Alternative medicine

holistic healthcomplementary and alternative medicineintegrative medicine
Use of alternative medicine in the west began to rise following the counterculture movement of the 1960s, as part of the rising new age movement of the 1970s. This was due to misleading mass marketing of "alternative medicine" being an effective "alternative" to biomedicine, changing social attitudes about not using chemicals and challenging the establishment and authority of any kind, sensitivity to giving equal measure to beliefs and practices of other cultures (cultural relativism), and growing frustration and desperation by patients about limitations and side effects of science-based medicine.

Jack Parsons (rocket engineer)

Jack ParsonsJohn "Jack" Whiteside ParsonsParsons
New Age. Quantum mysticism. Scientology and the occult. UFO religion.

Morris Krok

He also studied new age, occult, esoteric, yogic, spiritual and metaphysical writings from the East. Krok migrated to California to develop his work and writings, dedicating his life to the quest for knowledge about health, vitality and higher consciousness. A regular marathon runner, Krok died from cancer of the leg in 2005, blaming "his problem on his terrible diet in his youth and on cooked food temptations from family". Beliefs In the 1950s, a popular South African newspaper featured a story about Krok’s belief that fruit was the ideal food for humankind.

Samael Aun Weor

Universal Christian Gnostic MovementWeor, Samael Aun
Esoteric Christianity. Fourth Way. Glorian Publishing. Mysticism. New religious movement. Western Mystery Tradition. List of messiah claimants. List of Buddha claimants. Nimrod de Rosario. English hub responsible for publishing Samael Aun Weor's complete literary estate including public lectures into English, under the name Glorian Publishing. Sister site of which accumulates all known related texts from the East and West on the topic of Esoteric Sexuality. Gnostic Society of Samael Aun Weor.

New World Order (conspiracy theory)

New World OrderconspiracyIlluminati
Paradoxically, since the first decade of the 21st century, New World Order conspiracism is increasingly being embraced and propagandized by New Age occultists, who are people bored by rationalism and drawn to stigmatized knowledge—such as alternative medicine, astrology, quantum mysticism, spiritualism, and theosophy.


GnosticGnosticsGnostic Christianity
Gnostic ideas found a Jewish variation in the mystical study of Kabbalah. Many core Gnostic ideas reappear in Kabbalah, where they are used for dramatically reinterpreting earlier Jewish sources according to this new system. The Kabbalists originated in 13th-century Provence, which was at that time also the center of the Gnostic Cathars. While some scholars in the middle of the 20th century tried to assume an influence between the Cathar "gnostics" and the origins of the Kabbalah, this assumption has proved to be an incorrect generalization not substantiated by any original texts.

Outline of religion

Esotericism. Faith. Free will. Gnosticism. Goodness and evil. Holy Land. Humanism. Ietsism. Karma. Religion and LGBT people. Life after death. Mysticism. Mythology. Prophet. Reincarnation. Religious cosmology. Creation myth. Religious naturalism. Shamanism. Sin. Soul. Spirituality. List of spirituality-related topics. Supernaturalism. Tao. Theology. Agnosticism. Antitheism. Atheism. Deism. Deity. List of deities. Dualism. God. Henotheism. Immanence. Monism. Monolatrism. Monotheism. Nondualism. Nontheistic religions. Pandeism. Panentheism. Pantheism. Polytheism. Post-theism. Theism. Transcendence. Exclusivism. Inclusivism. Meditation. Memes in religion. Nonviolence. Pilgrimage.

Magic (supernatural)

For many, and perhaps most, modern Western magicians, the goal of magic is deemed to be personal spiritual development. The perception of magic as a form of self-development is central to the way that magical practices have been adopted into forms of modern Paganism and the New Age phenomenon. One significant development within modern Western magical practices has been sex magic. This was a practice promoted in the writings of Paschal Beverly Randolph and subsequently exerted a strong interest on occultist magicians like Crowley and Theodor Reuss.

Western culture

WesternWestern civilizationWest
Throughout the Western world there are increasing numbers of people who seek to revive the indigenous religions of their European ancestors, such groups include Germanic, Roman, Hellenic, Celtic and Slavic, polytheistic reconstructionist movements, likewise, Wicca, new age spirituality and other neo-pagan belief systems enjoy notable minority support in Western nations. Since classical antiquity, sport has been an important facet of Western cultural expression. A wide range of sports were already established by the time of Ancient Greece and the military culture and the development of sports in Greece influenced one another considerably.

Theosophical Society

TheosophicalTheosophyTheosophical Movement
It is overseen by a hidden spiritual hierarchy, the so-called Masters of the Ancient Wisdom, whose upper echelons consist of advanced spiritual beings. Blavatsky portrayed the Theosophical Society as being part of one of many attempts throughout the millennia by this hidden Hierarchy to guide humanity – in concert with the overall intelligent cosmic evolutionary scheme – towards its ultimate, immutable evolutionary objective: the attainment of perfection and the conscious, willing participation in the evolutionary process.


physical worldthe universeuniverses
The modern era of physical cosmology began in 1917, when Albert Einstein first applied his general theory of relativity to model the structure and dynamics of the Universe. Chronology of the Universe. Cosmic Calendar (scaled down timeline). Cosmic latte. Cosmos. Detailed logarithmic timeline. Earth's location in the Universe. Esoteric cosmology. False vacuum. Future of an expanding Universe. Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey. Heat death of the universe. History of the Center of the Universe. Illustris project. Multiverse (set theory) (Hyperverse, Megaverse or Omniverse). Non-standard cosmology. Nucleocosmochronology. Rare Earth hypothesis. Religious cosmology. Space and survival.

