Seán Hogan's flying column of the IRA's 3rd Tipperary Brigade during the war
Ulster Volunteers in Belfast, 1914
Election campaigning on a busy Irish street, 1918
Political map of Ireland
The Union Flag, Ulster Banner and Orange Order flags are often flown by loyalists in Northern Ireland
Result of the 1918 UK general election in Ireland
Ulster Volunteers in Belfast, 1914
360px
Result in Ireland of the December 1910 United Kingdom general election showing a large majority for the Irish Parliamentary Party.
Ulster Volunteers in Belfast c.1914
RIC and British Army personnel near Limerick, c.1920
Ulster Volunteer Force in 1914
Constance Markievicz was the first woman ever to be elected to the British House of Commons. She did not take her seat, instead joining the First Dáil. In 1919 she was appointed Minister for Labour, the first female minister in a democratic government cabinet.
Ulster Volunteers marching in Belfast, 1914
Loyalist graffiti and banner on a building in a side street off the Shankill Road, Belfast (1970)
Ulster (coloured), showing Northern Ireland in pink and the Republic of Ireland part in green
West Connemara IRA flying column
A mural in Belfast showing four recipients of the Victoria Cross from the 36th (Ulster) Division, with the UVF logo in the middle
Result of the 1918 general election in Ireland showing the dramatic swing in support for Sinn Féin
A UDA/UFF mural in Belfast
A bronze statue commemorating The Flight of the Earls at Rathmullan in north County Donegal.
Police wanted poster for Dan Breen, one of those involved in the Soloheadbeg Ambush in 1919.
Catholic-owned businesses destroyed by loyalists in Lisburn, August 1920
A UVF mural in Belfast
A modern Protestant mural in Belfast celebrating Oliver Cromwell and his activities.
Wall plaque in Great Denmark Street, Dublin where the Dublin IRA Active Service Unit was founded.
Crowds in Belfast for the state opening of the Northern Ireland Parliament on 22 June 1921
A loyalist marching band on The Twelfth, 2011
Royal Avenue, Belfast. Photochrom print circa 1890–1900.
A group of RIC officers in 1917
Members of the Irish negotiation committee returning to Ireland in December 1921
The results of the 1918 Irish general election, in which Sinn Féin and the Irish Parliamentary Party won the majority of votes on the island of Ireland, shown in the color green and light green respectively, with the exception being primarily in the East of the province of Ulster.
Michael Collins
North East Boundary Bureau recommendations May 1923
At White Park Bay
A group of "Black and Tans" and Auxiliaries in Dublin, April 1921
James Craig (centre) with members of the first government of Northern Ireland
Countryside west of Ballynahinch
British soldiers and relatives of the victims outside Jervis Street Hospital during the military enquiry into the Bloody Sunday shootings at Croke Park
The Boundary Commission's proposed changes to the border
Mourne country cottage
Aftermath of the burning of Cork by British forces
A republican anti-partition march in London, 1980s
The track of the County Donegal Railways Joint Committee (CDRJC) restored next to Lough Finn, near Fintown station.
A crowd gathers at the Mansion House in Dublin in the days before the truce
The approach of autumn, Tardree forest
Members of the Irish negotiation committee returning to Ireland in December 1921
The funeral of Michael Collins
St. Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin, August 1922
Catholic-owned businesses destroyed by loyalists in Lisburn, August 1920.
Unionist leader James Craig.
The Lord Lieutenant inspecting troops outside Belfast City Hall on the day Northern Ireland's parliament first met.
A mural in Belfast depicting revenge killings by police in Belfast.
Irish republican internees at Ballykinlar Internment Camp 1920
The symbol of the Republic:
The Irish tricolour which dated back to the Young Ireland rebellion of 1848.
A symbol of British rule:
The standard of the Lord Lieutenant, using the union flag created under the Act of Union 1800.
Monument to IRA fighters in Phibsborough, Dublin
Soldiers of a British cavalry regiment leaving Dublin in 1922
Constance Markievicz was a member of the Irish Citizen Army and fought in the Easter Rising. In 1919 she was appointed Minister for Labour in the Government of the Irish Republic
Conflict deaths in Belfast 1920–1922.
50–100 deaths per km2
100–150 deaths per km2
over 150 deaths per km2

The Ulster Volunteers was a unionist, loyalist militia founded in 1912 to block domestic self-government ("Home Rule") for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.

- Ulster Volunteers

The Ulster Volunteers were based in the northern province of Ulster.

- Ulster Volunteers

In the December 1918 election, republican party Sinn Féin won a landslide victory in Ireland.

