The ballot of the 1946 referendum in Italy deciding on having either a republic or a monarchy as the form of government.
Submitting petitions for the recall of Seattle, Washington mayor Hiram Gill in December 1910; Gill was removed by a recall election the following February, but voters returned him to the office in 1914
The U.S. House of Representatives, one example of representative democracy
Pro-Russian protesters in Odessa, Ukraine, demanding a referendum, March 30, 2014
2015 Greek bailout referendum Demonstration for "NO" vote Syntagma square Athens, Greece

A recall election (also called a recall referendum, recall petition or representative recall) is a procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a referendum before that official's term of office has ended.

- Recall election

This is in contrast to an issue being voted on by a representative.

- Referendum

The constitution may also provide for some deliberative democracy (e.g., Royal Commissions) or direct popular measures (e.g., initiative, referendum, recall elections). However, these are not always binding and usually require some legislative action—legal power usually remains firmly with representatives.

- Representative democracy
Aoun in 2020
Cedar Revolution Demonstrations in Lebanon triggered by the assassination of the former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
Samir Geagea and daughter of William Hawi – Leila
Michel Aoun during the Lebanese Civil War
Rue Minet al Hosn where Rafik Hariri was assassinated on 14 February 2005.
Lebanese protests in Martyrs' Square on Independence Day in 2019
Trucks waiting in line after Syria closed its northern border with Lebanon following its withdrawal
Aoun at his wedding to Nadia El-Chami
Protesters holding posters of assassinated minister Pierre Gemayel
Protestors at Pierre Gemayel's funeral.
A protestor in Martyr's Square, 2006
A side of the mass memorial rally in 2009

Geagea initially supported the "War of Liberation" declared by disputed Prime Minister General Michel Aoun against the Syrian Army.

- Samir Geagea

He declared the War of Liberation against Syrian Army forces on 14 March 1989, opposed the Taif Agreement, refused to recognize the newly elected presidents René Moawad and Elias Hrawi, clashed with the Lebanese Forces led by Samir Geagea, and survived an assassination attempt on 12 October 1990.

- Michel Aoun

In addition, many Lebanese called for the return of former Prime Minister Michel Aoun, in exile since 1991, and the release of the imprisoned Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea.

- Cedar Revolution
The normal distribution, a very common probability density, useful because of the central limit theorem.
The lowest career ERA is 1.82, set by Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh.
Box score from 1876

Henry Chadwick (October 5, 1824 – April 20, 1908) was an English-American sportswriter, baseball statistician and historian, often called the "Father of Baseball" for his early reporting on and contributions to the development of the game.

- Henry Chadwick (writer)

In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the average of earned runs allowed by a pitcher per nine innings pitched (i.e. the traditional length of a game).

- Earned run average

The practice of keeping records of player achievements was started in the 19th century by Henry Chadwick.

- Baseball statistics
Idealised portrayal of the author Homer

The Aeolic dialect shows many archaisms in comparison to the other Ancient Greek dialects (Arcadocypriot, Attic, Ionic, and Doric varieties), as well as many innovations.

- Aeolic Greek

It is a literary dialect of Ancient Greek consisting mainly of Ionic and Aeolic, with a few forms from Arcadocypriot, and a written form influenced by Attic.

- Homeric Greek

The works of Homer (The Iliad, The Odyssey, and the Homeric Hymns) and of Hesiod were written in a literary dialect called Homeric Greek or Epic Greek, which largely comprises Old Ionic, with some borrowings from the neighboring Aeolic dialect to the north.

- Ionic Greek
Special Air Service insignia
Cap badge of the Special Boat Service
SAS patrol in North Africa during WW2
Cockles MK II
21 SAS soldier after a night parachute drop exercise in Denmark, 1955
Corporal Aubrey sharpens his fighting knife as he prepares for combat in the Aegean Sea in 1944
Pen y Fan 2907 ft above sea level, the location for the Fan Dance
SBS with U.S. Delta Force at the Battle of Tora Bora
SAS pattern parachute wings
Ascension at Hereford Cathedral

The United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF) is a directorate comprising the Special Air Service, the Special Boat Service, the Special Reconnaissance Regiment, the Special Forces Support Group, 18 (UKSF) Signal Regiment and the Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing, as well as the supporting No. 47 Squadron.

- United Kingdom Special Forces

The corps currently consists of the 22nd Special Air Service Regiment, the regular component, as well as the 21st Special Air Service Regiment (Artists) (Reserve) and the 23rd Special Air Service Regiment (Reserve), which are reserve units, all under the operational command of United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF).

- Special Air Service

The Special Boat Service is the maritime special forces unit of the United Kingdom Special Forces and is described as the sister unit of the British Army 22nd Special Air Service Regiment (22nd SAS), with both under the operational control of the Director Special Forces.

- Special Boat Service
McIlroy at the Japan Prize Foundation in 2011
A pipeline of three program processes run on a text terminal
A diagram showing how the user interacts with application software on a typical desktop computer. The application software layer interfaces with the operating system, which in turn communicates with the hardware. The arrows indicate information flow.

McIlroy is best known for having originally proposed Unix pipelines and developed several Unix tools, such as spell, diff, sort, join, graph, speak, and tr.

- Douglas McIlroy

The concept of pipelines was championed by Douglas McIlroy at Unix's ancestral home of Bell Labs, during the development of Unix, shaping its toolbox philosophy.

- Pipeline (Unix)

Software reuse as a recognized area of study in software engineering, however, dates only from 1968 when Douglas McIlroy of Bell Laboratories proposed basing the software industry on reusable components.

