Soviet Union

United Kingdom, dismissed the warnings of Winston Churchill and a few others about a continuing communist threat, and opened trade relations and de facto diplomatic recognition in 1922. There was hope for a settlement of the prewar tsarist debts, but that issue was repeatedly postponed. Formal recognition came when the new Labour Party came to power in 1924. All the other major countries opened trade relationships. Henry Ford opened large-scale business relationships with the Soviets in the late 1920s, hoping it would lead to a long-term peace.

The Unforgettable Year 1919 (film)

The Unforgettable Year 1919film of the same nameNezabyvaemyy god 1919 (Unforgettable 1919)
Victor Stanitsin - Winston Churchill. Gnat Yura - Georges Clemenceau. Viktor Koltsov - Lloyd George. Nikolai Komissarov - General Neklyudov. Sergei Lukyanov - General Rodzyanko. Paul Massalsky - Colonel Vadbolsky. Vladimir Ratomsky - Potapov. Gleb Romanov - commander of the armored vehicles. Marina Kovaleva - Katya Danilova. Angelina Stepanova - Olga Butkevich. Eugene Morgunov - Anarchist. Vsevold Sanaev - Boris Savinkov. Vladimir Kenigson - Paul Dukes. The Unforgettable Year 1919 on the IMDb. The Unforgettable Year 1919 on Rotten Tomatoes. The Unforgettable Year 1919 on

The Fall of Berlin (film)

The Fall of BerlinFall of BerlinPád Berlína
Viktor Stanitsyn as Winston Churchill. Oleg Frelikh as Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Leonid Pirogov as James F. Byrnes. Vladimir Savelyev as Adolf Hitler. Vladimir Kenigson as General Hans Krebs. Nikolai Plotnikov as Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch. Vladimir Pokrovsky as General Alfred Jodl. A. Poryakov as General Vasily Kuznetsov. Michael Sidorkin as General Sergei Shtemenko. Maria Novakova as Eva Braun. N. Petrunkin as Joseph Goebbels. V. Renin as Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt. K. Gomola as Heinz Linge. A. Urazaliev as Yusuf. K. Roden as Charles Bedstone. Ivan Solovyov as Johnson. Yuri Tymoshenko as Zaichenko. Yevgeniya Melnikova as Director. Dmitry Pavlov as Tomashevich.

The Battle of Stalingrad (film)

The Battle of StalingradStalingradskaya bitvaStalingradskaya bitva I'' / ''The Battle of Stalingrad, Part I
Viktor Stanitsyn as Winston Churchill/General Fedor Tolbukhin. Nikolay Cherkasov as Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Konstantin Mikhailov as W. Averell Harriman. Mikhail Astangov as Adolf Hitler. Nikolai Komissarov as Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel. Boris Svoboda as General Alfred Jodl. Nikolai Rybnikov as Field Marshal Maximilian von Weichs. Rostislav Plyatt as General Hermann Hoth. Vladimir Gaidarov as Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus. Vladimir Vsevolodov as General Arthur Schmidt. Yevgeni Kaluzhski as General Wilhelm Adam (first film). Nikolai Nikolaievski as General Wilhelm Adam (second film). Part I and Part II on the IMDb. The Battle of Stalingrad on

Cultural depictions of Winston Churchill

Stalingradskaya bitva I (English: The Battle of Stalingrad) (1949) – Viktor Stanitsyn. The Lights of Baku (1950) – Viktor Stanitsyn. The Fall of Berlin (1950) – Viktor Stanitsyn. Nezabyvaemyy god 1919 (Unforgettable 1919) (1952) – Viktor Stanitsyn. The Siege of Sidney Street (1960) – Jimmy Sangster. Operation Crossbow (1965) – Patrick Wymark. Liberation (1970) – Yuri Durov. Young Winston (1972) – Simon Ward. The Battle of Sutjeska (1973) – Orson Welles. The Eagle Has Landed (1976) – Leigh Dilley. Picassos äventyr (1978) – Sune Mangs. Sekret Enigmy (1979) – Józef Zacharewicz. Bourreau des coeurs, Le (1983) – René Douglas. Katastrofa w Gibraltarze (1984) – Wlodzimierz Wiszniewski.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Winston Churchill during his 1951–1955 post-war premiership built up a strong relationship with the Eisenhower Administration in the United States. Harold Macmillan demonstrated a similarly close relationship with the Democratic administration of John F. Kennedy. Though the US–British relationship in foreign affairs has often been termed a 'Special Relationship', a term coined by Sir Winston Churchill, this has often been observed most clearly where leaders in each country are of a similar political stripe.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
Clement Attlee, Leader of the Labour Party, refused Winston Churchill's offer of continuing the wartime coalition until the Allied defeat of Japan. Parliament was dissolved on 15 June. The caretaker government led by Churchill was heavily defeated; the Labour Party under Attlee's leadership won a landslide victory, gaining a majority of 145 seats. The result of the election came as a major shock to the Conservatives, given the heroic status of Winston Churchill, but reflected the voters' belief that the Labour Party were better able to rebuild the country following the war than the Conservatives.

