Âu Cơ

Au Co
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.wikipedia
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Vietnamese people

VietnameseKinhViet
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.
According to legend, the first Vietnamese descended from the dragon lord Lạc Long Quân and the female heavenly angel Âu Cơ.

Hùng king

Hùng VươngHùng KingsHung Kings
Âu Cơ settled in mountainous northern Vietnam where she raised fifty young, intelligent, strong leaders, later known as the Hùng Vương, Hùng kings.
Their progenitors were Dragon Lac and his consort Fairy Âu Cơ who produced a sac containing one hundred eggs from which one hundred sons emerged.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Âu Cơ is often honored as the mother of Vietnamese civilization.
The lạc is a holy bird representing Vietnam's national mother Âu Cơ.

Lạc Long Quân

Khảm lineLac Long QuanSùng Lãm
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.
Quân's wife, Âu Cơ, gave birth to a sac containing 100 eggs from which 100 children were born; this is the origin of the story of the 100 Vietnamese family names, later the Bách Việt tribes.

Creation myth

creationcreation storycreation stories
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.

Immortality

immortalimmortality of the souleternal life
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.

Fairy

fairiesfaeriesfay
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.

Baiyue

YueBách ViệtYue people
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.

Ancestor

ancestryancestorsancestral
Âu Cơ was, according to the creation myth of the Vietnamese people, an immortal mountain fairy who married Lạc Long Quân, and bore an egg sac that hatched a hundred children known collectively as Bách Việt, ancestors to the Vietnamese people.

Civilization

civilisationcivilizationsancient civilization
Âu Cơ is often honored as the mother of Vietnamese civilization.

Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư

Đại Việt sử kí toàn thưComplete Annals of Đại ViệtA Complete History of the Great Viet
The books Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư (from the 15th century) and Lĩnh Nam chích quái (Wonders plucked from the dust of Linh-nam, from the 14th century) mention the legend. In Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư Âu Cơ is the daughter of Đế Lai (also known as Đế Ai 帝哀, or Emperor Ai, who was a descendant of Shennong), while in Lĩnh Nam chích quái she is the wife of Đế Lai.

Lĩnh Nam chích quái

Lĩnh Nam chích quáíLĩnh Nam chính quáiTrần Thế Pháp
The books Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư (from the 15th century) and Lĩnh Nam chích quái (Wonders plucked from the dust of Linh-nam, from the 14th century) mention the legend.

Shennong

Shen NongShénnóngThần Nông
In Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư Âu Cơ is the daughter of Đế Lai (also known as Đế Ai 帝哀, or Emperor Ai, who was a descendant of Shennong), while in Lĩnh Nam chích quái she is the wife of Đế Lai.

Tết Đoan Ngọ

In Vietnam, this day is also the death anniversary of National Mother Âu Cơ.

Matriarchy

matriarchmatriarchalmatriarchal society
According to Chiricosta, the legend of Âu Cơ is said to be evidence of "the presence of an original 'matriarchy' in North Vietnam and [it] led to the double kinship system, which developed there .... [and which] combined matrilineal and patrilineal patterns of family structure and assigned equal importance to both lines."

Vietnamese dragon

dragonRồng
The 5th-generation grandson of Shennong, Lạc Long Quân, king of the dragonkind living near the Đông sea, married a goddess, Âu Cơ who was the daughter of the birdkind king Đế Lai.

Hùng Temple

Hùng kings templesMiss Hùng Temple
The area is a complex consisting of several temples dedicated to the cult of Hùng Vương - the first descendants the mythological founders of the Vietnamese, Lạc Long Quân and Âu Cơ.

Women in Vietnam

VietnamVietnamese womenwomen from Vietnam
According to William S. Turley, "the role of women in traditional Vietnamese culture was determined [partly] by ... indigenous customs bearing traces of matriarchy", affecting "different social classes" to ying degrees". According to Chiricosta, the legend of Âu Cơ is said to be evidence of "the presence of an original 'matriarchy' in North Vietnam and [it] led to the double kinship system, which developed there .... [and which] combined matrilineal and patrilineal patterns of family structure and assigned equal importance to both lines."

Tây Hồ District

Tây HồTay HoTây Hồ District (Hanoi)
The three main avenues in the district: Lạc Long Quân, Âu Cơ, and An Dương Vương were names of leaders of early Vietnamese civilization.

Vietnamese family life

Vietnamese family structure
According to the Vietnamese creation myth, all Vietnamese people descend from two progenitors Lạc Long Quân and Âu Cơ.

Tonkin

TongkingTongkinTonking
According to Vietnamese myths the first Vietnamese peoples descended from the Dragon Lord Lạc Long Quân and the Immortal Fairy Âu Cơ.

Đạo Mẫu

Dao MauMother Goddesses
These include the worship of goddesses such as Thiên Y A Na, The Lady of the Realm (Bà Chúa Xứ), The Lady of the Storehouse (Bà Chúa Kho) and Princess Liễu Hạnh, legendary figures like Âu Cơ, the Trưng Sisters (Hai Bà Trưng), and Lady Triệu (Bà Triệu), as well as the cult of the Four Palaces.

Thánh Gióng

Gióng the SaintThanh Giong
Today Thánh Gióng features with other legendary figures such as Kinh Dương Vương, Âu Cơ, Sơn Tinh and Thủy Tinh, in elementary school texts.