11th Infantry Division (India)wikipedia
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II. It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.
11th Indian Infantry Division11th Indian Division11th Infantry DivisionIndian 11th Infantry Division11th Infantry Division (India)15th Indian Brigade11 Division11th DivisionIndian 11th Division11th Indian Infantry

David Murray-Lyon

Murray-LyonDavid Murray-LyonDM Murray-Lyon
It was originally commanded by Major-General Murray-Lyon until 24 December 1941.
His final appointment was as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 11th Indian Infantry Division in Malaya until he was sacked by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival.

Battle of Kampar

Kampar
After the Battle of Jitra the 11th Division, under Major-General Paris, inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese at the Battle of Kampar, but was almost completely destroyed at the Battle of Slim River.
The Battle of Kampar (30 December 1941 – 2 January 1942) was an engagement of the Malayan Campaign during World War II, involving British and Indian troops from the 11th Indian Infantry Division and the Japanese 5th Division.

Malaya Command

MalayaTroops in the Straits SettlementsBritish Malaya Command
It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.

Battle of Gurun

Gurun
Under Murray-Lyon the 11th Indian Division was defeated at the Battle of Jitra and suffered some of its worst casualties during the retreat from Jitra and at the Battle of Gurun.
The battle occurred when the 11th Indian Division attempted to slow down the Japanese advance after the disastrous Battle of Jitra at a position 3 miles north of the village of Gurun.

Battle of Jitra

JitraBattle of Changlundefeating British and Indian troops at Jitra
Under Murray-Lyon the 11th Indian Division was defeated at the Battle of Jitra and suffered some of its worst casualties during the retreat from Jitra and at the Battle of Gurun.
Two brigades of Major General David Murray-Lyon's 11th Indian Division held the front line.

Battle of Slim River

Slim Riverdisastrous Slim River battleSlim River Bridge
After the Battle of Jitra the 11th Division, under Major-General Paris, inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese at the Battle of Kampar, but was almost completely destroyed at the Battle of Slim River.
By January 2, though, the Indian 11th Infantry Division was out flanked by seaborne landings south of the Kampar position, out numbered and with Japanese forces attempting to cut the division off from the road to Singapore, they withdrew to prepared positions at Trolak five miles north of the Slim River.

III Corps (India)

III CorpsIII Indian CorpsIndian III Corps
It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.
On 7 December 1941 the Corps consisted of the Indian 9th Infantry Division, commanded by Major-General Arthur Edward Barstow, the Indian 11th Infantry Division, commanded by Major-General David Murray-Lyon, a lines of communication Area, and the Penang Fortress.

Indian Army during World War II

Indian ArmyBritish Indian ArmyIndian
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
On 8 December, the Japanese Army attacked the Malayan peninsula, the defenders now included the Indian 9th and the 11th Indian Infantry Divisions, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and a number of independent battalions and units of Imperial Service Troops, in the III Indian Corps.

Battle of Singapore

fall of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore fell
The 11th Indian Division surrendered to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, along with about 130,000 other British and Commonwealth soldiers, when Singapore was surrendered.
The Indian III Corps under Lieutenant-General Sir Lewis Heath—including the Indian 11th Infantry Division under Major-General B. W. Key with reinforcements from the 8th Indian Brigade, and the British 18th Division—was assigned the north-eastern sector, known as the "Northern Area".

Archibald Paris

A.C.M. ParisArchie ParisParis
A.C.M. Paris and then Maj.Gen.
When the battle started in northern Malaya, Paris's 12th Brigade was sent to protect the retreat of the Indian 11th Infantry Division, which it did successfully, to the extent that it surprised the Japanese, inflicting high casualties on some of their more overconfident units.

Billy Key

B. W. KeyBilly KeyBerthold Wells (Billy) Key
Billy Key.
When Major General David Murray-Lyon was dismissed from command of the 11th Indian Division Key replaced Brigadier Archibald Paris as commander of the division.

Malayan Campaign

Malayainvasion of MalayaJapanese Occupation Period
It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.
On 23 December, Major-General David Murray-Lyon of the Indian 11th Infantry Division was removed from command to little effect.

8th Indian Infantry Brigade

8th Indian Infantry Brigade8th
In November 1940, the brigade was assigned to the 11th Indian Infantry Division.

Arthur Percival

Arthur PercivalArthur Ernest PercivalPercival
Arthur Percival and replaced by Brig.
Percival was ultimately responsible for the men who served under him, and with other officers – notably Major-General David Murray-Lyon, commander of the Indian 11th Infantry Division – he had shown a willingness to replace them when he felt their performance was not up to scratch.

East Surrey Regiment

East SurreysEast SurreyKingston Barracks
In August 1940 the Battalion was posted from China to Malaya where it was attached to 11th Indian Infantry Division based in North West Malaya.

3rd Cavalry (India)

3rd Cavalry3rd Cavalry (India)3rd Indian Cavalry
In 1941, whilst still in the process of being equipped with armoured cars, 3rd Cavalry was made part of the 11th Indian Infantry Division and was deployed to Malaya to counter the Japanese advance.

Lanarkshire Yeomanry

156th (Lanarkshire Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery155th (Lanarkshire Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery2/1st Lanarkshire Yeomanry
In September it re-equipped with 4.5" guns, and in October it was transferred into 11th Indian Division. It fought in the Battle of Malaya and the Battle of Singapore; with the surrender of Singapore, it was taken prisoner on 15 February 1942.

18th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

18th Infantry Division18th Division18th (East Anglian) Infantry Division
On 17 January, despite reservations about the state of the brigade's fitness, a brigade group based on the 53rd Brigade (under the command of Brigadier Cecil Duke) had arrived in the Ayer Hitam area of Johor and elements were attached to the 11th Indian Infantry Division in III Indian Corps to reinforce the defences from Batu Pahat to Yong Peng.

Operation Krohcol

Krohcolfighting retreat to Krohinvaded north-west Malaya
Destruction of the Ledge would effectively block the road from Pattani thereby ensuring the security of 11th Indian Infantry Division's line of communication and retreat.

Japanese occupation of Malaya

Japanese occupationMalayaOccupied Malaya
On 7 January 1942, two brigades of the 11th Indian Infantry Division were defeated in the Battle of Slim River, giving the Japanese army easy passage to Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaya.

6th Indian Infantry Brigade

6th Indian Infantry Brigade6th6th (Lucknow) Infantry Brigade
In November 1940, the brigade arrived in Singapore and come under the command of the 11th Indian Infantry Division.

11th Division

11th Division (disambiguation)11th Division11th