1898 United States Senate elections in Ohio

Senator Joseph B. Foraker
Governor Asa S. Bushnell
"Mr. Hanna's stand on the labor question": 1897 cartoon by Homer Davenport
Mark Hanna campaign button
Excerpt from the Ohio House journal, showing the message from Governor Bushnell formally notifying the legislature of the need to fill the Senate seat
January 1898 cartoon warning Bushnell (left) that by cutting off Hanna's political support, he cuts off his own.
Campaign lapel ribbon urging the election of Hanna "The Party's Choice"

On January 12, 1898, the Ohio General Assembly met in joint convention to elect a United States Senator.

- 1898 United States Senate elections in Ohio

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Mark Hanna

American businessman and Republican politician who served as a United States Senator from Ohio as well as chairman of the Republican National Committee.

American businessman and Republican politician who served as a United States Senator from Ohio as well as chairman of the Republican National Committee.

Hanna's birthplace
Hanna as a boy
Mark Hanna, around 1877
Before McKinley, Hanna tried to make John Sherman president.
Joseph B. Foraker
William McKinley in the 1870s
Although McKinley did not run in 1892, the Duke Tobacco Company considered him a presidential possibility that year and issued a card for him.
A photograph taken of Mark Hanna after his election as Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
William Jennings Bryan, seen during the 1896 campaign.
Bryan's whistle-stop tour during the 1896 campaign was unprecedented. Here he addresses a crowd in Wellsville, Ohio.
McKinley (center) with a delegation in front of the famous front porch
An 1896 cartoon by Homer Davenport depicting McKinley as being firmly in Hanna's pocket.
In addition to giving speeches from his front porch in 1896, McKinley (lower right) gave orders for the conduct of his campaign from the library of his Canton home.
1896 Puck cover showing Hanna (left) and McKinley's Thanksgiving dinner—carving up the presidency.
A promotional button from Mark Hanna's U.S. Senate campaign.
Although the currency question was not as prominent in 1900 as in 1896 this Judge magazine cover shows it still played its part in the campaign.
Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States (1901-1909)
January 1904 political cartoon depicting Hanna hiding from presidential candidacy
A photo of Senator Hanna taken roughly a year before his death.
Statue of Mark Hanna by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, University Circle, Cleveland
"As they go to the polls" 1900 Homer Davenport cartoon suggesting a cozy relationship among Hanna, McKinley, and the trusts.

Declining a Cabinet position, Hanna secured appointment as senator from Ohio after Sherman was made Secretary of State; he was re-elected by the Ohio General Assembly in 1898 and 1904.

Foraker c. 1902

Joseph B. Foraker

American politician of the Republican Party who served as the 37th governor of Ohio from 1886 to 1890 and as a United States senator from Ohio from 1897 until 1909.

American politician of the Republican Party who served as the 37th governor of Ohio from 1886 to 1890 and as a United States senator from Ohio from 1897 until 1909.

Foraker c. 1902
Depiction of Foraker's "birthplace" from an 1883 campaign biography
Foraker as a captain in the Union Army
Foraker as judge of the Superior Court of Cincinnati (1879 to 1882)
Foraker as governor of Ohio (c. 1886–1890)
An 1885 political cartoon accuses U.S. senator John Sherman (right) and Foraker of "waving the bloody shirt" of the Civil War for political gain
Foraker's card in the Duke Tobacco Company's 1888 "Presidential Possibilities" series
Foraker married Julia Ann Paine Bundy in 1870
Drawing of the opening of the Senate session in December 1902. Foraker's rival Mark Hanna is the shorter man to the right of the clerk; Foraker stands behind Hanna and slightly to his right.
Cartoon and verse satirizing Foraker from the 1907 Gridiron Dinner
Foraker in 1908
Foraker in his final years (c. 1909–1916)

Foraker was not visibly involved in the unsuccessful efforts to deny Hanna re-election in 1898, but several of his allies, including Bushnell and Kurtz, were part of the opposition.

Robert E. McKisson

American politician of the Republican party and served as the 33rd mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, from 1895 to 1898.

American politician of the Republican party and served as the 33rd mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, from 1895 to 1898.

In 1898, he ran against Hanna for a seat in the Senate, but lost in a very close election.

John Hay

American statesman and official whose career in government stretched over almost half a century.

American statesman and official whose career in government stretched over almost half a century.

The Hay-Morrison House, birthplace of John Hay, Salem, Indiana
Hay in 1862
Lincoln and his secretaries. Hay is on the right.
Hay as a young man. Portrait by Mathew Brady.
Clara Louise Stone
James A. Garfield: the second president to be assassinated whom Hay advised
Hay supported William McKinley in the 1896 presidential election.
Mark Hanna
Caricature of Hay in Vanity Fair 1897
Hay signs the Treaty of Paris, 1899
Theodore Roosevelt
Political cartoon on the Perdicaris affair
Hay, circa 1904
First edition cover of The Bread-Winners (1883)
Hay in portrait by John Singer Sargent
Posthumous bust of John Hay (1915–17), by J. Massey Rhind, inside the National McKinley Birthplace Memorial

As the septuagenarian senator had served as Treasury Secretary under Hayes, only the secretaryship of state was likely to attract him and cause a vacancy that Hanna could fill.

List of United States senators from Ohio

Admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and elects U.S. senators to Class 1 and Class 3.

Admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and elects U.S. senators to Class 1 and Class 3.

Appointed to continue Sherman's term. Elected January 12, 1898, to finish Sherman's term.

Davenport in 1912

Homer Davenport

Political cartoonist and writer from the United States.

Political cartoonist and writer from the United States.

Davenport in 1912
Homer Davenport with his mother, Florinda Geer Davenport, 1870
Arabian horse and handlers at the Columbian Exposition, 1893
Davenport caricature of Hearst, 1896
Mark Hanna
*Haleb, the "Pride of the Desert", imported to America by Davenport in 1906
*Wadduda, the war mare
Abdul Hamid II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Sketched by Davenport, 1906
Achmet Haffez, Davenport's "Bedouin Brother," the diplomatic ruler of the Anezeh Bedouins, whose support was critical to Davenport's successful trip
The Davenport farm in Morris Plains, NJ, circa 1901–05
Homer Davenport's bull terrier, Duff
Mildred Davenport, daughter of Homer Davenport, photo taken circa 1909

Hanna campaigned in the 1897 legislative election, and was elected to the Senate in his own right the following January, in a very close vote.