1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election1945 UK general electiongeneral electiongeneral election of 1945general election in July 1945July 1945 general electiongeneral election of July 19451945 elections
The 1945 United Kingdom general election was held on 5 July 1945.wikipedia
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United Kingdom general election records

UK general election recordsholds the recordlargest ever achieved in a British general election
The 10.7% national swing from the Conservative Party to the Labour Party remains the largest ever achieved in a British general election.
The last seats in Great Britain to be uncontested were Liverpool Scotland and Rhondda West, at the 1945 general election.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
Since 1940, the United Kingdom had been governed by a wartime coalition of all major parties led by Winston Churchill and his Conservatives.
After the Conservatives' defeat in the 1945 general election, he became Leader of the Opposition.

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
The result was an unexpected landslide victory for Clement Attlee's Labour Party over the Conservatives.
After the end of the war, the coalition was dissolved and Attlee led Labour to a landslide victory at the 1945 general election, forming the first Labour majority government.

Churchill caretaker ministry

Churchill Caretakercaretaker governmentCaretaker Min.
The caretaker government led by Churchill was heavily defeated; the Labour Party under Attlee's leadership won a landslide victory, gaining a majority of 145 seats.
On 23 May 1945, the Labour and Liberal members of the coalition resigned in order to prepare for the forthcoming general election, the first held in the UK since 1935.

Barbara Castle

Barbara Castle, Baroness Castle of BlackburnBarbara A. CastleBarbara Anne Castle
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.
Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, (' Betts'''; 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002) was a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1945 to 1979, making her the longest-serving female MP in the history of the House of Commons until that record was broken in 2007 by Gwyneth Dunwoody.

Hugh Gaitskell

GaitskellHugh Todd Naylor GaitskellMr Gaitskell
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.
An economics lecturer and wartime civil servant, he was elected to Parliament in 1945 and held office in Clement Attlee's governments, notably as Minister of Fuel and Power after the bitter winter of 1946–47, and eventually joining the Cabinet as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Michael Foot

The Right Honourable '''Michael FootFootFoot, Michael
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.
Foot served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1945 to 1955 and again from 1960 until he retired in 1992.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Since 1940, the United Kingdom had been governed by a wartime coalition of all major parties led by Winston Churchill and his Conservatives.
However, the party lost the 1945 general election in a landslide to the resurgent Labour Party, who won their first ever majority government.

1906 United Kingdom general election

19061906 general election1906 election
It was the first time the Conservatives had lost the popular vote since the 1906 election; they would not win it again until 1955.
This has resulted in the 1906 general election being dubbed the "Liberal landslide", and is now ranked alongside the 1931, 1945, 1983 and 1997 general elections as one of the largest landslide election victories.

Harold Wilson

Wilsonwhite heat of technologySir Harold Wilson
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.
In the 1945 general election, Wilson won his seat in the Labour landslide.

Churchill war ministry

War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time coalition government
Since 1940, the United Kingdom had been governed by a wartime coalition of all major parties led by Winston Churchill and his Conservatives.
The coalition was dissolved in May 1945, following the final defeat of Germany, when the Labour Party decided to withdraw in order to prepare for a general election.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The result was an unexpected landslide victory for Clement Attlee's Labour Party over the Conservatives.
At the end of the war in Europe, in May 1945, Labour resolved not to repeat the Liberals' error of 1918, and promptly withdrew from government, on trade union insistence, to contest the 1945 general election in opposition to Churchill's Conservatives.

James Callaghan

Jim CallaghanCallaghanJames Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.
Callaghan won his Cardiff South seat at the 1945 UK general election (and would hold a Cardiff-area seat continuously until his retirement in 1987).

National Liberal Party (UK, 1931)

National LiberalLiberal NationalNational Liberal Party
The National Liberal Party fared even worse, losing two-thirds of its seats and falling behind the Liberals in seat count for the first time since the parties split in 1931.
After both parties' drubbing and the Labour Party's victory in the 1945 general election, the two factions made renewed attempts at reuniting.

Wycombe (UK Parliament constituency)

WycombeChipping WycombeChipping Wycombe (seat 1/2)
It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election.

Harold Macmillan

MacmillanHarold Macmillan, 1st Earl of StocktonMaurice Harold Macmillan
Future Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan lost his seat, returning to Parliament at a by-election later in the year.
Macmillan indeed lost Stockton in the landslide Labour victory of 1945, but returned to Parliament in the November 1945 by-election in Bromley.

Plymouth Drake (UK Parliament constituency)

Plymouth DrakePlymouth, DrakeDrake
It was a Labour gain in the Attlee landslide of 1945, although it had been held by Labour once before, in the 1929–31 Parliament.

South East Essex (UK Parliament constituency)

South East EssexEssex South EastEssex SE
The seat was reduced considerably in size under the Representation of the People Act 1918 and again in the interim redistribution carried out for the 1945 general election, before being abolished for the 1950 general election.

Stalybridge and Hyde (UK Parliament constituency)

Stalybridge and HydeStalybridge and Hyde CCStalybridge & Hyde
The area is a safe seat for Labour, which has held it since the 1945 general election.

Archibald Sinclair, 1st Viscount Thurso

Sir Archibald SinclairArchibald SinclairSir Archibald Sinclair, Bt
The election was a disaster for the Liberal Party; it lost all its urban seats, while its leader Archibald Sinclair lost his rural seat of Caithness and Sutherland.
In the 1945 general election, he narrowly lost his seat.

St Albans (UK Parliament constituency)

St AlbansSt Albans (seat 1/2)St. Albans
Following boundary changes in 1997, and the founding of the New Labour movement which sought public sector reform and investment with expansion based on economic growth, the seat stood the possibility of, on the expected national swing led by Tony Blair, a win by a Labour politician, which took place when it was won for the party for the first time since the 1945 election.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
The election was a disaster for the Liberal Party; it lost all its urban seats, while its leader Archibald Sinclair lost his rural seat of Caithness and Sutherland.
At the 1945 general election, Sinclair and many of his colleagues lost their seats to both Conservatives and Labour and the party returned just 12 MPs to Westminster, but this was just the beginning of the decline.

Bradford South (UK Parliament constituency)

Bradford SouthBradford, SouthBradford South BC
Since the 1945 general election Bradford South has returned Labour Party MPs, although the Conservative Party came very close to gaining the seat in the 1980s.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
It was the first election after World War II ended in Europe, and the first since 1935.
During this conference, the United Kingdom held its general election, and Clement Attlee replaced Churchill as Prime Minister.