11th Infantry Division (India)

11th Indian Infantry Division11th Indian DivisionIndian 11th Infantry Division11th Infantry Division11 Division11th Division11th Indian Infantry15th Indian BrigadeIndian 11th Division
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II. It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.wikipedia
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David Murray-Lyon

Murray-LyonDM Murray-Lyon
It was originally commanded by Major-General Murray-Lyon until 24 December 1941.
His final appointment was as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 11th Indian Infantry Division in Malaya until he was sacked by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival.

Malaya Command

MalayaTroops in the Straits SettlementsBritish Malaya Command
It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.
Indian 11th Infantry Division

Battle of Gurun

Gurun
Under Murray-Lyon the 11th Indian Division was defeated at the Battle of Jitra and suffered some of its worst casualties during the retreat from Jitra and at the Battle of Gurun.
The battle occurred when the 11th Indian Division attempted to slow down the Japanese advance after the disastrous Battle of Jitra at a position 3 miles north of the village of Gurun.

III Corps (India)

III CorpsIII Indian CorpsIndian III Corps
It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.
On 7 December 1941 the Corps consisted of the Indian 9th Infantry Division, commanded by Major-General Arthur Edward Barstow, the Indian 11th Infantry Division, commanded by Major-General David Murray-Lyon, a lines of communication Area, and the Penang Fortress.

Battle of Jitra

JitraBattle of Changlunbattles
Under Murray-Lyon the 11th Indian Division was defeated at the Battle of Jitra and suffered some of its worst casualties during the retreat from Jitra and at the Battle of Gurun.
Two brigades of Major General David Murray-Lyon's 11th Indian Division held the front line.

Battle of Kampar

Kampar
After the Battle of Jitra the 11th Division, under Major-General Paris, inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese at the Battle of Kampar, but was almost completely destroyed at the Battle of Slim River.
The Battle of Kampar (30 December 1941 – 2 January 1942) was an engagement of the Malayan Campaign during World War II, involving British and Indian troops from the 11th Indian Infantry Division and the Japanese 5th Division.

Indian Army during World War II

Indian ArmyBritish Indian ArmyDuring World War II
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
On 8 December, the Japanese Army attacked the Malayan peninsula, the defenders now included the Indian 9th and the 11th Indian Infantry Divisions, the 12th Indian Infantry Brigade and a number of independent battalions and units of Imperial Service Troops, in the III Indian Corps.

Battle of Slim River

Slim Riverdefeat at Slim Riverdisastrous Slim River battle
After the Battle of Jitra the 11th Division, under Major-General Paris, inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese at the Battle of Kampar, but was almost completely destroyed at the Battle of Slim River.
By January 2, though, the Indian 11th Infantry Division was out flanked by seaborne landings south of the Kampar position, out numbered and with Japanese forces attempting to cut the division off from the road to Singapore, they withdrew to prepared positions at Trolak five miles north of the Slim River.

Malayan Campaign

Malayainvasion of MalayaJapanese Occupation Period
It formed part of Indian III Corps in the Malaya Command during the Battle of Malaya.
On 23 December, Major-General David Murray-Lyon of the Indian 11th Infantry Division was removed from command to little effect.

Billy Key

B. W. KeyBerthold Wells (Billy) Key
Billy Key.
When Major General David Murray-Lyon was dismissed from command of the 11th Indian Division Key replaced Brigadier Archibald Paris as commander of the division.

Archibald Paris

A.C.M. ParisArchie ParisParis
A.C.M. Paris and then Maj.Gen.
When the battle started in northern Malaya, Paris's 12th Brigade was sent to protect the retreat of the Indian 11th Infantry Division, which it did successfully, to the extent that it surprised the Japanese, inflicting high casualties on some of their more overconfident units.

Battle of Singapore

fall of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore fell
The 11th Indian Division surrendered to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, along with about 130,000 other British and Commonwealth soldiers, when Singapore was surrendered.
The Indian III Corps under Lieutenant-General Sir Lewis Heath—including the Indian 11th Infantry Division under Major-General B. W. Key with reinforcements from the 8th Indian Brigade, and the British 18th Division—was assigned the north-eastern sector, known as the "Northern Area".

Arthur Percival

Arthur Ernest PercivalPercivalA.E. Percival
Arthur Percival and replaced by Brig.
Percival was ultimately responsible for the men who served under him, and with other officers – notably Major-General David Murray-Lyon, commander of the Indian 11th Infantry Division – he had shown a willingness to replace them when he felt their performance was not up to scratch.

East Surrey Regiment

East SurreysEast SurreyThe East Surrey Regiment
2nd Battalion, East Surrey Regiment - Lieut.Col. G.E. Swinton MC
In August 1940 the Battalion was posted from China to Malaya where it was attached to 11th Indian Infantry Division based in North West Malaya.

8th Indian Infantry Brigade

8th
8th Indian Infantry Brigade
In November 1940, the brigade was assigned to the 11th Indian Infantry Division.

3rd Cavalry (India)

3rd Cavalry3rd Indian Cavalry5th Cavalry
3rd Cavalry - Lieut.Col. C.P.G.De Winton
In 1941, whilst still in the process of being equipped with armoured cars, 3rd Cavalry was made part of the 11th Indian Infantry Division and was deployed to Malaya to counter the Japanese advance.

Lanarkshire Yeomanry

155th (Lanarkshire Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery156th (Lanarkshire Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery2/1st Lanarkshire Yeomanry
155th (Lanarkshire Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery - Lieut. Col. Augustus Murdoch (16x4.5 inch Howitzers)
In September it re-equipped with 4.5" guns, and in October it was transferred into 11th Indian Division. It fought in the Battle of Malaya and the Battle of Singapore; with the surrender of Singapore, it was taken prisoner on 15 February 1942.

18th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

18th Infantry Division18th Division18th (East Anglian) Infantry Division
British 53rd Infantry Brigade
On 17 January, despite reservations about the state of the brigade's fitness, a brigade group based on the 53rd Brigade (under the command of Brigadier Cecil Duke) had arrived in the Ayer Hitam area of Johor and elements were attached to the 11th Indian Infantry Division in III Indian Corps to reinforce the defences from Batu Pahat to Yong Peng.

Division (military)

divisiondivisionsinfantry division
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

British Battalion (Malaya 1941)

British Battalion
This division suffered such heavy casualties during the early stages of the campaign, that the 1st Leicesters and the 2nd East Surreys were forced to amalgamate, becoming the British Battalion and the 1/8th Punjab and the 2/9th Jats were also amalgamated, becoming the Jat-Punjab Battalion. 1st Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment - Lieut.Col. Esmond Morrison (Later commanded the British Battalion)

9th Infantry Division (India)

9th Indian Infantry Division9th Indian Division9th Infantry Division
The division was reformed in Singapore with the remains of the 9th Indian Division.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth nations
The 11th Indian Division surrendered to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, along with about 130,000 other British and Commonwealth soldiers, when Singapore was surrendered.

8th Punjab Regiment

8th Punjab1/8th Punjabis17th Baloch
1st Battalion, 8th Punjab Regiment - Lieut.Col. R.C.S.Bates

16th Punjab Regiment

16th16th Punjab Regiment (Pakistan)3/16th Punjab
2nd Battalion, 16th Punjab Regiment - Lieut.Col. Henry Sloane Larkin

Royal Leicestershire Regiment

Leicestershire Regiment17th Regiment of Foot17th Foot
1st Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment - Lieut.Col. Esmond Morrison (Later commanded the British Battalion)