- Code reuse
A diagram showing how the user interacts with application software on a typical desktop computer. The application software layer interfaces with the operating system, which in turn communicates with the hardware. The arrows indicate information flow.
Bernard Vauquois' pyramid showing comparative depths of intermediary representation, interlingual machine translation at the peak, followed by transfer-based, then direct translation.
King Charles V the Wise commissions a translation of Aristotle. First square shows his ordering the translation; second square, the translation being made. Third and fourth squares show the finished translation being brought to, and then presented to, the King.
Machine translation could produce some non-understandable phrases, such as "鸡枞" (Macrolepiota albuminosa) being rendered as "Wikipedia".
Rosetta Stone, a secular icon for the art of translation
Broken Chinese "沒有進入" from machine translation in Bali, Indonesia. The broken Chinese sentence sounds like "there does not exist an entry" or "have not entered yet"
John Dryden
Cicero
Samuel Johnson
Martin Luther
Johann Gottfried Herder
Ignacy Krasicki
Buddhist Diamond Sutra, translated into Chinese by Kumārajīva: world's oldest known dated printed book (868 CE)
Perry Link
Muhammad Abduh
Dryden
Schleiermacher
Venuti
In 1903, Mark Twain back-translated his own short story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County".
Hernán Cortés and La Malinche meet Moctezuma II in Tenochtitlan, 8 November 1519.
Lewis and Clark and their Native American interpreter, Sacagawea
Lin Shu
Claude Piron
Geoffrey Chaucer
Marsilio Ficino
Edward FitzGerald
Benjamin Jowett
Hofstadter
Jakobson
Nabokov
Jerome, patron saint of translators and encyclopedists
Mistranslation: Michelangelo's horned Moses
Chinese translation, verses 33–34 of Quran's surah (chapter) 36

Computer-aided translation (CAT), also referred to as machine-assisted translation (MAT) or machine-aided human translation (MAHT), is the use of software to assist a human translator in the translation process.

- Computer-assisted translation

Machine translation, sometimes referred to by the abbreviation MT (not to be confused with computer-aided translation, machine-aided human translation or interactive translation), is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one language to another.

- Machine translation

Because of the laboriousness of the translation process, since the 1940s efforts have been made, with varying degrees of success, to automate translation or to mechanically aid the human translator.

- Translation
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first person to take the Oath of Citizenship, from Chief Justice Thibaudeau Rinfret, in the Supreme Court, 3 January 1947
Immigration inspection directory sign at Shanghai Pudong International Airport, use the term "Chinese nationals" while the Chinese text refers to "Chinese citizens (中国公民)".
Recent recipients of their Canadian citizenship at the end of a citizenship ceremony, with the citizenship judge, a Canadian flag, and, in the background, a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II and a bas-relief of the Royal Coat of Arms of Canada
October 1, 2005. During the swearing-in ceremony of Governor General Michaëlle Jean on Parliament Hill, the Ottawa chapter of Citizens for a Canadian Republic demonstrated for the office to be elected and severed from the monarchy.
Former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, who in 1994 closed a government project to alter the Oath of Citizenship
Osgoode Hall, location of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice
A niqāb of the type worn by Zunera Ishaq and for a short period disallowed for Canadian citizenship candidates reciting the Oath of Citizenship

With the enactment of the Citizenship Act that year, the Canadian Oath of Citizenship was established.

- Oath of Citizenship (Canada)

In 2007, former CCR member Charles Roach filed suit in opposition to the requirement of new citizens to swear an oath to the Queen.

- Citizens for a Canadian Republic

Successful applicants over the age of 14 are required to take an oath of citizenship.

- Canadian nationality law
PNC Park in 2016
Kazmir with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2017
An aerial view of the venue
Kazmir pitching for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays in 2006
The 6th Street Bridge was renamed the Roberto Clemente Bridge in honor of the former Pirate.
Kazmir pitching for the Tampa Bay Rays in 2009
The limestone exterior of the park at the home plate entrance, with a statue of Honus Wagner
Kazmir with the Los Angeles Angels in 2009
A view of PNC Park from Downtown Pittsburgh across the Allegheny River
Kazmir pitching for the Cleveland Indians in 2013
The bordering street Mazeroski Way is named for former Pirate Bill Mazeroski.
Kazmir pitching for the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2017
The exterior of PNC Park in May 2020
PNC Park hosting a game in 2009
PNC Park Schematic
An evening game between the Los Angeles Dodgers and Pittsburgh Pirates – August 7, 2001
A traditional Primanti Brothers sandwich

The game was held on July 11, 2006 at PNC Park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the home of the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League.

- 2006 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

He was named to his first All Star team in, led the American League with 239 strikeouts in , and is still among Tampa Bay's all-time leaders in many pitching categories, including strikeouts, earned run average (ERA), wins, and games started.

- Scott Kazmir

In addition to the Pirates' regular season and postseason home games, PNC Park has hosted other sporting events, including the 2006 Major League Baseball All-Star Game and numerous concerts.

- PNC Park
Two singles players playing a tennis match at the Australian Open
Shaul Ladany (center), winner of 10-km walk, on podium during 8th Maccabiah Games at Ramat Gan Stadium (1969)
Shaul Ladany (center), winner of 10-km walk, on podium during 8th Maccabiah Games at Ramat Gan Stadium (1969)
Israeli postal stamp

In 1969 she won a gold medal at the Maccabiah Games, partnering in Julie Heldman in doubles.

- Marilyn Aschner

Israeli Olympian Shaul Ladany won gold medals in the 3-km walk (13.35.4), the 10-km walk, and the 50-km walk.

- 1969 Maccabiah Games

At the 8th Maccabiah Games in July 1969, he won a gold medal in the 3-km walk (13.35.4).

- Shaul Ladany