1860 United States presidential election

1860 presidential election18601860 electionpresidential election of 1860election of 1860electionelection victories in 1860U.S. presidential electionUnited States presidential election of 18601860 presidential campaign
In the 1860 United States presidential election was the nineteenth quadrennial presidential election to select the President and Vice President of the United States.wikipedia
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Origins of the American Civil War

American Civil WarCivil WarPrior to the outbreak
The election of Lincoln served as the primary catalyst of the American Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 presidential election without being on the ballot in ten Southern states.

James Buchanan

BuchananPresident BuchananBuchanan Administration
Incumbent President James Buchanan, like his predecessor Franklin Pierce, was a northern Democrat with sympathies for the South.
Buchanan held to his pledge to serve only one term and supported Breckinridge's unsuccessful candidacy in the 1860 presidential election.

United States presidential election

presidential electionpresidential electionsU.S. presidential election
In the 1860 United States presidential election was the nineteenth quadrennial presidential election to select the President and Vice President of the United States.
Third parties have taken second place only twice, in 1860 and 1912.

Slavery in the United States

slaveryslavesslave
The United States had become increasingly divided during the 1850s over sectional disagreements, especially regarding the extension of slavery into the territories.
When Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 election on a platform of halting the expansion of slavery, seven states broke away to form the Confederacy.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
Incumbent President James Buchanan, like his predecessor Franklin Pierce, was a northern Democrat with sympathies for the South.
The Democrats split over the choice of a successor to President James Buchanan along Northern and Southern lines as factions of the party provided two separate candidacies for President in the election of 1860, in which the Republican Party gained ascendancy.

Stephen A. Douglas

Stephen DouglasDouglasStephen Arnold Douglas
The first 1860 Democratic National Convention adjourned without agreeing on a nominee, but a second convention nominated Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for president. Six candidates were nominated: Stephen A. Douglas from Illinois, James Guthrie from Kentucky, Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter from Virginia, Joseph Lane from Oregon, Daniel S. Dickinson from New York, and Andrew Johnson from Tennessee.
He was the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 1860 election, but he was defeated by Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln.

1860 Democratic National Conventions

1860 Democratic National Convention1860Democratic National Convention
The first 1860 Democratic National Convention adjourned without agreeing on a nominee, but a second convention nominated Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for president.
The 1860 Democratic National Conventions were a series of presidential nominating conventions held to nominate the Democratic Party's candidates for president and vice president in the 1860 election.

1860 Republican National Convention

1860Republican National Convention1860 convention
The 1860 Republican National Convention nominated Lincoln, a moderate former Congressman from Illinois, as its standard-bearer.
It was held to nominate the Republican Party's candidates for president and vice president in the 1860 election.

John C. Breckinridge

BreckinridgeJohn Cabell BreckinridgeJohn Breckinridge
The Southern Democrats, with the support of President Buchanan, held their own convention and nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky for president.
These three men split the Southern vote, while more anti-slavery Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln won all but three electoral votes in the North, allowing him to win the election.

Know Nothing

American PartyAmericanKnow-Nothing
A group of former Whigs and Know Nothings formed the Constitutional Union Party, which sought to avoid secession by pushing aside the issue of slavery.
Most of the remaining members of the party supported the Constitutional Union Party in the 1860 presidential election.

John Bell (Tennessee politician)

John BellBellJohn C. Bell
The 1860 Constitutional Union Convention nominated a ticket led by former Senator John Bell of Tennessee. They met in the Eastside District Courthouse of Baltimore and nominated John Bell from Tennessee for president over Governor Sam Houston of Texas on the second ballot.
In 1860, he ran for president as the candidate for the Constitutional Union Party, a third party which took a neutral stance on the issue of slavery.

Hannibal Hamlin

HamlinAmerican attorney and politician of the same nameDeath of Hannibal Hamlin
In a four-way contest, the Republican Party ticket of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin emerged triumphant.
Hamlin was nominated by the Republican Party to serve as Vice President of the United States in the 1860 presidential election on a ticket with former Representative Abraham Lincoln.

James Guthrie (Kentucky)

James GuthrieJames Gurthrie
Six candidates were nominated: Stephen A. Douglas from Illinois, James Guthrie from Kentucky, Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter from Virginia, Joseph Lane from Oregon, Daniel S. Dickinson from New York, and Andrew Johnson from Tennessee.
After serving, part-time, in both houses of the Kentucky legislature as well as Louisville's City Council before the American Civil War (and failing to win his party's nomination in the Presidential election of 1860), Guthrie became one of Kentucky's United States Senators in 1865 (until resigning for health reasons in 1868 shortly before his death).

