11th Airborne Division (United States)

11th Airborne Division11th Air Assault Division (Test)11th Air Assault DivisionU.S. 11th Airborne Division11th11th Airborne Division paratroopersU.S. Army Airborne1111th Air Assault Division (Test)11th Airborne11th Airborne Division Band
The 11th Airborne Division ("Angels" ) was a United States Army airborne formation, first activated on 25 February 1943, during World War II. Consisting of one parachute and two glider infantry regiments, with supporting troops, the division underwent rigorous training throughout 1943.wikipedia
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Raid on Los Baños

Raid at Los BañosLos Baños internment campLos Baños
Reunited, the division participated in the Liberation of Manila, and two companies of divisional paratroopers conducted an audacious raid on the Los Baños internment camp, liberating two thousand civilians.
The Raid on Los Baños (Filipino: Pagsalakay ng Los Baños) in the Philippines, early Friday morning on 23 February 1945, was executed by a combined U.S. Army Airborne and Filipino guerrilla task force, resulting in the liberation of 2,147 Allied civilian and military internees from an agricultural school campus turned Japanese internment camp.

187th Infantry Regiment (United States)

187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team187th Infantry Regiment187th Airborne Infantry Regiment
One parachute infantry regiment was detached for service in the Korean War, but on 30 June 1958 the division was inactivated. As formed the division consisted of the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment, the 187th Glider Infantry Regiment and the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment, and with a complement of 8,321 men was around half the strength of a regular U.S. infantry division of World War II.
It was originally a two battalion glider regiment assigned to the 11th Airborne Division, the men of the 187th trained both as glider and parachute troops.

Occupation of Japan

occupationoccupied JapanAllied occupation of Japan
On 30 August 1945 the division was sent to southern Japan as part of the occupation force.
The 11th Airborne Division was airlifted from Okinawa to Atsugi Airdrome, 30 miles from Tokyo.

Airborne forces

airborneairborne troopsairborne infantry
The 11th Airborne Division ("Angels" ) was a United States Army airborne formation, first activated on 25 February 1943, during World War II.
The Allies eventually formed two British and five American divisions: the British 1st and 6th Airborne Divisions, and the U.S. 11th, 13th, 17th, 82nd, and 101st Airborne Divisions.

Battle of Manila (1945)

Battle of ManilaLiberation of ManilaManila
Reunited, the division participated in the Liberation of Manila, and two companies of divisional paratroopers conducted an audacious raid on the Los Baños internment camp, liberating two thousand civilians.
On 31 January, the Eighth United States Army of Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, consisting of the 187th and 188th Glider Infantry Regiments of Col. Robert H. Soule, and components of the U.S. 11th Airborne Division under Maj. Gen. Joseph Swing, landed unopposed at Nasugbu in southern Luzon and began moving north toward Manila.

511th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States)

511th Parachute Infantry Regiment511th Infantry511th Airborne Infantry Regiment
As formed the division consisted of the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment, the 187th Glider Infantry Regiment and the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment, and with a complement of 8,321 men was around half the strength of a regular U.S. infantry division of World War II.
It formed the parachute infantry element of the 11th Airborne Division.

1st Cavalry Division (United States)

1st Cavalry Division1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile)1st Air Cavalry Division
The division's personnel and equipment were transferred to the newly raised 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).
In 1965, colors and subordinate unit designations of the Division were transferred from Korea to Fort Benning, Georgia, where they were used, along with separate elements of what had been the 2nd Infantry Division, to reflag the existing [[11th Airborne Division (United States)#Reactivation (11th Air Assault Division) and final inactivation|11th Air Assault Division (Test)]] into the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).

188th Infantry Regiment (United States)

188th Glider Infantry Regiment188th Infantry188th Infantry Regiment
As formed the division consisted of the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment, the 187th Glider Infantry Regiment and the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment, and with a complement of 8,321 men was around half the strength of a regular U.S. infantry division of World War II.
It was a part of the 11th Airborne Division during its entire existence.

17th Airborne Division (United States)

17th Airborne DivisionU.S. 17th Airborne Division17th
The force defending the airfield and its environs was a combat team composed of elements of the 17th Airborne Division and a battalion from the 541st Parachute Infantry Regiment.
The Commanding General (CG) of the U.S. 11th Airborne Division, Major General Joseph May Swing, had been temporarily assigned to act as airborne advisor to General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander in the Mediterranean, for the invasion of Sicily, and had observed the airborne assault, which went badly.

7th Infantry Division (United States)

7th Infantry Division7th Division7th
The 11th Airborne was ordered to relieve the 7th Infantry Division stationed in the Burauen-La Paz-Bugho area, engage and destroy all Japanese forces in its operational area, and protect XXIV Corps rear-area supply dumps and airfields.
The 7th Infantry Division joined in the occupation of the city, and engaged the 26th Japanese Infantry Division, which had been holding up the advance of the 11th Airborne Division.

101st Airborne Division

101st Airborne101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)101st
The maneuver would additionally provide the 11th Airborne and its individual units with further training, as had occurred several months previously in an earlier large-scale exercise conducted by the 101st

Army Ground Forces

Army Field ForcesContinental Army Command ("CONARC")Army Ground Force
Lieutenant General Lesley J. McNair, the overall commander of Army Ground Forces, had similar misgivings: once an airborne supporter, he had been greatly disappointed by the performance of airborne units in North Africa and more recently Sicily.
Five airborne divisions (11th, 13th, 17th, 82nd and 101st) were formed, but as early as the Allied invasion of Sicily (Operation Husky) in July 1943 it was apparent that there would not be sufficient troop carrier aircraft to employ them in the manner for which they had been intended.

Elmer E. Fryar

It was during this period that Private Elmer E. Fryar earned a posthumous Medal of Honor when he helped to repel a counterattack, personally killing twenty-seven Japanese soldiers before being mortally wounded by a sniper.
He re-enlisted in the Army, and by December 8, 1944 was serving as a private in Company E, 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 11th Airborne Division.

University of the Philippines Los Baños

UP Los BañosUniversity of the Philippines, Los BañosUPLB
The largest of these was located on the campus of the Agricultural College of the Philippines at Los Baños, some forty miles (64 km) south-east of Manila.
In 1945, as part of the liberation of the Philippines, the US Army sent 130 11th Airborne Division paratroopers to Los Baños to rescue the internees.

229th Aviation Regiment (United States)

229th Aviation Regiment229th Assault Helicopter Battalion229th Aviation Battalion
There was also an aviation group to control the helicopters assigned to the division - the 11th Aviation Group, consisting of the 227th, 228th, and 229th Aviation Battalions.
The unit was constituted on 18 March 1964 in the Regular Army as the 229th Assault Helicopter Battalion, an element of the 11th Aviation Group, 11th Air Assault Division (Test) and activated on 19 March 1964 at Fort Benning, Georgia.

Paratrooper

paratroopersparatroopparatroops
The 82nd Airborne Division had been inserted by parachute and glider and had suffered high casualties, leading to a perception that it had failed to achieve many of its objectives.

24th Infantry Division (United States)

24th Infantry Division24th Infantry Division (Mechanized)24th Division
However, the 11th Division was itself inactivated in Augsburg on 1 July 1958, and the 1st Airborne Battle Group was instead moved to the 24th Infantry Division.
Other elements supported the 11th Airborne Division drive from Nasugbu to Manila.

Fort Campbell

Fort Campbell, KentuckyCamp CampbellFt. Campbell
The division was transferred to Camp Campbell in Kentucky and became a training formation, with several of its subordinate units inactivated including the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment.
In the spring of 1949, the 11th Airborne Division arrived at Campbell following occupation duty in Japan.

11th Expeditionary Combat Aviation Brigade

11th Aviation Group11th Aviation Group (Combat)11th Combat Aviation Brigade
There was also an aviation group to control the helicopters assigned to the division - the 11th Aviation Group, consisting of the 227th, 228th, and 229th Aviation Battalions.
The 11th Expeditionary Combat Aviation Brigade incorporates the history of the 11th Aviation Group which can be traced to the 11th Airborne Division, which served in the Pacific Theater during World War II and in the Army of Occupation in Japan after the war.

Pathfinder (military)

Pathfinderpathfinderspathfinding
On 21 June, a detachment of pathfinders from the division was flown in to secure Camalaniugan Airfield, and two days later the transport aircraft carrying the troops of Gypsy Task Force were escorted by fighters to the area.
Pathfinders were also established in the 11th Airborne Division, at that time on occupation duty in Japan.

541st Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States)

541st Parachute Infantry Regiment
The force defending the airfield and its environs was a combat team composed of elements of the 17th Airborne Division and a battalion from the 541st Parachute Infantry Regiment.

Nichols Field

Camp NicholsNicholsUS air base in Pasay
By 11 February, the division had penetrated as far as Nichols Field, an airfield that formed the center of the Genko Line.
During the Battle of Luzon, Nichols Field was recaptured by elements of the Sixth United States Army when paratroopers of the 11th Airborne Division attacked the base on 4 February.

Rod Serling

Does the Name Grimsby Do Anything to You?Rod Serling’sRodman "Rod" Serling
Serling began his military career in 1943 at Camp Toccoa, Georgia, under General Joseph May "Joe" Swing and Col. Orin D. "Hard Rock" Haugen and served in the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division.

1st Cavalry Division Artillery (United States)

1st Cavalry Division Artillery1st Cavalry Division Artillery (DIVARTY)DIVARTY
On 1 July 1965, the Division Artillery, less personnel and equipment, returned to the United States, and reflagged elements of the 11th Air Assault Division (Test) and the 2nd Infantry Division at Fort Benning, Georgia.

Aerial Rocket Artillery

aerial artilleryaerial rocketARA
Although the intent was to create three air assault brigades, the reality was an air assault brigade (which was also parachute-qualified), an airmobile brigade, and both ground and air artillery elements (the air artillery was provided by armed helicopters known as ARA).
In 1963, the 11th Air Assault Division was activated to test a number of the Board's concepts and recommendations about air mobility.