Thelema

ThelemicThelemiteThelemites
Thelema is a social or spiritual philosophy derived from Western esotericism. The word thelema is the English transliteration of the Koine Greek noun θέλημα "will", from the verb θέλω "to will, wish, want or purpose." While Thelema is most often regarded as a religion—a new religious movement and contemporary mystery religion in particular—it is also referred to as a philosophy, "religious philosophy", "spiritual philosophy", or "religious matrix". An adherent of Thelema is traditionally referred to as a Thelemite, and all phenomena within the scope of Thelema are termed Thelemic.

Christian Kabbalah

cabbalaCabalistChristian
Hames called "the first Christian to acknowledge and appreciate kabbalah as a tool of conversion", though Llull was not a Kabbalist himself nor versed in Kabbalah. Later Christian Kabbalah is mostly based on Pico della Mirandola, Johann Reuchlin and Paolo Riccio. After the 18th century, Kabbalah became blended with European occultism, some of which had a religious basis; but the main interest in Christian Kabbalah was by then dead. A few attempts have been made to revive it in recent decades, particularly regarding the Neoplatonism of the first two chapters of the Gospel of John, but it has not entered into mainstream Christianity.

Hasidic Judaism

HasidicHasidimHasidism
The first and most prominent was the popularization of the mystical lore of Kabbalah. For several centuries, an esoteric teaching practiced surreptitiously by few, it was transformed into almost household knowledge by a mass of cheap printed pamphlets. The kabbalistic inundation was a major influence behind the rise of the heretical Sabbatean movement, led by Sabbatai Zevi, who declared himself Messiah in 1665.

Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

Golden DawnThe Golden DawnOrder of the Golden Dawn
Some followers of the Golden Dawn tradition believe that the Secret Chiefs were not human or supernatural beings but, rather, symbolic representations of actual or legendary sources of spiritual esotericism. The term came to stand for a great leader or teacher of a spiritual path or practice that found its way into the teachings of the Order. By the mid-1890s, the Golden Dawn was well established in Great Britain, with over one hundred members from every class of Victorian society.

Mediumship

mediummediumsspirit medium
The practice is associated with several religious-belief systems such as Vodun, Spiritualism, Spiritism, Candomblé, Voodoo, Umbanda and some New Age groups. In Spiritism and Spiritualism the medium has the role of an intermediary between the world of the living and the world of spirit. Mediums claim that they can listen to and relay messages from spirits, or that they can allow a spirit to control their body and speak through it directly or by using automatic writing or drawing.

Contemplation

contemplativecontemplatecontemplative practices
The Spirituality of the Christian East: A Systematic Handbook. Cistercian Publications, Kalamazoo Michigan, 1986. ISBN: 0-87907-879-0 *Staniloae, Dumitru. The Experience of God: Revelation and Knowledge of the Triune God. Orthodox Dogmatic Theology, Volume 1. Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2005. ISBN: 0-917651-70-7 *Staniloae, Dumitru. The Experience of God: The World, Creation and Deification. Orthodox Dogmatic Theology, Volume 2. Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2005. ISBN: 1-885652-41-0 Attunement. Contemplative education. Contemplative prayer. Interior life. Meditation. Miksang (contemplative photography). Prayer of Quiet. Quietism (Christian philosophy). Religious experience.

Human Potential Movement

human potentialself-developmentgrowth movement
They themselves came to be called not only "New Age" but also "new religion". The concept of HPM was also used in multi-level marketing through Mind Dynamics, precursor to LGAT. As Elizabeth Puttick writes in the Encyclopedia of New Religions: The human potential movement (HPM) originated in the 1960s as a counter-cultural rebellion against mainstream psychology and organised religion. It is not in itself a religion, new or otherwise, but a psychological philosophy and framework, including a set of values that have made it one of the most significant and influential forces in modern Western society. Abraham Maslow published his concept of a hierarchy of needs in a paper in 1943.

Sikhism

SikhSikhsSikh religion
The 6th Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind, after Guru Arjan martyrdom and faced with oppression by the Islamic Mughal Empire, affirmed the philosophy that the political/temporal (Miri) and spiritual (Piri) realms are mutually coexistent. According to the 9th Sikh Guru, Tegh Bahadur, the ideal Sikh should have both Shakti (power that resides in the temporal), and Bhakti (spiritual meditative qualities). This was developed into the concept of the Saint Soldier by the 10th Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh.

Panentheism

panentheisticpanentheistDivine Omnipresence
The Bible, Spiritual authority and Inspiration – Lecture by Tom Wright at Spiritual Minded.

Age of Aquarius

Aquarian AgeAquariusAge-of-Aquarius
The variations of views among astrologers include: The expression Age of Aquarius in popular culture usually refers to the heyday of the hippie and New Age movements in the 1960s and 1970s. Although more rock than new-age in genre, the 1967 musical Hair, with its opening song "Aquarius" and the memorable line "This is the dawning of the Age of Aquarius", brought the Aquarian age concept to the attention of audiences worldwide. However, the song further defines this dawning of the age within the first lines: "When the Moon is in the seventh house and Jupiter aligns with Mars, then peace will guide the planets and love will steer the stars".

Muraqabah

muraqabaFana fil Shaykhfana' fi Allah
This is the starting level of meditation. A person who starts meditation often enters a somnolent or sleep state (ghanood غنود). With the passage of time, the person goes into a state between sleep and wakefulness. The person can remember seeing something but not specifically what it is. (Arabic: إدراك - cognition) With continuous practice of meditation, the sleepiness from meditation decreases. When the conscious mind is not suppressed by sleep and is able to focus, the person can receive the spiritual knowledge from his subconscious mind. At this stage, the person is unable to see or hear anything but is able to experience or perceive it.

Creation myth

creationcreation storycreation stories
Religious cosmology. World egg. Creation myth - Encyclopedia Britannica. Japanese Creation Myth. Mayan Creation Myth. Egyptian Creation Myth. Norse Creation Myth. Indo-European Creation Myth.

Altered state of consciousness

altered states of consciousnesstrancealtered states
Psychological (music, meditation, hypnosis). Pathological (Epilepsy, brain damage). Pharmacological (psychoactive substances). Meditation. Spiritual experience. Learning. Insight. Understanding. Emotional development. Sensitivity training. Mental development. Recreational.

Samadhi

samādhiconcentrationmeditative concentration
, the act of meditation and the object of meditation merge into oneness.". sama, "equanimous" dhi,"buddhi or the intellect".

Jewish mysticism

mysticalmysticismJewish mystical
The tradition of theurgic Practical Kabbalah in Judaism, censored and restricted by mainstream Jewish Kabbalists, has similarities with non-Jewish Hermetic Qabalah magical Western Esotericism. However, as understood by Jewish Kabbalists, it is censored and forgotten in contemporary times because without the requisite purity and holy motive, it would degenerate into impure and forbidden magic. Consequently, it has formed a minor tradition in Jewish mystical history. For a fuller list of Kabbalistic mystics and texts, see List of Jewish Kabbalists. This timeline shows general developments: he:מיסטיקה יהודית nl:Joodse mystiek Jewish mystical exegesis. Kabbalah: Primary texts.

Mindfulness

mindfulness meditationmindfulmindful awareness
The forms of Asian religion and spirituality which were introduced in the west were themselves influenced by Transcendentalism and other 19th-century manifestations of Western esotericism. Transcendentalism was closely connected to the Unitarian Church, which in India collaborated with Ram Mohan Roy (1772–1833) and his Brahmo Samaj. He found that Unitarianism came closest to true Christianity, and had a strong sympathy for the Unitarians. This influence worked through on Vivekananda, whose modern but idiosyncratic interpretation of Hinduism became widely popular in the west.

Devekut

dveikusdeveikutcommunion with God
Kabbalah. Neo-Hasidism. Jewish meditation. Jewish prayer. Mitzvot. Niggun. Teshuvah. Tzedakah. Awe of God. Ayin and Yesh. Inner dimensions of the Sephirot. Jewish theology of love. Love of God. Ohr.

Tzadik

tzaddiktzaddikimtsadik
Tzadik ((, "righteous [one]", also zadik, ṣaddîq or sadiq; pl. tzadikim ṣadiqim) is a title in Judaism given to people considered righteous, such as Biblical figures and later spiritual masters. The root of the word ṣadiq, is ṣ-d-q ( tsedek), which means "justice" or "righteousness". When applied to a righteous woman, the term is conjugated as tzadeikes/tzaddeket. Tzadik is also the root of the word tzedakah ('charity', literally 'righteousness'). The term tzadik "righteous", and its associated meanings, developed in Rabbinic thought from its Talmudic contrast with hasid ("pious" honorific), to its exploration in ethical literature, and its esoteric spiritualisation in Kabbalah.

Merkabah mysticism

merkabahmerkavahchariot
The idea of making a journey to the heavenly hekhal seems to be a kind of spiritualization of the pilgrimages to the earthly hekhal that were now no longer possible. It is a form of pre-Kabbalah Jewish mysticism that teaches both of the possibility of making a sublime journey to God and of the ability of man to draw down divine powers to earth; it seems to have been an esoteric movement that grew out of the priestly mysticism already evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and some apocalyptic writings (see the studies by Rachel Elior).

Kundalini

awakened kundalinikundkundalini energy
Recently, there has been a growing interest within the medical community to study the physiological effects of meditation, and some of these studies have applied the discipline of Kundalini yoga to their clinical settings. The popularization of eastern spiritual practices has been associated with psychological problems in the west. Psychiatric literature notes that "since the influx of eastern spiritual practices and the rising popularity of meditation starting in the 1960s, many people have experienced a variety of psychological difficulties, either while engaged in intensive spiritual practice or spontaneously".

New-age music

new-agenew agenew age music
List of new-age music artists. Lounge music. Meditation music. New Age. Pure Moods, a popular 1990s new-age music compilation album. Sentimental ballad. Space music. Vaporwave. AllMusic (New Age). Reviews New Age.