Visit of the Marquis de Lafayette to the United States

visit to the United Statesgrand tourtour of the United States
September 28 – Visit to Philadelphia with a parade followed by speeches at the State House (Independence Hall) under Philadelphia architect William Strickland's Triumphal Arches. October 6 – Escorted to Wilmington, Delaware by the Grand Lodge of Delaware Masons. October 8 to October 11 - Toured Baltimore and met with surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution. October 12 – Arrives in the District of Columbia. October 15 – Spends the entire evening at Arlington House, although he returns to his hotel in Washington D.C. at night. October 17 – Visits Mount Vernon and George Washington's tomb in Virginia.

Historical armorial of U.S. states from 1876

Historical coat of armscolonial counterpartsHistorical coats of arms of the U.S. states from 1876
Despite the widely accepted practice of determining early statehood from the date of ratification of the United States Constitution, many of the original colonies referred to themselves as states shortly after the Declaration of Independence was signed on 4 July 1776. Committees of political leaders and intellectuals were established by state legislatures to research and propose a seal and coat of arms. Many of these members were signers of the Articles of Confederation, Declaration of Independence, and United States Constitution.

Military history of the United States

U.S. military historyAmerican military historymilitary history
George Washington was called out of retirement to head a "provisional army" in case of invasion by France, but President John Adams managed to negotiate a truce, in which France agreed to terminate the prior alliance and cease its attacks. The Berbers along the Barbary Coast (modern day Libya) sent pirates to capture merchant ships and hold the crews for ransom. The U.S. paid protection money until 1801, when President Thomas Jefferson refused to pay and sent in the Navy to challenge the Barbary States, the First Barbary War followed.

List of places named after people in the United States

List of American places named after people
Jamesburg, California – John James (founder). Jamestown, New York – James Prendergast (settler). Jamestown, Rhode Island – James II of England. Jamestown, Virginia – James I of England. Janesville, California – Jane Bankhead (early settler). Janesville, Wisconsin – Henry Janes (early settler and first postmaster). Jasper, Texas – William Jasper (American Revolution hero). Jay, Maine and Jay, Vermont – John Jay (the first chief justice of the Supreme Court). Jean, Nevada – Jean Fayle (wife of postmaster George Fayle). Jefferson, Maine and Jefferson, New Hampshire – Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson City, Missouri – Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson County, Florida – Thomas Jefferson.

Sons of Liberty (miniseries)

Sons of LibertySons of Liberty'' (miniseries)
Sons of Liberty is an American television miniseries dramatizing the early American Revolution events in Boston, Massachusetts, the start of the Revolutionary War, and the negotiations of the Second Continental Congress which resulted in drafting and signing the 1776 United States Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The three-part miniseries premiered on History on January 25, 2015, directed by Kari Skogland. The theme music was composed by Hans Zimmer. The miniseries centers primarily on the years 1765-1776, prior to start of the American Revolutionary War.

Postage stamps and postal history of the United States

United States postage stampsU.S. postage stampU.S. postage stamps
The tax was repealed a year later, and very few were ever actually used in the thirteen colonies, but they saw service in Canada and the British Caribbean islands. In the years leading up to the American Revolution mail routes among the colonies existed along the few roads between Boston, New York and Philadelphia. In the middle 18th century, individuals like Benjamin Franklin and William Goddard were the colonial postmasters who managed the mails then and were the general architects of a postal system that started out as an alternative to the Crown Post (the colonial mail system then) which was now becoming more distrusted as the American Revolution drew near.

History of the Episcopal Church (United States)

Anglican Churchsemi-itinerant bishops
On the other hand, about three-quarters of the signers of the Declaration of Independence were nominally Anglican laymen, including Thomas Jefferson, William Paca, and George Wythe, not to mention commander-in-chief George Washington. A large fraction of prominent merchants and royal appointees were Anglicans and loyalists. About 27 percent of Anglican priests nationwide supported independence, especially in Virginia. Almost 40 percent (approaching 90 percent in New York and New England) were Loyalists. Out of 55 Anglican clergy in New York and New England, only three were Patriots, two of those being from Massachusetts.

Augusta Declaration

Five days later, on May 15, the Convention declared Virginia wholly independent of Great Britain, and called for state papers (a declaration of rights and constitution), foreign alliances, and a confederation of the colonies. These resolutions were forwarded to the Second Continental Congress and introduced as the Lee Resolution, which initiated the drafting of the United States Declaration of Independence, the Model Treaty (foreign policy), and the Articles of Confederation (the first U.S. constitution), respectively.

