Horned Serpent, including Unk Tehi, and her other counterparts from other Native American cultures. Apep, another monstrous Reptilian defeated by the Spirits. Tiamat, a primordial ocean goddess from Mesopotamia who is also associated with serpents. Uŋȟčéǧila in the Lakota Dictionary Online. History Database article on Uncegila, Facts on Files.
A Horned Serpent is a popular image in Northern American natives' mythology. In one Native North American story, an evil serpent kills one of the gods' cousins, so the god kills the serpent in revenge, but the dying serpent unleashes a great flood. People first flee to the mountains and then, when the mountains are covered, they float on a raft until the flood subsides. The evil spirits that the serpent god controlled then hide out of fear. The Mound Builders associated great mystical value to the serpent, as the Serpent Mound demonstrates, though we are unable to unravel the particular associations.
Tiamat (Babylonian). Ra vs. Apep (Egyptian). Atum vs. Nehebkau (Egyptian). Susanoo no Mikoto vs. Yamata no Orochi (Japanese). Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl vs. Cipactli (Nahuatl|Mexica). Sonic the Hedgehog vs. Perfect Chaos (Popular culture). Ex nihilo. Ginnungagap. Greek primordial deities. How to Kill a Dragon. Hundun. The Void. Tiamat. Tohu wa-bohu. Ymir. Caldwell, Richard, Hesiod's Theogony, Focus Publishing/R. Pullins Company (June 1, 1987). ISBN: 978-0-941051-00-2. Greek text available from the same website. Most, G. W., Hesiod: Theogony, Works and Days, Testimonia, Loeb Classical Library, No. 57, Cambridge, MA, 2006 ISBN: 978-0-674-99622-9. Online version at Harvard University Press.
In Egyptian mythology, Apep is a giant serpent who resides in the Duat, the Egyptian Underworld. The Bremner-Rhind papyrus, written in around 310 BC, preserves an account of a much older Egyptian tradition that the setting of the sun is caused by Ra descending to the Duat to battle Apep. In some accounts, Apep is as long as the height of eight men with a head made of flint. Thunderstorms and earthquakes were thought to be caused by Apep's roar and solar eclipses were thought to be the result of Apep attacking Ra during the daytime. In some myths, Apep is slain by the god Set. Nehebkau is another giant serpent who guards the Duat and aided Ra in his battle against Apep.
Tiamat is said to have "clothed the raging lion-dragons with fearsomeness" in the Epic of Creation, Enuma Elish. The god Nabû was described as "he who tramples the lion-dragon" in the hymn to Nabû. The late neo-Assyrian text "Myth of the Seven Sages" recalls: "The fourth (of the seven apkallu's, "sages", is) Lu-Nanna, (only) two-thirds Apkallu, who drove the ušumgallu-dragon from É-ninkarnunna, the temple of Ištar of Šulgi." Aššur-nāṣir-apli II placed golden icons of ušumgallu at the pedestal of Ninurta. Its name became a royal and divine epithet, for example: ušumgal kališ parakkī, "unrivaled ruler of all the sanctuaries". Marduk is called "the ušumgallu-dragon of the great heavens".
It was one of the eleven monsters created by Tiamat in the Enuma Elish creation myth. It had "six mouths, seven tongues and seven ...-s on its belly". Hydra in Greek and Roman myth. Seven-headed serpent in Sumerian myth.
Milky Way Galaxygalaxyour galaxy
In the Babylonian epic poem Enûma Eliš, the Milky Way is created from the severed tail of the primeval salt water dragoness Tiamat, set in the sky by Marduk, the Babylonian national god, after slaying her. This story was once thought to have been based on an older Sumerian version in which Tiamat is instead slain by Enlil of Nippur, but is now thought to be purely an invention of Babylonian propagandists with the intention to show Marduk as superior to the Sumerian deities. Llys Dôn (literally "The Court of Dôn") is the traditional Welsh name for the constellation Cassiopeia.
Apophis. Horned Serpent. Nāga. Nehushtan. Quetzalcoatl. Serpent (symbolism). Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses: Ningišzida (god). TheFreeDictionary. Piney.com: Ningishzida's journey to the nether world. Earth-History.com: Ningishzida's journey to the nether world. His marriage to Dazimua is mentioned here. ETCSLsubcorpus: balbales and hymns to Ninĝišzida.
