Český Těšín

Czeski CieszynTěšínTeschenCesky TesinCieszynCzech TeschenTeschen disputeTesin
Český Těšín (Czeski Cieszyn ; Tschechisch-Teschen) is a town in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.wikipedia
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Cieszyn Silesia

Těšín SilesiaTeschenTěšínsko
It lies on the west bank of the Olza river, in the heart of the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Cieszyn Silesia, Těšín Silesia or Teschen Silesia (Śląsk Cieszyński ; Těšínské Slezsko or Těšínsko ; Teschener Schlesien or Olsagebiet) is a historical region in south-eastern Silesia, centered on the towns of Cieszyn and Český Těšín and bisected by the Olza River.

Cieszyn

TeschenCieszyn (Teschen)Cieszyn, Poland
Until the 1920 division of the region between Poland and Czechoslovakia it was just a western suburb of the town of Teschen, which after the division fell to Poland as Cieszyn.
The town has about 34,876 inhabitants, and lies opposite Český Těšín in the Czech Republic's Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region.

Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech Republic
Český Těšín (Czeski Cieszyn ; Tschechisch-Teschen) is a town in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.
Despite the mobilization of 1.2 million-strong Czechoslovak army and the Franco-Czech military alliance, Poland annexed the Zaolzie area around Český Těšín; Hungary gained parts of Slovakia and the Subcarpathian Rus as a result of the First Vienna Award in November 1938.

Moravian-Silesian Region

Moravian-SilesianMoravia-SilesiaMoravian–Silesian Region
Český Těšín (Czeski Cieszyn ; Tschechisch-Teschen) is a town in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.

Karviná District

Karvinádistrict
Český Těšín (Czeski Cieszyn ; Tschechisch-Teschen) is a town in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.
Český Těšín –

Zaolzie

a part of CzechoslovakiaAnnexation of Zaolzieannexed by Poland
The entire area was divided by the decision of the Spa Conference from July 1920, thus in practice creating a Zaolzie area, leaving a sizable Polish minority on the Czech side and dividing the town of Cieszyn between the two states. In 1938, following the Munich Agreement allowing the German annexation of the Sudetenland as signed by the United Kingdom and France in accordance with their policy of appeasement, Poland coerced Czechoslovakia to surrender the region of Zaolzie (including Český Těšín), by issuing an ultimatum to that effect on 30 September, which was accepted by Czechoslovakia on 1 October.
In Czech it is mainly referred to as České Těšínsko/Českotěšínsko ("land around Český Těšín"), or as Těšínsko or Těšínské Slezsko (meaning Cieszyn Silesia).

Český Těšín District

Český Těšín
The town Český Těšín was then the center of Český Těšín District, existing in the years 1920–1938 and 1945–1960.
Its administrative center was the city of Český Těšín.

Invasion of Poland

German invasion of Polandinvaded PolandSeptember Campaign
After the German invasion of Poland in 1939, the entire territory was annexed by Nazi Germany.
It coerced Czechoslovakia to surrender the region of Český Těšín by issuing an ultimatum to that effect on 30 September 1938, which was accepted by Czechoslovakia on 1 October.

Stalag VIII-D

In 1941, Nazi Germany established the camp Stalag VIII-D here.
Stalag VIII-D was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp (Stammlager) located at the outskirts of Teschen, (now Český Těšín, Czech Republic).

Olza (river)

Olza RiverOlzaOlše
It lies on the west bank of the Olza river, in the heart of the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

Těšín Theatre

Cieszyn Theatre
Těšín Theatre has Czech and Polish ensembles, where plays are presented in both the Czech and Polish languages.
Těšín Theatre (Těšínské divadlo, Teatr Cieszyński) is a theatre in the town of Český Těšín (Czeski Cieszyn), Czech Republic.

Polish minority in the Czech Republic

PolishPolesPolish minority
The town is an important cultural and educational center of the Polish minority in Zaolzie.
The Cieszyn Theatre in Czeski Cieszyn (Český Těšín) has a Polish Scene (ensemble).

Ludvík Aškenazy

Ludvik Ashkenazy
Ludvík Aškenazy (24 February 1921 in Český Těšín – 18 March 1986 in Bolzano, Italy) was a Czech writer and journalist.

Jiří Drahoš

Born in Český Těšín and raised in nearby Jablunkov, Drahoš studied physical chemistry at the University of Chemistry and Technology in Prague, and joined the Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences in 1973, which he later led from 1995 to 2003.

Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunich ConferenceSudeten Crisis
In 1938, following the Munich Agreement allowing the German annexation of the Sudetenland as signed by the United Kingdom and France in accordance with their policy of appeasement, Poland coerced Czechoslovakia to surrender the region of Zaolzie (including Český Těšín), by issuing an ultimatum to that effect on 30 September, which was accepted by Czechoslovakia on 1 October.
Meanwhile, Poland annexed the town of Český Těšín with the surrounding area (some 906 km2, with 250,000 inhabitants; Poles made up about 36% of the population - a drop from 69% in 1910 ) and two minor border areas in northern Slovakia, more precisely in the regions Spiš and Orava.

Viktor Ullmann

UllmannVictor Ullmann
Viktor Ullmann (1 January 1898, in Teschen – 18 October 1944, in KZ Auschwitz-Birkenau) was a Silesia-born Austrian composer, conductor and pianist.

Simon R. Blatteis

Blatteis was born in Teschen, Austria-Hungary (now Cieszyn and Český Těšín, Silesia), to Max and Sarah (Risefeld) Blatteis.

František Vláčil

Frantisek Vlácil
František Vláčil (February 19, 1924, Český Těšín – January 28, 1999, Prague) was a Czech film director, painter, and graphic artist.

Dolní Žukov

Nieder ZukauŽukov
It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Czech Teschen in 1960.

Horní Žukov

Ober ZukauŻuków Górny
It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Český Těšín in 1975.

Mistřovice

MistrzowiceMistrzowitz
It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Český Těšín in 1975 (together with Mosty and Koňákov).

Stanislavice

Stanislowitz
It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Český Těšín in 1975.

Mosty u Českého Těšína

Mosty
It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Mistřovice in 1960 and later Český Těšín in 1975.

Polish Cultural and Educational Union

PZKO
In 1967 the building was bought by the Polish Cultural and Educational Union (PZKO).
PZKO also closely cooperates with Polish schools in Zaolzie, and with the Polish Scene (ensemble) of Cieszyn Theatre, in Český Těšín.