Sochi, RussiaSotchiSochi, Krasnodar krai
Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia. The Greater Sochi area, which includes territories and localities subordinated to Sochi proper, has a total area of 3526 km2 and sprawls for 145 km along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains. The area of the city proper is 176.77 km2. According to the 2010 Census, the city had a permanent population of 343,334, up from 328,809 recorded in the 2002 Census, making it Russia's largest resort city. Being part of the Caucasian Riviera, it is one of the very few places in Russia with a subtropical climate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters.


Kaluga, Kaluga oblastKaluga Urban OkrugKaluga, Russia
Kaluga is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 150 km southwest of Moscow. Population:

Kremlin Press Secretary

Press SecretaryKremlin spokesmanKremlin spokesperson
The Kremlin Press Secretary or officially Press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation (Russian: Пресс-Секретарь Президента Российской Федерации) is a senior official in the Presidential Administration of Russia whose primary responsibility is to act as spokesperson for the Russian Federation government administration, especially with regard to the President, senior executives, and policies. Sometimes described as Press Attache of the President of the Russian Federation.

Novgorod Oblast

NovgorodNovgorod regionHistory of Novgorod Oblast
Novgorod Oblast (Новгоро́дская о́бласть, Novgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Veliky Novgorod. Some of the oldest Russian cities, including Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa, are located in the oblast. The historic monuments of Veliky Novgorod and surroundings have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Population: 634,111 (2010 Census).


AfghanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAfghans
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast. Occupying 652,000 km2, it is a mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and largest city. The population is 32 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks.

Presidential Administration of Russia

Presidential AdministrationRussian presidential administrationPresidential Executive Office
The Presidential Executive Office of Russia or the Presidential Administration of Russia is the executive office of the President of Russia created by a decree of Boris Yeltsin on 19 July 1991 as an institution supporting the activity of the president (then Yeltsin) and the vice-president (then Aleksandr Rutskoy, in 1993 the position was abolished) of Russian SFSR (now Russian Federation), as well as deliberative bodies attached to the president, including the Security Council.

Hamid Karzai

KarzaiPresident KarzaiHamed Karzai
Hamid Karzai (Pashto/; born 24 December 1957) is an Afghan politician who was the President of Afghanistan from 22 December 2001 to 29 September 2014, originally as an interim leader and then as President for almost ten years, from 7 December 2004 to 2014. He comes from a politically active family; Karzai's father, uncle and grandfather were all active in Afghan politics and government. Karzai and his father before him, Abdul Ahad Karzai, were each head of the Popalzai tribe of the Durrani tribal confederation.


FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The Philippines ( or Filipinas ), officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.

Rodrigo Duterte

Rodrigo Roa DuterteDuterteRodrigo R. Duterte
Rodrigo Roa Duterte (born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the 16th and current President of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao to hold the office. He is the chair of the ruling PDP–Laban party. Taking office at 71 years old in June 2016, Duterte is the oldest person to assume the Philippine presidency; the record was previously held by Sergio Osmeña at the age of 65.


KAZKazakhRepublic of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest country in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 km². It is a transcontinental country largely located in Asia; the most western parts are in Europe. Kazakhstan is the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil and gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources.

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

Qasym-Zhomart ToqaevK. TokayevKassymzhomart Tokayev
Kassym-Jomart Kemelyevich Tokayev (, Qasym-Jomart Kemeluly Toqaev, Касым-Жомарт Кемелевич Токаев,, born 17 May 1953) is a Kazakh politician and diplomat. He took office as the President of Kazakhstan on 20 March 2019, succeeding Nursultan Nazarbayev, who resigned on 19 March 2019 after 29 years in office. Tokayev was elected president of Kazakhstan in a snap election on 9 June 2019 with 71% of the popular vote.

Council on Foreign Relations

The Council on Foreign RelationsCFRCouncil on Foreign Relations (CFR)
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs. It is headquartered in New York City, with an additional office in Washington, D.C. Its membership, which numbers 4,900, has included senior politicians, more than a dozen secretaries of state, CIA directors, bankers, lawyers, professors and senior media figures. It is known for its neoconservative and neoliberal leanings.


Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan RepublicAZE
Azerbaijan (, ; Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an long border with Turkey in the northwest.

Ilham Aliyev

Ilham Alievİlham AliyevPresident of Azerbaijan
Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev, ; born 24 December 1961) is an Azerbaijani politician who is the fourth president of Azerbaijan, in office since 2003. He also functions as the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party and the head of the National Olympic Committee.

RAND Corporation

RANDProject RANDThe RAND Corporation
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces. It is financed by the U.S. government and private endowment, corporations, universities and private individuals. The company has grown to assist other governments, international organizations, private companies and foundations, with a host of defense and non-defense issues, including healthcare.

Abdullah II of Jordan

King Abdullah IIAbdullah IIKing Abdullah
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (عبدالله الثاني بن الحسين, ʿAbdullah al-thani bin Al-Husayn, born 30 January 1962) has been King of Jordan since 1999. He belongs to the Hashemite family, who have ruled Jordan since 1921 and claim agnatic descent from Muhammad's daughter Fatimah.


Hashemite Kingdom of JordanTransjordanKingdom of Jordan
Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west. The Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a 26 km coastline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre.

Joseph Mifsud

Joseph MisfudStephan Roh
He regularly attended meetings of the Valdai Discussion Club, an annual conference held in Russia, backed by the Kremlin and attended by Vladimir Putin. According to a BBC report, Mifsud was in Moscow in April 2016 to speak on a panel run by the Valdai Club alongside Stephan Roh, the German multimillionaire lawyer and investor described as a "wheeler-dealer" by the BBC Newsnight program. Roh is Mifsud's former employer, he could not be reached for comment by the BBC. Another speaker at the Valdai Club was Ivan Timofeev, who works for a think tank close to the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, whom Mifsud subsequently introduced to Papadopoulos via email.

Moscow Defense Brief

Moscow Defence Brief
External experts who have written for Moscow Defense Briefinclude: Fyodor Lukyanov, Editor-in-Chief of Russia in Global Affairs; Aleksey Nikolsky, Defense and politics reporter for Vedomosti; Alexandr Stukalin Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Kommersant; Andrei Kortunov, Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council; and Roger McDermott, senior fellow at the Jamestown Foundation. The magazine was launched in 2004, and its reports have since been regularly cited by news sources such as The Moscow Times, the Wall Street Journal, Reuters, and the BBC News. The magazine's last regular issue was published in December 2018, since then MDB is published on ad-hoc basis.

West Cork Rally

Ger Buckley his closest rival wasn't happy and appealed the decision to the RIAC, but the O'Connells were eventually awarded the win. The event lost its championship status for 1979, but that didn't hinder its progress as by 1980 upwards of 160 crews were starting the event, many of them travelling from all parts of the U.K., including Billy Coleman, Roger Clark, Malcolm Wilson (now head of Ford Motorsport), Jimmy McRae (father of Colin McRae), Ger Buckley and Bertie Fisher.


Valday (disambiguation)
Valdai Discussion Club. Valday (inhabited locality), name of several inhabited localities in Russia. Lake Valdayskoye (or Lake Valdai), a lake in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. Valday (ship), a class of Russian freight ships.

Astana Club

The club has partnered with international think tanks the Institute of World Economy and Politics, the Carnegie Endowment, the German Council on Foreign Relations, the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, and the Russian International Affairs Council. Club participants include scholars, businesspersons and former members of the U.S. Congress. The Astana Club inaugural meeting was keynoted by OSCE PA Secretary General Spencer Oliver.

Evgeny Vinokurov

Member of the Russian Council for International Affairs. He devoted several years to studying enclaves and exclaves. The main research findings are reflected in the books "A Theory of Enclaves", "Kaliningrad: Enclaves and Economic Integration", and "Adapting to European Integration? The Case of the Russian Exclave Kaliningrad". "A Theory of Enclaves" was also published in Russian. The study is built on the analysis of an extensive database that covers over 280 enclaves and exclaves. Enclaves are a fairly frequent phenomenon.

Richard Sakwa

SakwaSakwa River
Sakwa was also a participant of Valdai Discussion Club, an Associate Fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, a member of the Advisory Boards of the Institute of Law and Public Policy in Moscow and a member of Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences. Sakwa has been praised for cutting through the myths of both supporters and critics of Vladimir Putin. Michael Rochlitz, an associate fellow at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow, described his book Putin Redux as 'detailed, balanced and sober'.

Sergei Lousianin

"Russian-Chinese Dialogue: The 2015 Model", Russian International Affairs Council. Sergey Luzyanin. "Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Model 2014-2015", Russian International Affairs Council. Zhao Huasheng, Sergey Luzyanin. "Russian–Chinese Dialogue: The 2016 Model", Russian International Affairs Council.