Apep. Bakunawa. European dragon. Horned Serpent. Leviathan. Makara (Hindu mythology). Níðhöggr. Norse dragon. Ouroboros. Sea monster. Typhon. Vritra.
The myth of Hadad defeating Lotan, Yahweh defeating Leviathan, Marduk defeating Tiamat (etc.) in the mythologies of the Ancient Near East are classical examples of the Chaoskampf mytheme, also reflected in Zeus' slaying of Typhon in Greek mythology and Thor's struggle against Jörmungandr in the Gylfaginning portion of the Prose Edda. The Litani River that winds through the Beqaa Valley in Lebanon is named after Lotan as the river was believed to be the personification of the god. *. List of dragons in mythology and folklore. Tannin. Rahab. Apep.
supreme godsupreme goddessking-of-the-gods
Ex: Ra and Apophis; Osiris, Set and Horus; Perun and Veles; Indra and the Asuras; Zeus and Poseidon; Cronos and Uranus; Typhon and Zeus etc. Henotheism. Kingship and Kingdom of God.
There are also possible parallels between the earliest divine generations (Chaos and its children) and Tiamat in the Enuma Elish. According to Meyer Reinhold, "near Eastern theogonic concepts, involving divine succession through violence and generational conflicts for power, found their way ... into Greek mythology". In addition to Indo-European and Near Eastern origins, some scholars have speculated on the debts of Greek mythology to the indigenous pre-Greek societies: Crete, Mycenae, Pylos, Thebes and Orchomenus.
Enchanted WorldThe Enchanted World: Legends of ValorSeekers and Saviors
Dragons opens recounting the legends of Apep, Tiamat, Jörmungandr, Nidhoggr, and Typhon. Born before time began, these creatures were sons of chaos, and so the gods did battle with them, for only when they were beaten could order prevail and the universe be born. Across various cultures, the same told was told with Set and Ra, Marduk, Thor, and Zeus playing the same role. The gods ultimately did prevail and these cosmic dragons were destroyed but the fight was not yet over because they left descendants with whom mortals would do battle. Cadmus's dragon was one example.
St. George and the DragonSt George and the DragonGeorge and the Dragon
Budge makes explicit the parallel to pre-Christian myth, I doubt much of the whole story of Saint George is anything more than one of the many versions of the old-world story of the conflict between Light and Darkness, or Ra and Apepi, and Marduk and Tiamat, woven upon a few slender threads of historical fact. Tiamat, the scaly, winged, foul dragon, and Apepi the powerful enemy of the glorious Sungod, were both destroyed and made to perish in the fire which he sent against them and their fiends: and Dadianus, also called the 'dragon', with his friends the sixty-nine governors, was also destroyed by fire called down from heaven by the prayer of Saint George.
LeviathansBiblical sea monsterfierce monster
The element of competition between God and the sea monster and the use of Leviathan to describe the powerful enemies of Israel may reflect the influence of the Mesopotamian and Canaanite legends or the contest in Egyptian mythology between the Apep snake and the sun god Ra. Alternatively, the removal of such competition may have reflected an attempt to naturalize Leviathan in a process that demoted it from deity to demon to monster. Later Jewish sources describe Leviathan as a dragon who lives over the Sources of the Deep and who, along with the male land-monster Behemoth, will be served up to the righteous at the end of time.
easternmyth and folkloreDragon
This article is a list of dragons in mythology and folklore.
Unhcegila (Lakota) - Dragon. Unicorn (Medieval Bestiaries) - Horse-like creature with the legs of an antelope, the tail of a lion and a single magical healing horn. Unktehi (Lakota) - Serpentine rain spirit. Unktehila (Lakota) - Reptilian water monster. Upinis (Lithuanian) - River spirit. Urayuli (Native American) - Hairy giant. Uriaș (Romanian) - Giant. Urmahlullu (Mesopotamian) - Lion-human hybrid guardian spirit. Ushi-oni (Japanese) - Bull-headed monster. Utukku (Akkadian) - ″Underworld messenger spirit″. Uwan (Japanese) - Spirit that shouts to surprise people.
