The First Sejm in Łęczyca, by Jan Matejko
Baroque Church of the Immaculate Conception of Mary
Park Miejski (Municipal Park)

Town of 13,786 inhabitants in central Poland.

- Łęczyca

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City in central-western Poland, about 50 km east of Poznań, with 68,943 inhabitants making it the sixth-largest city in the Greater Poland Voivodeship.

Medieval seal of Gniezno
King Władysław IV Vasa confirms the old privileges of Gniezno, 1635
19th-century painting of Gniezno
Memorial at the site of a German execution of 24 Poles in November 1939 in the Dalki district
Gniezno during the visit of Pope John Paul II in 1979
View of Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Adalbert. On the right side - church under the invocation of St. John the Baptist
Panorama of Gniezno. 19th century
Gniezno Old Town
Aleksander Fredro Theatre in Gniezno
Regional court
Gniezno Doors in the Cathedral
Coffin of Adalbert of Prague in the Cathedral
Market Square (Rynek)
Holy Trinity church
Franciscan church
Gothic Saint John the Baptist church in winter
Saint Lawrence church
Monument of King Bolesław I the Brave with the Cathedral in the background
Museum of the Polish State Origins
Museum of Archdiocese in Gniezno
Episcopal palace of Primates of Poland
Saint George's Church

Around AD 940 Gniezno, being an important pagan cult center, became one of the main fortresses of the early Piast rulers, along with aforementioned fortresses at Giecz, Kruszwica, Poznań, Kalisz, Łęczyca, Ostrów Lednicki, Płock, Włocławek, and others.


Lower house of the bicameral parliament of Poland.

The first Sejm in Łęczyca. Recording of laws. A.D. 1180
In 1791, the "Great Sejm" or Four-Year Sejm of 1788–1792 and Senate adopted the May 3rd Constitution at the Royal Castle in Warsaw
Tadeusz Rejtan tries to prevent the legalisation of the first partition of Poland by preventing the members of the Sejm from leaving the chamber (1773). Painting by Jan Matejko
Stanisław Dubois speaking to envoys and diplomats in the Sejm, 1931
Józef Beck, Minister of Foreign Affairs, delivers his famous Honour Speech in the Sejm, 5 May 1939.
The Sejm building in Warsaw
The Sejm's main hall
Sessions chamber in the Sejm
Sessions chamber viewed from the rostrum
Sejm cross
Column hall in the Sejm

The 1180 Sejm in Łęczyca (known as the 'First Polish parliament') was the most notable, in that it established laws constraining the power of the ruler.

Łódź Voivodeship

Province-voivodeship in central Poland.

Piotrków Trybunalski
Palace in Wola-Chojnata
Łódź Hills Landscape Park
Łódź Voivodeship 1921–1939
Łódź Voivodeship 1975–1998
The Rector's Office of the Lodz University of Technology
National Film School in Łódź

Łęczyca county,

Łęczyca County

Unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland.

Its administrative seat and only town is Łęczyca, which lies 35 km north-west of the regional capital Łódź.

Łęczyca Voivodeship

Unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from the 14th century until the partitions of Poland in 1772–1795.

Łęczyca Voivodeship of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Łęczyca Voivodeship of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

It was part of Province of Greater Poland, and its capital was in Łęczyca.

Casimir III the Great

Casimir III the Great (Kazimierz III Wielki; 30 April 1310 – 5 November 1370) reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370.

Casimir's tomb effigy in Wawel
Poland (red) at the end of the reign of Casimir III (1370); Silesia (yellow) had been lost, but the kingdom was expanding to the east
Wiec in reign of Casimir the Great
Casimir's depiction on a seal
Casimir III the Great by Jan Matejko
Casimir the Great by Leopold Loeffler
Casimir III's tomb at Wawel Cathedral
Document issued by Casimir the Great granting the Armenian bishop Gregory (Գրիգոր) the right to stay and preach in Lviv, 1367
Royal seal, 1334

Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland and Rus' (Ruthenia), lord and heir of the land of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomerania (Pomerelia).

Władysław I Łokietek

Władysław I Łokietek, in English known as the "Elbow-high" or Ladislaus the Short (c.

Seal of King Władysław
Edict by Władysław the Short in 1325 confirming the Cistercians of Byszewo continue to have the same rights as under German law, and the continued ownership of their Abbey in Byszewo.
Sulejów Abbey is the place where the decision was made to send a letter to the Pope asking for the coronation of Władysław
King Władysław the Elbow-high breaking off agreements with the Teutonic Knights at Brześć Kujawski, a painting by Jan Matejko in the National Museum in Warsaw
Władysław I Łokietek, by Jan Matejko
Royal seal of Władysław the Elbow-high
The so-called Crown of Bolesław the Brave was made for Władysław I.<ref>Rożek Michał, Polskie koronacje i korony, Kraków 1987. {{ISBN|83-03-01914-7}}</ref>
In 1320 the King began the building of a new Wawel Cathedral.<ref>Kraków, Małgorzta Woszczenko</ref>
Portrait of King Władysław I by Aleksander Lesser
The tomb of the monarch inside the Wawel Cathedral
Poland between 1275 and 1300.
Władysław I on White Horse by M. Barwicki.

