1945 Albanian parliamentary election

AlbaniaConstitutional Assembly/People's AssemblyDecember 1945 Albanian electionelectionelectionselections for the Constituent Assembly held on 2 December 1945heldheld on 2 DecemberParliamentary elections
Parliamentary elections for a Constituent Assembly were held in Albania on 2 December 1945.wikipedia
25 Related Articles

Party of Labour of Albania

Albanian Party of LabourFirst Secretary of the Albanian Party of LaborCommunist Party of Albania
The Democratic Front, organized and led by the Communist Party of Albania, won all 82 seats. As the Albanian National Liberation War of 1941-1944 came to a close, an interim Democratic Government of Albania was established on 20 October 1944 by a second meeting of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council (which had been established in Përmet in May that year) Its Prime Minister was Enver Hoxha, Secretary-General of the Communist Party of Albania.
In the elections for the Constituent Assembly held on 2 December 1945, voters were presented with a single list from the Democratic Front, organized and led by the PKSh.

Democratic Front of Albania

Democratic FrontDemocratic Front (Albania)
The Democratic Front, organized and led by the Communist Party of Albania, won all 82 seats.
In Albania's first post war election held in December 1945 the Front submitted its own list of candidates, winning over 93% of the vote.

Enver Hoxha

HoxhaEnver HohxaEnver Halil Hoxha
As the Albanian National Liberation War of 1941-1944 came to a close, an interim Democratic Government of Albania was established on 20 October 1944 by a second meeting of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council (which had been established in Përmet in May that year) Its Prime Minister was Enver Hoxha, Secretary-General of the Communist Party of Albania.
The Democratic Front, dominated by the Albanian Communist Party, succeeded the National Liberation Front in August 1945 and the first post-war election was the held on 2 December.

National Liberation Movement (Albania)

National Liberation MovementAlbanian PartisansLANÇ
The Democratic Front, which succeeded the wartime National Liberation Front in August 1945, had no other political parties within it besides the Communist Party of Albania, with bourgeois-democratic and general patriotic persons being united within the Front as non-Party members.
A provisional government the communists which has been formed at Berat in October 1944, administered Albania with Enver Hoxha as prime minister up to the elections of December 1945, in which the Democratic Front (successor to the National Liberation Front) won 93% of the vote.

Constituent assembly

Constitutional AssemblyConstituent Congressconstituent assemblies
Parliamentary elections for a Constituent Assembly were held in Albania on 2 December 1945.

People's Socialist Republic of Albania

AlbaniaPeople's Republic of AlbaniaCommunist Albania
Parliamentary elections for a Constituent Assembly were held in Albania on 2 December 1945.

World War II in Albania

Albanian resistanceAlbanian Resistance of World War IIAlbanian resistance during World War II
As the Albanian National Liberation War of 1941-1944 came to a close, an interim Democratic Government of Albania was established on 20 October 1944 by a second meeting of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council (which had been established in Përmet in May that year) Its Prime Minister was Enver Hoxha, Secretary-General of the Communist Party of Albania.

Përmet

PermetPremetiPermeti
As the Albanian National Liberation War of 1941-1944 came to a close, an interim Democratic Government of Albania was established on 20 October 1944 by a second meeting of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council (which had been established in Përmet in May that year) Its Prime Minister was Enver Hoxha, Secretary-General of the Communist Party of Albania.

Prime Minister of Albania

Prime MinisterChairman of the Council of Ministers of AlbaniaAlbanian Prime Minister
As the Albanian National Liberation War of 1941-1944 came to a close, an interim Democratic Government of Albania was established on 20 October 1944 by a second meeting of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council (which had been established in Përmet in May that year) Its Prime Minister was Enver Hoxha, Secretary-General of the Communist Party of Albania.

Balli Kombëtar

Balli KombetarNational Frontoriginal Second World War organization
Two rival organizations, the Balli Kombëtar and the Legaliteti, had their prestige amongst the populace tarnished through collaboration with the German occupiers against the partisan forces led by the Communists.

Legality Movement

LegalitetiLegalistsroyalists
Two rival organizations, the Balli Kombëtar and the Legaliteti, had their prestige amongst the populace tarnished through collaboration with the German occupiers against the partisan forces led by the Communists.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Kokoshi and a number of other non-communist Front members would later be accused of attempting to set up illegal opposition to the Front and government with the assistance of the British Military Mission in Albania, which had called on the Democratic Government to grant foreign observers first-hand access to the electoral process along with the holding of what it termed "free elections" as a precondition for the United Kingdom to provide diplomatic recognition to Albania.

Diplomatic recognition

recognizedrecognitioninternational recognition
Kokoshi and a number of other non-communist Front members would later be accused of attempting to set up illegal opposition to the Front and government with the assistance of the British Military Mission in Albania, which had called on the Democratic Government to grant foreign observers first-hand access to the electoral process along with the holding of what it termed "free elections" as a precondition for the United Kingdom to provide diplomatic recognition to Albania.

Electoral list

list of candidateslistlists
The Front presented its own list during the election in opposition to "some separate candidates who represented the bourgeois circles, but [who] failed completely from lack of support among the people."

The Palm Beach Post

Palm Beach PostPalm Beach Post (Florida)
The Palm Beach Post noted that there were eighteen such candidates.

Hysni Kapo

At 12.00 AM on 11 January, during its second session, the Assembly unanimously proclaimed Albania a People's Republic at the proposal of Hysni Kapo, formally abolishing the prewar monarchy and forbidding King Zog and his heirs from reentering the country.

Zog I of Albania

Ahmet ZoguKing ZogZog I
At 12.00 AM on 11 January, during its second session, the Assembly unanimously proclaimed Albania a People's Republic at the proposal of Hysni Kapo, formally abolishing the prewar monarchy and forbidding King Zog and his heirs from reentering the country.

Omer Nishani

On 12 January the Presidium of the Assembly was elected after some opposition from liberal and conservative deputies, with Omer Nishani being elected Chairman of the Presidium and the Presidium itself comprising Enver Hoxha, Myslim Peza, Nako Spiru, Medar Shtylla, Sami Baholli, Ramadan Çitaku, Qirjako Harito and others.

Head of government

heads of governmentgovernmentchief executive
On 18 March Enver Hoxha was tasked by this Assembly on its first meeting with forming a new government, which was approved on March 22 and sworn in on March 24 as Hoxha became Chairman of the Council of Ministers and therefore the head of government.

1946 Romanian general election

1946 election1946 general electionin 1946
Carried out upon the close of World War II, under Romania's occupation by Soviet troops, the elections have drawn comparisons to the similarly flawed elections held at the time in most of the emerging Eastern Bloc (in Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland), being considered, in respect to its formal system of voting, among the most permissive of the latter.

Cold War (1947–1953)

Cold War[58beginning of the Cold War
In the December 1945 Albanian election, the only effective ballot choices were those of the communist Democratic Front (Albania), led by Enver Hoxha.