Western Chalukya Empire

Western ChalukyaWestern ChalukyasKalyani Chalukyas
The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries. This Kannadiga dynasty is sometimes called the Kalyani Chalukya after its regal capital at Kalyani, today's Basavakalyan in the modern Bidar District of Karnataka state, and alternatively the Later Chalukya from its theoretical relationship to the 6th-century Chalukya dynasty of Badami. The dynasty is called Western Chalukyas to differentiate from the contemporaneous Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, a separate dynasty. Prior to the rise of these Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta empire of Manyakheta controlled most of Deccan and Central India for over two centuries.

Hoysala Empire

HoysalaHoysalasHoysala Dynasty
The Hoysala Empire was a Kannadiga power originating from the Indian subcontinent, that ruled most of what is now Karnataka, India, between the 10th and the 14th centuries. The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur but was later moved to Halebidu.

Jainism

JainJainsJaina
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion. Followers of Jainism are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) referring to the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths by destroying karma through an ethical and spiritual life. Jainism is a transtheistic religion, and Jains trace their spiritual ideas and history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviours and teachers known as tirthankaras, with the first being Rishabhanatha, who according to Jain tradition lived millions of years ago, the twenty-third being Parshvanatha in 900 BCE, and the twenty-fourth being the Mahāvīra around 500 BCE.

Vikramaditya VI

Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VIKing Vikramaditya VIVikram Aditya vii
The Hoysala kings Vinayaditya, Ereyanga and Veera Ballala I had maintained cordial relations with Vikramaditya VI. But Ballala I's younger brother Vishnuvardhana, who according to historians Sastri and Kamath was a "great warrior" and an ambitious ruler had expansionist plans. He had the support of the Pandya ruler of Ucchangi and Kadamba king Jayakesi II of Goa. The Hoysalas under Vishnuvardhana began to expand their territory initially by defeating the Cholas in the famous battle of Talakad in 1116 resulting in the Hoysala annexation of Gangavadi (part of modern Southern Karnataka).

Someshvara I

Ahavamalla Someshwara ISomeshvaraSomeshvara I Trilokyamalla
Vinayaditya's daughter or sister called Hoysala Devi was one of his queens. In the west, Someshvara I retained control over the Konkan. In the east he was able to extend his influence up to Ananthapur and Kurnool. Despite many defeats during his wars with the Cholas of Tanjore, he managed to play king-maker at Vengi on several occasions. According to the historian Ganguli, the Cholas "could not wrest from him any part of his kingdom". According to the historian Sen, Someshvara I's rule was a "brilliant period" in the history of the Western Chalukyas that would reach its zenith under Vikramaditya VI. Historian Tripathi claims the Chalukya influence was felt in far-off Eastern India as well.

Veera Ballala I

Veera BallalaBallala
Veera Ballala I ((r. 1102 – 1108 CE)) succeeded Ereyanga as king of the Hoysala Empire. He was a Jain by faith. His rule was short and uneventful other than subduing the Chengalvas and the Santharas. He made some unsuccessful attempts to overthrow the overlordship of the Western Chalukyas but was brought under control by Chalukya Vikramaditya VI. According to Sen, his rule was from 1100-1110 with the capital at Belur. An alternate capital was at Halebidu. * Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, A Concise history of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC, Bangalore, 2001 (Reprinted 2002) OCLC: 7796041

Nripa Kama II

Nripa Kama II (r. 1026–1047 CE) was an early king of the Hoysala Empire from the Malnad region of Karnataka and was possibly a vassal of the Western Ganga Dynasty and fought many wars against the Cholas. Thought unable to rout the Cholas from southern regions of present-day Karnataka, he successfully ruled some regions in the Malnad area.

Vassal

vassalsvassalagefeudatory
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe. The obligations often included military support by knights in exchange for certain privileges, usually including land held as a tenant or fief. The term is also applied to similar arrangements in other feudal societies.

Malenadu

MalnadMalanadMalnad region
Malenadu is a region in the state of Karnataka in India. Malenadu covers the western and eastern slopes of the Western Ghats or Sahyadri mountain range, and is roughly 100 kilometers in width. It is situated between Coastal Karnataka and Bayaluseeme regions of Karnataka. Sirsi, Karnataka is known as Gate of Malenadu or Malenadina Hebbagilu in Kannada.

Dhar

DharaDharanagarDhar Fort
Dhar is a city located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Dhar District, and was the capital of the Rajput Dhar State as Dharanagar from 1732 (previously the Raja had his seat at Multhan from 1728).

Shimoga

ShivamoggaShivamogaBednur
Shimoga, officially known as Shivamogga, is a city and the district headquarters of Shimoga in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly nicknamed as "Gateway of Malnad".

