1943 St Albans by-election

1943 by-electionby-election in 1943St AlbansSt Albans by-election in October 1943
The St Albans by-election of 1943 was a parliamentary by-election held in England in October 1943 for the House of Commons constituency of St Albans in Hertfordshire.wikipedia
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John Grimston, 6th Earl of Verulam

John GrimstonHon. John GrimstonEarls of Verulam
The Conservative Party nominated as its candidate 31-year-old John Grimston, who was then serving in the Royal Air Force.
He was elected to the House of Commons as MP for St Albans at the by-election in 1943, but was defeated at the 1945 general election by the Labour candidate Cyril Dumpleton.

St Albans (UK Parliament constituency)

St AlbansSt Albans (seat 1/2)St. Albans
The St Albans by-election of 1943 was a parliamentary by-election held in England in October 1943 for the House of Commons constituency of St Albans in Hertfordshire.

William Douglas Home

William Douglas-HomeDouglas-Home, William
However, the dramatist William Douglas-Home, who was then an officer of the Royal Armoured Corps and an opponent of the policy of requiring the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, announced that he would stand as an independent candidate.
He had intended to contest the St Albans by-election in October 1943, but communications difficulties with the Army Council prevented him from receiving the necessary permission soon enough to meet the deadline for nominations.

1919 St Albans by-election

1919 by-electionby-election held in Decemberby-election in 1919
Fremantle had held the seat since a by-election in 1919.

By-election

special electionparliamentary by-electionby-elections
The St Albans by-election of 1943 was a parliamentary by-election held in England in October 1943 for the House of Commons constituency of St Albans in Hertfordshire.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
The St Albans by-election of 1943 was a parliamentary by-election held in England in October 1943 for the House of Commons constituency of St Albans in Hertfordshire.

United Kingdom constituencies

constituencycounty constituencyparliamentary constituency
The St Albans by-election of 1943 was a parliamentary by-election held in England in October 1943 for the House of Commons constituency of St Albans in Hertfordshire.

Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire, EnglandCounty of HertfordHerts
The St Albans by-election of 1943 was a parliamentary by-election held in England in October 1943 for the House of Commons constituency of St Albans in Hertfordshire.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The by-election was held to fill the vacancy caused when the town's Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP), Sir Francis Fremantle, died suddenly at home on 26 August, aged 71.

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
The by-election was held to fill the vacancy caused when the town's Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP), Sir Francis Fremantle, died suddenly at home on 26 August, aged 71.

Francis Fremantle

Sir Francis FremantleFrancis Edward FremantleSir Francis Edward Fremantle
The by-election was held to fill the vacancy caused when the town's Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP), Sir Francis Fremantle, died suddenly at home on 26 August, aged 71.

Royal Air Force

RAFairmanR.A.F.
The Conservative Party nominated as its candidate 31-year-old John Grimston, who was then serving in the Royal Air Force.

James Grimston, 4th Earl of Verulam

4th Earl of VerulamEarl of VerulamJames Walter Grimston, 4th Earl of Verulam
Grimston was the son and heir of the 4th Earl of Verulam, and a cousin of the Assistant Postmaster-General Robert Grimston MP.

Assistant Postmaster-General

Assistant Postmaster GeneralParliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Posts and TelecommunicationsParliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications
Grimston was the son and heir of the 4th Earl of Verulam, and a cousin of the Assistant Postmaster-General Robert Grimston MP.

Robert Grimston, 1st Baron Grimston of Westbury

Robert GrimstonGrimstonHon. Robert Grimston
Grimston was the son and heir of the 4th Earl of Verulam, and a cousin of the Assistant Postmaster-General Robert Grimston MP.

Churchill war ministry

War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time coalition government
In accordance with an electoral truce between the parties in the wartime coalition government, neither the Liberal nor Labour parties nominated a candidate.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
In accordance with an electoral truce between the parties in the wartime coalition government, neither the Liberal nor Labour parties nominated a candidate.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
In accordance with an electoral truce between the parties in the wartime coalition government, neither the Liberal nor Labour parties nominated a candidate.

Royal Armoured Corps

RACTank CorpsThe Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band
However, the dramatist William Douglas-Home, who was then an officer of the Royal Armoured Corps and an opponent of the policy of requiring the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, announced that he would stand as an independent candidate.

Independent politician

IndependentIndependentsInd
However, the dramatist William Douglas-Home, who was then an officer of the Royal Armoured Corps and an opponent of the policy of requiring the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, announced that he would stand as an independent candidate.

Army Council (1904)

Army Council
Nominations closed on 5 October, when Douglas-Home abandoned his plans to stand, because the necessary permission from the Army Council had not been received, despite an application having been made on 22 September.

Combat uniform

battledressBattle Dressfatigues
He had come up to London in a torn battledress in the morning, and had left after announcing his withdrawal.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
He held the seat for only two years, until his defeat at the 1945 general election by the Labour candidate Cyril Dumpleton.

Cyril Dumpleton

He held the seat for only two years, until his defeat at the 1945 general election by the Labour candidate Cyril Dumpleton.