Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
Munich hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics; the Munich Massacre took place in the Olympic village. It was one of the host cities for the 2006 Football World Cup, which was not held in Munich's Olympic Stadium, but in a new football specific stadium, the Allianz Arena. Munich bid to host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games, but lost to Pyeongchang. In September 2011 the DOSB President Thomas Bach confirmed that Munich would bid again for the Winter Olympics in the future.


The first time judo was seen in the Olympic Games was in an informal demonstration hosted by Kano at the 1932 Games. However, Kano was ambivalent about judo's potential inclusion as an Olympic sport: Nevertheless, judo became an Olympic sport for men in the 1964 Games in Tokyo. The Olympic Committee initially dropped judo for the 1968 Olympics, meeting protests. Dutchman Anton Geesink won the first Olympic gold medal in the open division of judo by defeating Akio Kaminaga of Japan. The women's event was introduced at the Olympics in 1988 as a demonstration event, and an official medal event in 1992.

World Anti-Doping Agency

WADAWorld Anti-Doping CodeWorld Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
As a result of the report, many Russian athletes were barred from participating in the 2018 winter Olympics. Despite widely accepted evidence, in 2018 WADA lifted its ban on Russian athletes. The reinstatement was strongly criticized by, among others, Russian whistle blower Dr. Grigory Rodechenkov, and his lawyer, James Walden. * World Anti-Doping Agency official website Dick Pound (1999–2007). John Fahey (2008–2013). Craig Reedie (2014–present). List of doping cases in sport. Doping at the Asian Games. Doping at the Olympics. List of drugs banned from the Olympics. World Anti-Doping Agency criticises 'extremist' NFL players over HGH, The Guardian/AP, 28 March 2013.


France has a close association with the Modern Olympic Games; it was a French aristocrat, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, who suggested the Games' revival, at the end of the 19th century. After Athens was awarded the first Games, in reference to the Olympics' Greek origins, Paris hosted the second Games in 1900. Paris was the first home of the International Olympic Committee, before it moved to Lausanne. Since 1900, France has hosted the Olympics on 4 further occasions: the 1924 Summer Olympics, again in Paris and three Winter Games (1924 in Chamonix, 1968 in Grenoble and 1992 in Albertville).

1994 Winter Olympics

19941994 LillehammerLillehammer
Until the 2018 Winter Olympics, the Lillehammer Olympics were the last Winter Games to date to be held in a town, rather than be centered in a city. * 1.21 million tickets were sold for the games. LOOC estimated that an additional 500,000 viewed the games for free along the courses. In addition, 180,000 seats were used by the media and VIPs. The overall responsibility for the games was held by the Lillehammer Olympic Organizing Committee, which was created on 14 November 1988 and led by Gerhard Heiberg.

South Korea at the 2018 Winter Olympics

South KoreaKORSouth Korea team
Its delegates marched in the opening ceremony, together with North Korea's delegates, as a unified "Korea" team. South Korean bobsleigher Won Yun-jong along with North Korean ice hockey player Hwang Chung-gum were the flagbearers of this unified Korea team. * South Korea at the 2018 Winter Olympics OT – Overtime. GWS – Match decided by penalty-shootout. Team roster. Men's team event – 1 team of 25 players. South Korea at the 2017 Asian Winter Games. North Korea at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Korea at the 2018 Winter Olympics.


KangnungGangneung Danoje FestivalGangneung, South Korea
List of cities in South Korea. 1996 Gangneung submarine infiltration incident. City government home page. Gangneung-si: Official Site of Korea Tourism Org. Seongyojang House.

Christa Luding-Rothenburger

Christa RothenburgerChrista Luding
In 1988, she earned the distinction of being the only athlete to win Summer and Winter Olympic medals in the same year. It also made her the first woman, and the third athlete overall, to win a medal in both the Summer and Winter Olympics. At the Winter Games in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, she won the gold medal in the 1000 m speed skating event and silver in the 500 m. Seven months later, she won the silver medal in the (1000 m) sprint in track cycling at the Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea. After winning a bronze medal at the 1992 World Sprint Championships (in which she was unable to win any of the 4 distances), Luding-Rothenburger ended her speed skating career.