Malwa

MalavaMalwa PlateauMālwa
Malwa is an Indian historical doab region of west-central India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin. Geologically, the Malwa Plateau generally refers to the volcanic upland north of the Vindhya Range. Politically and administratively, it is also synonymous with the former state of Madhya Bharat which was later merged with Madhya Pradesh, and presently the historical Malwa region includes districts of western Madhya Pradesh and parts of south-eastern Rajasthan, sometimes the definition of Malwa is extended to include the Nimar region south of the Vindhyas.

Ganges

GangaGanges RiverGanga River
The Ganges, or Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh. The 2525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India and Bangladesh, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

Chola dynasty

CholaCholasChola Empire
The Chola dynasty was a Tamil dynasty of southern India, one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the world's history. The earliest datable references to the Chola are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BCE left by Ashoka, of the Maurya Empire (Ashoka Major Rock Edict No.13). As one of the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam, along with the Chera and Pandya, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century CE. Despite these ancient origins, the period when it is appropriate to speak of a "Chola Empire" only begins with the medieval Cholas in the mid-9th century CE.

List of state leaders in 1054

1054
Hoysala Empire – Vinayaditya (1045–1098). Japan (Heian period) –. Monarch – Emperor Go-Reizei (1045–1068). Regent (Sesshō/Kampaku) – Fujiwara no Yorimichi, Kampaku (1020–1068); Sesshō (1017–1020). Kara-Khanid Khanate –. Western Kara-Khanids – Ibrâhîm Tabghach Bughra Khan, Khan of the Western Kara-Khanids (1052–1068). Eastern Kara-Khanids – Ebu Shuca Sulayman, Khan of the Eastern Kara-Khanids (1042–1056). Khitan Empire – Xingzong (1031–1055). Khmer Empire – Udayadityavarman II (1050–1066). Korea (Goryeo Kingdom) – Munjong (1046–1083). Kulasekhara dynasty – 11.Bhaskara Ravi Varman III (1043–1082). Malwa – Bhoja I, King of Malwa (1010–1055).

Kaitabheshvara Temple, Kubatur

Kaitabheshvara Temple
The temple was constructed during the reign of Hoysala King Vinayaditya around 1100 AD. The Hoysala ruling family was during this time a powerful feudatory of the imperial Western Chalukya Empire ruled by King Vikramaditya VI. According to the Archaeological Survey of India, the architectural signature of the temple is mainly "Chalukyan". Art historian Adam Hardy classifies the style involved in the construction of the temple as "Later Chalukya, non mainstream, far end of spectrum". The building material used is soapstone The temple is protected as a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.

List of Jain Empires and Dynasties

Ereyanga (12th century). Veera Ballala I (12th century). Shalishuka. Shatadhanvan. Avakinnayo Karakandu. Ilango Adigal. Attimabbe. Abbakka Chowta. Bharata Chakravartin. King Sagara. Sanat Kumara Chakravarti. List of Hindu Empires and Dynasties. List of Muslim states and dynasties. List of Jewish states and dynasties. List of Zoroastrian states and dynasties. List of Tengrist states and dynasties. Sources.

Sankighatta

On the black granite statue of Mahaveer we can find the stone inscription about the genealogy of Hoysala royal family from Emperor Vinayaditya (1047–1098) to Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ (1152–1173). Devotees from different parts of India visit this place and offer special prayers. Sankighatta Jain Temple is also the only historic and oldest Jain temple which is near to Karnataka state capital Bangalore. Jain pilgrimage in the princely state of Mysore is narrated in Kannada book "Rajavali Kathasara" published by Mysore University. In this book we can come across many lost Jain temple with name and places which Payappa Settru visited. Many of the Settru family members live in Bangalore.

Balligavi

Two Hoysala emblems were added in 1060 CE by Vinayaditya. The superstructure (tower) of the vimana are very well decorated with sculptures of Tandaveshwara, Varaha, Uma Narasimha, Bhairava etc. (avatars of Shiva and Vishnu) and the sukanasi of all three towers still exist. The western shrine is the oldest dating from the 7th or 8th century. Attached to the vestibule that connects the shrines is a well designed open mantapa with two rows of pillars. The outer row of pillars are 16 faced while the inner row of pillars are lathe turned with bell shaped mouldings, a style popular with both Western Chalukys and Hoysalas.

1098

Vinayaditya, Indian king of the Hoysala Empire. Walo II (or Galon II), French nobleman (b. 1060). Yaghi Siyan, Sejuk governor of Antioch (b. 1011).

Kadambas of Hangal

Kadamba of Hangal Purandara DevaKadamba
Kadambas of Bayalnadu (Vainadu).

Vinayaditya

Vinayaditya may refer to any of the following kings who ruled in present-day India: Vinayaditya of Vatapi (r. c. 680–696), a ruler of the Chalukya dynasty of Vatapi, titled Yuddhamalla. Vinayaditya of Podana (r. c. 750-755 CE), a ruler of the Chalukya dynasty of Vemulavada, titled Yuddhamalla. Vinayaditya (Hoysala dynasty) (r. c. 1047-1098), a ruler of the Hoysala dynasty of Dvarasamudra.