Apep. Tiamat in Mesopotamian mythology. Fenrir and Ymir in Norse mythology. Sedna in Inuit mythology. Tlaltecuhtli. Aztec calendar. Five suns. Leviathan. Zipacna.
cobra-stonesnake godThe Devil
Apep Egyptian Snake God.
Lake and riverLegendary Serpents
Cetan – hawk spirit (Native American – Lakota tribe of North and South Dakota). Chamrosh – body of a dog, head & wings of a bird (Persian Myth). Chol (Biblical mythology) – regenerative bird. Cinnamon bird – builds nests out of cinnamon (Arabia). Devil Bird – shrieks predicting death, like banshee (Sri Lankan). Feng Huang – reigns over other birds (China). Gandaberunda – two headed magical bird (Hindu). Gamayun – prophetic bird with woman's head (Russian). Garuda – known as the primordial bird and the progenitor of all birds; vehicle of Lord Vishnu (Hindu, Buddhist).
Tiamat. Nu (mythology) primordial waters. Apep the ultimate evil of Egyptian mythology in snake form. Set (deity) wasn't originally evil but developed into a hated figure thanks to the invading Hyksos who identified him with their chief god, fights Apep. Isfet chaos, disorder, and injustice - opposed to Maat. Cipactli. Juracán. Tau (mythology). Unhcegila.
Apep. Baal Cycle. Chaoskampf. Nu (mythology). Ugaritic mythology. Coogan, Michael D (1978)., trans. & ed., Stories from Ancient Canaan, (Philadelphia: Westminster Press), 86-89. Day, John, God's Conflict with the Dragon and the Sea: Echoes of a Canaanite Myth in the Old Testament (1985). De Moor, Johannes, The Seasonal Pattern in the Myth of Ba' lu according to the version of Ilimilku, (1971). Driver, G. R., trans., J. C. L. Gibson, ed., Canaanite Myths and Legends, (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark Ltd., 1977). Ginsberg, H. L., trans., in The Ancient Near East, An Anthology of Tests and Pictures, James B. Pritchard, Ed., (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958), 92-118.
Apophis, played by Peter Williams (seasons 1–6, 8) – A System Lord and the main villain for most of the first four seasons of Stargate SG-1. Based on the god Apep of Egyptian mythology, the character gained power after Ra's death in the film and commands a raid on Earth and Abydos in "Children of the Gods", leading to the restart of the Stargate Program. His then-First Prime, Teal'c, defects from his army afterwards. Apophis's standing amongst the System Lords is severely diminishes after a failed full-scale assault on Earth in season 2's "The Serpent's Lair". Apophis is killed and eventually revived by the Goa'uld Sokar in season 3.
Accordingly, Shaddai limiting the expansionist outburst of the world fits well the pattern of the so-called chaoskampf – an initial divine battle followed by the triumph of the young and vivacious deity, subjugating the hostile, usually aquatic monster and building the palace or creating the cosmos.The mythological traditions of the ancient Near East are full of parallels: Babylonian Marduk and Tiamat, Ugaritic Baal and Yam, Egyptian Ra and Apep, etc. In fact, this rabbinic reiteration should not be surprising at all, given the semantic capacity of this myth.
Tiamat (Babylonian). Ra vs. Apep (Egyptian). Atum vs. Nehebkau (Egyptian). Gabriel vs. Rahab (Jewish). Christ vs. Satan (Christian). The Three Treasures. King Ghidorah, fictional kaiju and villain in the Godzilla film franchise inspired by Yamata no Orochi. Lernaean Hydra. Jörmungandr. Fafnir. Apep. Bakunawa. Leviathan. Typhon. Vritra. Aston, William George, tr. 1896. Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697. 2 vols. Kegan Paul. 1972 Tuttle reprint. Benedict, Paul K. 1985. "Toppakō: Tōnan Ajia no gengo kara Nihongo e 突破口等東南アジアの言語から日本語え," Nishi Yoshio 西義郎, tr. Computational Analyses of Asian and African Languages 25. Benedict, Paul K. 1990. Japanese Austro/Tai.