The Seniorate Province initially comprised Kraków and western Lesser Poland, eastern Greater Poland including Gniezno and Kalisz, western Kuyavia, Łęczyca and Sieradz (maintained by the Dowager Duchess Salomea of Berg for her lifetime), and with Pomerelia as a fiefdom.


City in southwestern Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia.

Coat of arms of Wrocław (with the inscription Civitas Wratislaviensis) in Lauf Castle, c. 1360.
The oldest printed text in the Polish language–Statuta Synodalia Episcoporum Wratislaviensis, printed in Wrocław by Kasper Elyan, 1475
St Martin's Church, the only remaining part of the medieval Piast stronghold that once stood in Wrocław
Map of the city from 1562, with its fortifications on the Oder River
Battle of Breslau during the Seven Years' War (Third Silesian War 1756–1763)
Entry of Prince Jérôme Bonaparte into Breslau, 7 January 1807
The Royal Palace from 1717 was once the residence of Prussian monarchs. Today, the building houses the City Museum.
Old Town Hall, 1900
Market Square, 1890–1900
Feniks Department Store, built in 1902–1904
Aerial view of pre-war Breslau, 1920
Wartime destruction around the cathedral, 1945
Wrocław dwarf
Fighting Solidarity logo
John of Nepomuk Church in Szczytnicki Park, 16th-century
Wrocław South Park – Park Południowy
Map of Wrocław's areas where PM10 standards were exceeded in 2015
Wrocław New City Hall – the seat of the city mayor
Wrocław boroughs (until 1990)
The 48 administrative district quarters (since 1990)
Sky Tower is one of the tallest buildings in Poland. It offers office, commercial, residential and recreational space.
Wrocław Market Hall
Wroclavia Shopping Mall with a central bus station located underground
Map of Wrocław illustrating the A8 bypass and surrounding arterial roads
Wrocław Copernicus Airport in Strachowice
Koleje Dolnośląskie train at Wrocław Main Station
Moderus Gamma LF07AC tram
Wrocław City Bike
Wrocław Cathedral in the oldest district of Ostrów Tumski
White Stork Synagogue, initially opened in 1829
University of Wrocław
Wrocław University of Technology – Faculty of Architecture
Wrocław Multimedia Fountain
Świdnica Cellar (Piwnica Świdnicka), one of the oldest restaurant establishments in Europe.
Interior of the National Museum
National Forum of Music
Stadion Wrocław – Euro 2012 Stadium
Olympic Stadium

Also, the Tabula Rogeriana, a book written by the Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi in 1154, describes Wrocław as one of the Polish cities, alongside Kraków, Gniezno, Sieradz, Łęczyca and Santok.

Crown of the Kingdom of Poland

Common name for the historic Late Middle Ages territorial possessions of the King of Poland, including the Kingdom of Poland proper.

Crown of the Kingdom of Poland within Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1635.
Banner of the Kingdom of Poland until the 15th century
Banner of Poland and Lithuania in the Chronicle of the Council of Constance (1416)
First page of the original Constitution
Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, 1635
Voivodeships of the Commonwealth of the Two Nations
Map showing voivodeships of the Commonwealth of the Two Nations
The Crown and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1386–1434
The Spiš (Zips) region. Light blue and green areas show the pawned territories, red line shows current borders, yellow former border between then Hungary and Poland and the black borders between counties

Łęczyca Voivodeship (województwo łęczyckie, Łęczyca)

Władysław III of Poland

King of Poland and the Supreme Duke (Supremus Dux) of Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1434 as well as King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440 until his death at the Battle of Varna.

Detail of Władysław's seal
Baptism of Władysław III (1425) at Wawel Cathedral in Kraków
Władysław III at the Battle of Varna as imagined by Jan Matejko
Ottoman miniature depicting Murad II and Władysław III's beheading
St. Joachim and St. Anne Meeting at the Golden Gate.
The Royal Seal of Władysław III Warneńczyk, 1438
Cenotaph effigy, Wawel Cathedral
Coat of arms
The Memorial of the Battle in Varna, built on an ancient Thracian mound tomb, bearing the name of the fallen king.
Imaginary portrait from Thuróczi János' Chronica Hungarorum (Władysław was only 20 when he died)
Church, Madalena do Mar, Madeira, hypothetical burial place of Władysław III

English: Vladislaus by the Grace of God king of Poland, Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rascia (Serbian Grand Principality) and lands of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Supreme Prince of Lithuania, lord and heir of Pomerania and Ruthenia