1964 United Kingdom general election

19641964 general election1964 election
The 1964 United Kingdom general election was held on 15 October 1964, five years after the previous election, and thirteen years after the Conservative Party, first led by Winston Churchill, had entered power. It resulted in the Conservatives, now led by its fourth leader, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, narrowly losing the election to the Labour Party, led by Harold Wilson, with Labour having an overall majority of four seats. It resulted in Labour ending its thirteen years in the political wilderness and led to Wilson to become, at the time, the youngest Prime Minister in more than 150 years (a distinction later taken by John Major in 1990, Tony Blair in 1997 and David Cameron in 2010).

Stanley Baldwin

BaldwinStanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of BewdleyPrime Minister
Two of Beaverbrook's friends after the war claimed that this was Beaverbrook's decision despite Churchill saying, "Lay off Baldwin's gates". At Question Time in the House of Commons the Conservative MP Captain Alan Graham said: "Is the honourable Member aware that it is very necessary to leave Lord Baldwin his gates in order to protect him from the just indignation of the mob?" During the war, Winston Churchill consulted him only once, in February 1943, on the advisability of his speaking out strongly against the continued neutrality of Éamon de Valera's Ireland. Baldwin saw the draft of Churchill's speech and advised against it, which advice Churchill followed.


appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeasement policy
Following the German invasion of Norway, opinion turned against Chamberlain's conduct of the war; he resigned, and on 10 May 1940 Winston Churchill became Prime Minister. In July, following the Fall of France, when Britain stood almost alone against Germany, Hitler offered peace. Some politicians inside and outside the government were willing to consider the offer but Churchill would not. Chamberlain died on 9 November the same year.

State funerals in the United Kingdom

state funeralstate funeralsceremonial funeral
Footage of the funeral of Winston Churchill (1965).

Lord Randolph Churchill

Randolph ChurchillLord Randolph Henry Spencer-ChurchillLord
Lady Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill (10 St James's Square, St James's, London, 14 May 18609 February 1906), married 4 June 1883 Richard George Penn Curzon, 4th Earl Howe, by whom she had issue. Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill (186522 October 1929), a war correspondent during the Boer War; married 21 November 1891 Lt. Col. Gordon Chesney Wilson (son of Sir Samuel Wilson, MP). Spouse. Jennie Jerome. Children. Sir Winston Churchill. John Strange Spencer-Churchill. Notable Freemasons. Edward the Seventh. Volume I Full text at Volume II Full text at

John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough

The Duke of Marlborough7th Duke of MarlboroughDuke of Marlborough
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome. Their issue included Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill. Lady Rosamund Jane Frances Spencer-Churchill ( 9 Nov 1851- 3 December 1920), married 12 July 1877 William Fellowes, 2nd Baron de Ramsey, by whom she had issue. Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill (29 January 1853 – 5 August 1904), married 9 June 1873 Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth, by whom she had issue.

Second Baldwin ministry

Baldwin IIConservative Government1924–1929 Conservative Government
Winston Churchill – Chancellor of the Exchequer. Sir William Joynson-Hicks – Home Secretary. Sir Austen Chamberlain – Foreign Secretary and Deputy Leader of the House of Commons. Leo Amery – Colonial Secretary. Sir Laming Worthington-Evans – Secretary of State for War. Lord Birkenhead – Secretary of State for India. Sir Samuel Hoare – Secretary for Air. Sir John Gilmour – Secretary for Scotland. William Clive Bridgeman – First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Cecil of Chelwood – Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister – President of the Board of Trade. Edward Frederick Lindley Wood – Minister of Agriculture. Lord Eustace Percy – President of the Board of Education.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainMr. ChamberlainNeville
Conservative backbencher Winston Churchill attacked the agreements in Parliament for surrendering the Treaty Ports, which he described as the "sentinel towers of the Western Approaches." When war came, de Valera denied Britain access to the Treaty Ports under Irish neutrality. Churchill railed against these treaties in The Gathering Storm, stating that he "never saw the House of Commons more completely misled" and that "members were made to feel very differently about it when our existence hung in the balance during the Battle of the Atlantic."

1953 Iranian coup d'état

coup d'état1953 coupcoup
Judging Mosaddegh to be unreliable and fearing a Communist takeover in Iran, UK prime minister Winston Churchill and the Eisenhower administration decided to overthrow Iran's government, though the predecessor Truman administration had opposed a coup, fearing the precedent that Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) involvement would set. British intelligence officials′ conclusions and the UK government's solicitations were instrumental in initiating and planning the coup, despite the fact that the U.S. government in 1952 had been considering unilateral action (without UK support) to assist the Mosaddegh government.