Daegwallyeong-myeon is a myeon (township) in the county of Pyeongchang in the province of Gangwon-do, South Korea. It is located in the northeastern part of the county. The total area of Daegwallyeong-myeon is 221.63 square kilometers, and, as of 2008, the population was 6,162 people. The myeon was named Doam-myeon until 2007. Daegwallyeong-myeon is named after the important mountain pass of Daegwallyeong. It has the coldest average temperature in South Korea. Yongpyong Ski Resort: largest ski resort in South Korea, venue of 2018 Winter Olympics. Alpensia Resort: main venue of 2018 Winter Olympics. Daegwallyeong Sheep Farm.

Alpensia Resort

Alpensia Sports ParkAlpensiaAlpensia Ski Resort
The Alpensia Ski Jumping Stadium is located within the station and will be the location of the ski jumping events of the 2018 Winter Olympics. Alpensia will be the focus of the 2018 Cultural Olympiad, with a new, purpose-built concert hall within the resort as well as an indoor water park. The decision to build Alpensia resort was taken in 2003, in the frame of the ambition of the Gangwon Province to host the Winter Olympics. The resort was built on vacated farmlands and potato fields. The facility was completed in 2011. In 2013, Alpensia Resort was one of the venues of the 2013 Special Olympics World Winter Games.

Speed skating at the Winter Olympics

Winter OlympicsSpeed skatinglong track speed skating
At the 2010 Winter Olympics, Haralds Silovs became the first athlete in Olympic history to participate in both short track (1500m) and long track (5000m) speed skating, and the first to compete in two different disciplines on the same day. The following table shows when events were contested at each Games. Women's events were demonstrated in 1932. • = official event, (d) = demonstration event • = official event, (d) = demonstration event Updated after the 2018 Winter Olympics. * Kluge, Volker. Olympische Winterspiele: Die Chronik - Chamonix 1924 - Lillehammer 1994. Berlin, Germany: Sportverlag, 2nd revised and updated edition, 1994.

Canada at the 2018 Winter Olympics

Canada's 2018 Olympic teamCanadaCAN
Canada competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, from February 9 to 25, 2018. It was the nation's 23rd appearance at the Winter Olympics, having competed at every Games since their inception in 1924. Canada competed in all sports disciplines, except Nordic combined. The chef de mission was Isabelle Charest, who was appointed in February 2017. On January 16, 2018, figure skaters Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir were announced as the country's flag bearers during the opening ceremony. This was the first time two athletes were named as Canada's opening ceremony flag bearer.

Great Britain at the Olympics

Great BritainGreat Britain and Northern IrelandTeam GB
Athletes from the United Kingdom, all but three of its overseas territories, and the three Crown dependencies, compete in the Olympic Games as part of the team Great Britain or Team GB. It has sent athletes to every Summer and Winter Games, along with France and Switzerland, since the start of the Olympics' modern era in 1896, including the 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics, which were boycotted by a number of other nations on each occasion. From 1896 to 2018 inclusive, Great Britain has won 851 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, and another 32 at the Winter Olympic Games.

All-time Olympic Games medal table

Totalall-time medal tables127
The table is pre-sorted by the name of each Olympic Committee, but can be displayed as sorted by any other column, such as the total number of gold medals or total number of overall medals. To sort by gold, silver, and then bronze, sort first by the bronze column, then the silver, and then the gold. The table does not include revoked medals (e.g. due to doping). Medal totals in this table are current as of the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang County, South Korea, and all changes in medal standings due to doping cases and medal redistributions up to 17 January 2019 are taken into account.

Russia at the Olympics

RussiaRussianRussian Federation
The Russian Olympic Committee was created in 1991 and recognized in 1993. The Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, and the Russian Federation hosted the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. In six appearances Russian athletes have won a total of 428 medals at the Summer Olympic Games and another 120 at the Winter Olympic Games. Over the most recent twelve Games (since 1994), Russia's 548 total medals, including 196 gold medals, are second only to the United States.


PekingBeijing, ChinaBeiping
Beijing also hosted the inaugural National Peasants' Games in 1988 and the sixth National Minority Games in 1999. In November 2013, Beijing made a bid to host the 2022 Winter Olympics. On 31 July 2015, the International Olympic Committee awarded the 2022 Winter Olympics to the city becoming the first ever to host both Summer and Winter Olympics also for the 2022 Winter Paralympics becoming the first ever to host both Summer and Winter Paralympics.