August 2 – Napoleonic Wars: Representatives of the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia and Prussia sign a convention at Paris, declaring that Napoleon Bonaparte is "their prisoner" and that "His safe keeping is entrusted to the British Government.". August 7 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon is transferred to HMS Northumberland, to begin his forced and final second exile, on the remote island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean. September 23 – The Great September Gale of 1815 is the first hurricane to strike New England in 180 years. September 26 – Austria, Prussia and Russia sign a Holy Alliance, to uphold the European status quo.

Judah P. Benjamin

Judah BenjaminJudah Philip BenjaminJ. P. Benjamin
Judah Philip Benjamin, QC (August 11, 1811 – May 6, 1884) was a lawyer and politician who was a United States Senator from Louisiana, a Cabinet officer of the Confederate States and, after his escape to the United Kingdom at the end of the American Civil War, an English barrister. Benjamin was the first Jew to hold a Cabinet position in North America, and the first to be elected to the United States Senate who had not renounced that faith. (He was preceded by David Levy Yulee.) He successively held the Cabinet positions of Attorney General, Secretary of War, and Secretary of State of the Confederate States of America.


January 8 – Cape Colony becomes a British colony after the defeat of Dutch at the Battle of Blaauwberg. January 9 – Lord Nelson is given a state funeral at St Paul's Cathedral, attended by the Prince of Wales. January 10 – The Dutch in Cape Town surrender to British forces. January 19 – The British occupy the Cape of Good Hope. January 23 – Grenville succeeds William Pitt the Younger as wartime Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, upon Pitt's death this day amidst worsening health, caused by the stresses of the Napoleonic Wars. February 6 – The Royal Navy gains a victory off Santo Domingo.


July 1821
December 4 – John Henniker-Major, 2nd Baron Henniker, British politician (b. 1752). December 7 – King Pōmare II of Tahiti (b. 1782). December 12 – Phoebe Hessel, British female soldier (b. 1713).

1884 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1884 in the United Kingdom. Monarch – Victoria. Prime Minister – William Ewart Gladstone (Liberal). Parliament – 22nd. 4 January – the Fabian Society is founded in London. 5 January – Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera Princess Ida has its première at the Savoy Theatre, London. 18 January – Dr William Price attempts to cremate his dead baby son, Iesu Grist, at Llantrisant.

19th century

nineteenth century19th19th-century
Mataram is a de facto and de yure controlled by the Dutch East Indies. 1831: France invades and occupies Algeria. 1831–1833: Egyptian–Ottoman War. 1846–1848: The Mexican–American War leads to Mexico's cession of much of the modern-day Southwestern United States. 1853–1856: Crimean War between France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. 1861–1865: American Civil War between the Union and seceding Confederacy.


other events of 1915
May 7 – WWI: Sinking of the RMS Lusitania: 's main rival, the British ocean liner, is sunk by Imperial German Navy U-boat U-20 off the south-west coast of Ireland, killing 1,198 civilians en route from New York City to Liverpool. May 9 – WWI – Second Battle of Artois: German and French forces fight to a standstill; German forces defeat the British at the Battle of Aubers Ridge. May 17 – The last purely Liberal government in the United Kingdom ends, when the prime minister H. H. Asquith forms an all-party coalition government, the Asquith coalition ministry, effective May 25.

Timeline of the 19th century

. – Italy. 1801: Thomas Jefferson elected President of the United States by the House of Representatives, following a tie in the Electoral College – United States. 1801: The Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merge to form the United Kingdom. 1801: Ranjit Singh crowned as King of Punjab. 1801: Napoleon signs the Concordat of 1801 with the Pope. 1801: Cairo falls to the British. 1801: Assassination of Tsar Paul I of Russia. 1801: British defeat French at the Second Battle of Abukir. 1801–1815: the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War between the United States and the Barbary States of North Africa. 1802: Treaty of Amiens between France and the United Kingdom ends the War

March 31

31 March31
Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman and diplomat, founded Prince Matchabelli perfume (b. 1885). 1939 – Ioannis Tsangaridis, Greek general (b. 1887). 1944 – Mineichi Koga, Japanese admiral (b. 1885). 1945 – Frank Findlay, New Zealand banker and politician (b. 1884). 1945 – Hans Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881). 1950 – Robert Natus, Estonian architect (b. 1890). 1952 – Wallace H.


other events of 1914
November 1 – World War I: Battle of Coronel – A British Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock is met in the eastern Pacific and defeated by superior German forces led by Vice-Admiral Maximilian von Spee in the first British naval defeat of the war, resulting in the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth. November 5 – World War I:. Britain and France declare war on Turkey. The United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, which it controls until Cyprus' declaration of independence in 1960. The Battle of Tanga ends, with the British Indian Expeditionary Force B failing to capture German East Africa defences.

March 29

29 March29
Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins. 1867 – Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes Canada on July 1. 1871 – Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria. 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus. 1882 – The Knights of Columbus is established. 1886 – John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta. 1911 – The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S.