Elizabeth Everest

Mrs. Elizabeth Everest
Elizabeth Ann Everest (c. 1832 – 3 July 1895) was Winston Churchill's beloved nanny, and an important figure in his early life. She was born in Chatham, Kent. She was never married; "Mrs" was an honorific given to nannies and cooks as a courtesy. One of her early jobs was for the family of Thompson Phillips, a clergyman in Cumberland, where she brought up Ella Phillips for 12 years. She went into service with the Churchill family at the beginning of 1875, a month after Winston's birth. Later she was responsible for his younger brother Jack as well. Lord Randolph Churchill and Jennie Jerome Churchill were very active in society but emotionally distant, even neglectful, of their son.

Blenheim Palace

BlenheimBlenheim EstateBlenheim Great Park
The palace is notable as the birthplace and ancestral home of Sir Winston Churchill. Following the palace's completion, it became the home of the Churchill (later Spencer-Churchill) family for the next 300 years, and various members of the family have wrought changes to the interiors, park and gardens. At the end of the 19th century, the palace was saved from ruin by funds gained from the 9th Duke of Marlborough's marriage to American railroad heiress, Consuelo Vanderbilt. John Churchill was born in Devon. Although his family had aristocratic relations, it belonged to the minor gentry rather than the upper echelons of 17th-century society.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
Roosevelt devised the name "United Nations" for the Allies and proposed it to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. He referred to the Big Three and China as a "trusteeship of the powerful", and then later the "Four Policemen". The Declaration by United Nations on 1 January 1942 was the basis of the modern United Nations (UN). At the Potsdam Conference of July–August 1945, Roosevelt's successor, Harry S.

St George's School, Ascot

St George's SchoolSt. George's SchoolSt George's, Ascot
Winston Churchill, Prime Minister. Niall Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll. Claud Schuster, 1st Baron Schuster. Harry Graf Kessler. School Website. Profile on the ISC website. Profile on MyDaughter.

Mau Mau Uprising

Mau MauMau Mau rebellionKenya
The nature of fighting in Kenya led Winston Churchill to express concern in 1908 about how it would look if word got out: "160 Gusii have now been killed outright without any further casualties on our side. . . . It looks like a butchery. If the H. of C. gets hold of it, all our plans in E.A.P. will be under a cloud. Surely it cannot be necessary to go on killing these defenceless people on such an enormous scale." A feature of all settler societies during the colonial period was the ability to obtain a disproportionate share in land ownership.

The River War

The River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the SoudanThe River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the SudanThe River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan
Weston, a candidate in the May 2014 European Elections, was quoting from a section of Churchill's book that described Islamic culture in unflattering terms. Johann Hari criticized Winston Churchill's views in his Not his finest hour: The dark side of Winston Churchill. The author also emphasizes the significance of Richard Toye's Churchill's Empire. In Churchill’s War, author Max Hastings makes this conclusion on Churchill's views: "Churchill’s view of the British Empire and its peoples was unenlightened by comparison with that of America’s president [Franklin Roosevelt], or even by the standards of his time."

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
According to George Osborne, the robe (dating from Gladstone's time in office, and worn by the likes of Lloyd George and Churchill) 'went missing' during Gordon Brown's time as chancellor. Although the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland had been united by the Acts of Union 1800 (39 & 40 Geo. III c. 67), the Exchequers of the two Kingdoms were not consolidated until 1817 under 56 Geo. III c. 98. For the holders of the Irish office before this date, see Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland. Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer. List of Lord High Treasurers of England and Great Britain. Barber, Stephen. "‘Westminster’s wingman’? Shadow chancellor as a strategic and coveted political role."

Jack Churchill (1880–1947)

JackJohnJack Churchill
Major John Strange Spencer-Churchill, DSO, TD (16 September 1880 – 23 February 1947), known as Jack Churchill, was the younger son of Lord Randolph Churchill and his wife Jennie, and the brother of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill. He was born at Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland, where his father, Lord Randolph, was secretary to Jack's grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough, then Viceroy of Ireland. John was educated at Harrow School in England. Jennie's sisters believed that John's actual biological father was Evelyn Boscawen, but this is unlikely, given his strong resemblance to his father and brother.

Harrow School

HarrowOld HarrovianOld Harrovians
Harrow alumni are known as Old Harrovians, they include seven former British Prime Ministers including Winston Churchill and Robert Peel and the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. Twenty Old Harrovians have been awarded the Victoria Cross and one the George Cross. The School has educated five monarchs: King Hussein of Jordan, both Kings of Iraq, Ghazi I and his son Faisal II, the current Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani and Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar.