1942 Windsor by-election

1942 by-electionby-election in 1942in June 1942Windsor
The Windsor by-election, 1942, was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Windsor in Berkshire on 30 June 1942.wikipedia
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William Douglas Home

William Douglas-HomeDouglas-Home, William
However, many by-elections were contested by independent or minor party candidates, and in Windsor William Douglas-Home, the younger brother of the future Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, stood as an "Independent Progressive" candidate, opposing Winston Churchill's war aim of an unconditional surrender by Germany.
At the Glasgow Cathcart by-election in April 1942, he won 21% of the votes, and at Windsor in June 1942, he won 42%.

Windsor (UK Parliament constituency)

WindsorNew WindsorNew Windsor (seat 1/2)
The Windsor by-election, 1942, was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Windsor in Berkshire on 30 June 1942.

Charles Mott-Radclyffe

Charles Edward Mott-RadclyffeSir Charles Mott-Radclyffe
The by-election was won by the Conservative candidate Charles Mott-Radclyffe.
He was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Windsor at a by-election in 1942 (where he faced a strong challenge from the Independent candidate William Douglas-Home), and served until he retired from the House of Commons at the 1970 general election.

By-election

special electionparliamentary by-electionby-elections
The Windsor by-election, 1942, was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Windsor in Berkshire on 30 June 1942.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
The Windsor by-election, 1942, was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Windsor in Berkshire on 30 June 1942.

United Kingdom constituencies

constituencycounty constituencyparliamentary constituency
The Windsor by-election, 1942, was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Windsor in Berkshire on 30 June 1942.

Berkshire

Berkshire, EnglandCounty of BerkshireRoyal County of Berkshire
The Windsor by-election, 1942, was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Windsor in Berkshire on 30 June 1942.

Annesley Somerville

Sir Annesley SomervilleAnnesley Ashworth Somerville
The Conservative MP Annesley Somerville had died on 15 May 1942, aged 84.

1922 United Kingdom general election

19221922 general election1922 election
He had held the seat since the 1922 general election and had been returned unopposed in 1931 and 1935.

1931 United Kingdom general election

19311931 general election1931 election
He had held the seat since the 1922 general election and had been returned unopposed in 1931 and 1935.

1935 United Kingdom general election

19351935 general election1935 election
He had held the seat since the 1922 general election and had been returned unopposed in 1931 and 1935.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
During the Second World War, the political parties in the Coalition Government had agreed not to contest by-elections when a vacancy arose in any of the seats held by the other coalition parties.

Churchill war ministry

War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time coalition government
During the Second World War, the political parties in the Coalition Government had agreed not to contest by-elections when a vacancy arose in any of the seats held by the other coalition parties.

Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-HomeLord HomeThe Earl of Home
However, many by-elections were contested by independent or minor party candidates, and in Windsor William Douglas-Home, the younger brother of the future Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, stood as an "Independent Progressive" candidate, opposing Winston Churchill's war aim of an unconditional surrender by Germany.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
However, many by-elections were contested by independent or minor party candidates, and in Windsor William Douglas-Home, the younger brother of the future Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, stood as an "Independent Progressive" candidate, opposing Winston Churchill's war aim of an unconditional surrender by Germany.

Unconditional surrender

surrendered at discretionsurrendered unconditionallysurrender unconditionally
However, many by-elections were contested by independent or minor party candidates, and in Windsor William Douglas-Home, the younger brother of the future Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, stood as an "Independent Progressive" candidate, opposing Winston Churchill's war aim of an unconditional surrender by Germany.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
However, many by-elections were contested by independent or minor party candidates, and in Windsor William Douglas-Home, the younger brother of the future Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, stood as an "Independent Progressive" candidate, opposing Winston Churchill's war aim of an unconditional surrender by Germany.

Second lieutenant

2nd Lieutenantsous-lieutenantSous lieutenant
Douglas-Home, a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Armoured Corps, had previously contested the Glasgow Cathcart by-election in April 1942.

Royal Armoured Corps

RACTank CorpsThe Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band
Douglas-Home, a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Armoured Corps, had previously contested the Glasgow Cathcart by-election in April 1942.

1942 Glasgow Cathcart by-election

1942 by-electionby-election in 1942by-election in April 1942
Douglas-Home, a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Armoured Corps, had previously contested the Glasgow Cathcart by-election in April 1942.

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
He had supported appeasement in the 1930s.

1970 United Kingdom general election

19701970 general election1970 election
Mott-Radclyffe served as Windsor's MP until he retired from the House of Commons at the 1970 general election

1944 Clay Cross by-election

19441944 by-electionby-election
Douglas-Home went on to contest the Clay Cross by-election in April 1944, where he came a poor third, and was later imprisoned for a year with hard labour after being court-martialled for refusing to fight in the attack on Le Havre after the allied forces had refused a German request to suspend hostilities to allow civilian evacuation.

Penal labour

hard labourpenal servitudehard labor
Douglas-Home went on to contest the Clay Cross by-election in April 1944, where he came a poor third, and was later imprisoned for a year with hard labour after being court-martialled for refusing to fight in the attack on Le Havre after the allied forces had refused a German request to suspend hostilities to allow civilian evacuation.