International Olympic Committee

IOCInternational Olympic Committee (IOC)Olympic Committee
Detailed frameworks for environmental sustainability have been released for the 2018 Winter Olympics, and 2020 Summer Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea, and Tokyo, Japan, respectively. The IOC has four major approaches to addressing environmental health concerns during the construction and competitions of the Olympic Games. First, the IOC Sustainability and Legacy Commission focuses on how the IOC can improve the strategies and policies associated with environmental health throughout the process of cities hosting the Olympic Games. Secondly, every candidate city must provide information to the IOC on environmental health issues like air quality and environmental impact assessments.

North Korea

🇰🇵NorthDemocratic People's Republic of Korea
It deployed additional ballistic missiles and placed its military on full combat alert after South Korea, Japan and the United States threatened to intercept a Unha-2 space launch vehicle. The next few years witnessed a string of hostilities, including the alleged North Korean involvement in the sinking of South Korean warship Cheonan, mutual ending of diplomatic ties, a North Korean artillery attack on Yeonpyeong Island, and growing international concern over North Korea's nuclear program. In 2018, a détente developed at the Winter Olympics in the South.

Speed skating

speed skaterice speed skaterspeedskater
In the Olympic Games, long-track speed skating is usually referred to as just "speed skating", while short-track speed skating is known as "short track". The ISU, the governing body of both ice sports, refers to long track as "speed skating" and short track as "short track skating". An international federation was founded in 1892, the first for any winter sport. The sport enjoys large popularity in the Netherlands, Norway and South Korea. There are top international rinks in a number of other countries, including Canada, the United States, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and Kazakhstan.

South Korea at the Olympics

South KoreaKorea at the OlympicsKorea Olympic team
Yoon Seongbin won a gold medal at Pyeongchang 2018, a skeleton for the first time and also became a skeleton king. * d : Demonstration sports On November 2, 2018, officials from both North and South Korea announced that their countries would participate at the 2020 Summer Olympics, held in Tokyo, Japan, as a unified Korean team. * South Korea at the Asian Games d : demonstration sports. e : exhibition sports. South Korea at the Paralympics. List of flag bearers for South Korea at the Olympics.

Olympic Stadium

Londonmain stadiummain venue
Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games. An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names. Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports. In the case of the Summer Olympic Games, athletics competitions and the football final are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at the 1900, 1996 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games. Early Winter Olympic Games often used figure skating venues as focal points.

Olympic medal

gold medalOlympic gold medalOlympic gold medalist
Summer Olympic coins. Winter Olympic coins. Lists of Olympic medalists. James Brendan Connolly, recipient of the first winner's medal. Pierre de Coubertin medal, a special medal awarded by the International Olympic Committee for sportsmanship or exceptional service to the Olympic movement.

Olympic sports

sportsOlympic sportsport
The following sports have been demonstrated at the Winter Olympic Games for the years shown, but have never been included on the official Olympic program: Ice climbing was showcased in 2014, and will be demonstrated at the 2018 Winter Olympics, with a plan to be included official competition sport for the 2022 Winter Olympics. Ski ballet, similarly to Military Patrol, was simply a demonstration event falling under the scope of freestyle skiing. Disabled sports are now part of the Winter Paralympic Games. Many sports are not recognized as Olympic sports although their governing bodies are recognized by the IOC.


🇹🇼FormosaRepublic of China
However, in 1950 the conflict between North Korea and South Korea, which had been ongoing since the Japanese withdrawal in 1945, escalated into full-blown war, and in the context of the Cold War, US President Harry S. Truman intervened again and dispatched the US Navy's 7th Fleet into the Taiwan Strait to prevent hostilities between Taiwan and mainland China. In the Treaty of San Francisco and the Treaty of Taipei, which came into force respectively on 28 April 1952 and 5 August 1952, Japan formally renounced all right, claim and title to Taiwan and Penghu, and renounced all treaties signed with China before 1942.

United States

Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States (2028 Summer Olympics will mark the ninth time)., the United States has won 2,522 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other country, and 305 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second most behind Norway. While most major U.S. sports such as baseball and American football have evolved out of European practices, basketball, volleyball, skateboarding, and snowboarding are American inventions, some of which have become popular worldwide. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact. The most watched individual sports are golf and auto racing, particularly NASCAR.

Bids for Olympic Games

bidbid processOlympic bid
The decision is made at an IOC Session seven years and eleven years to the games; for example, the 2018 Winter Olympics were awarded to Pyeongchang on 6 July 2011, the 2020 Summer Olympics were awarded to Tokyo on 7 September 2013, the 2022 Winter Olympics were awarded to Beijing on 31 July 2015, the 2024 Summer Olympics were awarded to Paris and the 2028 Summer Olympics were awarded to Los Angeles on 13 September 2017. In June 2001, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) signed an agreement that would ensure that the staging of the Paralympic Games is automatically included in the bid for the Olympic Games.

List of people who have kept the Olympic flag

The Olympic Charter sets out the exact drill that the flag are to be handed by the mayor of the current host city to the another of the next host city. If at a Summer Olympic Games, the flag that is handed over is the Rio flag (formerly the Antwerp flag is used until 1984 in Los Angeles and the Seoul flag is used until the 2012 in London). When at a Winter Olympic Games, the flag that is handed over is the Oslo flag. List of Olympic Games host cities. List of people who have opened the Olympic Games. President of the Organising Committee for the Olympic Games.

Olympics on United States television

Also NBC paid $963 million for the 2018 Winter Olympics, which were held in Pyeongchang, South Korea and $1.45 billion for the 2020 Summer Olympics, which will be held in Tokyo, Japan. NBC has announced that it will begin airing all of the events live either on TV or the internet. Thanks to favorable time differences, much of NBC's coverage from Vancouver (2010 Winter Games) was live; as will be most of NBC's prime-time coverage of the 2016 Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro.

Summer Olympic Games

OlympicOlympic GamesSummer Olympics
The IOC has selected Tokyo, Japan, to host the 2020 Summer Olympics, when it will become the first city outside the Western world to have hosted the Summer Olympics more than once, having already hosted the Games in 1964. The other countries that have hosted the Summer Olympics are Belgium, Brazil, China, Canada, Finland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Soviet Union, and Sweden; each of these countries has hosted the Summer Games on just one occasion. Asia has hosted the Summer Olympics three times, in Tokyo, Japan (1964), Seoul, South Korea (1988), and Beijing, China (2008); Asia will host the Games for a fourth time in 2020 when Tokyo again becomes host city.

List of people who have opened the Olympic Games

openedhead of state to openofficially opened
In 2016, Brazilian Vice President Michel Temer, as acting president, opened the Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro with (speaking in Portuguese): :"After this wonderful spectacle, I declare open the Rio Olympic Games, celebrating the XXXI Olympiad of the Modern Era." In 2018, Moon Jae-in, President of the Republic of Korea declares the opening of the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics by speaking in Korean: :"I declare open the Pyeongchang 23rd Winter Olympic Games." Notes: List of Olympic Games host cities. List of people who have kept the Olympic flag. President of the Organising Committee for the Olympic Games.

List of Olympic Games host cities

host citieshost cityMost Olympic Games hosted
In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Ten cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics) and Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics).

Sports in Asia

South Korea has also claimed third places at the Olympic Games, World Championship, World Cup and World Grand Prix. Asia has hosted a total of five Olympic Games: three Summer Olympic Games: 1964 in Tokyo, 1988 in Seoul and 2008 in Beijing, and two Winter Olympic Games: 1972 in Sapporo and 1998 in Nagano. The International Olympic Committee has selected 3 cities from Asia to host the next three Olympic Games: 2018 in Pyeongchang, 2020 in Tokyo and 2022 in Beijing. Beijing will be the first city to host both Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

Doping at the Olympic Games

dopingdoping at the Olympics1972 Olympics
After the Russian Olympic Committee was barred from competing at the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russian athletes deemed to be clean were allowed to compete under the Olympic flag as an Olympic Athlete from Russia. * Olympic Movement Anti-doping Code Doping at the Asian Games. Doping at the Commonwealth Games. List of sporting scandals. List of stripped Olympic medals. List of doping cases in sport. World Anti-Doping Agency. Technology doping.

1992 Summer Olympics

19921992 Barcelona Olympics1992 Olympic Games
This also occurred in the 1988 Games. 🇦🇫 Afghanistan didn't send their athletes to compete, but the country took part in the Parade of Nations. and also participated in the Opening Ceremony, but its accredited athletes (five and two, respectively) did not enter to compete. 1992 Summer Paralympics. 1992 Winter Olympics. 1992 Winter Paralympics. List of IOC country codes. Olympics Triplecast. Use of performance-enhancing drugs at the 1992 Olympic Games. Barcelona Gold – compilation album released for the 1992 Games. Barcelona Olympic Foundation. Olympic Review 1992 - Official results. Barcelona Olympic Stadium.


Japan hosted the Summer Olympics in Tokyo in 1964 and the Winter Olympics in Sapporo in 1972 and Nagano in 1998. Further, the country hosted the official 2006 Basketball World Championship. Tokyo will host the 2020 Summer Olympics, making Tokyo the first Asian city to host the Olympics twice. The country gained the hosting rights for the official Women's Volleyball World Championship on five occasions (1967, 1998, 2006, 2010, 2018), more than any other nation. Japan is the most successful Asian Rugby Union country, winning the Asian Five Nations a record 6 times and winning the newly formed IRB Pacific Nations Cup in 2011. Japan will host the 2019 IRB Rugby World Cup.

Demonstration sport

demonstration eventdemonstrationinvitational sport
A demonstration sport is a sport which is played to promote it, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events. Demonstration sports were officially introduced in the 1912 Summer Olympics, when Sweden decided to include glima, traditional Icelandic wrestling, in the Olympic program, but with its medals not counting as official. Most organizing committees then decided to include at least one demonstration sport at each edition of the Games, usually some typical or popular sport in the host country, like baseball at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games and taekwondo at the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games.