Merkabah mysticism

Origins of the Kabbalah, ISBN: 0-691-02047-7. Elior, Rachel, The Three Temples, ISBN: 978-1-904113-33-1.

Dion Fortune

Violet Firth
She did not agree with allowing spiritual and magical techniques to transmit between different cultures, believing that to do so caused damage; she for instance cautioned against allowing Western esoteric teachings to be practiced in India because "the Hindu dies readily from shock". Equally she strongly opposed the adoption of Asian religious techniques into Western esotericism, distancing herself from occultists who did so. In her words, she must "recommend to the white races the traditional Western system, which is admirably adapted to their psychic constitution".

J. Gordon Melton

Melton, J. GordonGordon MeltonJ. Gordon Elton
His areas of research include major religious traditions, American Methodism, new and alternative religions, Western Esotericism (popularly called occultism) and parapsychology, New Age, and Dracula and vampire studies. Melton was born in Birmingham, Alabama, the son of Burnum Edgar Melton and Inez Parker. During his senior year in high school he came across The Small Sects in America by Elmer T. Clark and became interested in reading as much as possible on alternative religions.

List of lost lands

lost continentLost landslost land
Occult and New Age writers have made use of Lost Lands, as have subaltern peoples such as the Tamils in India. Phantom Islands, as opposed to Lost Lands, are land masses formerly believed by cartographers to exist in the current historical age, but to have been discredited as a result of expanding geographic knowledge. The classification of lost lands as continents, islands, or other regions is in some cases subjective; for example, Atlantis is variously described as either a "lost island" or a "lost continent". Lost land theories may originate in mythology or philosophy, or in scholarly or scientific theories, such as catastrophic theories of geology. In the 1954 book Lost Continents by L.

J. Z. Knight

RamthaJZ KnightJ.Z. Knight
New Age Spirituality. Pseudoscience. Skepticism. The Power of Belief. What The Bleep Do We Know. Ramtha's School Of Enlightenment official website.

Energy (esotericism)

life forceenergyspiritual energy
They continued to be discussed in the 20th century by some thinkers and practitioners in the modern New Age movement. As biologists studied embryology and developmental biology, particularly before the discovery of genes, a variety of organisational forces were posited to account for their observations. German biologist Hans Driesch (1867–1941), proposed entelechy, an energy which he believed controlled organic processes. However such ideas are discredited and modern science has all but abandoned the attempt to associate additional energetic properties with life. The scientific term energy is not what is being referred to in the context of spirituality and alternative medicine.


The term tzadik "righteous", and its associated meanings, developed in Rabbinic thought from its Talmudic contrast with hasid ("pious" honorific), to its exploration in ethical literature, and its esoteric spiritualisation in Kabbalah. Since the late 17th century, in Hasidic Judaism, the institution of the mystical tzadik as a divine channel assumed central importance, combining popularization of (hands-on) Jewish mysticism with social movement for the first time. Adapting former Kabbalistic theosophical terminology, Hasidic philosophy internalised mystical experience, emphasising devekut attachment to its Rebbe leadership, who embody and channel the Divine flow of blessing to the world.

Practical Kabbalah

Jewish magiccabalisticKabbalah
Practical Kabbalah. What is Practical Kabbalah?. Learn Qabalah | Practical Qabalah. Kabbalistic Amulets Spiritual Protection | Traditional Kabbalistic Amulets.

Lemuria (continent)

The idea of Lemuria was subsequently incorporated into the proto-New Age philosophy of Theosophy and subsequently into general fringe belief. Accounts of Lemuria here differ. All share a common belief that a continent existed in ancient times and sank beneath the ocean as a result of a geological, often cataclysmic, change, such as pole shift, which such theorists anticipate will destroy and transform the modern world. In 1864, "The Mammals of Madagascar" by zoologist and biogeographer Philip Sclater appeared in The Quarterly Journal of Science.

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

Pico della MirandolaGiovanni PicoPico
It was also in Perugia that Pico was introduced to the mystical Hebrew Kabbalah, which fascinated him, as did the late classical Hermetic writers, such as Hermes Trismegistus. The Kabbalah and Hermetica were thought in Pico's time to be as ancient as the Old Testament. The most original of his 900 theses concerned the Kaballah. As a result, he became the founder of the tradition known as Christian Kabbalah, which went on to be a central part of early modern Western esotericism. Pico's approach to different philosophies was one of extreme syncretism, placing them in parallel, it has been claimed, rather than attempting to describe a developmental history.


AsiyahAsiahOlam Assiah
Assiah (or 'Asiyah, also known as Olam Asiyah, עוֹלָם עֲשִׂיָה in Hebrew, literally "the World of Action") is the last of the four spiritual worlds of the Kabbalah —Atziluth, Beriah, Yetzirah, 'Asiyah— based on the passage in. According to the Maseket Aẓilut, it is the region where the Ofanim rule and where they promote the hearing of prayers, support human endeavor, and combat evil. Their ruler is Sandalphon. According to the system of the later Land of Israel Kabbalah, 'Asiyah is the lowest of the spiritual worlds containing the Ten Heavens and the whole system of mundane Creation.

Sefer Yetzirah

Sefer YezirahSefer YeẓirahSepher Yetzirah
Kabbalah Study: "Book of Creation" (Sefer Yetzirah).


Thelema has also occasionally been described as an esoteric, ethical, ideological, magical (or magickal), mystical, occultic, or paranormal social system or schema of beliefs or concepts. Many Thelemites believe that, in one or more senses, Thelema is represented by at least one of these kinds of system, if not all or some combination thereof, insofar as it is expressed as a framework of ideas.


This is evident in the Jewish Kabbalah, which attempts to reveal the mystical significance of the numerical values of Hebrew words and letters. In Judaism, anagogical interpretation is also evident in the medieval Zohar. In Christianity, it can be seen in Mariology. The discipline of hermeneutics emerged with the new humanist education of the 15th century as a historical and critical methodology for analyzing texts. In a triumph of early modern hermeneutics, the Italian humanist Lorenzo Valla proved in 1440 that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery. This was done through intrinsic evidence of the text itself.

Ceremonial magic

ritual magicmagicianceremonial magician
Some claim that the new age occultism is a sham and borrowed heavily from these old record books by the religious. Such books contain astrological correspondences, lists of angels and demons, directions on casting charms, spells, and exorcism, on mixing medicines, summoning elemental entities, and making talismans. Magical books in almost any context, especially books of magical spells, are also called grimoires. Enochian magic is a system of ceremonial magic centered on the evocation and commanding of various spirits that was the magical exploration made by an English occultist Dr. John Dee.

Frances Yates

Frances A. YatesYates, Frances A.Frances Amelia Yates
The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age (1979). Lull and Bruno (1982) Collected Essays I. Renaissance and Reform : The Italian Contribution (1983) Collected Essays II. Ideas and Ideals in the North European Renaissance (1984) Collected Essays III. Hermeticism (history of science). Hermeticism. Neoplatonism. Method of loci. School of Night. Women in the art history field. Gatti, Hilary, 'Frances Yates's Hermetic Renaissance in the Documents held in the Warburg Institute Archive', Aries, Journal of the Study of Western Esotericism, 2, no. 2 (2002). Jones, Marjorie G., Frances Yates and the Hermetic Tradition. Ibis Press, 2008.

Linda Goodman

Some have suggested that Linda Goodman was responsible for accelerating the growth of the New Age movement through the unprecedented success of her first astrology book Linda Goodman's Sun Signs (1968). This was the first astrology book ever to earn a spot on The New York Times Best Seller list. It was followed by Linda Goodman's Love Signs (1978), which also made The New York Times Best Seller list and set an industry record with $2.3 million being paid for the paperback rights. Other books by Linda Goodman include: Gooberz, begun in 1967, is a long poem riddled with a myriad of occult references and symbolism.

Temple of Set

SetianismMichael AquinoSetians
The Temple of Set is an occult initiatory order founded in 1975. A new religious movement and form of Western esotericism, the Temple espouses a religion known as Setianism, whose practitioners are called Setians. This is sometimes identified as a form of Satanism, although this term is not often embraced by Setians and is contested by some academics. The Temple was established in the United States in 1975 by Michael Aquino, an American political scientist, military officer, and a high-ranking member of Anton LaVey's Church of Satan.

Judah Loew ben Bezalel

MaharalMaharal of PragueJudah Loew
Instead, what they attempt to do is to make the ideas of the Kabbalah (which he held to be the most deeply true of all the Torah) accessible to the average educated reader, by presenting them in a rigorously philosophical form, couched in terms that are accessible to the public. According to R. Loew, only the greatest of Torah scholars are able to perceive the full intent of the Kabbalistic works in their complex entirety. Therefore, although kabbalistic doctrine permeates his writings, it is always presented in a rational and philosophic form.


Yesod (Hebrew: יסוד "foundation") is a sephirah or node in the kabbalistic Tree of Life, a system of Jewish philosophy. Yesod, located near the base of the Tree, is the sephirah below Hod and Netzach, and above Malkuth (the kingdom). It is seen as a vehicle allowing movement from one thing or condition to another (the power of connection). Yesod, Kabbalah, & the Tree of Life are Jewish concepts adopted by various philosophical systems including Christianity, New Age Eastern-based mysticism, & Western esoteric practices. According to Jewish Kabbalah, Yesod is the foundation upon which God has built the world. It also serves as a transmitter between the sephirot above, and the reality below.


apocalypticapocalyptic prophetapocalypticist
One age comes to an end and a new age or world to come begins. When such transitions are the subject of eschatological discussion, the phrase, "end of the world", is replaced by "end of the age", "end of an era", or "end of life as we know it". Much apocalyptic fiction does not deal with the "end of time" but rather with the end of a certain period, the end of life as it is now, and the beginning of a new period. The transitioning crisis may take the form of the intervention of a deity in history, a war, a change in the environment, or the reaching of a new level of consciousness.

Christian Rosenkreuz

Christian RosenkreutzChristian RosencreutzChristian Rose Cross
These were: According to legend, Christian Rosenkreuz was a doctor who discovered and learned esoteric wisdom on a pilgrimage to the Middle East among Turkish, Arab and Persian sages, possibly Sufi or Zoroastrian masters, supposedly in the early 15th century (see § Symbolism of the numbers in the Manifestos); returned and founded the "Fraternity of the Rose Cross" with himself (Frater C.R.C.) as Head of the Order. Under his direction a Temple, called Sanctus Spiritus, or "The House of the Holy Spirit", was built.

Fraternitas Saturni

The Fraternitas Saturni
Hanegraaff: Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism. Vol. I. Brill, Leiden 2005, pp. 379–382. Hakl, Hans Thomas. "The Magical Order of the Fraternitas Saturni". In: Occultism in a global perspective. Edited by Henrik Bogdan and Gordan Djurdjevic, Durham 2013, p. 37-56, (ISBN: 978-1844657162). Hemberger, Adolf. Der mystisch-magische Orden Fraternitas Saturni, in 2 Bde. Privatdruck. Popiol, Alexander, Schrader, Raimund. Gregor A. Gregorius - Mystiker des dunklen Lichts. (Esoterischer Verlag 2007) ISBN: 3-932928-40-7.


Modern western mysticism and new age philosophy often use the term 'the Divine' as a noun in this latter sense: a non-specific principle or being that gives rise to the world, and acts as the source or wellspring of life. In these latter cases the faiths do not promote deference, as happens in monotheisms; rather each suggests a path of action that will bring the practitioner into conformance with the divine law: ahimsa — 'no harm' — for Buddhist and Hindu faiths; de or te — 'virtuous action' — in Taoism; and any of numerous practices of peace and love in new age thinking. In the third usage, extensions of divinity and divine power are credited to living, mortal individuals.

Transpersonal psychology

transpersonaltranspersonal experiencetranspersonal psychologist
Transpersonal psychology may also, sometimes, be associated with New Age beliefs and pop psychology. However, leading authors in the field, among those Sovatsky, Rowan, and Hartelius have criticized the nature of "New Age"-philosophy and discourse. Rowan even states that "The Transpersonal is not the New Age". Although some consider that the distinction between transpersonal psychology and the psychology of religion, is fading (e.g. The Oxford Handbook of Psychology and Spirituality), there is still generally considered to be a clear distinction between the two.