John le Carré

John Le CarreJohn LeCarreLe Carré
The Quest for Karla (1982), containing Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, The Honourable Schoolboy and Smiley's People (republished in 1995 as Smiley Versus Karla in the UK; and John Le Carré: Three Complete Novels in the U.S.), ISBN: 0-394-52848-4. End of the Line (1970), broadcast 29 June 1970. A Murder of Quality (1991). The Tailor of Panama (2001), with John Boorman and Andrew Davies. The Tailor of Panama (2001). Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011). A Most Wanted Man (2014). The Night Manager (2016). Our Kind of Traitor (2016). The Little Drummer Girl (2018). The Little Drummer Girl (1984), as David Cornwell. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011), as John le Carré. Our Kind of Traitor (2016).

George Smiley

Gary Oldman plays Smiley in the 2011 film adaptation of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal. Alec Guinness portrayed Smiley in two highly successful BBC TV series: Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, made in 1979, and Smiley's People, made in 1982. For reasons of cost (much of the story was set in Indochina against the background of wars there) the BBC did not film The Honourable Schoolboy, the middle novel of the Karla trilogy – the Far Eastern parts even of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy were relocated to Portugal for the television adaptation. Denholm Elliott played Smiley in a 1991 version of A Murder of Quality.

Jim Prideaux

He appears in Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, with the book's events alternating between his point of view and that of George Smiley, and a minor character in A Legacy of Spies. He is a member of the "Scalp Hunters," a division of MI6 (called "The Circus" in le Carre's books) dedicated to especially dangerous counterintelligence missions often involving violence or assassinations. Prideaux's betrayal, and subsequent capture, following a botched mission in Czechoslovakia is the jumping off point for the events of the book. The character has been featured in both cinematic adaptations of the book, with each presenting a markedly different portrayal of the character.

Peter Guillam

In the 1979 BBC miniseries of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, Peter Guillam was portrayed by Michael Jayston. In 1982, the BBC adapted Smiley's People into a miniseries, in which Michael Byrne played Guillam. In BBC Radio's 2009/10 adaptation of the novel, Guillam was played by Ewan Bailey. In the 2011 film version of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, Guillam is played by Benedict Cumberbatch. Guillam is portrayed as homosexual in the film (a departure from the novels), and is forced to make the painful decision to break up with his boyfriend.

Bill Haydon

Bill Haydon is a fictional character created by John le Carré who features in le Carré's 1974 novel Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. He is a senior officer in the British Secret Intelligence Service who serves as a Soviet mole. The novel follows aging spymaster George Smiley's endeavours to uncover the mole. The character is partly modelled after the real-life double agent Kim Philby, part of the notorious Cambridge Five spy ring in Britain, who defected to the USSR in 1963. Haydon was born around 1917; no specific year is given but he is known to have been an undergraduate at Oxford University in 1937. He comes from an aristocratic family with connections throughout British high society.

John Irvin

Nominated - Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (TV) - BAFTA Best Drama Series (1979). Nominated - Champions - Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Award (1984). Nominated - Widows' Peak - Karlovy Vary International Film Festival Crystal Globe Award (1994). Winner - Widows' Peak - Austin Film Festival Best Film (1995). Nominated - City of Industry - MystFest Best Film (1997). Winner - When Trumpets Fade - Biarritz International Festival Silver FIPA Award (1999). Winner - Mandela's Gun - Harlem International Film Festival Best Director (2018).

Control (fictional character)

*Alexander Knox portrayed Control in the 1979 television miniseries adaptation of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. Cyril Cusack portrayed Control in the 1965 film adaptation of The Spy Who Came in from the Cold. In the 2011 adaptation of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, Control was played by John Hurt. He is shown signing himself as "C", and a photograph is briefly shown of a younger Control in uniform as a brigadier.

Hywel Bennett

Bennett's character, Ricki Tarr, was pivotal in the BBC serial based on John le Carré's novel Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (1979). He also appeared in Lock, Stock... (2000) as Deep Throat. In 2003, Bennett joined the cast of the long-running soap opera EastEnders as Jack Dalton - the ruthless gangland kingpin of Walford. Bennett also appeared as an occasional character, Peter Baxter, on The Bill and was in the first episode of Jam & Jerusalem. He appeared in the 1986 music video of "Loving You's a Dirty Job but Somebody's Gotta Do It" by Bonnie Tyler and Todd Rundgren in which he lip synced Rundgren's vocals.

Bernard Hepton

Francis Bernard Heptonstall
Hepton acted in adaptations of John le Carré's novels, as Toby Esterhase in the BBC Television versions of Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy and Smiley's People, and George Smiley in the radio adaptations. He appeared in I, Claudius (1976) as Pallas and in the comedy series The Squirrels (1974–77). Having played Inspector Goole in An Inspector Calls (1982) and Sir Thomas Bertram in Mansfield Park (1983), he appeared as Sam Toovey in the 1989 television adaptation of Susan Hill's ghost story The Woman in Black (1989).

Toby Esterhase

According to Adam Sisman, the character of Esterhase was partly inspired by the Hungarian emigre and book publisher André Deutsch: Bernard Hepton played Esterhase in the BBC television dramatisations of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy and Smiley's People. In the former, Hepton played Esterhase as a typical Englishman with a standard English accent, but in Smiley's People, Hepton adopted a more Eastern European accent for the role. Charles Kay played Esterhase in the BBC radio dramatisations of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy and Smiley's People. David Dencik played Esterhase in the 2011 film version of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy.

