14th Dalai Lama

Dalai LamaTenzin Gyatsothe Dalai LamaTenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lamathe 14th Dalai LamaTenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai LamaFourteenth Dalai LamaHis Holiness the Dalai LamaXIV Dalai Lamacurrent Dalai Lama
The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup; 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama.wikipedia
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Dalai Lama

the Dalai LamaDalai LamasDalai
The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup; 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama.
The 14th and current Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso, who lives as a refugee in India.

Amdo

AndoAmdo TibetanAmdo, Tibet
The 14th Dalai Lama was born in Taktser, Amdo, Tibet.
Amdo ( [ʔam˥˥.to˥˥]; ) is one of the three traditional regions of Tibet, the other two being Ü-Tsang and Kham; it is also the birthplace of the 14th Dalai Lama.

Jetsun Pema (born 1940)

Jetsun PemaJetsun Pema-la
His sister, Jetsun Pema, spent most of her adult life on the Tibetan Children's Villages project.
Jetsun Pema (Tibetan: རྗེ་བཙུན་པདྨ་; Wylie: rje btsun padma;, born 7 July 1940) is the sister of the 14th Dalai Lama.

Taktser

The 14th Dalai Lama was born in Taktser, Amdo, Tibet.
Later, when people realized that this was also a good place to farm, permanent houses were built, and the village comprised about thirty cottages by the time Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, was born.

Thubten Jigme Norbu

Thupten Jigme NorbuThubten NorbuJigme Norbu
His eldest brother, Thupten Jigme Norbu, had been recognised at the age of eight as the reincarnation of the high Lama Taktser Rinpoche.
Thubten Jigme Norbu (August 16, 1922 – September 5, 2008 ), recognised as the Taktser Rinpoche, was a Tibetan lama, writer, civil rights activist and professor of Tibetan studies and was the eldest brother of the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso.

1959 Tibetan uprising

1959 Tibetan RebellionTibetan uprisingLhasa Uprising
During the 1959 Tibetan uprising, the Dalai Lama fled to India, where he currently lives as a refugee.
In 1951, an agreement between the People's Republic of China and representatives of the Dalai Lama was put into effect.

Tibet Autonomous Region

TibetXizangXizang Province
The Gelug school's government administered an area roughly corresponding to the Tibet Autonomous Region, just as the nascent PRC wished to assert control over it.
Although the 17-point agreement had provided for an autonomous administration led by the Dalai Lama, a "Preparatory Committee for the Autonomous Region of Tibet" (PCART) was established in 1955 to exclude the Dalai Lama's government and create a system of administration along Communist lines.

Trijang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso

Trijang RinpocheKyabje Trijang RinpocheKyabje Trijang Dorje Chang
According to the Dalai Lama, he had a succession of tutors in Tibet including Reting Rinpoche, Tathag Rinpoche, Ling Rinpoche and lastly Trijang Rinpoche, who became junior tutor when he was nineteen.
He succeeded Ling Rinpoche as the junior tutor of the 14th Dalai Lama when the Dalai Lama was nineteen years old.

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan BuddhistTibetanTibetan Buddhists
Dalai Lamas are important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism, which was formally headed by the Ganden Tripas.
In 1959 the 14th Dalai Lama and a great number of clergy fled the country, to settle in India and other neighbouring countries.

Seventeen Point Agreement

Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet17-point agreementSeventeen-Point Agreement
He sent a delegation to Beijing, which ratified the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet.
The Seventeen Point Agreement, also called the Agreement of the Central People's Government and the Local Government of Tibet on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, or the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet for short, is the document by which the delegates of the 14th Dalai Lama, sovereign of the de facto state of Tibet, reached an agreement in 1951 with the Central People's Government of the newly established People's Republic of China on affirming Chinese sovereignty over Tibet.

Golden Urn

Golden Urn system
On 26 January 1940, the Regent Reting Rinpoche requested the Central Government to exempt Tenzin Gyatso from the lot-drawing process of the Golden Urn to become the 14th Dalai Lama.
On February 5th 1940, request to exempt Lhamo Thondup from lot-drawing process to become the 14th Dalai Lama was approved by the Central Government.

Norbulingka

Norbu LingkaNorbulingka PalaceNorbulinka
The Dalai Lama's childhood was then spent between the Potala Palace and Norbulingka, his summer residence, both of which are now UNESCO World Heritage sites.
It served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the 14th Dalai Lama's exile in 1959.