March 22

22 March22
Quigley, Canadian-American football player and coach (d. 1960). 1884 – Arthur H.

August 21

21 August21
Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician (d. 1729). 1670 – James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (d. 1734). 1725 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter and educator (d. 1805). 1754 – William Murdoch, Scottish engineer and inventor, created gas lighting (d. 1839). 1754 – Banastre Tarleton, English general and politician (d. 1833). 1765 – William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1837). 1789 – Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and academic (d. 1857). 1798 – Jules Michelet, French historian and philosopher (d. 1874). 1800 – Hiram Walden, American general and politician (d

March 1915

British destroyer HMS Tipperary was launched by J. Samuel White at East Cowes, Isle of Wight. It would serve one year before being sunk during the Battle of Jutland. Died: Jim Donnelly, American baseball player, third baseman for the Washington Nationals, Kansas City Cowboys, and the Baltimore Orioles from 1884 to 1900 (b. 1865). British destroyers HMS and were assigned to escort RMS Lusitania to Liverpool, but when the ships tried to contact Lusitania by radio, Captain Daniel Dow only gave his position by code and continued to Liverpool unescorted.

August 24

24 August24
Mandate of Palestine, result in the death of 65–68 Jews; the remaining Jews are forced to flee the city. 1931 – France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality pact. 1931 – Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government.

June 22

22 June22June 22, 2007
Arsenio Linares y Pombo of the Spanish Army outnumbers them two-to-one, but does not oppose the landings. 1907 – The London Underground's Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opens. 1911 – George V and Mary of Teck are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 1918 – The Hammond Circus Train Wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana. 1921 – Rif War: The Spanish Army suffers its worst military defeat in modern times to the Berbers of the Rif region of Spanish Morocco. 1940 – World War II: France is forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Germany, in the same railroad car in which the Germans signed the

December 1918

Died: Prince Konrad, Austrian state leader, 20th Minister-President of Austria (b. 1863); Walter Hines Page, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1913 to 1918 (b. 1855); Hobey Baker, American football and hockey player, quarterback for the Princeton Tigers football team and right wing for the Princeton Tigers men's ice hockey team from 1906 to 1916, recipient of the Croix de guerre for action with the 13th Aero Squadron in World War One (killed in a plane crash) (b. 1892).

May 1916

Easter Rising – During a debate in the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the Irish crisis, John Dillon of the Irish Parliamentary Party called on the British government to end the executions of the Easter Rising leaders. A U.S. Army expedition crossed the Rio Grande and arrived at El Pino, Coahuila, Mexico and rescued two U.S. Cavalry men being held prisoner by Pancho Villa loyalists. Born: Camilo José Cela, Spanish writer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature, author of The Family of Pascual Duarte and The Hive, in Padrón, Spain (d. 2002).

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic WarNapoleonicwar with France
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), the Fifth (1809), the Sixth (1813), and the Seventh (1815).

International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919)

International relations (1814–1919)Great Powersinternational events
''The Oxford History of the British Empire - Vol. 5: Historiography'' (1999) online List of modern great powers. Diplomatic history of World War I. Diplomatic history of World War II. Free trade. History of French foreign relations. History of German foreign policy. Foreign policy of the Russian Empire. Historiography of the British Empire. History of the foreign relations of the United Kingdom. International relations (1919–1939). Pax Britannica. Second French Empire. Great Eastern Crisis. New Imperialism. History of colonialism. History of globalisation. Concert of Europe. Timeline of British diplomatic history. Timeline of imperialism. Timeline of United States diplomatic history.

Acts of Union 1800

Act of UnionAct of Union 1800Union
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The acts came into force on 1 January 1801, and the merged Parliament of the United Kingdom had its first meeting on 22 January 1801. Both acts remain in force, with amendments, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and have been repealed in the Republic of Ireland.

January 4

4 January44-Jan
– The Fabian Society is founded in London, United Kingdom. 1896 – Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state. 1903 – Topsy, an elephant, is electrocuted by the owners of Luna Park, Coney Island.

Great Famine (Ireland)

Great FamineIrish Potato FamineGreat Irish Famine
Since the Acts of Union in January 1801, Ireland had been part of the United Kingdom. Executive power lay in the hands of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Chief Secretary for Ireland, who were appointed by the British government. Ireland sent 105 members of parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, and Irish representative peers elected 28 of their own number to sit for life in the House of Lords. Between 1832 and 1859, 70% of Irish representatives were landowners or the sons of landowners.

Irish Home Rule movement

Irish Home RuleHome RuleHome Rule Bill
The four Irish Home Rule bills introduced in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, were intended to grant self-government and national autonomy to the whole of Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and reverse parts of the Acts of Union 1800.

Irish War of Independence

War of IndependenceAnglo-Irish WarIrish War for Independence
The demand for Home Rule was eventually granted by the British Government in 1912, immediately prompting a prolonged crisis within the United Kingdom as Ulster unionists formed an armed organisation – the Ulster Volunteers (UVF) – to resist this measure of devolution, at least in territory they could control. In turn, nationalists formed their own paramilitary organisation, the Irish Volunteers.