Western world

WesternWestthe West
influence in spiritual thinking, customs and either ethic or moral traditions, around the Post-Classical Era and after.


mediummediumsspirit medium
The practice is associated with several religious-belief systems such as Vodun, Spiritualism, Spiritism, Candomblé, Voodoo, Umbanda and some New Age groups. In Spiritism and Spiritualism the medium has the role of an intermediary between the world of the living and the world of spirit. Mediums claim that they can listen to and relay messages from spirits, or that they can allow a spirit to control their body and speak through it directly or by using automatic writing or drawing.


The deities are internalised as attributes of Ishta devata meditations, with practitioners visualizing themselves as the deity or experiencing the darshan (vision) of the deity. During meditation the initiate identifies with any of the Hindu gods and goddesses, visualising and internalising them in a process similar to sexual courtship and consummation. The Tantrika practitioner may use visualizations of deities, identifying with a deity to the degree that the aspirant "becomes" the Ishta-deva (or meditational deity). In Hindu Tantra, uniting the deity and the devotee uses meditation and ritual practices.


Thelema is a social or spiritual philosophy derived from Western esotericism. The word thelema is the English transliteration of the Koine Greek noun θέλημα "will", from the verb θέλω "to will, wish, want or purpose." While Thelema is most often regarded as a religion—a new religious movement and contemporary mystery religion in particular—it is also referred to as a philosophy, "religious philosophy", "spiritual philosophy", or "religious matrix". An adherent of Thelema is traditionally referred to as a Thelemite, and all phenomena within the scope of Thelema are termed Thelemic.


Bharati defines mantra, in the context of the Tantric school of Hinduism, to be a combination of mixed genuine and quasi-morphemes arranged in conventional patterns, based on codified esoteric traditions, passed on from a guru to a disciple through prescribed initiation. Jan Gonda, a widely cited scholar on Indian mantras, defines mantra as general name for the verses, formulas or sequence of words in prose which contain praise, are believed to have religious, magical or spiritual efficiency, which are meditated upon, recited, muttered or sung in a ritual, and which are collected in the methodically arranged ancient texts of Hinduism.

Human Potential Movement

human potentialself-developmentgrowth movement
They themselves came to be called not only "New Age" but also "new religion". The concept of HPM was also used in multi-level marketing through Mind Dynamics, precursor to LGAT. As Elizabeth Puttick writes in the Encyclopedia of New Religions: The human potential movement (HPM) originated in the 1960s as a counter-cultural rebellion against mainstream psychology and organised religion. It is not in itself a religion, new or otherwise, but a psychological philosophy and framework, including a set of values that have made it one of the most significant and influential forces in modern Western society. Abraham Maslow published his concept of a hierarchy of needs in a paper in 1943.


Astrology saw a popular revival starting in the 19th century, as part of a general revival of spiritualism and—later, New Age philosophy, and through the influence of mass media such as newspaper horoscopes. Early in the 20th century the psychiatrist Carl Jung developed some concepts concerning astrology, which led to the development of psychological astrology. Advocates have defined astrology as a symbolic language, an art form, a science, and a method of divination. Though most cultural astrology systems share common roots in ancient philosophies that influenced each other, many use methods that differ from those in the West.


There are, however, certain esoteric and mystical schools of thought, present in many faiths — Sufis in Islam, Gnostics in Christianity, Advaitan Hindus, Zen Buddhists, as well as several non-specific perspectives developed in new age philosophy — which hold that all humans are in essence divine, or unified with the Divine in a non-trivial way. Such divinity, in these faiths, would express itself naturally if it were not obscured by the social and physical worlds we live in; it needs to be brought to the fore through appropriate spiritual practices. In traditional Christian theology, the concept and nature of divinity always has its source ultimately from God himself.

Swami Vivekananda

VivekanandaSwami VivekanandVivekanand
This is the way to success, that is the way great spiritual giants are produced". Vivekananda was one of the main representatives of Neo-Vedanta, a modern interpretation of selected aspects of Hinduism in line with western esoteric traditions, especially Transcendentalism, New Thought and Theosophy. His reinterpretation was, and is, very successful, creating a new understanding and appreciation of Hinduism within and outside India, and was the principal reason for the enthusiastic reception of yoga, transcendental meditation and other forms of Indian spiritual self-improvement in the West.


This group includes aboriginal Americans as well as Aboriginal Australians, Viking Age Norse paganism and New Age spirituality. Influences include: Spiritualism, and the many Afro-Diasporic faiths like Haitian Vodou, Santería and Espiritu religion. Isaac Bonewits includes British Traditional Wicca in this subdivision. Neopaganism: A movement by modern people to revive nature-revering/living, pre-Christian religions or other nature-based spiritual paths, frequently also incorporating contemporary liberal values at odds with ancient paganism. This definition may include groups such as Wicca, Neo-Druidism, Heathenry, and Slavic Native Faith.