Karla (character)

KarlaKarla (fictional character)
Karla appears briefly in the BBC adaptations of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy and Smiley's People, though he does not speak in either. He is played by Patrick Stewart. Karla appears briefly in the 2011 film adaptation of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy as a voice, provided by Michael Sarne, as well as in a partial shot in a Budapest coffee shop holding Smiley's lighter.

Jonathan Powell (producer)

Jonathan Powell
However, probably his best known work was as producer of the Alec Guinness-starring BBC serials Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979), and its sequel Smiley's People (1982). In late 1983, he was made Head of Drama Series and Serials at BBC Television, and later became the overall Head of Drama, overseeing a period of change in the BBC drama department, with more original dramas being produced as well as classic adaptations, and more drama programmes being made on film rather than in the BBC TV studios on video tape. In 1985, with the support of BBC1 controller Michael Grade, he attempted to cancel Doctor Who.

Connie Sachs

In the 2011 film adaptation Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, Sachs was played by Kathy Burke.

Alec Guinness

Sir Alec GuinnessAlecginusGuinness
Guinness was reluctant to appear on television, but accepted the part of George Smiley in the serialisation of John le Carré's Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979) after meeting the author. Guinness reprised the role in Smiley's People (1982), and twice won the British Academy Television Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the character. Le Carré was so impressed by Guinness's performance that he based his characterisation of Smiley in subsequent novels on him. One of Guinness's last appearances was in the BBC drama Eskimo Day (1996).

Cambridge Circus, London

Cambridge CircusCircus
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979). 84 Charing Cross Road (1987). Match Point (2005).

Smiley's People

Smiley's People was dramatized as a six-part miniseries for television for the BBC in 1982 as a sequel to Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979), again starring Alec Guinness as George Smiley. The screenplay was written by John le Carré and John Hopkins and was directed by Simon Langton. Two versions of this series exist: 1) the six-part UK version, which expands upon several important aspects of Smiley's objectives and Enderby's endorsement of these, and 2) the six-part PBS version in which much of the "back story" had been excised, for time.

Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (film)

Tinker Tailor Soldier SpyTinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy2011 film adaptation
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy received generally positive reviews. The film scored 83% on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 223 reviews, with an average rating of 7.8/10. The site's summary called the film "a dense puzzle of anxiety, paranoia, and espionage that director Tomas Alfredson pieces together with utmost skill". Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating in the 0–100 range based on reviews from top mainstream critics, calculated an average score of 85 based on 42 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".

Geoffrey Burgon

Burgon died on 21 September 2010 after a short illness. * BBC obituary 1974 – ballet The Calm for London Contemporary Dance Theatre, first of many dance scores. 1976 – first breakthrough, with Requiem at the Three Choirs Festival. 1979 – Ivor Novello Award for score of BBC television series Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. 1981 – Ivor Novello Award for score of Granada television series Brideshead Revisited. 1997 – premiere of City Adventures, percussion concerto for Evelyn Glennie at BBC Proms. 2001 – wrote Heavenly Things, commissioned by the BBC for baritone Christopher Maltman. The Golden Fish, ballet (1964).

Kim Philby

PhilbyAdrian PhilbyH. A. R. "Kim" Philby
John le Carré depicts a Philby-like upper-class traitor in the 1974 novel Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. The novel has been adapted as a 1979 TV miniseries, a 2011 film, and radio dramatisations in 1988 and 2009. In real life, Philby had ended le Carré's intelligence officer career by betraying his British agent cover to the Russians. In the 1977 book The Jigsaw Man by Dorothea Bennett and the 1983 film adaption of it, The Jigsaw Man, "Sir Philip Kimberly" is a former head of the British Secret Service who defected to Russia, who is then given plastic surgery and sent back to Britain on a spy mission.

Gerald Westerby

Jerry Westerby
Westerby was played by Joss Ackland in the 1979 television serial based on the novel Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. His role in the 2011 film adaptation, was amalgamated with that of Sam Collins, played by Stephen Graham. Hugh Bonneville played the role of Westerby in the BBC Radio 4 dramatisation of the John le Carré novel The Honourable Schoolboy, first broadcast in January 2010.

Gary Oldman

Oldman received strong reviews and earned his first Academy Award nomination and a BAFTA Award nomination for his portrayal of British spy George Smiley in Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011), an adaptation of the John le Carré novel, directed by Tomas Alfredson. To prepare for the role of George Smiley, Oldman gained 15 pounds, watched Alec Guinness' performance in Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, and paid a visit to Smiley's creator John le Carré to perfect the character's voice. In 2012, Oldman played Floyd Banner, a big-hitting mobster, in John Hillcoat's Lawless, alongside Tom Hardy, Shia LaBeouf, Guy Pearce and Jessica Chastain.

Secret Intelligence Service

MI6SISBritish Secret Service
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the foreign intelligence service of the government of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK's national security. SIS is a member of the country's intelligence community and its Chief is accountable to the country's Foreign Secretary.


British Broadcasting Corporationthe BBCBBC Music
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London, and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. It employs over 22,000 staff in total, more than 16,000 of whom are in public sector broadcasting. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time, flexible, and fixed-contract staff are included.

The New York Times

New York TimesNY TimesNYT
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as the NYT and NYTimes) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won 127 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper. The Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation and 3rd in the U.S.

Clare Douglas

Much earlier, Douglas had been nominated twice as best editor for two miniseries based on John le Carré's espionage novels Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (directed by John Irvin-1979) and Smiley's People, (1982) which was directed by Simon Langton. Douglas also edited a third miniseries based on le Carré's novel A Perfect Spy (1987). Douglas died on 9 July 2017, aged 73. Director indicated in parenthesis. * The Text by Claire Douglas The Text by Claire Douglas.