1890 United States House of Representatives elections

The 1890 United States House of Representatives elections were held in the middle of President Benjamin Harrison's term.

- 1890 United States House of Representatives elections

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William McKinley

The 25th president of the United States, serving from 1897 until his assassination in 1901.

The 25th president of the United States, serving from 1897 until his assassination in 1901.

McKinley, aged 15
Rutherford B. Hayes was McKinley's mentor during and after the Civil War.
McKinley in 1865, just after the war, photograph by Mathew Brady
Ida Saxton McKinley
Katherine McKinley
Representative McKinley
'Judge' magazine cover from September 1890, showing McKinley (left) having helped dispatch Speaker Reed's opponent in early-voting Maine, hurrying off with the victor to McKinley's "jerrymandered" Ohio district
Even after his final run for president in 1884, James G. Blaine was still seen as a possible candidate for the Republican nomination. In this 1890 Puck cartoon, he is startling Reed and McKinley (right) as they make their plans for 1892.
McKinley's close friend and adviser, Mark Hanna
Louis Dalrymple cartoon from Puck magazine, June 24, 1896, showing McKinley about to crown himself with the Republican nomination. The "priests" are Hanna (in green) and Representative Charles H. Grosvenor (red); H. H. Kohlsaat is the page holding the robe.
Before the 1896 convention, McKinley tried to avoid coming down on one side or the other of the currency question. William Allen Rogers's cartoon from Harper's Weekly, June 1896, showing McKinley riding the rail of the currency question.
William and Ida McKinley (to her husband's left) pose with members of the "Flower Delegation" from Oil City, Pennsylvania, before the McKinley home. Although women could not vote in most states, they might influence male relatives and were encouraged to visit Canton.
A Man of Mark 1896 Homer Davenport cartoon of McKinley as Hanna's creature, from William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal
1896 Electoral vote results
Editorial cartoon intervention in Cuba. Columbia (the American people) reaches out to help oppressed Cuba in 1897 while Uncle Sam (the U.S. government) is blind to the crisis and will not use its powerful guns to help. Judge magazine, February 6, 1897.
Signing of the Treaty of Paris
Annexation of the Republic of Hawaii in 1898
American soldiers scale the walls of Beijing to relieve the siege of the International Legations, August 1900
1900 reelection poster with the theme that McKinley has returned prosperity to America
McKinley, (right of center) flanked by Georgia Governor Allen D. Candler (front row to McKinley's right) and Gen. William Rufus Shafter, reviewing the Atlanta Peace Jubilee parade, December 15, 1898
McKinley ran on his record of prosperity and victory in 1900, winning easy re-election over William Jennings Bryan.
McKinley entering the Temple of Music on September 6, 1901, shortly before the shots were fired
Artist's conception of the shooting of McKinley
The official Presidential portrait of William McKinley, by Harriet Anderson Stubbs Murphy
Chief Justice Melville Fuller swears in William McKinley as president; outgoing President Grover Cleveland at right
McKinley's tomb in Canton, Ohio
William McKinley Monument by Hermon MacNeil in front of the Ohio Statehouse, Columbus
McKinley Monument by Alexander Phimister Proctor in front of Buffalo City Hall, Buffalo
McKinley on the $500 bill
Louisiana Purchase Exposition stamp (1904) honoring McKinley, who had signed a bill authorizing a subsidy for that upcoming event
McKinley Monument in front of Lucas County Courthouse, Toledo

His 1890 McKinley Tariff was highly controversial and, together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office, led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of 1890.

Benjamin Harrison c. undefined 1895–1900

Benjamin Harrison

American lawyer and politician who served as the 23rd president of the United States from 1889 to 1893.

American lawyer and politician who served as the 23rd president of the United States from 1889 to 1893.

Benjamin Harrison c. undefined 1895–1900
John Scott Harrison
Birthplace marker in North Bend, Ohio
Benjamin Harrison c. 1850
Harrison during the Battle of Resaca leading the 70th Indiana, May 1864; Harrison was a colonel at the time.
Brigadier General Harrison (left) with other commanders of the XX Corps, 1865
Battle of Resaca, in Georgia, where Harrison served under General Sherman
Benjamin Harrison Home in Indianapolis, Indiana
Walter Q. Gresham, Harrison's rival within the Indiana Republican Party
Harrison–Morton campaign poster
Results of the 1888 election
Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison, March 4, 1889. Cleveland held Harrison's umbrella.
Harrison hounded by office seekers at the beginning of his term, May 1889, from Puck
Eastman Johnson's portrait of Benjamin Harrison, c. 1890–1900
Political football
Harrison and the Billion-Dollar Congress are portrayed as wasting the surplus in this cartoon from Puck.
Senator John Sherman worked closely with Harrison, writing bills regulating monopolies and monetary policy.
Harrison with Secretary Blaine and Representative Henry Cabot Lodge off the coast of Maine, 1889
USS Texas (1892), America's first battleship, built in 1892
Attack on sailors from USS Baltimore (C-3) spawned the 1891 Chilean crisis.
Harrison's cabinet in 1889
Front row, left to right: Harrison, William Windom, John Wanamaker, Redfield Proctor, James G. Blaine
Back row, left to right: William H. H. Miller, John Willock Noble, Jeremiah M. Rusk, Benjamin F. Tracy
Harrison appointed four Supreme Court justices, including David Josiah Brewer.
Official White House portrait of Benjamin Harrison, painted by Eastman Johnson
Grave of President Harrison and his two wives in Indianapolis, Indiana
Presbyterian General Assembly special committee on creed revision, including Benjamin Harrison and Judge Edward William Cornelius Humphrey
Benjamin Harrison Statue, Indianapolis, Indiana
Victory Portraits of Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton for the 1888 election, from Judge

The spending issue in part led to the defeat of the Republicans in the 1890 midterm elections.

