17th century

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Detail of a 17th-century Tekke Turkmen carpet
Catholic general Albrecht von Wallenstein (1583–1634), supreme commander of the armies of the Imperial Army during the Thirty Years War
Jan Pieterszoon Coen (1587–1629), the founder of Batavia, was an officer of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), holding two terms as its Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
René Descartes (1596–1650) with Queen Christina of Sweden (1626–1689)
Cardinal Mazarin (1602–1661), who served as the chief minister to the kings of France Louis XIII and Louis XIV
Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (1618–1707), who ruled over almost the entire Indian subcontinent for a period of 49 years
Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder of Japan's final shogunate, which lasted well into the 19th century

The 17th century lasted from January 1, 1601 (MDCI), to December 31, 1700 (MDCC).

- 17th century
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A store-bought oriental persimmon

Persimmon

Edible fruit of a number of species of trees in the genus Diospyros.

Edible fruit of a number of species of trees in the genus Diospyros.

A store-bought oriental persimmon
Two oriental persimmon fruits
American persimmon female flower
A tree heavily laden with oriental persimmons
Lotus persimmon (Diospyros lotus) fruit on branch
Oriental persimmon tree with fruit – Wanju County, South Korea
A whole Jiro persimmon fruit and a cross-section
Diospyros lotus fruit
velvet-apples in South Kalimantan
An oriental persimmon harvested while still unripe
Persimmon leaves
American persimmon leaves in autumn
Ripe kaki, soft enough to remove the calyx and split the fruit for eating
Peeled, flattened, and dried oriental persimmons (shìbǐng) in a Xi'an market
Kaki preserved in limewater
Hoshigaki, Japanese dried oriental persimmon
dangam kkakdugi
Japanese persimmons hung to dry after fall harvest
Comparison of hachiya cultivar and jiro cultivar kaki persimmon size
An example of persimmon wood furniture
Japanese persimmon (cultivar 'Hachiya') – watercolor 1887
Texas Persimmon (Diospyros texana)

It was first used in English in the early 17th century.

An electronics store in a shopping mall in Jakarta, Indonesia (2002)

Consumerism

Social and economic order that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.

Social and economic order that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.

An electronics store in a shopping mall in Jakarta, Indonesia (2002)
Bernard Mandeville's work Fable of the Bees, which justified conspicuous consumption
Josiah Wedgwood's pottery, a status symbol of consumerism in the late 18th century
Black Friday shoppers, DC USA
McDonald's and KFC restaurants in China
Buy Nothing Day demonstration in San Francisco, November 2000.
Shop Until You Drop by Banksy, in London.

The consumer society emerged in the late 17th century and intensified throughout the 18th century.

Two-piece long underwear

Long underwear

Style of two-piece underwear with long legs and long sleeves that is normally worn during cold weather.

Style of two-piece underwear with long legs and long sleeves that is normally worn during cold weather.

Two-piece long underwear
washing long underwear

Long johns were first introduced into England in the 17th century, but they did not become popular as sleepwear until the 18th century.

A button of the SDS

Participatory democracy

Form of government in which citizens participate individually and directly in political decisions and policies that affect their lives, rather than through elected representatives.

Form of government in which citizens participate individually and directly in political decisions and policies that affect their lives, rather than through elected representatives.

A button of the SDS
Carole Pateman, an advocate of participatory democracy
James S. Fishkin

Practiced in the United States, particularly in New England, since the 17th century, they assure that local policy decisions are made directly by the public.

Ploiești

City and county seat in Prahova County, Romania.

City and county seat in Prahova County, Romania.