American Enlightenment

Enlightenment
Jefferson Bible. Liberal democracy. Liberalism. Republicanism. Secular state. Separation of Church and State. The Age of Reason – by Thomas Paine. Thomas Jefferson. George Mason. Thomas Paine. United States Declaration of Independence. Aldridge, A. Owen, (1959). Man of Reason: The Life of Thomas Paine. Lippincott. Cunningham, Noble E. In Pursuit of Reason (1988) well-reviewed short biography of Jefferson. Weinberger, Jerry ''Benjamin Franklin Unmasked: On the Unity of His Moral, Religious, and Political Thought (University Press of Kansas, 2008) ISBN: 0-7006-1584-9. Allen, Brooke Moral Minority: Our Skeptical Founding Fathers (2007) Ivan R Dee, Inc, ISBN: 1-56663-751-1.

Maryland in the American Revolution

History of Maryland in the American Revolutionkey political and military roles in the warState of Maryland
He arrived too late to vote in favor of it, but was able to sign the Declaration of Independence. It is possible that the First Amendment to the United States Constitution - guaranteeing freedom of religion - was written in appreciation for Carroll's considerable financial support during the Revolutionary War. Carroll was the only Roman Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, and until his death in 1832 he was its last living signatory. Samuel Chase (1741–1811), was a "firebrand" states-righter and revolutionary, and was a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Maryland.

Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence

Mecklenburg Declarationdeclared independenceMay 20th, 1775
The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence is a text published in 1819 with the claim that it was the first declaration of independence made in the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolution. It was supposedly signed on May 20, 1775, in Charlotte, North Carolina, by a committee of citizens of Mecklenburg County, who declared independence from Great Britain after hearing of the battle of Lexington. If the story is true, the Mecklenburg Declaration preceded the United States Declaration of Independence by more than a year. The authenticity of the Mecklenburg Declaration has been disputed since it was published, forty-four years after it was reputedly written.

Architecture of the United States

American architectureAmericanNorth America
Boston and Salem in the Massachusetts Bay Colony were two primary cities where the Georgian style took hold, but in a simpler style than in England, adapted to the colonial limitations. The Georgian style predominated residential design in the British colonial era in the thirteen Colonies. At the Mount Pleasant mansion (1761–1762) in Philadelphia, the residence is constructed with an entrance topped by a pediment supported by Doric columns. The roof has a balustrade and a symmetrical arrangement, characteristic of the neoclassic style popular in Europe then. In 1776 the members of the Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence of the Thirteen Colonies.

Timeline of British diplomatic history

British diplomacyBritish diplomatEnglish Counselor
Britain victorious and takes control of all of Canada; France seeks revenge. 1775–83: American Revolutionary War as Thirteen Colonies revolt; Britain has no major allies. 1776: Royal governors expelled from Thirteen United Colonies; they vote independence as the United States of America on 2 July; Declaration of Independence adopted on 4 July; France ships arms to Americans. 1777: France decides to recognise America in December after British invasion army from Canada surrenders to Americans at the Battle of Saratoga in New York; French goal is revenge from defeat in 1763. 1778: Treaty of Allies. US and France form military alliance against Britain.

History of Philadelphia

Philadelphiahistorycolonial Philadelphia
After the American Revolutionary War began in April 1775 following the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress met in May at the Pennsylvania State House. There they also met a year later to write and sign the Declaration of Independence in July 1776. Philadelphia was important to the war effort; Robert Morris said, You will consider Philadelphia, from its centrical situation, the extent of its commerce, the number of its artificers, manufactures and other circumstances, to be to the United States what the heart is to the human body in circulating the blood. The port city was vulnerable to attack by the British by sea.

History of the United States Marine Corps

Marine Corps historyUnited States Marine Corpsearly days of the Marine Corps
On 4 July 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed. The Continental sailors and Marines aboard Reprisal and then headed south to the Caribbean Islands on 27 July. Their assignment was to bring William Bingham, who had been appointed agent from the American colonies to Martinique, in acquiring intelligence, and additional arms and supplies for George Washington's armies. While en route, they encountered the British sloop-of-war off the coast of Martinique and forced her out of the area. Reprisal and her accompanying Marines returned to Philadelphia from the West Indies on 13 September.

Outline of the United States

OutlineTopic outline of the United States
These major divisions are: At the Declaration of Independence, the United States consisted of 13 states, former colonies of the United Kingdom.

History of conservatism in the United States

conservativesConservatism
The patriots who fought in the Revolution did so in the name of preserving traditional rights of Englishmen—especially the right of "no taxation without representation"; they increasingly opposed attempts by Parliament to tax and control the fast-growing colonies. In 1773, when the British imposed heavy sanctions on the Massachusetts colony in the wake of the Boston Tea Party, self described patriots organized colony-by-colony resistance through organizations such as the Sons of Liberty. Fighting broke out in the spring of 1775, and all Thirteen Colonies entered into open rebellion against the crown.