- Irish War of Independence

In Ulster, however, the Unionist Party was the most successful party.

- 1918 Irish general election

The territory that became Northern Ireland, within the Irish province of Ulster, had a Protestant and Unionist majority who wanted to maintain ties to Britain.

- Partition of Ireland

After the war, the British Government decided to partition Ireland into two self-governing regions: Northern Ireland (which overall had a Protestant/unionist majority) and Southern Ireland.

- Ulster Volunteers

Although Ireland had a Catholic majority who wanted self-government, the province of Ulster had a Protestant and unionist majority, largely due to the Plantation of Ulster.

- Ulster loyalism

However, by 1920 the Irish War of Independence was raging and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) was launching attacks on British forces in Ireland.

- Ulster Volunteers

The Irish War of Independence was conducted under this revolutionary government which sought international recognition, and set about the process of state-building.

- 1918 Irish general election

During the Home Rule Crisis (1912–14), loyalists founded the paramilitary Ulster Volunteers to prevent Ulster becoming part of a self-governing Ireland.

- Ulster loyalism

This led to the Home Rule Crisis (1912–14), when Ulster unionists/loyalists founded a paramilitary movement, the Ulster Volunteers, to prevent Ulster being ruled by an Irish government.

- Partition of Ireland

This was followed by the Irish War of Independence (1919–21) and partition of Ireland: most of Ireland became an independent state, while most of Ulster remained within the United Kingdom as the self-governing territory of Northern Ireland.

- Ulster loyalism

Irish republican party Sinn Féin won the vast majority of Irish seats in the 1918 election.

- Partition of Ireland

This led to the Irish War of Independence (1919–21), a guerrilla conflict between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and British forces.

- Partition of Ireland

The conflict in north-east Ulster had a sectarian aspect (see Belfast Pogrom of 1920 and Bloody Sunday (1921)).

- Irish War of Independence

While the Catholic minority there mostly backed Irish independence, the Protestant majority were mostly unionist/loyalist.

- Irish War of Independence

This, and the subsequent Irish War of Independence, led to the partition of Ireland.

- Ulster

In May 1921, Ireland was partitioned under British law by the Government of Ireland Act, which created Northern Ireland.

- Irish War of Independence

This was due to the failure to have the Home Rule Bill implemented when the IPP resisted the partition of Ireland demanded by Ulster Unionists in 1914, 1916 and 1917, but also popular antagonism towards the British authorities created by the execution of most of the leaders of the 1916 rebels and by their botched attempt to introduce Home Rule on the conclusion of the Irish Convention linked with military conscription in Ireland (see Conscription Crisis of 1918).

- 1918 Irish general election

The demand for Home Rule was eventually granted by the British Government in 1912, immediately prompting a prolonged crisis within the United Kingdom as Ulster unionists formed an armed organisation – the Ulster Volunteers (UVF) – to resist this measure of devolution, at least in territory they could control.

- Irish War of Independence

After winning most Irish seats in the 1918 general election, Irish republicans declared an Irish Republic, leading to the Irish War of Independence between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and British forces.

- Ulster loyalism

Whereas the IPP had conceded a temporary form of partition in 1914, as a measure to pacify Ulster loyalists, Sinn Féin felt that that would worsen and prolong any differences between north and south.

- 1918 Irish general election

Unionist fear of Home Rule, or worse, separation, solidified after the Rising, and the Unionist vote was enhanced in Ulster by the increased electorate. It was the first election since the Ulster Covenant, the formation of the Ulster Volunteers (UVF), and the Battle of the Somme.

- 1918 Irish general election

In the December 1918 general election, Sinn Féin—an Irish republican party who sought full independence for Ireland—won an overwhelming majority of the seats in Ireland.

- Ulster Volunteers

The war provided Protestant loyalists with the iconic victories of the Siege of Derry, the Battle of the Boyne (1 July 1690) and the Battle of Aughrim (12 July 1691), all of which the Orange Order commemorate each year.

- Ulster

This movement also set up the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).

- Ulster

In the aftermath of World War I, the political party Sinn Féin ("Ourselves") won the majority of votes in the 1918 Irish general election, this political party pursued a policy of complete independent self-determination for the island of Ireland as outlined in the Sinn Féin campaign Manifesto of 1918, a great deal more than the devolved government/Home Rule advocated by the (I.P.P) Irish Parliamentary Party.

- Ulster
Seán Hogan's flying column of the IRA's 3rd Tipperary Brigade during the war

0 related topics with Alpha

Overall