William McKinley c. 1880

McKinley Tariff

Act of the United States Congress, framed by then Representative William McKinley, that became law on October 1, 1890.

Act of the United States Congress, framed by then Representative William McKinley, that became law on October 1, 1890.

William McKinley c. 1880

It was a major topics for fierce debate in the 1890 Congressional elections, which gave a Democratic landslide.

1892 United States presidential election

The 27th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1892.

The 27th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1892.

Weaver/Field campaign poster
National Prohibition Convention, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1892.
Cleveland/Stevenson poster.
Map of presidential election results by county
650px
<center>James B. Weaver
<center>Senator
<center>Leonidas L. Polk
<center>Appellate Judge
<center>John Bidwell
<center>Prohibition Party Chairman
<center>Magazine Publisher
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Populist presidential election results by county
Map of "Other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Populist presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

In a continuation of its collapse there during the 1890 Congressional elections, the Republican Party even struggled in its Midwestern strongholds, where general electoral troubles from economic woes were acutely exacerbated by the promotion of temperance laws and, in Wisconsin and Illinois, the aggressive support of state politicians for English-only compulsory education laws.

William Jennings Bryan

American lawyer, orator and politician.

American lawyer, orator and politician.

Bryan's birthplace in Salem, Illinois
Attorney Mary Baird Bryan, the wife of William Jennings Bryan
A young Bryan
"UNITED SNAKES OF AMERICA" "IN BRYAN WE TRUST" political satire token of 1896, known as "Bryan Money"
Bryan campaigning for president, October 1896
1896 electoral vote results
The United States and its colonial possessions after the Spanish–American War
Conservatives in 1900 ridiculed Bryan's eclectic platform.
1900 electoral vote results
William J Bryan in 1906 as Moses with new 10 commandments; Puck 19 sept 1906 by Joseph Keppler. Tablet reads: l-Thou shalt have no other leaders before me. II—Thou shalt not make unto thyself any high Protective Tariff. Ill—Eight hours, and no more, shalt thou labor and do all thy work. IV—Thou shalt not graft. V—Thou shalt not elect thy Senators save by Popular Vote. VI—Thou shalt not grant rebates unto thy neighbor. VII—Thou shalt not make combinations in restraint of trade. VIII—Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's income, but shall make him pay a tax upon it. IX—There shall be no more government by injunction. X—Remember Election Day to vote it early. P.S.— When in doubt, ask Me.
Bryan speaking at the 1908 Democratic National Convention
Presidential Campaign button for Bryan
1908 electoral vote results
Bryan attending the 1912 Democratic National Convention
Bryan served as Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson
Cartoon of Secretary of State Bryan reading war news in 1914
Villa Serena, Bryan's home built in 1913 at Miami, Florida
Charles W. and William J. Bryan
At the Scopes Trial, William Jennings Bryan (seated, left) being questioned by Clarence Darrow (standing, right).
Statue of Bryan on the lawn of the Rhea County courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee

He won election to the House of Representatives in the 1890 elections, serving two terms before making an unsuccessful run for the Senate in 1894.

Robert M. La Follette

For his son, also a senator, see Robert M. La Follette Jr. "Fighting Bob" redirects here.

For his son, also a senator, see Robert M. La Follette Jr. "Fighting Bob" redirects here.

Robert M. La Follette's college yearbook photo, 1879
Portrait from History of the Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, vol. 2, 1898
La Follette addressing a large Chautauqua assembly in Decatur, Illinois, 1905
La Follette in 1908
La Follette in 1912
Time cover, December 3, 1923
La Follette recording a radio speech in 1924, shortly before his death
1924 presidential election results by county. Counties won by La Follette are marked green.
La Follette with his wife and daughter in February 1924

After losing his seat in the 1890 election, La Follette embraced progressivism and built up a coalition of disaffected Republicans.

John Crawford Crosby

American politician from the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

American politician from the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

He was elected in the 1890 election as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Massachusetts's 12th district for the 52nd United States Congress (1891-03-04 to 1893-03-03).

John Wolcott Stewart

American lawyer and politician from Vermont.

American lawyer and politician from Vermont.

He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1890, but instead engaged in the banking business at Middlebury.

John L. Wilson

American lawyer and politician from the U.S. states of Indiana and Washington.

American lawyer and politician from the U.S. states of Indiana and Washington.

Wilson was re-elected in 1890 and 1892 to the 52nd and 53rd Congresses, serving from November 20, 1889, to February 18, 1895, when he resigned to become a Senator.

Ormsby B. Thomas

American lawyer, Republican politician, and Wisconsin pioneer.

American lawyer, Republican politician, and Wisconsin pioneer.

He was defeated seeking a fourth term in 1890, in the wave election that saw Democrats claim 8 of Wisconsin's 9 congressional seats.