Outline of United States history

Historical outline of the United States
Physical history of the United States Declaration of Independence. History of the United States Constitution. History of the United States Government. Presidents of the United States. George Washington: 1789–1797. John Adams: 1797–1801. Thomas Jefferson: 1801–1809. James Madison: 1809–1817. James Monroe: 1817–1825. John Quincy Adams: 1825–1829. Andrew Jackson: 1829–1837. Martin Van Buren: 1837–1841. William Henry Harrison: 1841. John Tyler: 1841–1845. James K. Polk: 1845–1849. Zachary Taylor: 1849–1850. Millard Fillmore: 1850–1853. Franklin Pierce: 1853–1857. James Buchanan: 1857–1861. Abraham Lincoln: 1861–1865. Andrew Johnson: 1865–1869. Ulysses S. Grant: 1869–1877. Rutherford B.

John Rutledge

JohnRutledge, John
John Rutledge (September 17, 1739 – July 23, 1800) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and also its second Chief Justice. Additionally, he served as the first President of South Carolina and, later, its first Governor after the Declaration of Independence. Born in Charleston, South Carolina, Rutledge established a legal career after studying at Middle Temple in the City of London. He was the elder brother of Edward Rutledge, a signatory of the Declaration of Independence. Rutledge served as a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress, which protested taxes imposed on the Thirteen Colonies by the Parliament of Great Britain.

History of Massachusetts

MassachusettsMassachusetts historyState of Massachusetts Bay
John Adams was a leader in the independence movement and he helped secure a unanimous vote for independence and on July 4, 1776, the United States Declaration of Independence was adopted in Philadelphia. It was signed first by Massachusetts resident John Hancock, president of the Continental Congress. Soon afterward the Declaration of Independence was read to the people of Boston from the balcony of the State House. Massachusetts was no longer a colony; it was a state and part of a new nation, the United States of America. A Constitutional Convention drew up a state constitution, which was drafted primarily by John Adams, and ratified by the people on June 15, 1780.

Madeira wine

MadeiraMadeira sauceEast India Madeira
Madeira was a favorite of Thomas Jefferson, and it was used to toast the Declaration of Independence. George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams are also said to have appreciated the qualities of Madeira. The wine was mentioned in Benjamin Franklin's autobiography. On one occasion, Adams wrote to his wife, Abigail, of the great quantities of Madeira he consumed while a Massachusetts delegate to the Continental Congress. A bottle of Madeira was used by visiting Captain James Server to christen the USS Constitution in 1797. Chief Justice John Marshall was also known to appreciate Madeira, as were his cohorts on the early U.S. Supreme Court.

Give me liberty, or give me death!

Give me liberty or give me deathLiberty or Deathgive me liberty or give me death" speech
John's Church in Richmond, Virginia. Henry is credited with having swung the balance in convincing the convention to pass a resolution delivering Virginian troops for the Revolutionary War. Among the delegates to the convention were future U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. The speech was not published until The Port Folio printed a version of it in 1816. The version of the speech that is known today first appeared in print in Sketches of the Life and Character of Patrick Henry, a biography of Henry by William Wirt in 1817.

Harbor Defenses of New York

Coast Defenses of Southern New YorkHarbor Defenses of Southern New YorkCoast Defenses of Eastern New York
On 11 September, the Howe brothers met with John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Edward Rutledge in the Staten Island Peace Conference. The Americans insisted on retaining independence as expressed in the Declaration of Independence, and the Howes said they had no authority to allow that, and specifically regarded the patriot delegates as British subjects. So the war continued. On 15 September the British landed in southern Manhattan and quickly took the city, which only extended to the southern part of the island at the time.

Liberty!

Liberty! The American Revolution
Period photographs and location filming are intercut with stage and screen actors in appropriate period costume reading as figures of the time, including Campbell Scott (Thomas Jefferson), Philip Bosco (Benjamin Franklin), Victor Garber (John Dickinson), Alex Jennings (King George III), Roger Rees (Thomas Paine), Philip Seymour Hoffman (Joseph Plumb Martin), Terrence Mann (Gen. John Burgoyne), Colm Feore (Alexander Hamilton), Sebastian Roché (The Marquis de Lafayette), Donna Murphy (Abigail Adams), Austin Pendleton (Benjamin Rush) and Peter Donaldson (John Adams). Stephen Lang read the words of George Washington, but is not seen on camera.

Thomas Jefferson and slavery

JeffersonJefferson's slaveholdingon slavery
As US Secretary of State, Jefferson issued in 1795, with President Washington's authorization, $40,000 in emergency relief and 1,000 weapons to colonial French slave owners in Saint Domingue (Haiti) in order to suppress a slave rebellion. President Washington gave the slave owners in Saint Domingue (Haiti) $400,000 as repayment for loans the French had granted to the Americans during the American Revolutionary War. In 1796, according to the Constitution at the time, Jefferson became vice president after John Adams won slightly more electoral votes in their competition for the presidency. Because they were from different political parties, they had difficulty working together.