Columbia Aquila refinery burning after the raid of B-24 Liberator bombers, Operation Tidal Wave, in 1943
The A3 motorway links Ploiești with Bucharest, 60 km to the south.
The City hall, formerly the headquarters of Petrom, a Romanian oil company and the largest corporation in the country
A yellow public transport bus in Ploiești
Palace of Culture
Teleajen River in Prahova County
Central park
Ploiești metropolitan area
Stratigraphic column of Eastern Carpathians and Moesian Platform<ref>Pawlewicz, M., Total Petroleum Systems of the Carpathian-Balkanian Basin Province of Romania and Bulgaria, US Dept. Interior USGS Bulletin 2204-F, 2007, p. 9</ref>
Cross Section of Carpathian Bend<ref>Pawlewicz, M., Total Petroleum Systems of the Carpathian-Balkanian Basin Province of Romania and Bulgaria, US Dept. Interior USGS Bulletin 2204-F, 2007, p. 6</ref>
Geologic features of the Carpathians<ref>Pawlewicz, M., Total Petroleum Systems of the Carpathian-Balkanian Basin Province of Romania and Bulgaria, US Dept. Interior USGS Bulletin 2204-F, 2007, p. 5</ref>
Synagogue
School of Arts and Crafts
St. George belfry
St. John the Baptist Cathedral
Museum of History and Archaeology
Nicolae Simache Clock Museum
Central Market Hall
Holy Voivodes Church
The city's western housing estate, as seen in 1994

The city grew beginning with the 17th century on an estate bought by Michael the Brave from the local landlords, gradually taking the place of the nearby Wallachian fairs of Târgșor, Gherghița and Bucov.

Czerwionka-Leszczyny

Town in Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland.

Town in Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland.

The exploration of natural resources in Czerwionka-Leszczyny area started in the 17th century.

Connemara highlighted in red, and Joyce Country or Partry highlighted in green

Connemara

Region on the Atlantic coast of western County Galway, in the west of Ireland.

Region on the Atlantic coast of western County Galway, in the west of Ireland.

Connemara highlighted in red, and Joyce Country or Partry highlighted in green
A view of the Connemara coast from Diamond Hill
A view of Derryclare from the N59 road.
Twelve Bens
Memorial to Irish language activist and novelist Máirtín Ó Cadhain inside Dublin Airport: "The best literary tool I got from my folks is the language - a homely, earthy, polished language that may at times start me dancing and at times start me weeping, sometimes despite myself."

One of the last Chiefs of Clan O'Flaherty and Lord of Iar Connacht was the 17th-century historian Ruaidhrí Ó Flaithbheartaigh, who lost the greater part of his ancestral lands during the Cromwellian confiscations of the 1650s.

Thekkady

Idukki district

One of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala.

One of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala.

Thekkady
Sree Krishna Swami Temple, Thodupuzha
Calvary Mount Church, Narakakanam
Tea plantations in Munnar
Nilagiri Tahr
Neelakurinji
Giant grizzled squirrel
Thommankuthu Waterfalls
Thodupuzha Civil Station
Taluks in Idukki district with their headquarters
Kundala dam and lake
Idukki arch Dam
Topography and elevation of the High Range region and the Cardamom Hills on Kerala
A dolmen erected by Neolithic people in Marayur
Kerala during 11th century CE (the region which is marked as Chera). The location of Keezhmalanadu is also marked.
Map of Thekkumkur kingdom after the separation of the Poonjar dynasty.
A map of the British Princely state of Travancore published in 1871

The Dutch Malabar who became an influential power in the territory of Vadakkumkur during the 17th century CE and the first half of the 18th century CE had trade centres in Vadakkumkur.

Frosinone

Town and comune in Lazio, central Italy, the administrative seat of the province of Frosinone.

Town and comune in Lazio, central Italy, the administrative seat of the province of Frosinone.

Antique print depicting the city in the 17th century
Pope Pius IX visiting Frosinone, May 14, 1863
The Cathedral of Frosinone, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta
The church of San Benedetto, in the historic center of the city
the church of the Santissima Annunziata

The sanctuary of the | Madonna della Neve was built as a rural chapel at the end of the seventeenth century in the place of a miraculous event, which took place on May 10, 1675, and known as the "Sweating of the Madonna" which would have occurred in the already existing church dating back to 1586.

Stable at the village of Nënmavriq

Mavriqi

Albanian tribe that lived in the Middle Ages.

Albanian tribe that lived in the Middle Ages.

Stable at the village of Nënmavriq

One theory suggest they were expelled by the Shala, and thereafter moved to Maja e Zezë (Black Top), settling in Curraj i Epërm (Upper Curraj), but were expelled afterwards from there too with Ottoman assistance in the 17th century, being treated as foreigners.