, with sales of about 2,500 vehicles to 31 countries. Tesla began delivery of its four-door Model S sedan on June 22, 2012. It unveiled its third product, the Model X, aimed at the SUV/minivan market, on February 9, 2012; however, the Model X launch was delayed until September 2015. In addition to its own cars, Tesla sells electric powertrain systems to Daimler for the Smart EV, Mercedes B-Class Electric Drive and Mercedes A Class, and to Toyota for the RAV4 EV. Musk was able to bring in both companies as long-term investors in Tesla.

Franz von Holzhausen

He then went on to work for the car company Tesla where he is working presently. He is known for designing the new versions of Tesla cars including the Model S, the Model X, the Model 3, and the new Tesla Roadster.