Ma Bufang

Ma Pufang
From 1936 the Hui 'Ma Clique' Muslim warlord Ma Bufang ruled Qinghai as its governor under the nominal authority of the Republic of China central government.
Because Ma Bufang did not want the 14th Dalai Lama to succeed his predecessor, he stationed his men in such a way that the Dalai Lama was effectively under house arrest, saying this was needed for "protection", and refusing to permit him to leave for Tibet.

Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts

The Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts was established in 1959 and the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies became the primary university for Tibetans in India in 1967.
The Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts (TIPA) was founded by Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama on reaching McLeod Ganj, Himachal Pradesh, India in exile from Tibet in August 1959.

GhostNet

Operation GhostNet
This led to uncovering GhostNet, a large-scale cyber spying operation which infiltrated at least 1,295 computers in 103 countries, including embassies, foreign ministries and other government offices, and organizations affiliated with the Dalai Lama in India, Brussels, London and New York, and believed to be focusing on the governments of South Asian and Southeast Asian countries.
Computer systems belonging to embassies, foreign ministries and other government offices, and the Dalai Lama's Tibetan exile centers in India, London and New York City were compromised.

List of modern political leaders of Tibet

ChairmanChairman of the Tibet Autonomous RegionPolitics in Tibet
Chinese hackers posing as The New York Times, Amnesty International and other organization's reporters targeted the private office of the Dalai Lama, Tibetan Parliament members, and Tibetan nongovernmental organizations, among others in 2019.
The transition from Lamaist rule started in 1951 with the Seventeen Point Agreement between the Central People's Government and the 14th Dalai Lama.

Gelug

GelugpaGelukpaGeluk
Dalai Lamas are important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism, which was formally headed by the Ganden Tripas.
After the Incorporation of Tibet into the People's Republic of China, thousands of Tibetan monasteries were destroyed or damaged, and many Gelug monks, including the 14th Dalai Lama fled the country to India.

Tibet

TibetanGreater TibetThibet
The 14th Dalai Lama was born in Taktser, Amdo, Tibet.
Emerging with control over most of mainland China after the Chinese Civil War, the People's Republic of China incorporated Tibet in 1950 and negotiated the Seventeen Point Agreement with the newly enthroned 14th Dalai Lama's government, affirming the People's Republic of China's sovereignty but granting the area autonomy.

Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress

Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's CongressVice ChairmanVice Chairman of the National People's Congress
On 27 September 1954, the Dalai Lama was selected as a Vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, a post he officially held until 1964.

5th Dalai Lama

Fifth Dalai LamaLobsang GyatsoNgawang Lobsang Gyatso
From the time of the 5th Dalai Lama to 1959, the central government of Tibet, the Ganden Phodrang, invested the position of Dalai Lama with temporal duties.
Some contemporary scholars and the current 14th Dalai Lama would appear to agree: Lobsang Gyatso specifically states that a gyalpo (: a particular type of "very powerful, perfidious spirit") in the area of Dol Chumig Karmo had "...been harming the teaching of the Buddha and sentient beings in general and in particular" since at least the fire-bird year of 1657 (CE).

Lhasa

ChengguanChengguan DistrictLhasa, Tibet
At the age of 11 he met the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer, who became his videographer and tutor about the world outside Lhasa.
After the establishment of Communist Chinese People's Republic of China, " the People's Liberation Army (PLA) invaded the country in 1950. In March 1959, an uprising centered on the capital, Lhasa, prompted a massive crackdown, during which the Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (b. 1935), fled into exile."

Dharamshala

DharamsalaDharmsalaDharmasala
Some time later he set up the Government of Tibet in Exile in Dharamshala, India, which is often referred to as "Little Lhasa".
On 29 April 1959, the 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) established the Tibetan exile administration in the north Indian hill station of Mussoorie.

Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration

Tibetan Parliament in ExileParliamentTibetan Parliament
In 1963, he promulgated a democratic constitution which is based upon the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, creating an elected parliament and an administration to champion his cause.
The creation of this democratically elected body has been one of the major changes that the 14th Dalai Lama brought about in his efforts to introduce a democratic system of administration.

Taktser Rinpoche

Takster RinpocheTaktser
His eldest brother, Thupten Jigme Norbu, had been recognised at the age of eight as the reincarnation of the high Lama Taktser Rinpoche.
He became a lama of the Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism and was named Thubten Jigme Norbu, the oldest brother of Tenzin Gyatso- the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet.

Panchen Lama

Panchen LamasPanchenTashi Lama
The Panchen Lama and Dalai Lama had many conflicts throughout Tibetan history.
The Chinese government took Gedhun Choekyi Nyima and his family into custody almost as soon as he was recognized as the Panchen Lama by the 14th Dalai Lama, and Nyima has never publicly been seen since.