Joseph Lane

LaneGeneral LaneLane, Joseph
Six candidates were nominated: Stephen A. Douglas from Illinois, James Guthrie from Kentucky, Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter from Virginia, Joseph Lane from Oregon, Daniel S. Dickinson from New York, and Andrew Johnson from Tennessee.
In the 1860 United States presidential election, Lane was nominated for vice president of the pro-slavery Southern wing of the Democratic Party, as John C. Breckinridge's running mate.

Battle of Fort Sumter

Fort Sumterbombardment of Fort Sumterattack on Fort Sumter
The election of Lincoln led to the secession of several states in the South, and the Civil War soon began, with the Battle of Fort Sumter.
The resupply of Fort Sumter became the first crisis of the administration of the newly inaugurated U.S. President Abraham Lincoln following his victory in the election of November 6, 1860.

United States Electoral College

Electoral Collegepresidential electorelectoral votes
Despite minimal support in the South, Lincoln won a plurality of the popular vote and a majority of the electoral vote.
Abraham Lincoln, the president who helped abolish slavery, won an Electoral College majority in 1860 despite winning less than 40 percent of the national popular vote.

William H. Seward

William SewardWilliam Henry SewardSeward
William H. Seward from New York was considered the front-runner, followed by Abraham Lincoln from Illinois, Salmon P. Chase from Ohio, and Missouri's Edward Bates.
As the 1860 presidential election approached, he was regarded as the leading candidate for the Republican nomination.

Salmon P. Chase

Salmon ChaseChaseSalmon Portland Chase
William H. Seward from New York was considered the front-runner, followed by Abraham Lincoln from Illinois, Salmon P. Chase from Ohio, and Missouri's Edward Bates.
Chase sought the Republican nomination for president in the 1860 presidential election, but the party chose Abraham Lincoln at its National Convention.

1860 Constitutional Union Convention

BaltimoreConstitutional Union Party National Convention
The 1860 Constitutional Union Convention nominated a ticket led by former Senator John Bell of Tennessee.
In the 1860 presidential election, Bell and Everett finished third in the electoral vote and fourth in the popular vote.

Charleston, South Carolina

CharlestonCharleston, SCCharles Town
At the Democratic National Convention held in Institute Hall in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1860, 51 Southern Democrats walked out over a platform dispute.
Following the election of Abraham Lincoln, the South Carolina General Assembly voted on December 20, 1860, to secede from the Union.

Andrew Johnson

JohnsonPresident Andrew JohnsonPresident Johnson
Six candidates were nominated: Stephen A. Douglas from Illinois, James Guthrie from Kentucky, Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter from Virginia, Joseph Lane from Oregon, Daniel S. Dickinson from New York, and Andrew Johnson from Tennessee.
The election of Lincoln, known to be against the spread of slavery, was unacceptable to many in the South.

Jefferson Davis

Jeff DavisDavisJefferson Finis Davis
Three other candidates, Isaac Toucey from Connecticut, James Pearce from Maryland, and Jefferson Davis from Mississippi (the future president of the Confederate States) also received votes.
Following the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, however, events accelerated.

Gerrit Smith

Gerritt Smith
Gerrit Smith, a prominent abolitionist and the 1848 presidential nominee of the original Liberty Party, had sent a letter in which he stated that his health had been so poor that he had not been able to be away from home since 1858.
Spouse to Ann Carroll Fitzhugh, Smith was a candidate for President of the United States in 1848, 1856, and 1860, but only served 18 months in the federal government—in Congress as a Free Soil Party Representative, in 1853–4.

Sam Houston

Samuel HoustonGeneral Sam HoustonHouston
They met in the Eastside District Courthouse of Baltimore and nominated John Bell from Tennessee for president over Governor Sam Houston of Texas on the second ballot.
He was an unsuccessful candidate for the presidential nomination of the American Party in the 1856 presidential election and the Constitutional Union Party in the 1860 presidential election.

Republican Party (United States)

RepublicanRepublican PartyR
In a four-way contest, the Republican Party ticket of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin emerged triumphant.